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  1. The therapeutic feeding unit (TFU) provides comprehensive inpatient clinical care for children suffering from severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in three stages: stabilization, transition, and rehabilitation. Dur...

    Authors: Arsema Abebe, Yilkal Simachew and Tefera Darge Delbiso
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:340
  2. Pediatric HIV infection cause retardation in height and weight. However, effective antiretroviral therapy (ART) result in desirable weight gain. Concerns have emerged regarding excessive weight gain related to...

    Authors: Erik Belfrage, Sandra Soeria-Atmadja and Lars Navér
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:339
  3. The decrease in physical activity (PA) among children has become a global concern. Since the analysis of sociodemographic factors as determinants of exercise habits has been inconclusive, this study investigat...

    Authors: Noriko Motoki, Haruka Morota, Takumi Shibazaki, Chizuko Nakamura and Yozo Nakazawa
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:338
  4. Pulmonary stenosis (PS) is a congenital heart diseases (CHDs) with a spectrum of stenosis. Monochorionic (MC) twins are at increased risk of CHDs, especially acquired CHDs in twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TT...

    Authors: Alireza Golbabaei, Farshad Jafari, Kamran Hessami, Maasoumeh Saleh, Abolfazl Shirdel Abdolmaleki, Mahsa Naemi and Azade Rastgar
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:337
  5. Impaired intestinal microcirculation seems to play an important role in the pathogenesis of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). A previous study showed that a SrSO2 < 30% is associated with an increased risk of deve...

    Authors: E. Palleri, M. van der Heide, J. B.F. Hulscher, M. Bartocci, T. Wester and E. M.W. Kooi
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:336
  6. Despite advances in neonatal intensive care, babies admitted to Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICU) suffer from adverse outcomes. We aim to describe the longer-term respiratory infectious morbidity of infants...

    Authors: Paul G. Stevenson, Matthew N. Cooper, Wesley Billingham, Nicholas de Klerk, Shannon J. Simpson, Tobias Strunk and Hannah C. Moore
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:335
  7. To compare the performance of Neutrophil-to-Lymphocyte Ratio (NLR) with that of Platelet-to-Lymphocyte Ratio (PLR) in diagnosing neonatal sepsis (NS).

    Authors: Lixia Bai, Peihui Gong, Xiaoyun Jia, Xinhua Zhang, Xiuhui Li, Yueqin Zhang, Hao Zhou and Yanan Kang
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:334
  8. Functional abdominal pain disorders (FAPDs) are one of the most common gastrointestinal disorders in children. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of FAPDs in children in southern Anhui Pro...

    Authors: Xiaoshuang Bao, Wenchao Yu, Ziyan Chu, Jie Gao, Meimei Zhou and Yong Gu
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:333
  9. Acute kidney injury is an independent risk factor for morbidity and mortality in critically ill neonates. Although the magnitude of preterm neonates is high and a major risk for acute kidney injury, there is a...

    Authors: Sayih Mehari, Silenat Muluken, Asmare Getie and Amare Belachew
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:332
  10. Only a few case reports regarding pediatric posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) ruptures without bone avulsion exist in the literature. The present study aims to share our experience in the diagnosis, treatment,...

    Authors: Jinshen He, Kevin Byrne, Jiehui Liang, Anjie Lu and Song Wu
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:331
  11. To investigate the complete clinical spectrum of individuals with paediatric tuberous sclerosis complex in southern Sweden and explore changes over time.

    Authors: Kevin Pearsson, Josefin Björk Werner, Johan Lundgren, Lotta Gränse, Emma Karlsson, Kristina Källén, Erik A. Eklund and Zivile Bekassy
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:329
  12. Pain is common in children and its associations with various biopsychosocial factors is complex. Comprehensive pain assessments could contribute to a better understanding of pediatric pain, but these assessmen...

    Authors: Julia S. Malmborg, Josefine Roswall, Gerd Almquist-Tangen, Jovanna Dahlgren, Bernt Alm and Stefan Bergman
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:328
  13. Infantile fibrosarcoma is a rare pediatric soft tissue tumor and usually appears in children before one year of age. Distal extremities constitute the most frequently affected locations, and other tissues such...

    Authors: Juan Geng, Dan Chen, Limin Wang, Xiangjiao Liu, Wenjing Chen, Hongyi Gao and Shangjie Xiao
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:327
  14. To undertake a systematic review of studies describing the proportion of children admitted to a paediatric intensive care unit (PICU) for respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and/or bronchiolitis who were born pr...

    Authors: Tim J. van Hasselt, Kirstin Webster, Chris Gale, Elizabeth S. Draper and Sarah E. Seaton
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:326
  15. Across the globe, an estimated 16 million children under the age of 5 are affected by severe acute malnutrition. Children with severe acute malnutrition are nine times more likely to die than well-nourished ch...

    Authors: Gebretsadkan Fisseha Kidane, Kidane Zereabruk, Woldu Aberhe, Abrha Hailay, Guesh Mebrahtom, Gebreamlak Gebremedhn Gebremeskel, Teklehaimanot Gereziher Haile and Desalegn Massa Teklemichael
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:325
  16. Vitamin D deficiency is particularly concerning in pregnant women, leading to various health-related issues in mothers and their babies, especially those born prematurely, including neonatal skeletal and respi...

    Authors: Zahra Jamali, Fereshteh Ghorbani, Mohammad Shafie’ei, Fatemeh Tolooefar and Elham Maleki
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:324
  17. To investigate the clinical situation, treatment methods, and clinical predictors of surgical intervention in children with magnetic foreign bodies in the digestive tract.

    Authors: Rui Yun Zhang, Peng Cai, Ting Ting Zhang, Jie Zhu, Jian Lei Chen, Hao Wei Zhao, Yu Liang Jiang, Qi Wang, Meng Lei Zhu, Xiao Gang Zhou, Xian Lan Xiang, Fei Long Hu, Zhi Cheng Gu and Zhen Wei Zhu
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:323
  18. Dental agenesis (DA) in the permanent dentition is one of the most common dental anomalies, with a prevalence up to 2–10%. Therefore, the aim of this retrospective study was to investigate the prevalence and t...

    Authors: Mirja Nadolinski, Maximiliane Amelie Schlenz, Alexander Rahman, Norbert Krämer and Nelly Schulz-Weidner
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:322
  19. To characterize clinical profile of pediatric local anesthetic (LA) systemic toxicity (LAST) and to identify determinants of life-threatening outcomes.

    Authors: Arnaud Schweitzer-Chaput, Delphine Callot, Naim Bouazza, Fabrice Lesage, Mehdi Oualha, Nathalie Paret, Marie Boyer-Gervoise, Jean-Marc Treluyer and Laurent Chouchana
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:321
  20. The United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goal (SDG)-2 aims to eliminate child hunger or end all forms of child malnutrition by 2030. To achieve this goal the cost-effective method is the implementation of g...

    Authors: Esmael Ali Muhammad, Melkamu Tamir Hunegnaw, Kedir Abdela Gonete, Netsanet Worku, Kasahun Alemu, Zegeye Abebe, Tigist Astale, Getnet Mitike and Aysheshim Kassahun Belew
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:319
  21. Mild hyponatremia is frequently encountered in the pediatric emergency department (PED). Although usually of little clinical concern, its prognostic meaning as a possible marker of more severe disease has not ...

    Authors: Stefano Pintaldi, Alessandro Zago, Carlo Pizzolon, Elena Magni, Giorgio Cozzi, Stefanny Andrade, Egidio Barbi and Alessandro Amaddeo
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:318
  22. Febrile seizures are one of the most common diseases that physicians encounter in pediatric emergency departments. Two important aspects of managing patients presenting with a febrile seizure are meningitis ex...

    Authors: Mahsa Soti Khiabani, Mahya sadat Mohammadi, Mahmoud Reza Ashrafi, Syeda Bushra Haider, Syeda Iqra Haider, Shima Mahmoudi and Setareh Mamishi
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:316
  23. Lack of protection or improper protection, is one of the most important reasons of child passenger’s death and injury in traffic crashes. Based on what we see on the roads, Iranian children are unrestrained in...

    Authors: Sepideh Harzand-Jadidi, Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazargani, Koen Ponnet, Milad Jamali-Dolatabad, Barbara Minuzzo, Amirreaza Kamrani, Mahdieh Abbasalizad-Farhangi, Fatemeh Bakhtari Aghdam and Leila Jahangiry
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:315
  24. Vitamin D deficiency in patients with cholestasis is due to impaired intestinal vitamin D absorption, which results from decreased intestinal bile acid concentration. Patients with cholestasis usually do not a...

    Authors: Sirada Chongthavornvasana, Chatmanee Lertudomphonwanit, Pat Mahachoklertwattana and Manassawee Korwutthikulrangsri
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:313
  25. In pediatric medical emergencies, paramedics and emergency physicians must often rely on the information of third parties, often caregivers, to gather information. Failing to obtain relevant information may le...

    Authors: Frank Müller, Dominik Schröder, Jennifer Schäning, Sybille Schmid and Eva Maria Noack
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:312
  26. Female sex workers (FSWs) live and work in high-risk environments, experience high levels of adversity, and have multigenerational trauma that can negatively affect their children. Yet not much is known about ...

    Authors: Simple Ouma, Catherine Abbo, Nakita Natala, Molly McCoy and Maria Kroupina
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:311
  27. Hyponatremia is a serious problem that leads to substantial increases morbidity and mortality in critically ill children. The identification of risk factors, implementation of preventive measures, and timely d...

    Authors: Yeshi Berhanu, Turina Yusuf, Ahmed Mohammed, Fentahun Meseret, Betelhem Demeke Habteyohans, Ayichew Alemu, Gadissa Tolosa, Mulualem Keneni, Fitsum Weldegebreal and Assefa Desalew
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:310
  28. H-type Tracheoesophageal Fistula (TEF) is a particular type of congenital esophageal anomalies, in which patients present with non-specific symptoms that can result in delayed diagnosis. Here, we report two pe...

    Authors: Amirhossein Hosseini, Reza Sinaei, Mehrnoush Hassas Yeganeh, Masoud Ghanbari Boroujeni, Naghi Dara, Saeed Sadr, Abolfazl Iranikhah and Mohsen Rouzrokh
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:308
  29. Identifying pain in infants is challenging due to their inability to self-report pain, therefore the availability of valid and reliable means of assessing pain is critical.

    Authors: Diana Arabiat, Evalotte Mörelius, Kreshnik Hoti and Jeffery Hughes
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:307
  30. The long-term effects of a Cesarean section (CS) birth on child neurodevelopment are of increasing interest. In this study, we examined the associations between mode of delivery and presence of neurodevelopmen...

    Authors: Taketoshi Yoshida, Kenta Matsumura, Takehiro Hatakeyama and Hidekuni Inadera
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:306
  31. Authors: Ya-sen Wang, Wei Shen, Qing Yang, Rong Lin, Li-xia Tang, Rui-miao Bai, Dong Yang, Juan Zhang, Yi-jia Zhang, Wen-ting Yu, Shi-rong Song, Juan Kong, Si-yu Song, Jian Mao, Xiao-mei Tong, Zhan-kui Li…
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:305

    The original article was published in BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:250

  32. Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is the most common chronic pulmonary disease in premature infants. Blood proteins may be early predictors of the development of this disease.

    Authors: Wanting Ou, KeJing Lei, Huanhuan Wang, Hongmei Ma, Xiaojuan Deng, Pengcheng He, Liping Zhao, Youdao Lv, Guohong Tang, Benjin Zhang and Jie Li
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:304
  33. Bloodstream infection (BSI) caused by Klebsiella pneumoniae (KP), is a leading cause of hospital-associated childhood mortality. There are limited data on how poor outcomes of KPBSI can be predicted in poorly res...

    Authors: Johanna T Shapaka, Rudzani Muloiwa and Heloise Buys
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:302
  34. The incidence of tonsillopharyngitis is especially prevalent in children. Despite the fact that viruses cause the majority of infections, antibiotics are frequently used as a treatment, contrary to internation...

    Authors: Andrea Tímea Takács, Mátyás Bukva, Csaba Bereczki, Katalin Burián and Gabriella Terhes
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:301
  35. Childhood obesity is a major cardiovascular risk factor because it predisposes individuals to comorbidities that are implicated in an increased risk of cardiovascular events. Its origin may be related to poor ...

    Authors: Fernanda Gabriela Colombo Drumond Santos, Mariana Godoy-Leite, Eduardo Augusto Resende Penido, Kennad Alves Ribeiro, Maria da Gloria Rodrigues-Machado and Bruno Almeida Rezende
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:299
  36. Infants born between 34 weeks and 36 weeks and 6 days of gestation are defined as late preterm infants (LPIs), and they account for approximately 74% of all premature births. Preterm birth (PB) remains the lea...

    Authors: Nina Mekic, Amela Selimovic, Almira Cosickic, Majda Mehmedovic, Devleta Hadzic, Evlijana Zulic, Sehveta Mustafic and Amra Serak
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:298
  37. At least 85% of unplanned admissions to critical care wards for children and young people (CYP) are associated with clinical deterioration. CYP and their families play an integral role in the recognition of de...

    Authors: Takawira C. Marufu, Nicola Taylor, Shannon Cresham Fox, Rachel Boardman and Joseph C. Manning
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:297
  38. Vancomycin (VCM) is a widely used antibiotic for the treatment of gram-positive microorganisms, with some nephrotoxic effects. Recent studies have suggested that piperacillin-tazobactam (TZP) aggravates VCM-in...

    Authors: Baek Sup Shin, Seung Han Shin, Seul Gi Park, Ee-Kyung Kim and Han-Suk Kim
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:296
  39. Despite the great steadfastness that Syria has achieved in the face of more than a decade of stifling crisis followed by the global COVID-19 pandemic, the heavy impacts of these long rough years are certain an...

    Authors: Seba Harphoush, Bashar Shahood, Ihab Harphoush, Doris Abra Awudi, Shakeel Ahmad, Margaret Zaitoun, Makhala Mary Weeto and Zhong Li
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:295
  40. The under-five mortality rate is a reliable indicator of a country’s general level of development and the wellbeing of its children. Life expectancy is a good indicator of a population’s standard of living.

    Authors: Meseret Girma, Hiwot Eshete, Rahel Asrat, Mignote Gebremichael, Dereje Getahun and Tadesse Awoke
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:294
  41. Foramen ovale (FO) is an obligate fetal shunt that typically resolves after birth, although patency throughout life is not uncommon. The natural history of patent FO (PFO) is known in term infants, but less is...

    Authors: Sheema Gaffar, Bijan Siassi, Rowena Cayabyab, Mahmood Ebrahimi, Lorayne Barton, Merujan Uzunyan and Rangasamy Ramanathan
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:293
  42. Thrombosis is a serious condition in children and neonates. However, the risk factors for thrombosis have not been conclusively determined. This study aimed to identify the risk factors for thrombosis in child...

    Authors: Shuang Song, Zhuowei Li, Guozhen Zhao, Xintong Li, Runying Wang, Bo Li and Qingquan Liu
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:292

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