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  1. Allergic rhinitis is the most common allergic disease. It can accompany psychological disorders such as tic disorders due to the prolonged course of the symptoms of allergic rhinitis. This pioneer case-control...

    Authors: Hossein Esmaeilzadeh, Mohammad Reza Yousefi, Negar Mortazavi, Mohammad Amin Gholami, Mohebat Vali and Seyed Ali Dastgheib
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:20
  2. Many neurodevelopmental abnormalities are connected to autism spectrum disorder (ASD), which can result in inflammation and elevated cytokine levels due to immune system dysregulation. Interleukin (IL)-17 A an...

    Authors: Dina E. Sallam, Youstina S. Shaker, Gehan A. Mostafa, Reham M. El-Hossiny, Sara I. Taha and Mostafa Abd Elazeem Hassan Ahamed
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:18
  3. Hypertensive disorders in pregnancy can cause prenatal placental perfusion with insufficient blood supply to the fetus, resulting in fetal exposure to hypoxia and leading to disturbance of neonatal hematopoiet...

    Authors: Zewudu Mulatie, Melak Aynalem and Solomon Getawa
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:17
  4. This study aimed to (1) characterise sleep disturbances and emotional/behavioural difficulties among healthy German children and adolescents aged 3 to 13 years, (2) examine the association between parent-repor...

    Authors: Theresa Fulfs, Tanja Poulain, Mandy Vogel, Kolja Nenoff and Wieland Kiess
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:15
  5. Jamaican soil is abundant in heavy metals including mercury (Hg). Due to availability and ease of access, fish is a traditional dietary component in Jamaica and a significant source of Hg exposure. Mercury is ...

    Authors: Sheikh Farzana Zaman, Maureen Samms-Vaughan, Sepideh Saroukhani, Jan Bressler, Manouchehr Hessabi, Megan L. Grove, Sydonnie Shakespeare Pellington, Katherine A. Loveland and Mohammad H. Rahbar
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:14
  6. This study investigated the characteristics of newly diagnosed type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) related to autoimmunity and the frequency of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) in children and adolescents from 2017–202...

    Authors: Shimin Wu, Yuan Gao, Shusen Guo, Lina Fu, Yanqin Ying, Wei Wu, Ling Hou, Yan Liang and Xiaoping Luo
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:13
  7. For individuals with severe mental illness, involuntary assessment and/or treatment (hereafter detention) can be a necessary intervention to support recovery and may even be lifesaving. Despite this, little is...

    Authors: Lisa Schölin, Zack Tucker, Arun Chopra, Rohan Borschmann and Colin McKay
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:12
  8. Community-acquired bacterial meningitis (CABM) is the main cause of morbidity and mortality in children. The epidemiology of CABM is regional and highly dynamic. To clarify the diagnostic status and epidemiolo...

    Authors: Juan-Juan Liu, Zhi-Wei Xu, Hui-Qing Xu, Jia-Jun Zhu, Jie-Ning Zhang, Sheng Fang, Sheng-Fu Yuan, He-Jia Ge, Hai-Jing Li, Wen-Ji Lou, Li-Hua Chen, Feng Gao and Ying-Hu Chen
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:11
  9. It is critical to identify children living with HIV and initiate lifesaving antiretroviral treatment (ART) early. The Pediatric Accelerated Case Finding Effort focused on contact elicitation and HIV testing of...

    Authors: Dominique Ingala, Winnie Bakebua, Fideline Banzadio, Dieudonne Tshishi, Aime Loando, Aimé Mboyo and Michelle M. Gill
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:10
  10. Functional retentive overflow incontinence (retentive FI) is the most common cause of fecal soiling in children. Based on the clinical experiences, the treatment of retentive FI in patients with comorbid psych...

    Authors: Ghazal Zahed, Somaye Fatahi, Leila Tabatabaee, Negar Imanzadeh, Shaikh Sanjid Seraj, Benjamin Hernández Wolters and Amirhossein Hosseini
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:7
  11. Children with complicated gastrointestinal conditions are dependent on follow up by tertiary care specialists throughout childhood to prevent and treat complications. In Sweden, paediatric surgical- and intest...

    Authors: Ann-Marie Kassa, Niklas Nyström, Kajsa Waldenvik and Helene Engstrand Lilja
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:6
  12. In this study, we aimed to enhance the treatment protocols and help understand the harm caused by the accidental ingestion of magnetic beads by children.

    Authors: Xian-Ling Li, Qin-Ming Zhang, Shou-Yan Lu, Ting-Ting Liu, Shuan-Ling Li, Long Chen, Fang-Nan Xie, Li Wang, Chuang-Hui Zhang, Da-Yong Wang and Liu-Ming Huang
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:5
  13. Parenteral nutrition (PN) can be associated with several treatment-related problems (TRPs) and complications in neonatal settings. Thus, understanding the extent and type of these problems and related factors ...

    Authors: Amal Akour, Lobna Gharaibeh, Omar El Khatib, Khawla Abu Hammour, Noor AlTaher, Salah AbuRuz and Muna Barakat
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:4
  14. Acute respiratory infections (ARIs) remain a major public health concern which become the leading cause of mortality and morbidity in children under the age of five. A large percentage of childhood deaths and ...

    Authors: Fantu Mamo Aragaw, Rediet Eristu Teklu, Meron Asmamaw Alemayehu, Nebiyu Mekonnen Derseh, Muluken Chanie Agimas, Daniel Alayu Shewaye, Atalay Liknaw Birhanie, Sintayehu Simie Tsega, Girum Shibeshi Argaw and Amensisa Hailu Tesfaye
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:3
  15. This study aimed at determining the intra- and inter-rater reliability in ultrasound body composition measurements and investigating the differences between malnourished and non-malnourished infants. Sonograph...

    Authors: Meng-Fan Tai, Ruth Bvalani, Bazwell Nkhalema, Emmie Mbale, Karen Chetcuti and Pui-Ying Iroh Tam
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:2
  16. The patients with multisystem and risk organ involvement Langerhans cell histiocytosis (MS-RO + LCH) have poor prognosis. The patients with MS-LCH who failed front-line therapy have a high mortality rate and t...

    Authors: Wenqian Wang, Jian Ge, Honghao Ma, Hongyun Lian, Lei Cui, Yunze Zhao, Zhigang Li, Tianyou Wang and Rui Zhang
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:1
  17. Cantu syndrome is a rare and complex multisystem disorder characterized by hypertrichosis, facial dysmorphism, osteochondroplasia and cardiac abnormalities. With only 150 cases reported worldwide, Cantu syndro...

    Authors: Falastine Daas, Punita Gupta and Fuad Kiblawi
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:644
  18. The LIMIT randomised controlled trial looked at the effect of a dietary and lifestyle intervention compared with routine antenatal care for pregnant women with overweight and obesity on pregnancy outcomes. Whi...

    Authors: Jodie M. Dodd, Andrea R. Deussen, Alexia S. Peña, Megan Mitchell and Jennie Louise
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:643
  19. The Developmental Origins of Health and Disease (DOHaD) paradigm emphasizes the significance of early life factors for the prevention of chronic health conditions, like type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and obesity, whic...

    Authors: Hiliary Monteith, Mary Mamakeesick, Joan Rae, Tracey Galloway, Stewart B. Harris, Catherine Birken, Jill Hamilton, Jonathon L. Maguire, Patricia Parkin, Bernard Zinman and Anthony J. G. Hanley
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:641
  20. Compared with a lower neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio(NLR), a higher one denotes severe asthma exacerbation in hospitalized asthmatic children. In addition, NLR is significantly higher in pediatric patients wit...

    Authors: Mei Xu, Lingfang Zhou, Jie Zhang, Sha Luo, Yunfeng Zhao and Wei Xiong
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:640
  21. Hemoglobin (Hb) Chile [β28(B10) Leu > Met; HBB: c.85 C > A] is a rare hemoglobin variant caused by a missense mutation in the HBB gene. Only one case of Hb Chile has been reported worldwide so far. It is an un...

    Authors: Yao Gong, Qinxin Zheng, Sili Long, Hongying Chen, Wenjun Liu and Cheng Li
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:639
  22. Child psychomotor development and factors affecting it today is the subject of interest of many studies, in particular by the experts involved in the protection and improvement of children’s health. There is l...

    Authors: Kefale Mitiku, Tilaye Nega, Mastewal Arefaynie, Degalem Tilahun, Bereket Kefale, Yitayish Damtie, Bezawit Adane and Melaku Yalew
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:638
  23. Hepatitis B virus (HBV) remains a substantial public health safety concern drawing considerable attention in China and globally. The detection of HBV serological markers can enable the assessment of HBV infect...

    Authors: Jun Wang, Yong-guo Huang, Ye Zeng, Qin-zhen Cai, Mo Wu, Xin Shen, Wen-bin Tuo, Si Xie, Xiang Ma, Yun Xiang, Chun-hui Yuan and Cong Yao
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:636
  24. The status of anastomotic blood perfusion is associated with the occurrence of anastomotic leakage after intestinal anastomosis. Fluorescence angiography (FA) with indocyanine green (ICG) can objectively asses...

    Authors: Xiaohong Die, Mengying Cui, Wei Feng, Jinfeng Hou, Pengfei Chen, Wei Liu, Fang Wu and Zhenhua Guo
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:635
  25. Immaturities present at birth, such as in the gut microbiome and digestive, nervous, and immune system, resolve with time. Nevertheless, this may result in mild digestive symptoms early in life, particularly i...

    Authors: Carlijn M. Maasakkers, Jeske H.J. Hageman, Olivia Balcazar Muñoz, Tomás Gómez Tamayo, Andrés Blanco Montero, Luis Gerardo Garza Lara, Regina Flores-López, Miriam Contreras Fernández, Sofía Morán Ramos and Tim T. Lambers
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:634
  26. Small and sick newborn care (SSNC) is critical for national neonatal mortality reduction targets by 2030. Investment cases could inform implementation planning and enable coordinated resource mobilisation. We ...

    Authors: Rosemary Kamuyu, Alice Tarus, Felix Bundala, Georgina Msemo, Donat Shamba, Catherine Paul, Robert Tillya, Sarah Murless-Collins, Maria Oden, Rebecca Richards-Kortum, Timothy Powell-Jackson, Meghan Bruce Kumar, Nahya Salim and Joy E Lawn
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23(Suppl 2):632

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 23 Supplement 2

  27. This study aimed to investigate the association between inclusion to Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program (4Ps), a CCT program in the Philippines, and malnutrition in children and adolescents and examine the perce...

    Authors: Deborah Jael Herrera, Miraluna L. Herrera, Donnacham Amora, Sherlyn Bas, Caryl Aya Miranda and Guido Van Hal
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:630
  28. AIDS continues to be a serious global public health issue. It targets CD4 cells and immunological cells, which are in charge of the body's resistance against pathogenic pathogens. In situations with limited re...

    Authors: Gebru Gebremeskel Gebrerufael
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:628
  29. Children with tracheostomies usually require a long hospital stay, high healthcare costs and caregiver burden. With the help of telemedicine, this study attempted to determine how home respiratory care trainin...

    Authors: Prakarn Tovichien, Nuntiya Khaowsibsam, Bararee Choursamran, Pawinee Charoensittisup, Apinya Palamit and Kanokporn Udomittipong
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:627
  30. Emergent literacy skills are vital for children’s reading and writing development. While touchscreen devices have been linked to enhanced emergent literacy in developed countries, their impact in low- and midd...

    Authors: Jariyaporn Chowsomchat, Sasivara Boonrusmee and Therdpong Thongseiratch
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:625
  31. In recent years, intracardiac electrocardiogram (IC-ECG) technology has been widely used for epicutaneo-cava catheter (ECC) placement and has shown many potential advantages. However, evidence about the quanti...

    Authors: Xinying Yu, Li Gai, Xuejun Wang, Chaonan Kong, Na Cao, Ling Fan, Fan Yang, Xiaoyu Yang and Le Sun
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:623
  32. Blood transfusion therapy is extremely important for certain neonatal diseases, but the threshold for neonatal blood transfusion is not the same in different countries. Until now, clinical studies to determine...

    Authors: Ting Ma, Yang Sun, Qiushi Wang, Fenghua Liu, Kai Hua, Liqin Wang, Aowei Song, Wenhua Wang, Xinxin Xie, Jiangcun Yang and Xiling Li
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:621
  33. Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a novel respiratory disease that first emerged in 2019. Patients infected with this disease present with a myriad of symptoms. Limb ischemia and hypercoagulability are co...

    Authors: Arwa Badr, Khayria AlSofyani and Yara AlGoraini
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:620
  34. The Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) prevalence has increased significantly over the past two decades. This review summarizes the current knowledge of the association between the early life growth of head circum...

    Authors: Roghayeh Molani-Gol, Mohammad Alizadeh, Sorayya Kheirouri and Fatemeh Hamedi-Kalajahi
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:619
  35. The objective of this study was to investigate whether different body mass index (BMI) groups could serve as a distinguishing factor for assessing motor proficiency and social and emotional maturity in adolesc...

    Authors: Georgian Badicu, Seyed Hojjat Zamani Sani, Zahra Fathirezaie, Mohaddese Esmaeili, Júlio Cesar Bassan, Francisco Tomás González-Fernández, Fatma Hilal Yagin, Abdullah F. Alghannam, Stefania Cataldi, Francesco Fischetti and Gianpiero Greco
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:618
  36. Evidence regarding the characteristics and prognosis of neuroblastoma (NBL) in China is limited. We aimed to investigate the characteristics and prognosis of intermediate- or high-risk NBL in children in China.

    Authors: Yi Zhang, Wei-Ling Zhang, Dong-Sheng Huang, Yi-Zhuo Wang, Hui-Min Hu, Tian Zhi and Yan-Yan Mei
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:617
  37. The study describes the clinical manifestations and variant screening of two Chinese siblings with primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD). They carry the same DNAAF2 genotype, which is an extremely rare PCD genotype...

    Authors: Lili Dong, Lei Zhang, Xiao Li, Shiyue Mei, Yuelin Shen, Libing Fu, Shunying Zhao, Xiaolei Tang and Yu Tang
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:616
  38. This retrospective study explored the effect on adult height of a combination of recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) and aromatase inhibitors (AIs), or rhGH and a gonadotropin-releasing hormone analog (GnR...

    Authors: Wei Wang, Yan Wang, Ya Xiao, Niuniu Cao and Yifan Wang
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:615
  39. Aflatoxins are regarded as the most potent genotoxic and carcinogenic type of mycotoxins. This meta-analysis was performed to investigate a the relation of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) to growth measurements of infants...

    Authors: Behnam Ghorbani Nejad, Zahra Mostafaei, Ali Balouchi Rezaabad, Fatemeh Mehravar, Mahtab Zarei, Azadeh Dehghani, Mohammad Amin Raeisi Estabragh, Somayyeh Karami-Mohajeri and Hamzeh Alizadeh
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:614
  40. The Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative was created to enhance breastfeeding, although its impact on infant healthcare utilization is unclear. Breast feeding infants are vulnerable to readmission soon after birt...

    Authors: Cecelia Harrison-Long, Mia Papas and David A. Paul
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:613

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