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  1. Angola is one of the southern African countries with the highest prevalence of anaemia. Identifying anaemia determinants is an important step for the design of evidence-based control strategies. In this study,...

    Authors: Cláudia Fançony, Ânia Soares, João Lavinha, Henrique Barros and Miguel Brito

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:298

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Currently in the United States, childhood injuries are the leading cause of mortality and morbidity, resulting in an estimated 9.2 million emergency department visits and $17 billion annually in medical costs....

    Authors: Colleen M. Heflin, Irma Arteaga, Jean Felix Ndashimye and Matthew P. Rabbitt

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:297

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Several environmental factors favour the occurrence of acute respiratory disease, which is the main reason for paediatric consultations in our country (Colombia). Tobacco smoke is considered a significant envi...

    Authors: María Fernanda Tovar, Wendy Ortiz, María Alejandra Valderrama, Fabio Rodríguez, Oscar Gamboa, María José Maldonado and Sergio Iván Agudelo

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:296

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Childhood vaccinations are a vital preventive measure to reduce disease incidence and deaths among children. As a result, immunisation coverage against measles was a key indicator for monitoring the fourth Mil...

    Authors: Swati Srivastava, Jasmine Fledderjohann and Ashish Kumar Upadhyay

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:295

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Fibroblast growth factor 19 (FGF19), fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) and Klotho are regulators of energy homeostasis. However, in the pediatric population, the relationships between obesity, metabolic diso...

    Authors: Anna Socha-Banasiak, Arkadiusz Michalak, Krzysztof Pacześ, Zuzanna Gaj, Wojciech Fendler, Anna Socha, Ewa Głowacka, Karolina Kapka, Violetta Gołąbek and Elżbieta Czkwianianc

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:294

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Rapid weight gain (RWG) has been recognized as an important determinant of childhood obesity. This study aims to explore the RWG distribution among children at six-month intervals from birth to two years old a...

    Authors: Yi-Fan Li, Shio-Jean Lin and Tung-liang Chiang

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:293

    Content type: Research article

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  7. The fundamental treatment for patients with pediatric malignant mediastinal tumors is chemotherapy. Therefore, accurate diagnosis is essential for selecting the appropriate chemotherapeutic regimen. However, m...

    Authors: Tomoko Tanaka, Hizuru Amano, Yujiro Tanaka, Yoshiyuki Takahashi, Tatsuro Tajiri, Takahisa Tainaka, Chiyoe Shirota, Wataru Sumida, Kazuki Yokota, Satoshi Makita, Yukiko Tani, Akinari Hinoki and Hiroo Uchida

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:292

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Psychological and behavioral correlates are considered important in the development and persistence of obesity in both adults and youth. This study aimed to identify such features in youth with severe obesity ...

    Authors: Vidhu V. Thaker, Stavroula K. Osganian, Sarah D. deFerranti, Kendrin R. Sonneville, Jennifer K. Cheng, Henry A. Feldman and Tracy K. Richmond

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:291

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Previous studies have shown that changes in intestinal microfloras are associated with both gastrointestinal (GI) and non-GI tumors. It is not clear whether there is an association between GI microflora change...

    Authors: Xiaolin Gao, Ruixue Miao, Yiping Zhu, Chao Lin, Xue Yang, Ruizhen Jia, Kuang Linghan, Chaomin Wan and Jianjun Deng

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:290

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Pediatric burn injuries are a major cause of death and injury, occurring mainly in resource poor environments. Recovery from burns is widely reported to be constrained by physical, psychological, relationship ...

    Authors: Ashley Van Niekerk, Roxanne Jacobs, Nancy Hornsby, Robyn Singh-Adriaanse, Mathilde Sengoelge and Lucie Laflamme

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:289

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Secondary hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a rare hyperinflammatory syndrome that requires prompt diagnosis and appropriate treatment. A risk-stratification model that could be used to identify high-.....

    Authors: Hua Pan, Gaoyan Wang, Enben Guan, Liang Song, Aiqin Song, Xiaodan Liu, Zhi Yi and Li-rong Sun

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:288

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Bainbridge–Ropers syndrome (BRPS) is a recently described developmental disorder caused by de novo truncating mutations in the Additional sex combs-like 3 (ASXL3) gene. Only four cases have been reported in Ch...

    Authors: Linfeng Yang, Bin Guo, Weiwei Zhu, Lei Wang, Bingjuan Han, Yena Che and Lingfei Guo

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:287

    Content type: Case report

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  13. Poor compliance to highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) can result in the poor quality of life in children living with Human immunodeficiency virus/Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) because...

    Authors: Michael Lahai, Peter Bai James, Noel Nen’man Wannang, Haja Ramatulai Wurie, Sorie Conteh, Abdulai Jawo Bah and Mohamed Samai

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:286

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Viral respiratory infections (VRIs) are a frequent cause of hospitalization in children under 24 months of age. A history of prematurity or heart disease may be a risk factor for complications in patients hosp...

    Authors: Jessie N. Zurita-Cruz, Alejandro Gutierrez-Gonzalez, Leticia Manuel-Apolinar, José Esteban Fernández-Gárate, María Luisa Arellano-Flores, Roberto Alejandro Correa Gonzalez, Guillermo Vázquez-Rosales, Rocio Sanchez-Armas and Nelly Cisneros-González

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:285

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Histoplasmosis is a rare infectious condition with mainly pulmonary involvement. Disseminated histoplasmosis may occur in immunocompromised condition. It can present in different ways but jaundice and ascites ...

    Authors: Luthfun Nahar, Md Benzamin, Naznin Sarkar, Urmi Roy, Kamrun Nahar, Md Rukunuzzaman, Khan Lamia Nahid, A. S. M. Bazlul Karim and Bishnu Pada Dey

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:284

    Content type: Case report

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  16. Immunization is the process by which a person is made immune or resistant to an infectious disease, typically by the administration of vaccine. Vaccination coverage for other single vaccines ranged from 49.1% ...

    Authors: Akine Eshete, Sisay Shewasinad and Solomon Hailemeskel

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:283

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Subclinical hypothyroidism (SH) is defined as serum levels of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) above the upper limit with normal concentrations of free T4 (fT4). Its management remains challenging. The aim of...

    Authors: Marta Murillo-Vallés, Santiago Martinez, Cristina Aguilar-Riera, Miguel Angel Garcia-Martin, Joan Bel-Comós and Maria Luisa Granada Ybern

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:282

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Despite its increasing clinical significance and diagnostic challenges, little is known about functional abdominal pain disorders (FAPDs) in Central-Eastern Europe. In this paper, the prevalence and potential ...

    Authors: János Major and Szilvia Ádám

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:281

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is a common disorder in infants. The present study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the Tübingen hip flexion splints in treating DDH in infants aged 0–6 mon...

    Authors: You Zhou, Rong Li, Chuan Li, Ping Zhou, Yan Li, You-hao Ke, Fei Jiang and Xiao-peng Kang

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:280

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Existing literature shows that there is an inverse association between socioeconomic position and screen time among adolescents. What is less known is the mechanism behind these differences. The study aimed to...

    Authors: Mekdes K. Gebremariam, Sigrun Henjum, Laura Terragni and Liv Elin Torheim

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:279

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Caring for adolescents living with HIV/AIDS (ALHIV) can be overwhelming due to their unique needs. Ghana is currently among nine countries in West and Central Africa contributing to 90% of new paediatric infec...

    Authors: Anna Hayfron-Benjamin, Dorcas Obiri-Yeboah, Yemah Mariama Bockarie, Ernestina Asiedua, Ibrahim Baidoo, Angela D. Akorsu and Stephen Ayisi-Addo

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:278

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a hormonal disorder in women of reproductive age. It seems that over the recent years, PCOS has augmented in adolescent girls due to unhealthy food habits and obesity. So, t...

    Authors: Leila Hajivandi, Mahnaz Noroozi, Firoozeh Mostafavi and Maryam Ekramzadeh

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:277

    Content type: Research article

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  23. This study aims to explore the diagnostic accuracy of the combination of gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT) and liver stiffness measurement (LSM) for biliary atresia (BA) screening at different ages.

    Authors: Qiulong Shen, Sarah Siyin Tan, Zengmeng Wang, Siyu Cai, Wenbo Pang, Chunhui Peng and Yajun Chen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:276

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) is a leading cause of neurodevelopmental disorders. Children in foster care or domestically adopted are at greater risk for FASD. The aim of this study was to determine t...

    Authors: Ariel Tenenbaum, Asaf Mandel, Talia Dor, Alon Sapir, Orly Sapir-Bodnaro, Pnina Hertz and Isaiah D. Wexler

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:275

    Content type: Research article

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  25. A great number of studies have concentrated on the influence of socioeconomic status with health outcomes, but little on how socioeconomic status affects social relationship in adolescents’ families, peers and...

    Authors: Jing Li, Jing Wang, Jia-yu Li, Sheng Qian, Rui-xia Jia, Ying-quan Wang, Jing-hong Liang and Yong Xu

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:271

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Epilepsy is the most common chronic neurological disease seen in Pediatrics Neurology Units in many developing countries. It affects negatively on school attendance and academic performance. This study tries t...

    Authors: Oumer Hassen and Ayalew Beyene

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:270

    Content type: Research article

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  27. The aim of this study was to evaluate anastomotic complications after primary one-staged esophageal atresia (EA) repair relating to the patients` gestational age (GA).

    Authors: Carmen Dingemann, Julia Brendel, Julia Wenskus, Sabine Pirr, Nagoud Schukfeh, Benno Ure and Konrad Reinshagen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:267

    Content type: Research article

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  28. The study aimed to investigate if the behaviours suggestive of ADHD were more frequent in a population of children attending the Emergency Department (ED) for injuries, rather than for other causes.

    Authors: Ester Conversano, Alice Tassinari, Lorenzo Monasta, Aldo Skabar, Matteo Pavan, Alessandra Maestro, Egidio Barbi and Giorgio Cozzi

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:266

    Content type: Research article

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  29. The purpose of this study is to analyze the influence of radiation therapy on survival in a historical cohort of 56 pediatric patients with head and neck rhabdomyosarcoma.

    Authors: Yuan Wen, Dongsheng Huang, Weiling Zhang, Yi Zhang, Huimin Hu and Jing Li

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:265

    Content type: Research article

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  30. This study explored whether temperamentally inhibited children who experience early trauma are vulnerable to developing internalizing problems in the face of later life-stressors.

    Authors: Amy Brown, Joanna Bennet, Ronald M. Rapee, Dina R. Hirshfeld-Becker and Jordana K. Bayer

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:264

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and moderate to severe intellectual disability (ID) face many challenges. There is little evidence-based research into educational settings for children with ID and...

    Authors: Antoine Tanet, Annick Hubert-Barthelemy, Marie-Noëlle Clément, François Soumille, Graciela C. Crespin, Hugues Pellerin, François-André Allaert, David Cohen and Catherine Saint-Georges

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:263

    Content type: Research article

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  32. This study aimed to describe the causative organisms of neonatal late-onset sepsis (LOS) and their antimicrobial resistance in Suzhou, Southeast China over a 7-year period.

    Authors: Tao Pan, Qiujiao Zhu, Pei Li, Jun Hua and Xing Feng

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:261

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Kangaroo mother care (KMC) is an evidence-based and cost-effective intervention that could prevent severe complications for preterm babies, however it has not been widely adopted in China. In this study, we ai...

    Authors: Xin Liu, Zhankui Li, Xiaohui Chen, Bei Cao, Shaojie Yue, Changyi Yang, Qiongyu Liu, Chuanzhong Yang, Gengli Zhao and Qi Feng

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:260

    Content type: Research article

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  34. The objectives of present study were to examine the level of disagreement between self-reported and objective measurement of sensitization to common inhalant allergens, and to explore the potential risk factor...

    Authors: Qing Miao, Li Xiang, Hui Guan, Yongge Liu, Zhen Li, Yixin Ren and Wei Xu

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:259

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Cortisol is often used as a biological marker for stress. When measured in urine or serum, representing a short-term measurement of the hormone, it has been associated with unfavorable sleep characteristics an...

    Authors: Dagny Y. Eythorsdottir, Peder Frederiksen, Sofus C. Larsen, Nanna J. Olsen and Berit L. Heitmann

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:258

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Sri Lanka has a high prevalence of β-thalassaemia major. Clinical management is complex and long-term and includes regular blood transfusion and iron chelation therapy. The economic burden of β-thalassaemia fo...

    Authors: Hamish Reed-Embleton, Savinda Arambepola, Simon Dixon, Behrouz Nezafat Maldonado, Anuja Premawardhena, Mahinda Arambepola, Jahangir A. M. Khan and Stephen Allen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:257

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Celiac disease (CD) is an immune mediated inflammatory enteropathy, triggered by gluten exposure in HLA-DQ2 and/or –DQ8 genetics. The presentation of celiac disease in children is changing, with increase in no...

    Authors: Mahshid Dehbozorgi, Naser Honar, Maryam Ekramzadeh and Forough Saki

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:256

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Early distinguishing biliary atresia from other causes of infantile cholestasis remains a major challenge. We aimed to develop and validate a scoring system based on bile acid for identification of biliary atr...

    Authors: Dongying Zhao, Kejun Zhou, Yan Chen, Wei Xie and Yongjun Zhang

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:255

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Pneumonia is defined as an acute inflammation of the Lungs’ parenchymal structure. It is a major public health problem and the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in under-five children especially in deve...

    Authors: Biruk Beletew, Melaku Bimerew, Ayelign Mengesha, Mesfin Wudu and Molla Azmeraw

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:254

    Content type: Research article

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  40. To increase health and well-being in young children, it is important to acknowledge and promote the child’s sleep behaviour. However, there is a lack of brief, validated sleep screening instruments for childre...

    Authors: Charlotte Angelhoff, Peter Johansson, Erland Svensson and Anna Lena Sundell

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:253

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:333

  41. Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Serum biomarkers to aid diagnosis, such as intestinal fatty acid binding protein (IFABP) and calprotectin, are actively b...

    Authors: Darla R. Shores, Jennifer Fundora, Mitzi Go, Fauzia Shakeel, Sandra Brooks, Samuel M. Alaish, Jun Yang, Chhinder P. Sodhi, David J. Hackam and Allen Everett

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:250

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Despite consistent efforts to enhance child nutrition, poor nutritional status of children continues to be a major public health problem in Nepal. This study identified the predictors of severe acute malnutrit...

    Authors: Umesh Ghimire, Binod Kumar Aryal, Ankush Kumar Gupta and Suman Sapkota

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:249

    Content type: Research article

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  43. The guidelines of the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) for monitoring neonatal jaundice recommend universal postnatal screening for hyperbilirubinemia within 48 h from discharge. We observed that neonate w...

    Authors: Amit Blumovich, Laurence Mangel, Sivan Yochpaz, Dror Mandel and Ronella Marom

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:248

    Content type: Research article

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