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  1. Neonatal herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection is rare and has significant morbimortality rates. Approximately 85% of newborns are infected intrapartum, and risk factors for mother-to-child transmission include...

    Authors: Samuel Montenegro Pereira, Rian Vilar Lima, Maria Carolina Rocha Muniz, Marcus Breno Farias Araújo, Luiz de Moraes Ferreira Júnior, Juliana Tiburtino de Queiroz Sales Martins, Cláudia Faustino Coelho Luz, David Antônio Camelo Cid and Daniel da Rocha Lucena
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:611
  2. People of all ages suffer from acute bacterial meningitis, but children are the most vulnerable, accounting for over 50% of all cases and deaths in children under the age of five. It is the leading cause of mo...

    Authors: Ushula Deboch Borko, Temesgen Bati Gelgelu, Zewde Zema, Afework Alemu, Getahun Dendir, Eskinder Israel, Temesgen Lera Abiso and Beshada Zerfu Woldegeorgis
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:610
  3. Altitude hypoxia and limited socioeconomic conditions may result in distinctive features of neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). Therapeutic hypothermia (TH) has not been used at altitude. We examin...

    Authors: Jia Li, Guofei Zhang, Xiaorong Wang, Cuozhen Qiangba, Xiaoyan Song, Rouyi Lin, Chantao Huang, Xiaoying Yang, Shuyao Ning, Jian Zhang, Haiyan Liao, Siyuan Xie, Zhen Suo, Haiying Qi, Zhen Yu, Runling Shi…
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:609
  4. The benefit of surfactant replacement therapy for respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) has been demonstrated. However, some surfactants are expensive and usually inaccessible. Consequently, the Iranian Survanta...

    Authors: Fatemeh Sabzevari, Mahdie Eslamian, Fatemeh Karami Robati, Bahareh Bahmanbijari, Zahra Daei Parizi and Zahra Jamali
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:608
  5. Hospitalization of newborns in neonatal intensive care units (NICU) exposes parents to considerable stress. This study aimed to determine the predictive role of parental stress and intolerance of uncertainty o...

    Authors: Masoume Rambod, Nilofar Pasyar, Zeinab Mazarei and Mitra Soltanian
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:607
  6. Congenital abnormalities, as one of the fetal complications of placenta previa, may cause health problems or disability of the child throughout life. This study aimed to determine the relationship between plac...

    Authors: Ensiyeh Jenabi, Saeid Bashirian and Sahar Khoshravesh
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:606
  7. Coins are the most commonly ingested foreign bodies in children. They usually become lodged in the upper oesophagus and should be managed immediately. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the character...

    Authors: Basak Erginel, Meltem Kaba, Cetin Ali Karadag, Abdullah Yildiz, Mesut Demir and Nihat Sever
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:605
  8. Spinal cord untethering by sectioning the filum terminale is commonly performed in tethered cord syndrome patients with minor abnormalities such as filar lipoma, thickened filum terminale, and low conus medull...

    Authors: Eitaro Ishisaka, Shigeyuki Tahara, Atsushi Tsukiyama, Toshiki Nozaki, Yujiro Hattori, Akio Morita and Yasuo Murai
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:604
  9. The current diagnosis of central precocious puberty (CPP) relies on the gonadotropin-releasing hormone analogue (GnRHa) stimulation test, which requires multiple invasive blood sampling procedures. The aim of ...

    Authors: Tao Chen and Danbin Zhang
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:603
  10. The objective of this study was to evaluate intraobserver reliability and inter-observer reproducibility of a 3-dimensional (3D) assessment method for mandibular changes of growing patients after orthodontic t...

    Authors: XiaoYing Hu, Gary Shun Pan Cheung, YiYang Zhang, RuoNan Sun and FuSheng Dong
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:602
  11. Autoimmune enteropathy (AIE) defined by intractable diarrhoea and nonceliac enteropathy with villous atrophy, is a rare digestive disease. Case reports of this disease are sporadic and the clinical characteris...

    Authors: Meng Jin, Youzhe Gong, Wenwen Liu and Xuemei Zhong
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:601
  12. Early-onset pharyngeal airway collapse (PAC) in infants, which presents with onset within 6-months old is relatively rare. This disease has not been given enough attention in clinic. The aim of this study was ...

    Authors: Wei Qing, Chen Xun, Nong Guangmin, Li Yan, Jiang Min, Yang Ruimin, Li Chunyan, Zhang Xiaobo, Yi Xiang and Liu Jing
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:600
  13. Although an essential frontline service in the prevention of child morbidity and mortality, there are indications that routine vaccinations have been disrupted during the COVID-19 pandemic. The present study a...

    Authors: Mountaga Diallo, Ilo Dicko, Samou Dembélé, Brahima Konaté, Cheick Oumar Doumbia, Ibrahim Sanogo, Ousmane Boua Togola, Drissa Konaté, Moussa Sangaré, Hawa Thiam, Yaya Ibrahim Coulibaly, Sory Ibrahim Diawara, Yacouba Toloba, Adama Balla Coulibaly, Mahamadou Diakité and Seydou Doumbia
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:599
  14. Some studies reported that pediatric patients undergoing otorhinolaryngology (ENT) and ophthalmic surgeries have higher incidences of emergence agitation (EA). Children with EA tend to carry the risk of self-h...

    Authors: Hong Yu, Xiaohui Sun, Ping Li and Xiaoqian Deng
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:598
  15. To improve knowledge on endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in children, we aimed to study the proportion of indications, success rate and complication of ERCP.

    Authors: Amirhossein Hosseini, Mohammad Hassan Sohouli, Elham Sharifi, Aliakbar Sayyari, Kannan Sridharan, Saleheh Tajalli, Negar Imanzadeh and Somaye Fatahi
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:596
  16. This investigation assessed the impact of dog and/or cat ownership during infancy on the presence of functional constipation (FC) at 3 years of age.

    Authors: Noriko Motoki, Yuji Inaba, Hirokazu Toubou, Kohei Hasegawa, Takumi Shibazaki, Teruomi Tsukahara and Tetsuo Nomiyama
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:595
  17. Pressure Injuries are not exclusively an adult phenomenon; various risk factors contribute to a high prevalence rate of 43% in the neonatal and pediatric intensive care population. Effective preventive measure...

    Authors: Anna-Barbara Schlüer, Adrian Yves Müller, Nicolas Philip Fromme, Martin Camenzind, Robert Riener, René Michel Rossi and Barbara Brotschi Aufdenblatten
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:593
  18. Congenital neutropenia is a rare disease. Recurrent infections since young age are the presentation. The most common mutation causing severe congenital neutropenia (SCN) and cyclic neutropenia (CyN) is the ELANE ...

    Authors: Patcharee Komvilaisak, Najwa Yudhasompop, Kittima Kanchanakamhaeng, Suradej Hongeng, Samart Pakakasama, Usanarat Anurathapan, Pongpak Pongphitcha, Duantida Songdej, Werasak Sasanakul and Nongnuch Sirachainan
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:592
  19. The correlation between the Alberta Infant Motor Scale (AIMS) and the Peabody Developmental Motor Scales-2 (PDMS-2) has not previously been assessed in Norwegian infants. Our purpose was to investigate the con...

    Authors: Tordis Ustad, Merethe Brandal, Suzann K. Campbell, Gay L. Girolami, Charlotte Sinding-Larsen and Gunn Kristin Øberg
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:591
  20. Joubert syndrome (JS) is a rare genetically heterogeneous primary ciliopathy characterized by a pathognomonic cerebellar and brainstem malformation, the “molar tooth sign”, and variable organ involvement (such...

    Authors: Qian Li, Qianying Liu, Suwen Liu, Lichun Yu, Zhenle Yang, Cong Wang, Jing Wang and Shuzhen Sun
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:590
  21. To validate an appropriate evaluation method of liver fibrosis assessment based on the unique pathological features of biliary atresia (BA) that could well predict its prognosis.

    Authors: Xiaodan Xu, Xueting Wang, Meiyun Ding, Yilin Zhao, Li Zhao, Linsheng Zhao, Mengdi Li, Fangyuan Zhao, Rongjuan Sun, Zhiru Wang, Ruifeng Zhang, Shujian Zhang, Liang Ge, Yan Sun and Jianghua Zhan
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:589
  22. To examine the numbers and characteristics of children affected by asthma exacerbation in Chengdu, China, before and after the COVID-19 pandemic to inform efforts to manage childhood asthma in the post epidemi...

    Authors: Lei Zhang, Hanmin Liu, Tao Ai, Zijin Chen, Wei Tang, Shuai Hu and Jie Hu
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:588
  23. Tension pneumomediastinum is a rare and dangerous complication in children that can be fatal, and timely detection and treatment are critical. The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and feasibility o...

    Authors: Jun-Jie Hong, Song-Ming Hong, Xiu-Hua Chen, Si-Jia Zhou, Qiang Chen and Jin-Xi Huang
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:587
  24. Patients with complex phenotypes and a chromosomal translocation are particularly challenging, since several potentially pathogenic mechanisms need to be investigated.

    Authors: Shuang Zhang, Qianwei Cui, Shangying Yang, Fangxia Zhang, Chunxia Li, Xiaoguang Wang, Bo Lei and Xunlun Sheng
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:586
  25. The purpose of this study was to explore echocardiographic parameters of the left ventricle (LV) in relation to the outcomes of omphalocele neonates with pulmonary hypertension (PH).

    Authors: Si-Si Yang, Wen-Chang Huang, Peng Wang, Fang-Qi Gong, Tai-Xiang Liu, Jin-Fa Tou and Deng-Ming Lai
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:585
  26. Only few data have been published on Helicobacter pylori infection in adolescents in Sub-Saharan Africa, including Sudan. The aim of the present study was to investigate the prevalence and associated factors of H...

    Authors: Shimos A. Alshareef, Ahmed A. Hassan, Dina N. Abdelrahman, Ashwaq AlEed, Abdullah Al-Nafeesah and Ishag Adam
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:582
  27. The high incidence of congenital syphilis shows flaws in the resolution of primary health care, being a predictor of greater use of hospital services, whose regional differences in access to health actions and...

    Authors: Débora Talitha Neri, Amanda Loyse da Costa Miranda, Eliã Pinheiro Botelho, Rubenilson Caldas Valois, Geyse Aline Rodrigues Dias, Andressa Tavares Parente, Eliete da Cunha Araújo and Glenda Roberta Oliveira Naiff Ferreira
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:581
  28. This study aimed to describe a peripherally inserted central catheterisation (PICC) for paediatric patients with inaccessible access and a high risk of general anaesthesia (GA). Methods: This was a retrospecti...

    Authors: Ping Zhang, Miao Jia, Wan-yuan Li, Juan Li, Jin-lei Niu, Hong Ding and Wang-mei Zhou
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:579
  29. Spondylodiscitis (SD), a rare disease in children, poses diagnostic challenges due to non-specific presenting symptoms, scarcity in incidence, and difficulty expressing pain in non-verbal children.

    Authors: Narges Lashkarbolouk, Mahdi Mazandarani, Brice Ilharreborde and Mohammad Hossein Nabian
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:578
  30. This study aimed to investigate the genetic etiologies of fetuses with single atria and/or ventricle (SA or/and SV) using different genetic detection methods in a Chinese prenatal cohort.

    Authors: Min Li, Baoying Ye, Yiyao Chen, Li Gao, Yi Wu and Weiwei Cheng
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:577
  31. Children in need of pediatric subspecialty care may encounter multiple barriers, and multiple strategies have been suggested to improve access. The purpose of this study was to describe the perceptions of gene...

    Authors: James C. Bohnhoff, Katherine Guyon-Harris, Kelsey Schweiberger and Kristin N. Ray
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:576
  32. Neonatal sepsis is the major cause of neonatal mortality and morbidity, especially in low and middle-income countries. Continuous monitoring of pathogens and their antibiotic resistance pattern is crucial for ...

    Authors: Merema Sherif, Dessie Abera and Kassu Desta
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:575
  33. Kaposiform hemangioendothelioma (KHE) is a rare vascular neoplasm affecting infants or young children. KHE includes a spectrum of lesions, ranging from small and superficial tumors to large and invasive lesion...

    Authors: Lingke Liu, Weizhong Gu, Liping Teng, Yiping Xu, Fei Zheng, Minfei Hu, Meiping Lu and Xuefeng Xu
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:574
  34. Neonatal near-miss (NNM) can be considered as an end of a spectrum that includes stillbirths and neonatal deaths. Clinical audits of NNM might reduce perinatal adverse outcomes. The aim of this review is to ev...

    Authors: P.B. Medeiros, C. Bailey, D. Pollock, H. Liley, A. Gordon, C. Andrews and V. Flenady
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:573
  35. Health system shocks are increasing. The COVID-19 pandemic resulted in global disruptions to health systems, including maternal and newborn healthcare seeking and provision. Yet evidence on mitigation strategi...

    Authors: Rosie Steege, Hannah Mwaniki, Ifeanyichukwu Anthony Ogueji, Jitihada Baraka, Sangwani Salimu, Meghan Bruce Kumar, Kondwani Kawaza, Opeyemi Odedere, Donat Shamba, Helen Bokea, Msandeni Chiume, Steve Adudans, Chinyere Ezeaka, Catherine Paul, Laurent Banyira, Gaily Lungu…
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23(Suppl 2):572

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 23 Supplement 2

  36. Whether cesarean section (CS) is a risk factor for asthma in offspring is controversial. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between CS and asthma in children/adolescents.

    Authors: Ziwei Zhong, Meiling Chen, Senjie Dai, Yu Wang, Jie Yao, Haojie Shentu, Jianing Huang, Chiyuan Yu, Hongrui Zhang, Tianyue Wang and Wei Ren
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:571
  37. The COVID-19 pandemic is a serious threat to everyone’s health. Numerous studies have demonstrated that vaccines are very effective in preventing COVID-19-related severe illness, hospitalization, and death. Ch...

    Authors: Emilie Feghaly, Venise Hanna, Nagham Karh Mohamad, Mohamad Ali Assaf, Juny Sebastian, Sami El Khatib, Rita Karam, Abeer Zeitoun, Atika Berry, Hajar Samaha, Marwa Shouman, Sahar Obeid, Souheil Hallit and Diana Malaeb
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:570
  38. Millions of newborns die annually from preventable causes, with the highest rates occurring in Africa. Reducing neonatal mortality requires investment to scale hospital care, which includes providing hospitals...

    Authors: Elizabeth Asma, Megan Heenan, George Banda, Rebecca P. Kirby, Lucky Mangwiro, Claudia Ziegler Acemyan, Kara M. Palamountain, Philip Kortum, Kondwani Kawaza, Z. Maria Oden and Rebecca Richards-Kortum
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23(Suppl 2):569

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 23 Supplement 2

  39. Thirty million small and sick newborns worldwide require inpatient care each year. Many receive antibiotics for clinically diagnosed infections without blood cultures, the current ‘gold standard’ for neonatal ...

    Authors: Sarah Murless-Collins, Kondwani Kawaza, Nahya Salim, Elizabeth M. Molyneux, Msandeni Chiume, Jalemba Aluvaala, William M. Macharia, Veronica Chinyere Ezeaka, Opeyemi Odedere, Donat Shamba, Robert Tillya, Rebecca E. Penzias, Beatrice Nkolika Ezenwa, Eric O. Ohuma, James H. Cross and Joy E. Lawn
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23(Suppl 2):568

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 23 Supplement 2

  40. Every Newborn Action Plan (ENAP) coverage target 4 necessitates national scale-up of Level-2 Small and Sick Newborn Care (SSNC) (with Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP)) in 80% of districts by 2025. Ro...

    Authors: James H. Cross, Christine Bohne, Samuel K. Ngwala, Josephine Shabani, John Wainaina, Olabisi Dosunmu, Irabi Kassim, Rebecca E. Penzias, Robert Tillya, David Gathara, Evelyn Zimba, Veronica Chinyere Ezeaka, Opeyemi Odedere, Msandeni Chiume, Nahya Salim, Kondwani Kawaza…
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23(Suppl 2):567

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 23 Supplement 2

  41. High-quality neonatal care requires sufficient functional medical devices, furniture, fixtures, and use by trained healthcare workers, however there is lack of publicly available tools for quantification and c...

    Authors: Alice Tarus, Georgina Msemo, Rosemary Kamuyu, Donat Shamba, Rebecca P. Kirby, Kara M. Palamountain, Edith Gicheha, Meghan Bruce Kumar, Timothy Powell-Jackson, Christine Bohne, Sarah Murless-Collins, Sara Liaghati-Mobarhan, Alison Morgan, Z. Maria Oden, Rebecca Richards-Kortum and Joy E. Lawn
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23(Suppl 2):566

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 23 Supplement 2

  42. As countries strive to achieve sustainable development goal 3.2, high-quality medical education is crucial for high-quality neonatal care. Women are encouraged to deliver in health units attended by a skilled ...

    Authors: Josephine Langton, Sara Liaghati-Mobarhan, Edith Gicheha, Jennifer Werdenberg-Hall, June Madete, George Banda and Elizabeth M. Molyneux
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23(Suppl 2):565

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 23 Supplement 2

  43. Medical devices are critical to providing high-quality, hospital-based newborn care, yet many of these devices are unavailable in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) and are not designed to be suitable for...

    Authors: Rebecca P. Kirby, Elizabeth M. Molyneux, Queen Dube, Cindy McWhorter, Beverly D. Bradley, Martha Gartley, Z. Maria Oden, Rebecca Richards-Kortum, Jennifer Werdenberg-Hall, Danica Kumara, Sara Liaghati-Mobarhan, Megan Heenan, Meaghan Bond, Chinyere Ezeaka, Nahya Salim, Grace Irimu…
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23(Suppl 2):564

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 23 Supplement 2

  44. Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD) is a neuromuscular disease that inevitably leads to total loss of autonomy. The new therapeutic strategies aim to both improve survival and optimise quality of life. Evaluatin...

    Authors: Elisabeth Wallach, Virginie Ehlinger, Maelle Biotteau, Ulrike Walther-Louvier, Yann Péréon, Carole Vuillerot, Stephanie Fontaine, Pascal Sabouraud, Caroline Espil-Taris, Jean-Marie Cuisset, Vincent Laugel, Eloïse Baudou, Catherine Arnaud and Claude Cances
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:563

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