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  1. With prevalence up to 4%, Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD) is one of the leading causes of neonatal deaths. VSD is a common complex genetic disorder that has been associated with many genetic determinants. Vari...

    Authors: Sumbal Sarwar, Shabana, Khadija Sajjad and Shahida Hasnain
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:67
  2. Childhood obesity has been regarded as one of the main healthcare challenges in the last century, leading to critical health problems and reduced life expectancy. Many factors can play a role in its developmen...

    Authors: Shahnaz Taghizadeh, Sogol Alesaeidi, Tohid Jafari-Koshki, Seyedeh Masoumeh Valizadeh-Otaghsara, Atousa Poursheikhali, Ayda Zahiri Tousi and Mahdieh Abbasalizad–Farhangi
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:66
  3. This study compared sleep duration, screen exposure and sleep quality in school-aged children before COVID-19 to that during school closures and again when schools re-opened in fall 2020.

    Authors: Amanda B. Hassinger, Alberto Monegro and Geovanny Perez
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:65
  4. Sturge Weber syndrome (SWS), can cause extensive capillary malformations on the face, head, trunk, and other parts of the body, and the eyes can also suffer optic nerve injury. Secondary glaucoma can cause bli...

    Authors: Na Du, Yue Wu, Shanshan Xiong, Hong Ji, Lulu Huang, Wenyi Guo and Changjuan Zeng
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:64
  5. To evaluate the accuracy of intraoperative hepatic subcapsular spider-like telangiectasia (HSST) sign for differentiating biliary atresia (BA) from other causes of hepatic cholestasis.

    Authors: Kaizhi Zhang, Yan Tang, Rui Liu, Zebing Zheng, Chengyan Tang, Yuanmei Liu and Zhu Jin
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:63
  6. The 5-year survival rate of children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is 85–90%, with a 10–15% rate of treatment failure. Next-generation sequencing (NGS) identified recurrent mutated genes in ALL that ...

    Authors: Diying Shen, Lixia Liu, Xiaojun Xu, Hua Song, Jingying Zhang, Weiqun Xu, Fenying Zhao, Juan Liang, Chan Liao, Yan Wang, Tian Xia, Chengcheng Wang, Feng Lou, Shanbo Cao, Jiayue Qin and Yongmin Tang
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:62
  7. Feeding practices in the first two years of life have a direct impact on nutritional status and adiposity. The purpose of this study was to identify the differences in feeding practices during the first two ye...

    Authors: Citlalli Álvarez-Zaragoza, Edgar M. Vásquez-Garibay and Carmen Alicia Sánchez-Ramírez
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:61
  8. Physical activity intervention and watching natural environment videos have been proven to improve young children’s attention levels. However, evidence comparing the improvement effects of different combinatio...

    Authors: Xiao Luo, Meng Tao, Jiahao Lu, Li Lu and Xiaolong He
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:60
  9. Escherichia coli serogroup O25b-sequence type 131 (E. coli O25-B2-ST131) is considered as multidrug-resistant and hypervirulent organism. There is lack of data about involvement of this pathogen in the children’s...

    Authors: Razieh Shahbazi, Siavosh Salmanzadeh-Ahrabi, Mohammad Mehdi Aslani, Masoud Alebouyeh, Jamal Falahi and Vajihe Sadat Nikbin
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:59
  10. Venipuncture is a routine nursing procedure in the pediatric ward for blood collection and transfusion. However, this procedure can cause severe pain and distress if not adequately managed.

    Authors: Zhuowen Yu, Yiwen Zhou, Xiaofeng Xu, Lili Lin, Qian Le and Ying Gu
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:58
  11. The behavior of anthropometrics and the relationship with genetic factors through a long-term perspective should be better explored. This study aims to verify the odds of maintaining the nutritional status cla...

    Authors: Éboni Marília Reuter, Cézane Priscila Reuter, João Francisco de Castro Silveira, Ana Paula Sehn, Pâmela Ferreira Todendi, Andréia Rosane de Moura Valim, Javier Brazo-Sayavera and Elza Daniel de Mello
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:57
  12. The recombination-activating gene 1 (RAG1) protein is essential for the V (variable)-D (diversity)-J (joining) recombination process. Mutations in RAG1 have been reported to be associated with several types of im...

    Authors: Xinping Zhang, Xiayan Kang, Meiyu Yang, Zili Cai, Yulei Song, Xiong Zhou, Jianshe Cao, Chengjuan Wang, Kang Huang, Yani Peng, Jie He and Zhenghui Xiao
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:56
  13. This study aimed to compare training load parameters, delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS), and fatigue status between season periods (1st and 2nd halves) in U14 soccer players and to analyze the relationships be...

    Authors: Hadi Nobari, Özgür Eken, Okan Kamiş, Rafael Oliveira, Pablo Prieto González and Rodrigo Aquino
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:55
  14. Osteomyelitis in children may produce severe sequelae. However, the frequency and distribution of such complications by type of osteomyelitis (chronic or acute) is not well described.

    Authors: Kylie Disch, Deirdre A. Hill, Harry Snow and Walter Dehority
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:54
  15. Tic disorders (TD) are complex neuropsychiatric disorders frequently associated with a variety of comorbid problems, whose negative effects may exceed those of the tics themselves. In this study, we aimed to e...

    Authors: Fang Liu, Gaohua Wang, Jingping Ye, Baozhen Yao, Junling Wang, Huaqian Wang and Hong Liu
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:53
  16. Vitamin D is one of the most important fat-soluble vitamins necessary for normal growth and development of the human body. According to a study done in Kabul shows that economic, racial, and social concerns ar...

    Authors: Mohammad Sharif Sediqi, Abdul Rasheed Mansoor and Mohmand Mangal
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:52
  17. In randomized clinical trials, therapeutic hypothermia (TH) has been shown to reduce death and/or moderate-to-severe disability in neonates with hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) in high-income countries, ...

    Authors: Firdose Lambey Nakwa, Letlhogonolo Sepeng, Alison van Kwawegen, Reenu Thomas, Karabo Seake, Tshiamo Mogajane, Nandi Ntuli, Claude Ondongo-Ezhet, Samantha Kesting, Dikeledi Maureen Kgwadi, Noela Holo Bertha Kamanga, Annaleen Coetser, Jeanne Van Rensburg, Michael S. Pepper and Sithembiso C. Velaphi
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:51
  18.  (1) To translate to Arabic a validated pediatric sleep questionnaire, (2) To assess the validity and reliability of the translated questionnaire, and (3) To assess the prevalence of sleep-disordered breathing...

    Authors: Ahmed I Masoud and Rana H Mosli
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:50
  19. There is growing evidence of nervous system involvement and related complaints in children with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). However, it seems that attempts to track of the virus in the nervous system ...

    Authors: Reza Sinaei, Habibeh Nejadbiglari, Roya Sinaei, Maziar Zeinaly, Sara Pezeshki and Maedeh Jafari
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:49
  20. The Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic has created unprecedented acute global health challenges. However, it also presents a set of unquantified and poorly understood risks in the medium to long term, spe...

    Authors: Rachel A. Hill, Atul Malhotra, Vathana Sackett, Katrina Williams, Michael Fahey, Kirsten R. Palmer, Rod W. Hunt, Hayley Darke, Izaak Lim, Vesna Newman-Morris, Jeanie L. Y. Cheong, Clare Whitehead, Joanne Said, Paulo Bignardi, Evelin Muraguchi, Luiz Carlos C. Fernandes Jr…
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:48
  21. Intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) is the most common type of brain injury in newborns, especially in newborns with Neonatal acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). IVH can cause brain parenchyma damage and...

    Authors: Nurbiya Arkin, Yanmei Wang and Le Wang
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:47
  22. Practitioner’s knowledge and parental perspectives on dental general anaesthesia (GA) have been surveyed separately in the past. But in daily routine both need to collaborate for the benefit of the child. The ...

    Authors: Yassamin Djalali Talab and Margrit-Ann Geibel
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:45
  23. Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a rare, but serious disease among children. However, PH has been primarily evaluated among adults. Consequently, treatment therapies have not been fully evaluated among pediatric...

    Authors: Erik J. Nelson, Ella Cook, Samara Nelson, Rebecca Brown, Megan Pierce, Ashley Bangerter Seelos, Heather Stickle and Michael Johansen
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:43
  24. Nursing experts regularly visited the community to deliver safety education on the prevention of unintentional injuries in children to the parents of children aged 0–6 years and to pregnant women in a maternit...

    Authors: Li-Fang Qian, Ting-Ting Cheng, Hong-Xia Chen, Dong-Hui He, Xiao-Min Peng and Qing-Hua Zhao
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:42
  25. COVID-19 disproportionately affects families of low socioeconomic status and may worsen health disparities that existed prior to the pandemic. Asthma is a common chronic disease in children exacerbated by envi...

    Authors: Erin Thanik, Kaoru Harada, Elizabeth Garland, Moira Bixby, Jasmine Bhatia, Ray Lopez, Sergio Galvez, Elan Dayanov, Krishna Vemuri, Douglas Bush and Nicholas B. DeFelice
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:41
  26. Identifying determinants of birthweight among disadvantaged communities is critical to further reducing the inequitable burden of perinatal health issues in low-and-middle income settings. Therefore, we adopte...

    Authors: Premarathnage Dhammika Narendra Premarathne Banda, Gayani Shashikala Amarasinghe and Suneth Buddhika Agampodi
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:40
  27. Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is a common chronic systemic disease that threatens the health of children worldwide. Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is the most severe acute complication of diabetes and can lead ...

    Authors: Ai Huang, Qiong Chen, Wei Yang, Yan Cui, Qingzhi Wang and Haiyan Wei
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:39
  28. Osmotic release oral system methylphenidate (OROS-MPH) is one of the most commonly used medication for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), however, real-world knowledge on OROS-MPH dose titration ...

    Authors: Youran Xu, Hsingwen Chung, Meng Shu, Yanfang Liu, Yongjing Zhang and Hong Qiu
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:38
  29. For the first time, we aimed to determine the epidemiology and associated factors of obesity and hypertension among children of military families in our region.

    Authors: Banafshe Dormanesh, Peyman Arasteh, Roya Daryanavard, Maryam Mardani, Meysam Ahmadi and Hamed Nikoupour
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:37
  30. Early extubation success (ES) in preterm infants may reduce various mechanical ventilation-associated complications; however, extubation failure (EF) can cause adverse short- and long-term outcomes. Therefore,...

    Authors: Su Jeong Park, Mi Hye Bae, Mun Hui Jeong, Seong Hee Jeong, NaRae Lee, Shin Yun Byun and Kyung Hee Park
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:36
  31. Anti-influenza treatment is important for children and is recommended in many countries. This study assessed safety, clinical, and virologic outcomes of baloxavir marboxil (baloxavir) treatment in children bas...

    Authors: Nobuo Hirotsu, Hiroki Sakaguchi, Keita Fukao, Satoshi Kojima, Pedro A. Piedra, Kenji Tsuchiya and Takeki Uehara
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:35
  32. There are evidence gaps in the management of pediatric cough, particularly for acute pediatric cough. This study had two aims: to identify therapeutic principles and unmet needs in the treatment of cough in pe...

    Authors: Christian Vogelberg, Francisco Cuevas Schacht, Christopher P. Watling, Laura Upstone and Georg Seifert
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:34
  33. An increasing number of studies are evaluating the safety of intravenous sedation compared with that of general anesthesia; however, data on bleeding complications after pediatric percutaneous renal biopsy per...

    Authors: Akira Okada, Kayo Ikeda Kurakawa, Yutaka Harita, Akira Shimizu, Satoko Yamaguchi, Shotaro Aso, Sachiko Ono, Yohei Hashimoto, Ryosuke Kumazawa, Nobuaki Michihata, Taisuke Jo, Hiroki Matsui, Kiyohide Fushimi, Masaomi Nangaku, Toshimasa Yamauchi, Hideo Yasunaga…
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:33
  34. Few studies have estimated the real prevalence of neurodevelopmental disorders according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition (DSM-5) in Spain and worldwide. However, there...

    Authors: Lorena Francés, Jessica Caules, Antoni Ruiz, Catalina Virgínia Soler, Amaia Hervás, Alberto Fernández, Alberto Rodríguez-Quiroga and Javier Quintero
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:32
  35. Sudden Unexpected Infant Deaths (SUID) can occur between 1 month and 1 year of age and are inequitably distributed with a greater burden in populations with numerous health disparities. Modifying the infant sl...

    Authors: Hartley Feld, Janeth Ceballos Osorio, Marisol Bahamonde, Thomas Young, Pablo Boada and Mary Kay Rayens
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:31
  36. Parent reported mental health can be assessed by the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ). Currently, Norwegian norms for parent-reported SDQ do not exist, whereas Swedish, Danish, and United Kingdom...

    Authors: Eirin Mølland, Kristin Haraldstad, Eirik Abildsnes, Åshild Tellefsen Håland, Unni Mette Stamnes Köpp, Liv Fegran and Thomas Westergren
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:30
  37. This study aimed to evaluate the implementation of the prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of the HIV-PMTCT program in Kermanshah, west of Iran, from 2014 to 2021.

    Authors: Roya Chegene Lorestani, Mosayeb Rostamian, Alisha Akya, Shahab Rezaeian, Mandana Afsharian, Reza Habibi, Arezoo Bozorgomid, Narges Kazemisafa, Somayeh Jafari, Soliman Yeilaghi, Mansour Mohammad Salehi, Hiva Namdari and Keyghobad Ghadiri
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:29
  38. Childhood tuberculosis continues to be a major public health problem. Although the visibility of the epidemic in this population group has increased, further research is needed.

    Authors: Dione Benjumea-Bedoya, Esteban Villegas Arbeláez, Daniela Martínez-Peñaloza, Claudia Patricia Beltrán-Arroyave, Andrea Victoria Restrepo Gouzy, Diana Marín, Lina Marcela Cadavid Álvarez, Beatriz Molinares, Fernando Nicolás Montes Zuluaga, Henry Pulido Duarte, Pedro Mauricio Suárez Parra, Juan Carlos Alzate Ángel, Guillermo Vélez-Parra, Teresa Realpe, Marisol Vásquez Villa, Stefani Yamile Ríos Buitrago…
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:28
  39. Esophageal atresia (EA) is a rare malformation with a wide range of co-morbidity and associated malformations impairing weight gain and growth. The aim of this study was to calculate specific percentiles for b...

    Authors: Tatjana Tamara König, Maria-Christina Stefanescu, Melanie Wildermuth, Luisa Maria Frankenbach, Oliver J. Muensterer and Emilio Gianicolo
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:27
  40. The purpose of this study was to investigate the typing of adenovirus (AdV) infection in children hospitalized with acute respiratory tract infection (ARTI) and its clinical characteristics.

    Authors: Li Wang, Xiaoting Hu, Zhenzhen Huang, Yangjie Zhang, Xiaoyuan Zhao, Xiaohua Liu, Hua Mao, Huixiang Hao and Wanli Xue
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:25
  41. Gentamicin and amikacin are aminoglycoside antibiotics which are renally excreted and known to be nephrotoxic. Estimate of glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) per body surface area is lower in neonates than in a...

    Authors: Bonifasius Siyuka Singu, Milka Ndapandula Ndeunyema, Ene I. Ette, Clarissa Hildegard Pieper and Roger Karel Verbeeck
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:24
  42. Hereditary spherocytosis (HS) is one of the most common hereditary haemolytic disorders. Here, two unrelated families with the probands displaying typical manifestations of HS were enrolled. Our study aimed to...

    Authors: Yang Wang, Lan Huang, Yao Zhu, Xizhou An, Jiacheng Li, Jiangwei Zhen and Jie Yu
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:23
  43. Biliary atresia (BA) is one of the causes of conjugated hyperbilirubinemia in infants which if untreated leads to end-stage liver disease and death. Percutaneous Trans-hepatic Cholecysto-Cholangiography (PTCC)...

    Authors: Dimitri A. Parra, Shannon E. Peters, Ruhail Kohli, Racha Chamlati, Bairbre L. Connolly, Justyna M. Wolinska, Vicky L. Ng, Michael J. Temple, Philip R. John, Binita M. Kamath, Simon C. Ling, Annie Fecteau, Afsaneh Amirabadi and Joao G. Amaral
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:22
  44. A peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) with its tip preferably in the vena cava is essential in caring for patients with chronic conditions in general pediatrics. However, PICC-related complications a...

    Authors: Zhuowen Yu, Xiaojing Hu, Xiaofeng Xu, Lili Lin, Ying Gu and Jianguo Zhou
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:21
  45. The present study aimed to investigate the correlation between transcutaneous carbon dioxide partial pressure (PtcCO2) and arterial carbon dioxide pressure (PaCO2) and the accuracy of PtcCO2 in predicting PaCO2 d...

    Authors: Weitao Wang, Zhifa Zhao, Xinjie Tian, Xinggang Ma, Liang Xu and Guanglin Shang
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:20
  46. The hemolytic nature of hemolytic disease of the newborn (HDN) is described as the abnormal destruction and decomposition of red blood cells, causing heterogeneous manifestations such as abnormal red blood cel...

    Authors: Hongxing Lin, Pingxiang Luo, Chen Liu, Xiaosong Lin, Chengwen Que and Wenhui Zhong
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:19
  47. The new bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) grading system was developed based on its correlation with long-term respiratory and neurodevelopmental outcomes and may provide better personalized prognostication. Id...

    Authors: Fu-Sheng Chou, Rebekah M. Leigh, Srinandini S. Rao, Arvind Narang and Hung-Wen Yeh
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:18

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