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  1. Tuberculosis is one the leading causes of death from a single infectious disease, caused by the bacillus mycobacterium tuberculosis. In Ethiopia, even though several primary studies have been conducted on the ...

    Authors: Desalegn Girma, Zinie Abita, Nigusie Shifera, Mulugeta Wodaje Arage, Biruk Beletew Abate, Melsew Setegn Alie and Gossa Fetene Abebe
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:363
  2. Noonan syndrome (NS) is a rare genetic disease, and patients who suffer from it exhibit a facial morphology that is characterized by a high forehead, hypertelorism, ptosis, inner epicanthal folds, down-slantin...

    Authors: Yulu Huang, Haomiao Sun, Qinchang Chen, Junjun Shen, Jin Han, Shiguang Shan and Shushui Wang
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:361
  3. Hypoxemia represents the most prevalent adverse event during flexible bronchoscopy procedures aimed at foreign body retrieval in pediatric patients; if not expeditiously managed, it carries the potential for c...

    Authors: Su-Jing Zhang, Min-Yi Lin, Min Zhou, Ying-Zhi Dan, Hong-Bin Gu and Guo-Lin Lu
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:359
  4. Rotavirus has a significant morbidity and mortality in children under two years. The burden of rotavirus diarrhea 4 years post introduction of rotavirus vaccine in Uganda is not well established. This study ai...

    Authors: Goretty Laker, Jolly Nankunda, Bernis Maren Melvis, Dickson Kajoba, Martin Nduwimana, Joel Kimera, Richard Justine Odong and Isaac Edyedu
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:358
  5. International guidelines recommend early intervention to all children at risk of cerebral palsy, but targeted screening programs are often lacking in low- and middle-income settings with the highest burden of ...

    Authors: Antti J. Kukka, Pratiksha Bhattarai, Heléne E. K. Sundelin, Rejina Gurung, Nick J. W. Brown, Helena Litorp, Anna Axelin and Ashish KC
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:357
  6. Children are the most vulnerable group to diseases. Thus, it’s critical to evaluate parents’ or guardians’ willingness to vaccinate their children. This study aims to investigate the prevalence and predictors ...

    Authors: Ehsan Sarbazi, Nazanin Masoudi, Ahmad Mehri, Robab Mehdizadeh Esfanjani, Hosein Azizi, Maryam Soleimanpour, Mahboub Pouraghaei and Hassan Soleimanpour
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:356
  7. Counselling adolescents with chronic medical conditions (CMCs) can be challenging regarding suitable interviewing skills and clinicians’ attitudes toward the patient. Successful communication can be a key elem...

    Authors: Hannah Kammering, Jennifer Antony Cruz, Anna Lena Platzbecker, Christina Reinauer, Katharina Förtsch, Lisa Krassuski, Rabea Viermann, Matthias Domhardt, Harald Baumeister, Doris Staab, Kirsten Minden, Annabel Sandra Mueller-Stierlin, Reinhard W. Holl, Petra Warschburger and Thomas Meissner
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:355
  8. Welfare and rehabilitation centers prioritize the welfare of children over the mental and physical well-being of mothers. The present study aimed to determine the impact of resilience training on stress, hope,...

    Authors: Pegah Sharifian, Zeinab kuchaki and Mahnaz shoghi
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:354
  9. For adolescents, abnormal dipping patterns in blood pressure (BP) are associated with early-onset organ damage and a higher risk of cardiovascular disorders in adulthood. Obesity is one of the most common reas...

    Authors: Yi Zhou, Lin Zhao, Zenglei Zhang, Xu Meng, Qiu-jing Cai, Xiao-lei Zhao, Lin-ping Wang, Ai-hua Hu and Xian-liang Zhou
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:353
  10. Galactosemia is an autosomal recessive disorder resulting from an enzyme defect in the galactose metabolic pathway. The most severe manifestation of classic galactosemia is caused by galactose-1-phosphate urid...

    Authors: Yong-cai Wang, Lian-cheng Lan, Xia Yang, Juan Xiao, Hai-xin Liu and Qing-wen Shan
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:352
  11. Genetic disorders significantly affect patients in neonatal intensive care units, where establishing a diagnosis can be challenging through routine tests and supplementary examinations. Whole-exome sequencing ...

    Authors: Ruiping Zhang, Xiaoyu Cui, Yan Zhang, Huiqing Ma, Jing Gao, Ying Zhang, Jianbo Shu, Chunquan Cai and Yang Liu
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:351
  12. Neural tube defects (NTDs) account for the largest proportion of congenital anomalies of the central nervous system and result from failure of the neural tube to close spontaneously between the 3rd and 4th wee...

    Authors: Yohannes Addisu and Gizachew Tadesse Wassie
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:350
  13. Over the decades the trends of early onset of puberty have been observed in children, particularly in girls. Research evidence has reported diet to be among the most important risk factors for puberty onset. T...

    Authors: Yiming Du, Wu Yan, Francis Manyori Bigambo, Qiaoli Zhou, Chenguang Ma, Wei Gu and Xu Wang
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:349
  14. Acute complete gastric volvulus is a rare and life-threatening disease, which is prone to gastric wall ischemia, perforation, and necrosis. If it is not treated by surgery in time, the mortality rate can range...

    Authors: Zesheng Yang, Xiaoying Xie, Shicheng Wang, Guanghua Pei and Jianghua Zhan
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:348
  15. Among the neurological complications of influenza in children, the most severe is acute necrotizing encephalopathy (ANE), with a high mortality rate and neurological sequelae. ANE is characterized by rapid pro...

    Authors: Suyun Li, Weiqiang Xiao, Huixian Li, Dandan Hu, Kuanrong Li, Qinglian Chen, Guangming Liu, Haomei Yang, Yongling Song, Qiuyan Peng, Qiang Wang, Shuyao Ning, Yumei Xiong, Wencheng Ma, Jun Shen, Kelu Zheng…
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:347
  16. The practice of physical activity and adherence to the Mediterranean diet (AMD) have been extensively studied for their relationship with kinanthropometric, body composition and physical fitness variables. How...

    Authors: Adrián Mateo-Orcajada, Raquel Vaquero-Cristóbal, María del Mar Sánchez-Serrano and Lucía Abenza-Cano
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:346
  17. Sepsis is an infection-related systemic inflammatory response that often leads to elevated lactate levels. Monitoring lactate levels during severe sepsis is vital for influencing clinical outcomes. The aim of ...

    Authors: Tarek A. Abdelaziz, Nehad Ahmed Karam, Weaam Ibrahim Ismail, Nahed Mohamed Ali Askary and Eman Gamal Baz
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:345
  18. Paediatric patients are especially prone to experiencing adverse drug reactions (ADRs), and the surgical environment gathers many conditions for such reactions to occur. Additionally, little information exists...

    Authors: C Pérez-Ingidua, AB Rivas-Paterna, C González-Perrino, E Aleo-Luján, A Ascaso-del-Rio, L Laredo-Velasco, A Portolés-Pérez and E Vargas-Castrillón
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:344
  19. The Modified Shuttle Test-Paeds (Paeds), a recently developed 10-meter Shuttle run test for aerobic capacity in children. This study aims to investigate the construct validity (known-group and convergent valid...

    Authors: WFM Aertssen, A van de Kamp, LD Jelsma and BCM Smits-Engelsman
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:343
  20. Prenatal exposure to the Zika virus can lead to microcephaly and adverse developmental outcomes, even in children without evident birth defects. The social environment plays a crucial role in infant health and...

    Authors: Mary Rodríguez-Rabassa, Allison A. Appleton, Viviana Rosario-Villafañe, Irelis Repollet-Carrer, Marilyn Borges-Rodríguez, Lydiet Dedós-Peña, Marielly González, Paola Velázquez-González, Kamalich Muniz-Rodriguez, Claudia Mántaras-Ortiz, Vanessa Rivera-Amill, Odette Olivieri-Ramos and Luisa I. Alvarado-Domenech
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:342
  21. The Premonitory Urge for Tics Scale (PUTS) is a common self-report measure of premonitory urges for patients with tic disorders. This study aims to evaluate the Chinese version of the PUTS (PUTS-C) and to expl...

    Authors: Qiang Ding, Douglas W. Woods, Wen Xu, Ying Zhao, Shuqin Shen and Jinhua Sun
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:341
  22. Transient symptomatic zinc deficiency (TSZD), an acquired type of zinc deficiency, is a rare, but probably underrecognized disease, extremely in breastfed premature with low birthweight infants. Its clinical m...

    Authors: Li Gu, Xue-Hui He and Peng Zhu
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:338
  23. Children with obesity have low 25 hydroxy-vitamin D (25-OH-D3) levels compared to lean children. Recommendations on when to start vitamin D supplementation differ largely between countries. Longitudinal data on 2...

    Authors: Katja Wechsung, Dirk Schnabel and Susanna Wiegand
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:337
  24. Pakistan reports a significant burden of neonatal mortality, with infections as one of the major causes. We aim to assess the long-term impact of early infancy infections on neurodevelopmental outcomes during ...

    Authors: Nudrat Farheen, Shahira Shahid, Kiran Ramzan Ali Lalani, Iqbal Azam, Farah Khalid, Batool Fatima, Mohammad Shahidul Islam, Samir K. Saha, Shamim Ahmad Qazi, Fyezah Jehan and Muhammad Imran Nisar
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:336
  25. Family psychosocial challenges during the early years of a child’s life are associated with later mental and physical health problems for the child. An increased psychosocial focus on parents in routine child ...

    Authors: Sarah Strøyer de Voss, Philip Michael John Wilson, Ruth Kirk Ertmann and Gritt Overbeck
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:335
  26. Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a common cause of acute lower respiratory tract infections, particularly in infants and young children during winter. We aimed to study the demographics and clinical charac...

    Authors: Montaha Al-Iede, Abdullah Alhouri, Khaled Marwa, Roaa Alnajjar, Mohammad Abuzenah, Bilala Abu-Hussein, Shereen M. Aleidi, Enas AL-Zayadneh, Amirah Daher, Basim Alqutawneh and Lena Sarhan
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:334
  27. The risk factors for hemorrhagic cystitis (HC) in children undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) are unclear. Therefore, we conducted this systematic review and meta-analysis to investigate...

    Authors: Senlin Zhang, Minyuan Liu, Qingwei Wang, Shuran Wang, Xin Liu, Bohan Li, Jie Li, Junjie Fan and Shaoyan Hu
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:333
  28. Recent studies have found that total immunoglobulin E (IgE) and allergen-specific IgE were associated with some metabolic diseases. However, the role of IgE in metabolism among adolescents is still unclear. He...

    Authors: Yaping Liu, Xiaoxia Wang and Yong Liu
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:332
  29. Thalassemias represent some of the most common monogenic diseases worldwide and are caused by variations in human hemoglobin genes which disrupt the balance of synthesis between the alpha and beta globin chain...

    Authors: Cong Zhou, Yepei Du, Haixia Zhang, Xing Wei, Rui Li and Jing Wang
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:330
  30. Febrile seizures (FS) are the most common seizure disorder in children and a common neurologic complication in children with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). This study aimed to identify differences in cli...

    Authors: Zhongli Jiang, Cuiyun Fang, Fengyimei Peng and Wei Fan
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:329
  31. The Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), influenza A, and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infections have similar modes of transmission and clinical symptoms. There is a need to iden...

    Authors: Longli Huang, Cuiying Ye, Renxi Zhou and Zexuan Ji
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:328
  32. Donohue syndrome (DS), also referred to as leprechaunism, is a remarkably uncommon autosomal recessive disorder that primarily affects the endocrine system. Its incidence rate is exceedingly low, with only 1 c...

    Authors: Ahmed Shamil Hashim, Mustafa Najah Al-Obaidi, Ahmed Dheyaa Al-Obaidi, Saleh Abdulkareem Saleh, Hashim Talib Hashim, Mina Al Saeedi and Basma Ataallah
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:327
  33.  Preterm birth (< 37 weeks gestation) complications are the leading cause of neonatal mortality. Early-warning scores (EWS) are charts where vital signs (e.g., temperature, heart rate, respiratory rate) are re...

    Authors: Eleanor J Mitchell, Jalemba Aluvaala, Lucy Bradshaw, Jane P Daniels, Caren Emadau, Bernadine Muthumbi, Helen Nabwera, Ednah Ojee, Jacqueline Opira, Phoebe Pallotti, Zahida Qureshi, Mark Sigei, Yuanfei Su, Richard Swinden, Fredrick Were and Shalini Ojha
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:326
  34. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) shunts allow children with hydrocephalus to survive and avoid brain injury (J Neurosurg 107:345-57, 2007; Childs Nerv Syst 12:192-9, 1996). The Hydrocephalus Clinical Research Network...

    Authors: Stacey Podkovik, Chuan Zhou, Susan E. Coffin, Matthew Hall, Jason S. Hauptman, Matthew P. Kronman, Francesco T. Mangano, Ian F. Pollack, Sabrina Sedano, Joaquin Vega, Joshua K. Schaffzin, Emily Thorell, Benjamin C. Warf, Kathryn B. Whitlock and Tamara D. Simon
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:325
  35. Sickle cell disease (SCD), a noncommunicable disease, has the greatest burden in sub-Saharan Africa. The majority of children (50–90%) with SCD die before their 5th birthday, with approximately 150,000–300,000...

    Authors: Runyararo Mashingaidze Mano, Patience Kuona and Jane Masiiwa Misihairabgwi
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:323
  36. Diarrhea is a common public health problem and the third leading cause of death in the world among children under the age of five years. An estimated 2 billion cases and 1.9 million deaths are recorded among c...

    Authors: Belayneh Shetie Workneh, Enyew Getaneh Mekonen, Mohammed Seid Ali, Almaz Tefera Gonete, Masresha Asmare Techane, Mulugeta Wassie, Alemneh Tadesse Kassie, Medina Abdela Ahmed, Sintayehu Simie Tsega, Yilkal Abebaw Wassie, Alebachew Ferede Zegeye, Berhan Tekeba and Tadesse Tarik Tamir
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:322
  37. Radiologic volumetric evaluation of Wilms’ tumor (WT) is an important indicator to guide treatment decisions. However, due to the heterogeneity of the tumors, radiologists have main-guard differences in diagno...

    Authors: Weikang Li, Yiran Sun, Guoxun Zhang, Qing Yang, Bo Wang, Xiaohui Ma and Hongxi Zhang
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:321
  38. Alcohol consumption by children and adolescents is receiving increasing attention. It may cause dyslipidemia, a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. However, the association between alcohol consumption and ...

    Authors: Qingting Bu, Lingyan Fang, Bo Huang, Huijun Cai and Zhenyu Pan
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:320
  39. Very low birth weight infants are cared for postnatally in the incubator because of adverse consequences of hypothermia. Data on the optimal weight of transfer to a warming crib are rare. The aim of this study...

    Authors: Sandra Greve, Nora Bruns, Anne-Kathrin Dathe, Michael M. Schuendeln, Ursula Felderhoff-Mueser and Anja Stein
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:319
  40. Integrated Community Case Management (ICCM) of common childhood illness is one of the global initiatives to reduce mortality among under-five children by two-thirds. It is also implemented in Ethiopia to impro...

    Authors: Mekides Geta, Geta Asrade Alemayehu, Wubshet Debebe Negash, Tadele Biresaw Belachew, Chalie Tadie Tsehay and Getachew Teshale
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:310
  41. The issue of Infant and Young Child Feeding practices was widespread; it was estimated that infants were not exclusively breastfed in the first six months of life. Complementary foods were frequently provided ...

    Authors: Mulat Tirfie Bayih, Melesse Belayneh and Wasihun Mekonen
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:280
  42. Reading learning disability (RLD) is characterized by a specific difficulty in learning to read that is not better explained by an intellectual disability, lack of instruction, psychosocial adversity, or a neu...

    Authors: Rodrigo Flores-Gallegos, Thalía Fernández, Sarael Alcauter, Erick Pasaye, Lucero Albarrán-Cárdenas, Bertha Barrera-Díaz and Paulina Rodríguez-Leis
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:318
  43. Patients with Turner syndrome (TS) face an increased risk of developing aortic dilatation (AD), but diagnosing AD in children presents greater complexity compared to adults. This study aimed to investigate the...

    Authors: Wei Su, Longwei Sun, Zhuoguang Li, Xia Liu, Longjiang Zhang, Xiu Zhao, Shumin Fan, Boning Li, Ying Xie, Weiwei Xiao and Zhe Su
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:317

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