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  1. Studies have reported significant effect of geographically shared variables on new-born baby weight. Although there is growing use of community-based child health interventions in public health research, such ...

    Authors: Natasha Sakala and Tsirizani M. Kaombe
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:682
  2. Smartphone use has increased significantly, especially during the period of global pandemic caused by the novel SARS-CoV2 coronavirus (COVID-19). Concurrently, smartphone addiction is a growing social problem ...

    Authors: Hamid Reza Mokhtarinia, Maryam Heydari Torkamani, Ozra Farmani, Akbar Biglarian and Charles Philip Gabel
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:681
  3. Omphalocele is a congenital abdominal wall defect of the umbilical cord insertion site. A giant omphalocele, with a fascial defect > 5 cm in diameter and/or containing > 50% of the liver within the hernia sac,...

    Authors: Yoichi Nakagawa, Hiroo Uchida, Akinari Hinoki, Chiyoe Shirota, Wataru Sumida, Satoshi Makita, Hizuru Amano, Masamune Okamoto, Aitaro Takimoto, Seiya Ogata, Shunya Takada, Daiki Kato and Yousuke Gohda
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:680
  4. SJD a Casa is an acute pediatric hospital-at-home program that was initiated in 2019. For a thorough understanding of acute pediatric homecare programs, an analysis of all related factors, including the medica...

    Authors: Astrid Batlle, Santiago Thió-Henestrosa, Imma Boada, Sandra López, Isabel Moya, José Carlos Fernández, Mariona Fernández de Sevilla and Juan José García-García
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:679
  5. Screening for G6PD deficiency in newborns can help prevent severe hemolysis, hyperbilirubinemia, and bilirubin encephalopathy, as recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO). It has been speculated that...

    Authors: Thanaporn Pimpakan, Punchalee Mungkalasut, Pornchinee Tansakul, Makamas Chanda, Watcharapong Jugnam-Ang, Supamas Charucharana, Poonlarp Cheepsunthorn, Suthat Fucharoen, Santi Punnahitananda and Chalisa Louicharoen Cheepsunthorn
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:678
  6. To examine whether the levels of aggressive behaviors and other individual and contextual variables differ between left-behind adolescents (LBA) and not left-behind adolescents (NLBA) and explore associations ...

    Authors: Fang Yang, Zhiyu Jin, Jing He, Bingsong Han, Xinyuan Huang, Kun Chen and Jiana Wang
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:677
  7. Intensive care is of great significance for very low birth weight infants (VLBWI). The Yangtze River Delta is the most ecomonically developed area in China. However, there are few data on the care practices an...

    Authors: Tianchan Lyu, Yibo Tao, Wei Hua, Liling Li, Yunfei Tang, Yumei Jin, Yan Wang, Yuelan Ma, Futing Ji, Yalan Dou, Yun Cao and Xiao-jing Hu
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:676
  8. X-linked hyper-immunoglobulin M (XHIGM), a primary immunodeficiency syndrome caused by mutations in the CD40 ligand gene(CD40LG), presents with recurrent respiratory infections in pediatric patients. We aimed to ...

    Authors: Huifeng Fan, Li Huang, Diyuan Yang, Changhao Zhang, Qiang Zeng, Genquan Yin, Gen Lu and Kunling Shen
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:675
  9. Family Integrated Care (FICare) benefits preterm infants compared with Family-Centered Care (FCC), but research is lacking in United States (US) Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICUs). The outcomes for infants ...

    Authors: Linda S. Franck, Caryl L. Gay, Thomas J. Hoffmann, Rebecca M. Kriz, Robin Bisgaard, Diana M. Cormier, Priscilla Joe, Brittany Lothe and Yao Sun
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:674
  10. Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease (KFD) is a self-limiting and benign disease characterized by cervical lymphadenopathy and fever. Although KFD should be made differentially diagnosed from infectious, autoimmune, and m...

    Authors: Chenxi Liu, Yingying Jin, Hua Huang, Fei Ding, Zhen Yang, Xuemei Xu, Shengfang Bao, Jing Ma and Yanliang Jin
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:673
  11. Pharmacological intervention with laxatives is the conventional treatment for functional constipation (FC). Data to support the dietary management of FC is lacking. This study compared the efficacy of two Comf...

    Authors: Daniel Alfonso Cisneros Sevilla, Denise Hofman, Sergio Díaz Madero, Miriam Contreras Fernández, Urszula Kudla, Eva Kontopodi, Jeske H. J. Hageman, Darelia Alelí Topete Ángel and Joshué David Covarrubias Esquer
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:672
  12. Globally 3.8 million of children under 6 month of age are severely wasted. In Yemen, around 20% of children under 6 months were affected by malnutrition during the armed conflict in the last 7 years. Supplemen...

    Authors: Mohamed Salem Mohamed Baazab, Jalal Ali Bilal, Iman Ali Ba-Saddik and Ali Mohammed Arabi
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:671
  13. Acquired immune deficiency syndrome is an infectious disease caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) that primarily targets an individual's immune system. In Ethiopia, nearly 24% of HIV-related deaths...

    Authors: Gebrie Getu Alemu, Zelalem Mehari Nigussie, Baye Tsegaye Amlak and Anemaw Asrat Achamyeleh
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:670
  14. The outbreak and ongoing transmission of Zika virus provided an opportunity to strengthen essential newborn care and early childhood development systems through collaboration with the US Agency for Internation...

    Authors: Kera McNelis, Nina Prasanphanich, Susanne P. Martin-Herz, Terrell Carter, Hannah Foehringer Merchant, Janna Patterson, Salwan Hager, Tamar Chitashvili, Shivon Belle Jarvis and Beena D. Kamath-Rayne
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:669
  15. Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a life-threatening disease characterized by some clinical signs (e.g., non-remitting fever, hepatosplenomegaly) and laboratory findings (e.g., cytopenia, increased f...

    Authors: Payman Sadeghi, Golnaz Ghazizadeh Esslami, Hassan Rokni-Zadeh, Majid Changi-Ashtiani and Reihaneh Mohsenipour
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:667
  16. Research on myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein antibody (MOG-Ab)-associated disease (MOGAD) among Chinese children is relatively rare. Therefore, this study aimed to explore and analyze the clinical character...

    Authors: Xiaoang Sun, Meiyan Liu, Xiaona Luo, Fang Yuan, Chunmei Wang, Simei Wang, Quanmei Xu, Yuanfeng Zhang and Yucai Chen
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:666
  17. Dental trauma is common among children. It has negative effects on a child’s quality of life. Parental knowledge, especially among mothers is an important factor for the long-term success of this emergency. Th...

    Authors: Zahra Momeni, Sanaz Afzalsoltani and Mahmoudreza Moslemzadehasl
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:665
  18. The incidence of early-onset vitamin K deficiency bleeding (VKDB) in at-risk neonates who did not receive vitamin K supplementation varied from 6 to 12%. This case report aims to show that VKDB can occur abrup...

    Authors: Harapan Parlindungan Ringoringo, Katherine Richel Tambunan, Fajar Khalis Ananda, Felynawati Nawati and Yanuar Nusca Permana
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:663
  19. Although there has been promising progress in the reduction of child mortality from ARI, the magnitude is high yet, especially in East Africa. Since mothers/guardians decide upon the type and frequency of heal...

    Authors: Dagmawi Chilot, Kegnie Shitu, Yibeltal Yismaw Gela, Mihret Getnet, Bezawit Mulat, Mengistie Diress and Daniel Gashaneh Belay
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:662
  20. Iron deficiency is one of the most important factors of anemia which is caused by poor iron intake. In addition, children need more iron because of their rapid growth. On the other side, daily intake of iron i...

    Authors: Daniel Gashaneh Belay, Melaku Hunie Asratie, Anteneh Ayelign Kibret, Kegnie Shitu, Dawit Tefera Fentie, Yalelet Fentaw Shiferaw and Baye Tsegaye Amlak
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:661
  21. Having infants sleep with their parents and sleeping face down or on their sides are the two most proximate and modifiable risk factors for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Little is known about the burden...

    Authors: Godwin K. Osei-Poku, Lawrence Mwananyanda, Patricia A. Elliot, William B. MacLeod, Somwe Wa Somwe, Rachel C. Pieciak and Christopher J. Gill
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:660
  22. HIV testing is a crucial starting point for prevention, early diagnosis, and treatment of HIV. Sub-Saharan Africa has the highest global HIV/AIDS prevalence and mortality, yet HIV testing remains sub-optimal. ...

    Authors: Mi Sook Jung, Nondumiso Satiso Dlamini, Xirong Cui and Kyeongin Cha
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:659
  23. To detect differentially expressed genes in patients with neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) by bioinformatics methods and to provide new ideas and research directions for the prevention, early diagnosis...

    Authors: Xuexiu Liu, Xianhong Zhang, Luquan Li, Jianhui Wang, Yanhan Chen and Liping Wu
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:658
  24. Parents of children who have a congenital anomaly can experience significant worry about their child’s health. Access to clear, helpful, and trustworthy information can provide a valuable source of support. In...

    Authors: Elena Marcus, Anna Latos-Bielenska, Anna Jamry-Dziurla, Ingeborg Barišić, Clara Cavero-Carbonell, Elly Den Hond, Ester Garne, Lucas Genard, Ana João Santos, LRenée Lutke, Carlos Matias Dias, Christina Neergaard Pedersen, Amanda J. Neville, Annika Niemann, Ljubica Odak, Anna Pierini…
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:657
  25. The purpose of this study, conducted within the framework of the project entitled ‘Let’s get the kids moving’, was to determine the associations between children’s longitudinal and transverse foot arch and the...

    Authors: Sara Górna, Katarzyna Pazdro-Zastawny, Alicja Basiak-Rasała, Mateusz Kolator, Joanna Krajewska and Tomasz Zatoński
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:656
  26. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the American Academy of Pediatrics recommend that symptomatic children remain home and get tested to identify potential coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) ca...

    Authors: Geena Y. Zhou, Nicole Y. Penwill, Grace Cheng, Prachi Singh, Ann Cheung, Minkyung Shin, Margaret Nguyen, Shalini Mittal, William Burrough, Mia-Ashley Spad, Sarah Bourne, Naomi S. Bardach and Emily R. Perito
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:655
  27. Hirschsprung-associated enterocolitis (HAEC), one of the most significant causes of morbidity and mortality for patients with Hirschsprung disease (HSCR), can occur before and after radical surgery. This study...

    Authors: Chuanping Xie, Jiayu Yan, Zhiyi Zhang, Wang Kai, Zengmeng Wang and Yajun Chen
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:654
  28. In 2018, nearly 90% of the global children living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) were in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Compared to the adult population, antiretroviral therapy (ART) coverage among childre...

    Authors: Melkamu Merid Mengesha, Mulugeta Embibel, Tesfaye Gobena, Abayneh Tunje, Degu Jerene and Inger Kristensson Hallström
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:653
  29. A balanced nutrition is important for children’s physical and cognitive development; yet, remains a challenge in many parts of low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Early detection of nutritional deficienc...

    Authors: Sylvain G. Traoré, Kouadio B. Kouassi, Jean T. Coulibaly, Johanna Beckmann, Bomey C. Gba, Christin Lang, Kurt Z. Long, Daouda Dao, Markus Gerber, Nicole Probst-Hensch, Uwe Pühse, Jürg Utzinger and Bassirou Bonfoh
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:651
  30. Primary generalized glucocorticoid hypersensitivity (PGGH) is a very rare disease caused by terminal organ hypersensitivity to glucocorticoids for which the aetiology is unknown. The incidence of PGGH is extre...

    Authors: Xiu Zhao, Zhongwei Xu, Huiping Su, Rongfei Zheng, Min Zhan, Yuge Huang and Zhe Su
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:650
  31. Teaching Basic Life Support (BLS) in schools is a key initiative to improve the survival rates after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. Low-cost training materials can reach a wider population. Our aim was to com...

    Authors: Anita Kovács, Henrietta Bánfai-Csonka, József Betlehem, Luca Anna Ferkai, Krisztina Deutsch, János Musch and Bálint Bánfai
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:648
  32. Duplication of the common bile duct (CBD) is extremely rare among the anatomical variations in the biliary tract system, which presents a septum within the CBD or an accessory CBD. In our study, we report a ra...

    Authors: Huixue Sheng, Guiling Chen, Ming Yang and Hongmei Guan
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:647
  33. Ear, Nose and Throat (ENT) primary contact models of care use audiologists as the first triage point for children referred to ENT for middle ear and hearing concerns; and have shown reduced waiting time, impro...

    Authors: Jennifer Eakin, Simone Michael, Christopher Payten, Tamsin Smith, Vicky Stewart, Elle Noonan and Kelly A. Weir
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:646
  34. Given the possible effect of maternal anxiety on the severity of colic pain in infants, this study aimed to investigate the effects of behavioral therapy counseling on infantile colic (primary outcome), matern...

    Authors: Reihaneh Montazeri, Shirin Hasanpour, Mojgan. Mirghafourvand, Manizheh Mostafa Gharehbaghi, Mohammad Mehdi Ghods Tehrani and Shiva Mohajjel Rezaei
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:645
  35. With the rapid development of deep learning algorithms and the rapid improvement of computer hardware in the past few years, AI-assisted diagnosis software for bone age has achieved good diagnostic performance...

    Authors: Kai Zhao, Shuai Ma, Zhaonan Sun, Xiang Liu, Ying Zhu, Yufeng Xu and Xiaoying Wang
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:644
  36. Infection is one of the most frequent causes of morbidity and mortality in diabetic patients. Some microorganisms become more virulent in a high glucose concentration. Diabetics are more likely to have asympto...

    Authors: Gihan M. Bebars, Asmaa N. Mostafa, Hend M. Moness and Reem A. Abdel Aziz
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:643
  37. Goiter is a common presenting sign of various thyroid diseases in children. Thyroid nodules are clinically and/or radiologically significant findings due to their high malignancy rate. The ultrasound (US) char...

    Authors: Fahad Al Juraibah, Khalid Al Noaim, Abdulaziz AlDbas, Ahmed AlMuallimi, Omar AlOtaibi, Mozon AlShareef, Alanoud AlSuhibani, Ahmed AlZaharani, Mohammed AlDubayee and Amir Babiker
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:642
  38. Primary intussusception in children is a common acute abdominal disease. The cause of this disease is still not fully understood. Many articles have reported that children with intussusception are often accomp...

    Authors: Qingtao Yan, Liandi Xu, Jun Chao, Zemin Zhang and Hui Wang
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:641
  39. Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is an inflammatory bowel disease in preterm neonates with high morbidity and mortality. The only treatment available is supportive with broad-spectrum antibiotics and gastrointe...

    Authors: Björn Andersson, Laszlo Markasz, Hamid Mobini-Far and Helene Engstrand Lilja
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:640
  40. COPA syndrome is a rare hereditary inflammatory disease caused by mutations in the gene encoding the coatomer protein subunit alpha, causing excessive production of type I interferon.

    Authors: Pietro Basile, Giulia Gortani, Andrea Taddio, Serena Pastore, Federica Corona, Alessandra Tesser, Egidio Barbi and Alberto Tommasini
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:639
  41. Although most cases of childhood cancer are unlikely to be prevented, by today’s standards, most children with cancer can now be cured. However, disparities about survival exist among countries; in Mexico, the...

    Authors: Leslie V. Uribe-Ortiz, Bárbara M. Garza-Ornelas, Ana C. Vázquez-Fernández, Fabiola Castorena-Torres and Julieta Rodríguez-De-Ita
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:638
  42. In respiratory distress syndrome, many neonatology centers worldwide perform minimal invasive surfactant application in premature infants, using small-diameter catheters for endotracheal intubation and surfact...

    Authors: Lorenz Auer-Hackenberg, Johannes Brandner, Edda Hofstätter, Patricia Stroicz, Tobias Hager, Anna Eichhorn, Sebastian Schütz, Raphael Feldner and Martin Wald
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:637
  43. This case–control study aimed to compare lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd), and arsenic (As) levels in neonates with respiratory distress syndrome (NRDS) with those levels in normal neonates and tested their association...

    Authors: Khalid M. Mohany, Osama Mahmoud El-Asheer, Yaser F. Abdel Raheem, Ahmed Abd-Elrasoul sayed and Mona Abd El-Hamid Hassan El-Baz
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:635
  44. In recent years, obesity and vitamin D deficiency are more prevalent among adolescents. Improving our knowledge of the link between vitamin D and visceral adipose tissue (VAT) is essential for the health of ad...

    Authors: Yan-feng Li, Xiao Zheng, Wen-lan Gao, Feng Tao and Yi Chen
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:634
  45. Acute infections are a common reason for children to consult primary care. Serious infections are rare but differentiating them from self-limiting illnesses remains challenging. This can lead to inappropriate ...

    Authors: Liselore De Rop, Tine De Burghgraeve, An De Sutter, Frank Buntinx and Jan Y Verbakel
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:633

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