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  1. Glycogen storage disease type III (GSD III) is a rare autosomal recessive glycogenolysis disorder due to AGL gene variants, characterized by hepatomegaly, fasting hypoglycemia, hyperlipidemia, elevated hepatic tr...

    Authors: Jing Wang, Yuping Yu, Chunquan Cai, Xiufang Zhi, Ying Zhang, Yu Zhao and Jianbo Shu
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:284
  2. During the past three decades, growth charts have become one of the principal tools for monitoring anthropometric development in individuals and populations as well. Growth references by the CDC and other coun...

    Authors: Ali Zamlout, Kamal Alwannous, Ali Kahila, Majd Yaseen, Raneem Albadish, Morhaf Aleid, Karina Hamzah, Mahmoud Monther, Oudai Akkari, Amah Hasan, Manal Hasan, Ammar Khallouf, Amjad Obied, Amna Schmidt, Sara Deeb, Orwa Deeb…
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:282
  3. Admission hypothermia (AH, < 36.5℃) remains a major challenge for global neonatal survival, especially in developing countries. Baseline research shows nearly 89.3% of very low birth weight (VLBW, < 1500 g) in...

    Authors: Shu-yu Bi, Yong-hui Yu, Cong Li, Ping Xu, Hai-yan Xu, Jia-hui Li, Qiong-yu Liu, Min Li, Xin-jian Liu and Hui Wang
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:281
  4. Birth asphyxia is the inability of a newborn to start and conserve breathing immediately after birth. Globally, 2.5 million infants die within their first month of life every year, contributing nearly 47% of a...

    Authors: Kebebew Lemma, Direslgne Misker, Mekidim Kassa, Hanan Abdulkadir and Kusse Otayto
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:280
  5. As admissions to paediatric intensive care units (PICU) rise and mortality rates decline, the focus is shifting from survival to quality of survivorship. There is paucity of internationally accepted guidelines...

    Authors: M. Waak, J. Harnischfeger, A. Ferguson, K. Gibbons, K. H. Nguyen and D. Long
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:279
  6. The present study aimed to assess the gait capacity of youths with Charcot Marie Tooth disease (CMT), considering the different foot postures as a grouping variable. 

    Authors: Cyntia Rogean de Jesus Alves de Baptista, Beatriz Garcia, Juliana Cardoso, Adriana Nascimento Elias, Beatriz Parra Buzzetti and Ana Claudia Mattiello-Sverzut
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:277
  7. Despite immense benefits of physical activity on health and developmental outcomes, few children achieve recommended daily levels of physical activity. Given more than half of families with children own a dog,...

    Authors: Michelle Ng, Elizabeth Wenden, Leanne Lester, Carri Westgarth and Hayley Christian
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:276
  8. Puberty is a period of intense changes in human body and, additionally, participation in sports is viewed as prominent form of physical activity among male adolescent athletes. The current study was aimed to e...

    Authors: Daniela C. Costa, João Valente-dos-Santos, Paulo Sousa-e-Silva, Diogo V. Martinho, João P. Duarte, Oscar M. Tavares, Joaquim M. Castanheira, Tomás G. Oliveira, Sandra Abreu, Neiva Leite, Ricardo R. Agostinete, Rômulo A. Fernandes, Daniel Courteix and Manuel J. Coelho-e-Silva
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:275
  9. In recent decades, a global increase in the prevalence of childhood overweight and obesity has been observed in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes.

    Authors: María Teresa Pastor-Fajardo, María Teresa Fajardo-Giménez, Vicente María Bosch-Giménez and José Pastor-Rosado
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:274
  10. Poor diets, characterized by excess fat, sugar and sodium intakes, are considered to be one of the most important modifiable risk factors for cardiovascular disease. Diet patterns and intakes during adolescenc...

    Authors: Indah K. Murni, Dian C. Sulistyoningrum, Rina Susilowati, Madarina Julia and Kacie M. Dickinson
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:273
  11. Sepsis is among the leading causes of critical illness worldwide. It includes physiologic, pathologic, and biochemical abnormalities, induced by infection. Novel methods for recognizing a dysregulated inflamma...

    Authors: Linda Rautiainen, Anna Cirko, Jana Pavare, Ilze Grope, Gita Gersone, Peteris Tretjakovs and Dace Gardovska
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:272
  12. Acid base and blood gas measurements provide essential information, especially in critically ill neonates. After birth, rapidly changing physiology and difficulty to obtain blood samples represent unique chall...

    Authors: Nariae Baik-Schneditz, Bernhard Schwaberger, Berndt Urlesberger, Christina Helene Wolfsberger, Marlies Bruckner and Gerhard Pichler
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:271
  13. Childhood fractures can have a significant impact on the daily lives of families affecting children’s normal activities and parent’s work. Wrist fractures are the most common childhood fracture. The more serio...

    Authors: E. E. Phelps, E. Tutton, M. L. Costa, J. Achten, A. Moscrop and D. C. Perry
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:270
  14. Newborn hearing screening results indicated that more than 40% of the detected infants had no recognized risk factors. To determine whether maternal exposure to ambient air pollutants and experience of stressf...

    Authors: Bingzhi Chen, Shaoyi Chen, Lidan Duan, Muyang Zhang, Xiaoqun Liu and Yanying Duan
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:269
  15. Vaccine prevents about 2–3 million deaths from vaccine-preventable diseases each year. However, immunization coverage in Ethiopia is lower than the herd immunity level required to prevent the spread of all vac...

    Authors: Menberu Muluye, Lemessa Oljira, Addis Eyeberu, Tamirat Getachew, Adera Debella, Alemayehu Deressa and Merga Dheresa
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:268
  16. Ethiopia witnessed an unprecedented decline in under-5 and neonatal mortalities since 2000. But, neonatal mortality still accounts for the largest proportion of under-five child mortality. Quality of service a...

    Authors: Metasebiya Zelalem Ayichew, Lemma Derseh Gezie, Abebaw Addis Gelagay and Desalegn Anmut Bitew
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:266
  17. In South Sudan, sleeping sickness is a frequent condition caused by human African trypanosomiasis. There are two stages that are well-known. When the CNS is affected, especially with Trypanosoma gambiense infe...

    Authors: Etedal Ahmed A. Ibrahim, Mohammed Gasm Elseed M. Elmahal, Khabab Abbasher Hussien Mohamed Ahmed, Elfatih A. Hasabo and Mohammed Eltahier Abdalla Omer
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:265
  18. The infant mortality rate (IMR) is considered a basic measure of public health for countries around the world. The specific aim of our study was to provide an updated description of infant mortality rate among...

    Authors: Xue Yu, Yanping Wang, Leni Kang, Lei Miao, Xiaowei Song, Xuemei Ran, Jun Zhu, Juan Liang, Qi Li, Li Dai, Xiaohong Li, Chunhua He and Mingrong Li
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:264
  19. Infants undergo painful procedures while receiving care and treatment. Blood sampling is the most common painful procedure for infants. Pain control plays a significant role in preventing unwanted physical and...

    Authors: Mahla Talebi, Seyedeh Roghayeh Jafarian Amiri, Parvin Aziznejad Roshan, Ali Zabihi, Yadollah Zahedpasha and Mohammad Chehrazi
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:263
  20. Globally, perinatal asphyxia (PNA) is a significant cause of most neonatal deaths. Similarly, the burden of birth asphyxia in Ethiopia remains high (22.52%) and has been noted the second leading cause of neona...

    Authors: Fekadeselassie Belege Getaneh, Girum sebsbie, Mekonen Adimasu, Natnael Moges Misganaw, Desalegn Abebaw Jember, Dires Birhanu Mihretie, Shiferaw Abeway and Zebenay Workneh Bitew
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:262
  21. Monitoring body composition and changes in energy expenditure during maturation and growth is significant, as many components can influence body structure in adulthood. In the case of young players, when these...

    Authors: Edyta Łuszczki, Anna Bartosiewicz, Maciej Kuchciak, Katarzyna Dereń, Łukasz Oleksy, Olga Adamska and Artur Mazur
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:260
  22. It has been shown that abnormalities of coagulation and fibrinolysis system are involved in the pathogenesis of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), but not well studied challenge in the context of early detection...

    Authors: Wei Feng, Jinping Hou, Xiaohong Die, Jing Sun, Zhenhua Guo, Wei Liu and Yi Wang
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:259
  23. Anogenital distance (AGD) is a marker of prenatal androgen exposure and a tool for assessment of differences of sex development. Data for AGD in newborns have been published, but these findings may not be appl...

    Authors: Nattakarn Numsriskulrat, Khomsak Srilanchakon, Chaiyat Pronprechatham, Sopon Pornkunwilai and Vichit Supornsilchai
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:258
  24. Adherence to standard guidelines is imperative when question comes to disease management. The present study aimed to evaluate the administration of adjunctive vitamin D therapy in various diseases, its adheren...

    Authors: Hafsa Arshad, Faiz Ullah Khan, Naveed Ahmed, Naveed Anwer, Ali Hassan Gillani and Asim.ur. Rehman
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:257
  25. Delayed cord clamping (DCC) is practiced worldwide, as standard care in both term and preterm babies. Our aim was to determine the hemodynamic effects of DCC on transitional circulation.

    Authors: Bhvya Gupta, Rameshwor Yengkhom, Nishant Banait, Chinmay Chetan, Prince Pareek and Pradeep Suryawanshi
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:256
  26. Across the globe, 149 and 49 million children are stunted and wasted, respectively. Prevalence of stunting and wasting is 40.2 and 17.7% in children of Pakistan. Stunting and wasting are accompanied with genet...

    Authors: Ulfat Khadija, Shahid Mahmood, Ammara Ainee, Muhammad Yousaf Quddoos, Hajra Ahmad, Afeefa Khadija, Syeda Mahvish Zahra and Ashiq Hussain
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:255
  27. The COVID-19 pandemic led to improved hygiene and reduced social encounters. Near elimination of the activity of respiratory syncytial virus and influenza viruses were observed, worldwide. Therefore, we assess...

    Authors: Noga Givon-Lavi, Dana Danino, Bart Adriaan van der Beek, Amir Sharf, David Greenberg and Shalom Ben-Shimol
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:254
  28. Of the 1.8 million adolescents between the ages of 10 and 19 living with HIV globally in 2020; approximately 1.5 million of these live in sub-Saharan Africa. These adolescents living with HIV (ALHIV) are at hi...

    Authors: Esther C. Kip, Michael Udedi, Kazione Kulisewa, Vivian F. Go and Bradley N. Gaynes
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:253
  29. Pain is a common symptom in children receiving hospital care. Adequate pain management in paediatric patients is of the utmost importance. Few studies have investigated children’s own experiences of pain durin...

    Authors: Viveka Andersson, Stefan Bergman, Ingela Henoch, Hanna Simonsson and Karin Ahlberg
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:252
  30. The incidences of early term and late preterm birth have increased worldwide during recent years. However, there is a lack of prospective study about the influence of early term and late preterm birth on infan...

    Authors: Zhong Chen, Chao Xiong, Hua Liu, Junyu Duan, Chun Kang, Cong Yao, Kai Chen, Yawen Chen, Yan Liu, Mingzhu Liu and Aifen Zhou
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:251
  31. Bronchopleural fistula (BPF) is a severe complication following pneumonia or pulmonary surgery, resulting in persistent air leakage (PAL) and pneumothorax. Surgical options include resection, coverage of the f...

    Authors: Winfried Baden, Michael Hofbeck, Steven W. Warmann, Juergen F. Schaefer and Ludger Sieverding
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:250
  32. There is a possibility that excess body fat affects bone mass gain and may compromise skeletal health in obese children. The purpose of the study was to identify the relationship between bone mineral density (...

    Authors: Samantha López-Peralta, Enrique Romero-Velarde, Edgar M. Vásquez-Garibay, Mercedes González-Hita, Laura C. Robles-Robles, Francisco J. Ruiz-González and Misael Alejandro Pérez-Romero
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:249
  33. Neonatal adrenal hemorrhage (NAH) is an almost infrequent phenomenon (0.2–0.55%). Mechanical compression and alterations of venous pressure during delivery are considered the most probable explanations. Approx...

    Authors: Golnaz Ghazizadeh Esslami and Atousa Moienafshar
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:248
  34. This case report describes a child born with both cystic fibrosis (CF) and alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency (A1ATD). Both are autosomal recessive inherited diseases, mainly affecting the lungs and the liver. The...

    Authors: Evi Jaspers, Ine Van Dijck, Ilse Hoffman, Noël Knops, Xavier Stéphenne, Peter Witters and Marijke Proesmans
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:247
  35. Hirschsprung disease (HSCR) is a common congenital disorder presenting with functional obstruction due to aganglionosis of the colon. There are numerous types of pull-through surgery for managing HSCR, such as...

    Authors: Gunadi, Theodora Monica Carissa, Stevie, Ezzah Fatmala Daulay, Dicky Yulianda, Kristy Iskandar and Andi Dwihantoro
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:246
  36. The association between anthropometric measures and dietary fat quality indices is unclear in pediatric age groups. The present study aimed to assess the association between dietary lipophilic index (LI) and t...

    Authors: Maedeh Mozafarinia, Motahar Heidari-Beni, Behnood Abbasi and Roya Kelishadi
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:244
  37. Hyperbilirubinemia is the main mechanism that causes neonatal jaundice, and genetics is one of the risk factors of hyperbilirubinemia. Therefore, this study aims to explore the correlation between two genes, UGT1...

    Authors: Chalirmporn Atasilp, Janjira Kanjanapipak, Jaratdao Vichayaprasertkul, Pimonpan Jinda, Rawiporn Tiyasirichokchai, Pornpen Srisawasdi, Chatchay Prempunpong, Monpat Chamnanphon, Apichaya Puangpetch, Natchaya Vanwong, Suwit Klongthalay, Thawinee Jantararoungtong and Chonlaphat Sukasem
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:243
  38. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of kangaroo mother care (KMC) by mother and her surrogate on nutritional behavior and physiological function of preterm neonates.

    Authors: Mahboubeh Jamehdar, Roghaiyeh Nourizadeh, Aboulhassan Divband, Leila Valizadeh, Mohammadbagher Hosseini and Sevil Hakimi
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:242
  39. Multisystem inflammatory syndrome is a severe manifestation of SARS-CoV-2 in children. The incidence of MIS-C after infection is poorly understood. There are very few cohorts describing MIS-C in Africa despite...

    Authors: Claire Butters, Deepthi Raju Abraham, Raphaella Stander, Heidi Facey-Thomas, Debbie Abrahams, Ayodele Faleye, Nazneen Allie, Khushbu Soni, Helena Rabie, Christiaan Scott, Liesl Zühlke and Kate Webb
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:241
  40. Despite inter-individual variations in pubertal timing, growth references are conventionally constructed relative to chronological age (C-age). Thus, they are based on reference populations containing a mix of...

    Authors: Kerstin Albertsson-Wikland, Aimon Niklasson, Lars Gelander, Anton Holmgren and Andreas F. M. Nierop
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:238
  41. To investigate hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid function in children of different ages, nutritional phases, and genotypes that were diagnosed with Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS), as well as the effects of recombina...

    Authors: Xinjiang Huang, Xi Yin, Dongyan Wu, Yanna Cai, Xiuzhen Li, Wen Zhang, Chunhua Zeng, Xiaojian Mao and Li Liu
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:234
  42. Transcobalamin deficiency is a rare inborn metabolic disorder, characterized by pancytopenia, megaloblastic anemia, failure to thrive, diarrhea, and psychomotor retardation.

    Authors: Pongpak Pongphitcha, Nongnuch Sirachainan, Arthaporn Khongkraparn, Thipwimol Tim-Aroon, Duantida Songdej and Duangrurdee Wattanasirichaigoon
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:233

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