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  1. Cow’s milk (CM) is the main food allergen for toddlers and infants. Presently, studies on CM specific immunoglobulin E (sIgE) sensitization and positive distribution of CM components ALA-, CAS-, and BLG-sIgE a...

    Authors: Huimin Huang, Wenting Luo, Nili Wei, Xueqing Liang, Peiyan Zheng, Haisheng Hu and Baoqing Sun

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:88

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Low cardiac output syndrome (LCOS) is an important complication of cardiac surgery. It is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. The incidence of LCOS after surgery is high in patients with congeni...

    Authors: Xinwei Du, Hao Chen, Xiaoqi Song, Shunmin Wang, Zedong Hao, Lifeng Yin and Zhaohui Lu

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:87

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Prematurity is the leading cause of mortality in children under 5 years of age globally and is also frequently associated with postnatal growth failure (PGF). Although most preterm births occur in low resource...

    Authors: Clare Nakubulwa, Victor Musiime, Flavia B. Namiiro, James K Tumwine, Christine Hongella, James Nyonyintono, Anna B. Hedstrom and Robert Opoka

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:86

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Early Intervention (EI) is a federally mandated, state-administered system of care for children with developmental delays and disabilities under the age of three. Gaps exist in the process of accessing EI thro...

    Authors: Beth M. McManus, Zachary Richardson, Margaret Schenkman, Natalie J. Murphy, Rachel M. Everhart, Simon Hambidge and Elaine Morrato

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:84

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Lifelong healthy habits developed during childhood may prevent chronic diseases in adulthood. Interventions to promote these habits must begin early. The BONES (Beat Osteoporosis – Nourish and Exercise Skeleto...

    Authors: Christina D. Economos, Erin Hennessy, Kenneth Chui, Johanna Dwyer, Lori Marcotte, Aviva Must, Elena N. Naumova and Jeanne Goldberg

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:83

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Bleeding as an adverse event following immunization (AEFI) that is rarely reported in children, although it can be a parental concern. Bleeding episodes ranging in severity from mild to severe and defined as a...

    Authors: Susi Susanah, Eddy Fadlyana, Meita Dhamayanti, Rodman Tarigan, Eko Fuji Ariyanto, Yunisa Pamela, Yuzar I. B. Ismoetoto, Rita Verita Sri, Monika Hasna and Kusnandi Rusmil

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:82

    Content type: Research article

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  7. The occurrence of cardiovascular diseases and metabolic disorders steadily increases with the body mass index (BMI). Since the latter is not the best and earliest indicator of obesity and cardiovascular risk, ...

    Authors: Nataša Marčun Varda, Martina Medved and Laura Ojsteršek

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:81

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Young children’s healthy development depends on nurturing care, which ensures health, nutrition, responsive caregiving, safety and security, and early learning. Infancy and childhood are characterized by rapid...

    Authors: Claudia Pansieri, Antonio Clavenna, Chiara Pandolfini, Michele Zanetti, Maria Grazia Calati, Daniela Miglio, Massimo Cartabia, Federica Zanetto and Maurizio Bonati

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:80

    Content type: Study protocol

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  9. Urinary tract infection is one of the most common infectious diseases in children, which can lead to serious complications for a child. The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of Theory Planned...

    Authors: Zahra Ahmadi, Mohsen Shamsi, Nasrin Roozbahani and Rahmatollah Moradzadeh

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:79

    Content type: Research article

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  10. The term vascular anomalies include various vascular tumors and vascular malformations, among them infantile hemangiomas and capillary malformations are the most well-known associated diseases in early ages. M...

    Authors: Li Li, Bin Yang, Li Wei, Bin Zhang, Xiao-feng Han, Zi-gang Xu and Lin Ma

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:78

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Spinal epidural hematoma without significant trauma is a rare condition with potentially severe outcome. This case report and systematic review of the literature illustrates the clinical presentation, risk fac...

    Authors: Audrey Carlhan-Ledermann, Bernard Laubscher, Maja Steinlin, Christian T. Ulrich, Rajeev Kumar Verma, Mattia Rizzi, Rodolfo Maduri and Sebastian Grunt

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:77

    Content type: Case report

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  12. Ear (tympanostomy) tube (TT) placement is a common ambulatory surgery in children. Despite the commonality of this treatment, the long-term effects are unknown. The objective of this study was to determine the...

    Authors: Jason A. Beyea, Bonnie Cooke, Emily Rosen and Paul Nguyen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:76

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Clostridium perfringens forms part of the human gut microbiota and has been associated with life-threatening necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) in premature infants. Whether specific toxigenic strains are responsibl...

    Authors: Alexander G. Shaw, Emma Cornwell, Kathleen Sim, Hannah Thrower, Hannah Scott, Joseph C. S. Brown, Ronald A. Dixon and J. Simon Kroll

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:75

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Different charts are used to assess premature growth. The Fenton chart, based on prenatal growth, has been used in the neonates’ intensive care unit (NICU) of the Notre Dame des Secours University Hospital to ...

    Authors: Marie Samarani, Gianna Restom, Joelle Mardini, Georges Abi Fares, Souheil Hallit and Marie-Claude Fadous Khalife

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:74

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Interpretation of abnormalities in liver function tests, especially in asymptomatic children, is a common problem faced by clinicians. Isolated elevation of aspartate aminotransferase may further puzzle physic...

    Authors: Pejman Rohani, Farid Imanzadeh, Aliakbar Sayyari, Maryam Kazemi Aghdam and Reza Shiari

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:73

    Content type: Case report

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  16. Neonatal mortality remains a serious global public health problem, but Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), in particular, is largely affected. Current evidence on neonatal mortality is essential to inform programs and p...

    Authors: Animut Alebel, Fasil Wagnew, Pammla Petrucka, Cheru Tesema, Nurilign Abebe Moges, Daniel Bekele Ketema, lieltework Yismaw, Mamaru Wubale Melkamu, Yitbarek Tenaw Hibstie, Belisty Temesgen, Zebenay Workneh Bitew, Animen Ayehu Tadesse and Getiye Dejenu Kibret

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:72

    Content type: Research article

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  17. The number of children requiring long-term home ventilation has consistently increased over the last 25 years. Given the growing population of children with complex care needs (CCNs), this was an important are...

    Authors: Maria Brenner, Miriam P. O’Shea, Philip Larkin and Jay Berry

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:71

    Content type: Research article

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  18. World Health Organisation (WHO) Guidelines on Physical Activity, Sedentary Behaviour and Sleep for Children under 5 Years of Age were released in 2019. The aim of this study was to examine the proportion of Ch...

    Authors: Hongyan Guan, Zhiguang Zhang, Bo Wang, Anthony D. Okely, Meiling Tong, Jianxin Wu and Ting Zhang

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:70

    Content type: Research article

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  19. A key priority for learning during the early years of school is for children to develop skills in numeracy and literacy. Consequently, less time may be allocated in the curriculum to foster other important dev...

    Authors: Kirstin Macdonald, Nikki Milne, Robin Orr and Rodney Pope

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:69

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Diarrhoea, although easily curable, is a global cause of death for a half million children every year. Rotavirus and Campylobacter are the most common etiological agents of diarrhoea in children less than 5 years...

    Authors: Vishnu Bhattarai, Saroj Sharma, Komal Raj Rijal and Megha Raj Banjara

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:68

    Content type: Research article

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  21. The aim of this study was to review the effects of developmental care in neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) setting on mental and motor development of preterm infants.

    Authors: Farin Soleimani, Nadia Azari, Hesam Ghiasvand, Amin Shahrokhi, Nahid Rahmani and Shiva Fatollahierad

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:67

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Speech sound disorder in childhood poses a barrier to academic and social participation, with potentially lifelong consequences for educational and occupational outcomes. While most speech errors resolve by th...

    Authors: Tara McAllister, Jonathan L. Preston, Elaine R. Hitchcock and Jennifer Hill

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:66

    Content type: Study protocol

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  23. The methodology currently used for nutritional assessment of populations classifies children according to four conditions: eutrophy, wasting, stunting, and overweight. However, children can be stunted and wast...

    Authors: Haroldo da Silva Ferreira

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:65

    Content type: Technical advance

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  24. The mid-long term outcomes of posterior spinal fusion in pediatric neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF-1) patients are rarely reported, so does the effectiveness of itsorthopeidc maintenance function. This study aims...

    Authors: Siyi Cai, Zhengyao Li, Guixing Qiu, Jianxiong Shen, Hong Zhao, Yu Zhao, Yipeng Wang and Jianguo Zhang

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:63

    Content type: Research article

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  25. The Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) remains the highest relatively to the rest of the world. In the past decade, the policy on reducing infant mortality in SSA was reinforced and both i...

    Authors: Paul Gatabazi, Sileshi Fanta Melesse and Shaun Ramroop

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:62

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Metformin is widely used in pregnancy to treat gestational diabetes mellitus and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Association between PCOS and developmental delay in offspring, and larger head circumference o...

    Authors: Hanne Klæboe Greger, Liv Guro Engen Hanem, Heidi Furre Østgård and Eszter Vanky

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:60

    Content type: Research article

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  27. The first consensus standardised neonatal parenteral nutrition formulations were implemented in many neonatal units in Australia in 2012. The current update involving 49 units from Australia, New Zealand, Sing...

    Authors: Srinivas Bolisetty, David Osborn, Tim Schindler, John Sinn, Girish Deshpande, Chee Sing Wong, Susan E. Jacobs, Nilkant Phad, Pramod Pharande, Rodney Tobiansky, Melissa Luig, Amit Trivedi, Joanne Mcintosh, Eszter Josza, Gillian Opie, Lyn Downe…

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:59

    Content type: Correspondence

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  28. Prechoolers’ significant portions of sedentary time (ST) is a public-health concern due to its high prevalence and negative health consequences. However, few studies have explored correlates of preschoolers’ S...

    Authors: Suvi Määttä, Hanna Konttinen, Rejane Augusta de Oliveira Figueiredo, Ari Haukkala, Nina Sajaniemi, Maijaliisa Erkkola and Eva Roos

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:58

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Only a few small studies have previously reported episodes of hypoglycemia in children with neuromuscular diseases; however, there has been no broader investigation into the occurrence of hypoglycemia in child...

    Authors: Leslie H. Hayes, Pomi Yun, Payam Mohassel, Gina Norato, Sandra Donkervoort, Meganne E. Leach, Rachel Alvarez, Anne Rutkowski, Natalie D. Shaw, A. Reghan Foley and Carsten G. Bönnemann

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:57

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Prompt initiation of empiric therapy is common practice in case of suspected meningitis or encephalitis. However, in children the most common pathogens are viruses that usually do not require and are not cover...

    Authors: Alexandra Hagen, Anna Eichinger, Melanie Meyer-Buehn, Tilmann Schober and Johannes Huebner

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:56

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Neonatal sepsis is an invasive infection, usually bacterial, and often occurring during the neonatal period (0–28 days). Neonatal sepsis causes a high burden of morbidity and mortality in developing countries ...

    Authors: Amare Belachew and Tilahun Tewabe

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:55

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Necrotizing soft tissue infection of the ear following ear piercing is a very rare condition. It is easily misdiagnosed leading to reconstructive morbidities and mortality in neonates. High clinical suspicion ...

    Authors: U. U. Nnadozie, O. B. Ezeanosike, C. C. Maduba, D. C. Obu and U. S. D. Unigwe

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:54

    Content type: Case report

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  33. Advances in the treatment of childhood brain tumors have significantly improved survival rates. With improved survival rates, long-term treatment-related toxicities have become important, and the resulting com...

    Authors: Hamidah Alias, Sasirekha Krisnan Morthy, Syed Zulkifli Syed Zakaria, Zulaiha Muda and Azmi Mohd Tamil

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:53

    Content type: Research article

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  34. There is evidence that parents from more socioeconomically disadvantaged backgrounds engage in fewer verbal interactions with their child than more advantaged parents. This leads to the so-called, ‘30 million-...

    Authors: Mary E. Brushe, John W. Lynch, Sheena Reilly, Edward Melhuish and Sally A. Brinkman

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:52

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Short-chain enoyl-CoA hydratase (SCEH or ECHS1) deficiency is a rare congenital metabolic disorder caused by biallelic mutations in the ECHS gene. Clinical phenotype includes severe developmental delay, regres...

    Authors: Hua Yang and Dan Yu

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:50

    Content type: Case report

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  36. Improved neonatal care has resulted in increased survival rates among infants born after only 22 gestational weeks, but extremely preterm children still have an increased risk of neurodevelopmental delays, lea...

    Authors: Erika Baraldi, Mara Westling Allodi, Kristina Löwing, Ann-Charlotte Smedler, Björn Westrup and Ulrika Ådén

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:49

    Content type: Study protocol

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  37. About 2000 children and adolescents under the age of 18 are diagnosed with cancer each year in Germany. Because of current medical treatment methods, a high survival rate can be reached for many types of the d...

    Authors: Julia Roick, Reinhard Berner, Toralf Bernig, Bernhard Erdlenbruch, Gabriele Escherich, Jörg Faber, Christoph Klein, Konrad Bochennek, Christian Kratz, Joachim Kühr, Alfred Längler, Holger N. Lode, Markus Metzler, Hermann Müller, Dirk Reinhardt, Axel Sauerbrey…

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:48

    Content type: Study protocol

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  38. After publication of our article [1] it was brought to our attention that we did not have permission to reproduce the questionnaire in Additional File 1.

    Authors: Hans Ulrich Bucher, Sabine D. Klein, Manya J. Hendriks, Ruth Baumann-Hölzle, Thomas M. Berger, Jürg C. Streuli and Jean-Claude Fauchère

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:47

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:226

  39. Intrapartum-related hypoxic events are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in low resource countries. Neonates who receive proper resuscitation may go on to live otherwise healthy lives. However, even whe...

    Authors: Ayman Ali, Jacob Nudel, Curtis R. Heberle, Data Santorino, Kristian R. Olson and Chin Hur

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:46

    Content type: Research article

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  40. In the Swedish population-based follow-up program and national quality registry for individuals with cerebral palsy (CPUP), physiotherapy (PT) and occupational therapy (OT) treatments are regularly recorded al...

    Authors: Annika Lundkvist Josenby, Tomasz Czuba and Ann I. Alriksson-Schmidt

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:45

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Following the publication of the article [1], the authors noticed that Fig. 3 used is not the updated version. The correct version is shown below.

    Authors: M. L. J. Lagarde, N. van Alfen, S. A. F. de Groot, A. C. H. Geurts and L. van den Engel-Hoek

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:44

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:477

  42. The peritonitis rate among children treated with peritoneal dialysis (PD) has not been widely reported in Saudi Arabia. The study aim was to estimate the peritonitis rate per patient-year and investigate the f...

    Authors: Khamisa Al Mokali, Zahra Al Sannaa, Faten Al Mutairi and Anwar E. Ahmed

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:42

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Maternally inherited complex I deficiencies due to mutations in MT-ND genes represent a heterogeneous group of multisystem mitochondrial disorders (MD) with a unfavourable prognosis. The aim of the study was to c...

    Authors: Tereza Danhelovska, Hana Kolarova, Jiri Zeman, Hana Hansikova, Manuela Vaneckova, Lukas Lambert, Vendula Kucerova-Vidrova, Kamila Berankova, Tomas Honzik and Marketa Tesarova

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:41

    Content type: Research article

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  44. In Canada alone, almost 3000 VLBW infants are born and treated annually with almost 1200 going onto death or survival with severe brain injury, chronic lung disorders, aggressive retinopathy of prematurity, la...

    Authors: Elizabeth V. Asztalos, Keith Barrington, Abhay Lodha, William Tarnow-Mordi and Andrew Martin

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:40

    Content type: Study protocol

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  45. Little is known whether children experience pain during hospital stay from the child’s own perspective or not. The existing studies tend to be based on a small number of children and therefore have limitations...

    Authors: V. Vejzovic, J. Bozic, G. Panova, M. Babajic and A-C Bramhagen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:39

    Content type: Research article

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  46. The well-being of mothers of infants requiring Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) hospitalization may be affected by the architectural design of the unit. A few recent studies suggest there may be some drawba...

    Authors: Nancy Feeley, Stephanie Robins, Christine Genest, Robyn Stremler, Phyllis Zelkowitz and Lyne Charbonneau

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:38

    Content type: Research article

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