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  1. SARS-CoV-2 infection is described as asymptomatic, mild, or moderate disease in most children. SARS-CoV-2 infection related death in children and adolescents is rare according to the current reports. COVID-19 ...

    Authors: Fen Lin, Dao-Ju Jiang, Song Zhang, Zhe Yang, Hua-Song Zeng, Zhi-Ping Liu and Li-Ye Yang
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:254
  2. Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and Wilson’s disease (WD) are both systemic diseases that can affect multiple organs in the body. The coexistence of SLE and WD is rarely encountered in clinical practice, ma...

    Authors: Zhenle Yang, Qian Li, Suwen Liu, Zihan Zong, Lichun Yu and Shuzhen Sun
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:253
  3. Cystic fibrosis is a chronic genetic disease that can affect the function of the respiratory system. Previous reviews of the effects of respiratory muscle training in people with cystic fibrosis are uncertain ...

    Authors: WenQian Cai, Meng Li, Yi Xu, Mei Li, JiaNan Wang, YaHui Zuo and JinJin Cao
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:252
  4. Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCMP) is characterized by the enlargement and weakening of the heart and is a major cause of heart failure in children. Infection and nutritional deficiencies are culprits for DCMP. Zin...

    Authors: Maryam Aryafar, Mohammad Mahdavi, Hossein Shahzadi, Yeganeh Rajabpour Ranjbar, Mohammad Hassan Sohouli, Sina Afzal, Asal Neshatbini Tehrani, Danial Fotros and Ghazal Daftari
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:251
  5. Long-term survival after premature birth is significantly determined by development of morbidities, primarily affecting the cardio-respiratory or central nervous system. Existing studies are limited to pairwis...

    Authors: Octavia-Andreea Ciora, Tanja Seegmüller, Johannes S. Fischer, Theresa Wirth, Friederike Häfner, Sophia Stoecklein, Andreas W. Flemmer, Kai Förster, Alida Kindt, Dirk Bassler, Christian F. Poets, Narges Ahmidi and Anne Hilgendorff
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:249
  6. Age estimation plays a critical role in personal identification, especially when determining compliance with the age of consent for adolescents. The age of consent refers to the minimum age at which an individ...

    Authors: Shihui Shen, Yibo Guo, Jiaxuan Han, Meizhi Sui, Zhuojun Zhou and Jiang Tao
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:248
  7. Sports practice during adolescence is important to enhance bone development, although it may provide different effects depending on the mechanical impact present in the sport. Besides, resistance training (RT)...

    Authors: Ricardo R. Agostinete, André O. Werneck, Pedro H. Narciso, Esther Ubago-Guisado, Manuel J. Coelho-e-Silva, Renata M. Bielemann, Luis Alberto Gobbo, Bruna Turi Lynch, Romulo Araújo Fernandes and Dimitris Vlachopoulos
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:247
  8. Button battery (BB) ingestions (BBI) are increasingly prevalent in children and constitute a significant, potentially life-threatening health hazard, and thus a pediatric emergency. Ingested BBs are usually ch...

    Authors: Zoe S. Oftring, Doortje M. Mehrtens, Julian Mollin, Eckard Hamelmann and Sebastian Gaus
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:246
  9. Antibiotic use for early-onset sepsis represents a high percentage of antibiotic consumption in the neonatal setting. Measures to assess infants at risk of early-onset sepsis are needed to optimize antibiotic ...

    Authors: Catalina Morales-Betancourt, Diego Fontiveros-Escalona, Adriana Montealegre-Pomar, Tania Carbayo-Jiménez, María Palomares-Eraso, Concepción de Alba-Romero, Elena Bergón-Sendín, Maria Teresa Moral Pumarega and Carmen Pallás-Alonso
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:245
  10. β-Thalassemia major (BTM) is one of the most common hereditary anemias worldwide. Patients suffer from iron overload that results from repeated blood transfusion This in turn leads to multiple organ damage and...

    Authors: Rabah Almahmoud, Amal Hussein, Fatheya Al Khaja, Ahmed Farrag Soliman, Hany Dewedar, Zainab Al Shareef and Sarah Mathai
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:244
  11. Bullosa is a rare hereditary skin condition that causes blisters. Genes encoding structural proteins at or near the dermal-epidermal junction are mutated recessively or dominantly, and this is the primary caus...

    Authors: Fatma Mabrouk Ali, Jieyu Zhou, Mingyan Wang, Qiuxia Wang, Lulu Sun, Mansour Maulid Mshenga and Hongyan Lu
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:242
  12. Reconstitution of oral pediatric antibiotic suspension by primary caregivers plays an essential role in determining the overall health outcome of the child. Incorrect reconstitution techniques could lead to un...

    Authors: Malith Kumarasinghe and Manuj C. Weerasinghe
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:241
  13. The nurturing care framework (NCF) encompasses responsive caregiving, health, nutrition, safety and security by parents and other caregivers. It improves health, development and wellbeing of children. A hospit...

    Authors: Vardah Noor Ahmed Bharuchi and Muneera A. Rasheed
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:239
  14. Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is a major complication affecting the survival rate and long-term outcomes of preterm infants. A large, prospective, multicenter cohort study was conducted to evaluate early nu...

    Authors: Huijia Lin, Guannan Bai, Jiajing Ge, Xuefeng Chen, Xinyu He, Xiaolu Ma, Liping Shi, Lizhong Du and Zheng Chen
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:238
  15. Despite promising efforts, substantial deaths occurred during the neonatal period. According to estimates from the World Health Organization (WHO), Ethiopia is among the top 10 nations with the highest number ...

    Authors: Kefyalew Taye, Yenew Kebede, Desalegn Tsegaw and Worku Ketema
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:237
  16. This study aims to analyze the clinical characteristics of Chinese children with spinal cord injury (SCI) without radiographic abnormality (SCIWORA) and explore their contributing factors and mechanisms of occ...

    Authors: Renfeng Liu, Qizhi Fan, Jingpeng He, Xin Wu, Wei Tan, Zuyun Yan, Weiguo Wang, Zhiyue Li and You-Wen Deng
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:236
  17. Family-based obesity management interventions targeting child, adolescent and parental lifestyle behaviour modifications have shown promising results. Further intervening on the family system may lead to great...

    Authors: Natasha Wills-Ibarra, Keryn Chemtob, Heather Hart, Francesca Frati, Keeley J Pratt, Geoff DC Ball and Andraea Van Hulst
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:235
  18. The rebound of influenza A (H1N1) infection in post-COVID-19 era recently attracted enormous attention due the rapidly increased number of pediatric hospitalizations and the changed characteristics compared to...

    Authors: Hai-Feng Liu, Xiao-Zhong Hu, Rong-Wei Huang, Zheng-Hong Guo, Jin-Rong Gao, Mei Xiang, Rui Lu, Deng Ban, Cong-Yun Liu, Ya-Yu Wang, Wang Li, Yin Li, Yun-Jie Guo, Quan Lu and Hong-Min Fu
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:234
  19. Acute kidney injury (AKI) is commonly seen in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) and is potentially associated with adverse prognoses in later stages of life. Our study evaluated the impact of sustained AKI...

    Authors: Chen-Wei Yen, Ming-Chou Chiang, Shih-Ming Chu, Hsiao-Chin Wang, Li-Chun Wu, Po-Cheng Yen and Mei-Ching Yu
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:233
  20. Effects of non-pharmaceutical interventions during the pandemic were mainly studied for severe outcomes. Among children, most of the burden of respiratory infections is related to infections which are not medi...

    Authors: Bianca Klee, Sophie Diexer, Johannes Horn, Susan Langer, Marie Wende, Diego Ortiz, Agata Bielecka, Till Strowig, Rafael Mikolajczyk and Cornelia Gottschick
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:231
  21. Cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy (CAN) is a serious complication of diabetes, impacting the autonomic nerves that regulate the heart and blood vessels. Timely recognition and treatment of CAN are crucial in...

    Authors: Davut Gözüküçük, Berkut A. İleri, Serra Karaca Başkan, Ece Öztarhan, Dilek Güller, Hasan Önal and Kazım Öztarhan
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:229
  22. Frequent repairs of pediatric flexible bronchoscopes can lead to a huge financial burden for the hospital. This study aimed to investigate the common causes of the failures in pediatric flexible bronchoscopes ...

    Authors: Ruixue Hu, Yanhua Chen, Sixin Jiang, Ting Hu, Juanli Huang, Lu Zhang, Wei Pan, Liangying Yi and Yan Huang
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:228
  23. Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) commonly leads to heart failure (HF) and represents the most common indication for cardiac transplantation in the pediatric population. Clinical manifestations of DCM are mainly th...

    Authors: Ali Ismail, Dima Khreis, Amani Assaad and Marianne Nimah Majdalani
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:226
  24. Despite the rising incidence of pediatric inflammatory bowel disease (PIBD) globally, multicenter collaborative studies of PIBD children among developing countries remain sparse. We therefore aimed to define t...

    Authors: Pornthep Tanpowpong, Settapong Jitwongwai, Teera Kijmassuwan, Hansa Sriphongphankul, Seksit Osatakul, Alisara Damrongmanee, Nuthapong Ukarapol and Suporn Treepongkaruna
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:225
  25. Miliary tuberculosis (TB) is a lethal hematogenous spread form of mycobacterium tuberculosis with approximately 15–20% mortality rate in children. The present report highlights the clinical manifestations of a...

    Authors: Mahsa Kamali, Mohammad Reza Navaeifar, Ali Abbaskhanian, Azin Hajialibeig, Farnaz Godazandeh, Mahsa Salehpour and Mohammad Sadegh Rezai
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:223
  26. To investigate the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and blood biochemical indicators in early adolescence, and to provide ideas for early prevention of diseases and explore possible disease-related p...

    Authors: Ning Ding, Suyun Li, Han Zhou, Zhenchuang Tang, Tianlin Gao, Meina Tian, Changqing Liu, Xiaoyan Luo, Hongtong Chen, Lianlong Yu, Yao Chen, Li Yang and Lichao Zhu
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:222
  27. Higher rate of acute malnutrition is observed in emergencies compared to non-emergency settings and severe acute malnutrition upsurges alarmingly and become deadly in humanitarian crises due to lack of food, l...

    Authors: Wagnew Tesfay, Mebrahtu Abay, Berhane Fseha Teklehaimanot and Ataklti Gebremedhin
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:221
  28. Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) during childhood is common and includes a range of breathing abnormalities that range from primary snoring (PS) to obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS).Studies have shown th...

    Authors: Lei Lei, XiaoYun Zhang, Binbin Wang, Fei Lei, Li Dai, Xiaoru Sun, Yu Zhao, Ping Zhu and Jian Zou
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:220
  29. Perinatal asphyxia is failure to maintain normal breathing at birth. World Health Organization indicates that perinatal asphyxia is the third major cause of neonatal mortality in developing countries accountin...

    Authors: Yibeltal Shitu Tegegne, Tilahun Yemanu Birhan, Habtamu Takele and Fantahun Ayenew Mekonnen
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:219
  30. Severe asthma in children carries an unacceptable treatment burden, yet its rarity means clinical experience in treating it is limited, even among specialists. Practical guidance is needed to support clinical ...

    Authors: M. W. Pijnenburg, S. Rubak, H. O. Skjerven, S. Verhulst, V. Elenius, C. Hugen, O. Jauhola, C. Kempeneers, E. Melén, T. Reier Nilsen, N. W. Rutjes, M. Ruotsalainen, H. Schaballie, A. M. Zwitserloot, M. Proesmans and M. J. Mäkelä
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:218
  31. Childhood traumatic experiences may result in post-traumatic stress disorder. Although pediatricians are encouraged to address these traumas in clinical encounters, measures of childhood traumatic stress have ...

    Authors: Kristine A. Campbell, Kara A. Byrne, Brian L. Thorn, Lindsay Shepard Abdulahad, R. Neal Davis, Lisa L. Giles and Brooks R. Keeshin
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:217
  32. A Suitable environment and proper child nutrition are paramount to a child’s physical and mental development. Different environmental factors contribute to proper child development. Breast milk is an important...

    Authors: Rediate Shiferaw, Robel Yirgu and Yalemwork Getnet
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:216
  33. Neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (NRDS) is a prevalent cause of respiratory failure and death among newborns, and prompt diagnosis is imperative. Historically, diagnosis of NRDS relied mostly on typical ...

    Authors: Weiru Lin, Junxian Ruan, Zhiyong Liu, Caihong Liu, Jianan Wang, Linjun Chen, Weifeng Zhang and Guorong Lyu
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:215
  34. There are emerging clinical evidence for umbilical cord blood mononuclear cells (UCBMNCs) intervention to improve preterm complications. The first critical step in cell therapy is to obtain high-quality cells....

    Authors: Ren Zhuxiao, Han Jiangxue, Li Yongsheng, Pei Jingjun, Yang Shuo, Xu Fang, Zhang Qi, Zhang Shandan, Nie Chuan and Yang Jie
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:214
  35. Urinary system anomalies, both congenital and acquired, constitute a relatively common clinical problem in children. The main role of diagnostic imaging is to determine early diagnosis and support therapeutic ...

    Authors: Małgorzata Gołuch, Agnieszka Pytlewska, Jędrzej Sarnecki, Paulina Chodnicka, Anna Śliwińska, Łukasz Obrycki and Elżbieta Jurkiewicz
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:213
  36. The clinical characteristics of hospitalized children with acute poisoning were analyzed to provide a reference for preventing poisoning and seeking effective prevention and treatment.

    Authors: Huajun Zhang, Qin Huo, Rui Jing and Meng Dong
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:212
  37. SARS-CoV-2 posed a threat to children during the early phase of Omicron wave because many patients presented with febrile seizures. The study aimed to investigate predicting factors for acute encephalopathy of...

    Authors: Ching-Min Tang, Cheng-Yen Kuo, Chen-Wei Yen, Jainn-Jim Lin, Yu-Chia Hsieh, Shao-Hsuan Hsia, Oi-Wa Chan, En-Pei Lee, Po-Cheng Hung, Huei-Shyong Wang, Kuang-Lin Lin and Cheng-Hsun Chiu
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:211
  38. Pre-lacteal feeding, the introduction of liquids or non-breast milk foods before establishing regular breastfeeding, poses significant risks to newborns, depriving them of vital nutrients and the protective be...

    Authors: Anteneh Gashaw and Haymanot Mitku
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:208
  39. Anorectal malformations (ARMs) are the most common congenital anomaly of the digestive tract. And colostomy should be performed as the first-stage procedure in neonates diagnosed with intermediate- or high-typ...

    Authors: Guoxian Huang, Wenni Li, Lili Ma, Xin Lei, Xiangde Lin, Yuandong Chen and Bo Xu
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:207
  40. Rett syndrome is a rare genetic neurodevelopmental disorder that predominantly impacts females. It presents with loss of acquired skills, impaired communication, and stereotypic hand movements. Given the limit...

    Authors: Abdallah Abbas, Aya M Fayoud, Mostafa Hossam El Din Moawad, Abdullah Ashraf Hamad, Heba Hamouda and Eman A. Fouad
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:206
  41. Neuroblastoma (NB), a type of solid tumor in children, has a poor prognosis. Few blood biomarkers can accurately predict the prognosis, including recurrence and survival, in children with NB. In this study, we...

    Authors: Jie Min, Yi Wu, Shungen Huang, Yanhong Li, Xinjing Lv, Ruze Tang, He Zhao and Jian Wang
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:205

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