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  1. Caring for adolescents living with HIV/AIDS (ALHIV) can be overwhelming due to their unique needs. Ghana is currently among nine countries in West and Central Africa contributing to 90% of new paediatric infec...

    Authors: Anna Hayfron-Benjamin, Dorcas Obiri-Yeboah, Yemah Mariama Bockarie, Ernestina Asiedua, Ibrahim Baidoo, Angela D. Akorsu and Stephen Ayisi-Addo

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:278

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a hormonal disorder in women of reproductive age. It seems that over the recent years, PCOS has augmented in adolescent girls due to unhealthy food habits and obesity. So, t...

    Authors: Leila Hajivandi, Mahnaz Noroozi, Firoozeh Mostafavi and Maryam Ekramzadeh

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:277

    Content type: Research article

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  3. This study aims to explore the diagnostic accuracy of the combination of gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT) and liver stiffness measurement (LSM) for biliary atresia (BA) screening at different ages.

    Authors: Qiulong Shen, Sarah Siyin Tan, Zengmeng Wang, Siyu Cai, Wenbo Pang, Chunhui Peng and Yajun Chen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:276

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) is a leading cause of neurodevelopmental disorders. Children in foster care or domestically adopted are at greater risk for FASD. The aim of this study was to determine t...

    Authors: Ariel Tenenbaum, Asaf Mandel, Talia Dor, Alon Sapir, Orly Sapir-Bodnaro, Pnina Hertz and Isaiah D. Wexler

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:275

    Content type: Research article

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  5. A great number of studies have concentrated on the influence of socioeconomic status with health outcomes, but little on how socioeconomic status affects social relationship in adolescents’ families, peers and...

    Authors: Jing Li, Jing Wang, Jia-yu Li, Sheng Qian, Rui-xia Jia, Ying-quan Wang, Jing-hong Liang and Yong Xu

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:271

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Epilepsy is the most common chronic neurological disease seen in Pediatrics Neurology Units in many developing countries. It affects negatively on school attendance and academic performance. This study tries t...

    Authors: Oumer Hassen and Ayalew Beyene

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:270

    Content type: Research article

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  7. The aim of this study was to evaluate anastomotic complications after primary one-staged esophageal atresia (EA) repair relating to the patients` gestational age (GA).

    Authors: Carmen Dingemann, Julia Brendel, Julia Wenskus, Sabine Pirr, Nagoud Schukfeh, Benno Ure and Konrad Reinshagen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:267

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The study aimed to investigate if the behaviours suggestive of ADHD were more frequent in a population of children attending the Emergency Department (ED) for injuries, rather than for other causes.

    Authors: Ester Conversano, Alice Tassinari, Lorenzo Monasta, Aldo Skabar, Matteo Pavan, Alessandra Maestro, Egidio Barbi and Giorgio Cozzi

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:266

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The purpose of this study is to analyze the influence of radiation therapy on survival in a historical cohort of 56 pediatric patients with head and neck rhabdomyosarcoma.

    Authors: Yuan Wen, Dongsheng Huang, Weiling Zhang, Yi Zhang, Huimin Hu and Jing Li

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:265

    Content type: Research article

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  10. This study explored whether temperamentally inhibited children who experience early trauma are vulnerable to developing internalizing problems in the face of later life-stressors.

    Authors: Amy Brown, Joanna Bennet, Ronald M. Rapee, Dina R. Hirshfeld-Becker and Jordana K. Bayer

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:264

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and moderate to severe intellectual disability (ID) face many challenges. There is little evidence-based research into educational settings for children with ID and...

    Authors: Antoine Tanet, Annick Hubert-Barthelemy, Marie-Noëlle Clément, François Soumille, Graciela C. Crespin, Hugues Pellerin, François-André Allaert, David Cohen and Catherine Saint-Georges

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:263

    Content type: Research article

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  12. This study aimed to describe the causative organisms of neonatal late-onset sepsis (LOS) and their antimicrobial resistance in Suzhou, Southeast China over a 7-year period.

    Authors: Tao Pan, Qiujiao Zhu, Pei Li, Jun Hua and Xing Feng

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:261

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Kangaroo mother care (KMC) is an evidence-based and cost-effective intervention that could prevent severe complications for preterm babies, however it has not been widely adopted in China. In this study, we ai...

    Authors: Xin Liu, Zhankui Li, Xiaohui Chen, Bei Cao, Shaojie Yue, Changyi Yang, Qiongyu Liu, Chuanzhong Yang, Gengli Zhao and Qi Feng

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:260

    Content type: Research article

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  14. The objectives of present study were to examine the level of disagreement between self-reported and objective measurement of sensitization to common inhalant allergens, and to explore the potential risk factor...

    Authors: Qing Miao, Li Xiang, Hui Guan, Yongge Liu, Zhen Li, Yixin Ren and Wei Xu

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:259

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Cortisol is often used as a biological marker for stress. When measured in urine or serum, representing a short-term measurement of the hormone, it has been associated with unfavorable sleep characteristics an...

    Authors: Dagny Y. Eythorsdottir, Peder Frederiksen, Sofus C. Larsen, Nanna J. Olsen and Berit L. Heitmann

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:258

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Sri Lanka has a high prevalence of β-thalassaemia major. Clinical management is complex and long-term and includes regular blood transfusion and iron chelation therapy. The economic burden of β-thalassaemia fo...

    Authors: Hamish Reed-Embleton, Savinda Arambepola, Simon Dixon, Behrouz Nezafat Maldonado, Anuja Premawardhena, Mahinda Arambepola, Jahangir A. M. Khan and Stephen Allen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:257

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Celiac disease (CD) is an immune mediated inflammatory enteropathy, triggered by gluten exposure in HLA-DQ2 and/or –DQ8 genetics. The presentation of celiac disease in children is changing, with increase in no...

    Authors: Mahshid Dehbozorgi, Naser Honar, Maryam Ekramzadeh and Forough Saki

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:256

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Early distinguishing biliary atresia from other causes of infantile cholestasis remains a major challenge. We aimed to develop and validate a scoring system based on bile acid for identification of biliary atr...

    Authors: Dongying Zhao, Kejun Zhou, Yan Chen, Wei Xie and Yongjun Zhang

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:255

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Pneumonia is defined as an acute inflammation of the Lungs’ parenchymal structure. It is a major public health problem and the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in under-five children especially in deve...

    Authors: Biruk Beletew, Melaku Bimerew, Ayelign Mengesha, Mesfin Wudu and Molla Azmeraw

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:254

    Content type: Research article

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  20. The relative contribution of viruses to central nervous system (CNS) infections in young infants is not clear. For viral CNS infections, there are limited data on features that suggest HSV etiology or on predi...

    Authors: Dara Petel, Michelle Barton, Christian Renaud, Lynda Ouchenir, Jason Brophy, Jennifer Bowes, Sarah Khan, Ari Bitnun, Jane McDonald, Andrée-Anne Boisvert, Joseph Ting, Ashley Roberts and Joan L. Robinson

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:252

    Content type: Research article

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  21. This concept analysis aimed to clarify the meaning of “children with complex health conditions” and endorse a definition to inform future research, policy, and practice.

    Authors: Rima Azar, Shelley Doucet, Amanda Rose Horsman, Patricia Charlton, Alison Luke, Daniel A. Nagel, Nicky Hyndman and William J. Montelpare

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:251

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Serum biomarkers to aid diagnosis, such as intestinal fatty acid binding protein (IFABP) and calprotectin, are actively b...

    Authors: Darla R. Shores, Jennifer Fundora, Mitzi Go, Fauzia Shakeel, Sandra Brooks, Samuel M. Alaish, Jun Yang, Chhinder P. Sodhi, David J. Hackam and Allen Everett

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:250

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Despite consistent efforts to enhance child nutrition, poor nutritional status of children continues to be a major public health problem in Nepal. This study identified the predictors of severe acute malnutrit...

    Authors: Umesh Ghimire, Binod Kumar Aryal, Ankush Kumar Gupta and Suman Sapkota

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:249

    Content type: Research article

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  24. The guidelines of the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) for monitoring neonatal jaundice recommend universal postnatal screening for hyperbilirubinemia within 48 h from discharge. We observed that neonate w...

    Authors: Amit Blumovich, Laurence Mangel, Sivan Yochpaz, Dror Mandel and Ronella Marom

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:248

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Health behaviours are shaped early in life and tend to occur in complex specific patterns. We aimed to characterise these patterns among Portuguese adolescents and their association with individual and context...

    Authors: Constança Soares dos Santos, João Picoito, Isabel Loureiro and Carla Nunes

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:247

    Content type: Research article

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  26. We evaluated the role of CYP3A5, ABCB1 and SXR gene polymorphisms in the occurrence of acute kidney rejection in a cohort of pediatric renal transplant recipients.

    Authors: Stefano Turolo, Alberto Edefonti, Luciana Ghio, Sara Testa, William Morello and Giovanni Montini

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:246

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Anxiety disorders are common among children and adolescents. However, there is a paucity of up-to-date data on the prevalence and correlates of anxiety-related disorders among children and adolescents in the U...

    Authors: Nabeel Al-Yateem, Wegdan Bani issa, Rachel C. Rossiter, Arwa Al-Shujairi, Hadia Radwan, Manal Awad, Randa Fakhry and Ibrahim Mahmoud

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:245

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Population prevalence estimates by the World Health Organisation suggest that 1 in 160 children worldwide has an Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Accessing respite care services for children with an ASD can oft...

    Authors: Emma Cooke, Valerie Smith and Maria Brenner

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:244

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Childhood obesity is associated with a multitude of co-morbidities, including hypertension, hyperlipidaemia, cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. Childhood obesity can also affect a young person’s socia...

    Authors: Megan McMullan, Rachel Millar and Jayne V. Woodside

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:242

    Content type: Research article

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  30. The relation between mechanical ventilation (MV) and bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) - a common disease in extremely premature newborn (PTNB) - is well stabilished, but is unknown, however, how much time unde...

    Authors: Victoria Escobar, Darllyana S. Soares, Jane Kreling, Ligia S. L. Ferrari, Josiane M. Felcar, Carlos A. M. Camillo and Vanessa S. Probst

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:241

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Diarrhoea is one of the major contributors to death among under-five children in Ethiopia. Studies conducted in different countries showed that rural children are more severely affected by diarrhoea than urban...

    Authors: Melkamu Molla Ferede

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:239

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Early warning scores for neonatal mortality have not been designed for low income countries. We developed and validated a score to predict mortality upon admission to a NICU in Ethiopia.

    Authors: Rishi P. Mediratta, Ashenafi Tazebew Amare, Rasika Behl, Bradley Efron, Balasubramanian Narasimhan, Alemayehu Teklu, Abdulkadir Shehibo, Mulugeta Ayalew and Saraswati Kache

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:238

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Diarrheal diseases are the second major cause of death among under-five children globally. It kills about 2.5 million people each year, with 60–70% of them being children under 5 years of age. It is also the s...

    Authors: Adugna Fenta, Kassahun Alemu and Dessie Abebaw Angaw

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:236

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Donor human milk (DHM) has been recommended for premature infants if mothers’ own milk is not available. The aim of this study was to increase the knowledge about the utilization rate and handling of DHM among...

    Authors: Daniel Klotz, Stefanie Jansen, René Glanzmann, Nadja Haiden, Hans Fuchs and Corinna Gebauer

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:235

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) is a frequent complication of premature birth. Treating RDS by continuous positive airway pressure and less invasive surfactant administration (LISA) may reduce bronchopulmo...

    Authors: Christian A. Maiwald, Julia Dick, Matthias Marschal, Christian Gille, Axel R. Franz and Christian F. Poets

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:234

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Though effective treatment programs for severely malnourished children are available, mortality rate among children with acute malnutrition continue to rise and little is known about its long-term outcomes and...

    Authors: Eman Ramadan Ghazawy, Gihan Mohammed Bebars and Ehab Salah Eshak

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:233

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Stunting is a major public health issue in most of developing countries. Although, its worldwide prevalence is decreasing slowly but the number of stunted children is still rising in Pakistan. Stunting is high...

    Authors: Mahvish Ponum, Saadia Khan, Osman Hasan, Muhammad Tahir Mahmood, Asad Abbas, Mehwish Iftikhar and Reema Arshad

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:232

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Road Traffic Injuries (RTIs) are a leading cause of disabilities and mortalities in Iran. The occurrence of RTIs among children is increasing. This study aims are to assess RTIs among Iranian children and to d...

    Authors: Hesam Ghiasvand, Payam Roshanfekr, Delaram Ali, Hossein Malekafzali Ardakani, Amanda N. Stephens and Bahram Armoon

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:231

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Recently, the World Health Organization has declared the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak a public health emergency of international concern. So far, however, limited data are available for childre...

    Authors: Yang Li, Jianghui Cao, Xiaolong Zhang, Guangzhi Liu, Xiaxia Wu and Baolin Wu

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:227

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Rapid weight gain (RWG) in infants is associated with overweight and obesity in childhood and beyond, highlighting the need for early intervention.

    Authors: Elizabeth Denney-Wilson, Kaniz Fatema, Emma Elcombe, Suzanne Ingram, Mark Harris and Elizabeth Comino

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:224

    Content type: Research article

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