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  1. Malnutrition associated with HIV infection is a complex condition, with HIV-positive children having a higher mortality rate than HIV-negative children, resulting in significant morbidity and mortality in chil...

    Authors: Chalie Marew Tiruneh, Tigabu Desie Emiru, Nigusie Selomon Tibebu, Moges Wubneh Abate, Adane Birhanu Nigat, Berihun Bantie, Agimasie Tigabu, Amsalu Belete, Belete Gelaw Walle and Getasew Legas
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:575
  2. The present study investigated the relationship between a health-promoting lifestyle and menstrual pain intensity and distress among adolescent girls in Qazvin.

    Authors: Elahe Cholbeigi, Shaghayegh Rezaienik, Narges Safari, Kerrie Lissack, Mark D Griffiths and Zainab Alimoradi
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:574
  3. The advent of highly-active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART) has resulted in the survival of children with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)/Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) into adolescence. Their p...

    Authors: Chibuzo O Ndiokwelu, Samuel N Uwaezuoke and Kenechukwu K Iloh
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:573
  4. In our prior study of 643 children, ages 4–11 years, children with pet dogs had lower anxiety scores than children without pet dogs. This follow-up study examines whether exposure to pet dogs or cats during ch...

    Authors: Anne Gadomski, Melissa B. Scribani, Nancy Tallman, Nicole Krupa, Paul Jenkins and Lawrence S. Wissow
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:572
  5. IgA vasculitis (IgAV) is the most common form of systemic vasculitis in childhood and frequently involves the kidney. A minority of patients with IgA vasculitis nephritis (IgAVN), especially those presenting w...

    Authors: Sarina Butzer, Imke Hennies, Charlotte Gimpel, Jutta Gellermann, Gesa Schalk, Sabine König, Anja K. Büscher, Anja Lemke and Martin Pohl
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:570
  6. We tend to investigate the connection between time to appropriate therapy (TTAT) and prognosis in pediatric patients with nosocomial Klebsiella pneumoniae (K. pneumoniae) bloodstream infection, and find the optim...

    Authors: Jie Cheng, Qinyuan Li, Guangli Zhang, Huiting Xu, Yuanyuan Li, Xiaoyin Tian, Dapeng Chen and Zhengxiu Luo
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:568
  7. Pediatric applications of non-invasive brain stimulation using transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) have demonstrated its safety with few adverse events reported. Remotely monitored tDCS, as an adjuv...

    Authors: Emma A. Simpson, Catarina Saiote, Ellen Sutter, Daniel H. Lench, Chrysanthy Ikonomidou, Melissa A. Villegas and Bernadette T. Gillick
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:566
  8. A complication of elective cesarean section (CS) delivery is its interference with the normal intestinal colonization of the infant, affecting the immune and metabolic signaling in early life— a process that h...

    Authors: Noora Carpén, Petter Brodin, Willem M. de Vos, Anne Salonen, Kaija-Leena Kolho, Sture Andersson and Otto Helve
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:565
  9. Recognizing the level of glycemic control of a client is an important measure/tool to prevent acquiring complications and risk of death from diabetes. However, the other most important variable, which is the t...

    Authors: Fentahun Meseret, Amare Belachew, Getasew Tesfa, Teshale Mengesha, Tsegasew Embiale, Ayichew Alemu and Melsew Dagne
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:563
  10. Maternal education is one of the main ways to improve children's nutritional behaviors and development. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of educational intervention based on Health Belief...

    Authors: Ali Khani Jeihooni, Fatemeh Mohammadkhah, Fatemeh Razmjouie, Pooyan Afzali Harsini and Fariba Sedghi Jahromi
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:561
  11. The 5-minute APGAR score is clinically used as a screening tool to assess how the newborn has reacted to previous care, remaining relevant for predicting neonatal survival. This study aimed to analyze the dete...

    Authors: Victória Brioso Tavares, Josiel de Souza e Souza, Márcio Vinicius de Gouveia Affonso, Emerson Souza Da Rocha, Lucio Flavio Garcia Rodrigues, Luciana de Fátima da Costa Moraes, Gabrielly Cristiny dos Santos Coelho, Sabrina Souza Araújo, Pablo Fabiano Moura das Neves, Fabiana de Campos Gomes and João Simão de Melo-Neto
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:560
  12. Neurally adjusted ventilatory assist is an emerging mode of respiratory support that uses the electrical activity of the diaphragm (Edi) to provide synchronised inspiratory pressure support, proportional to an...

    Authors: Varappriyangga Gurumahan, Sriganesh Thavalingam, Tim Schindler, John Smyth, Kei Lui and Srinivas Bolisetty
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:559
  13. A lack of adequate dietary knowledge may result in poor health. The purpose of this study was to study the association between dietary knowledge and overweight/obesity in children and adolescents. 

    Authors: Lihong Wang, Jielian Zhuang, Heng Zhang and Weijuan Lu
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:558
  14. Salmonella gastroenteritis causes significant morbidity among pediatric patients, mainly in developing world, such as the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. Concurrently, data from MENA countries like Ir...

    Authors: Akram Rezaei, Farhad B. Hashemi, Roya Rasooly Heshteli, Maryam Rahmani and Shahnaz Halimi
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:557
  15. Although self-limiting viral infections are predominant, children with acute infections are often prescribed antibiotics by family physicians. The aim of the study is to evaluate the impact of two intervention...

    Authors: Zane Likopa, Anda Kivite-Urtane, Vija Silina and Jana Pavare
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:556
  16. Autonomy is recognized as important for individual well-being and constitutes one dimension in the KIDSCREEN-instrument measuring health related quality of life (HRQoL) in children and adolescents. However, th...

    Authors: Mårten Eriksson, Eva Boman and Pia Svedberg
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:555
  17. Bacterial infection of adenoid is currently considered to be an important cause of adenoid hypertrophy (AH) in children. Although several bacteriology studies on adenoid diseases have been reported, the aerobi...

    Authors: Lujie Zuo, Li He, Aiping Huang, Yingying Liu, Aiying Zhang, Li Wang, Yingluan Song and Jiangqiao Geng
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:553
  18. To explore the prevalence, outcome and perinatal risks of neonatal hypoxemic respiratory failure (NRF) in a survey of all livebirths from a regional network of perinatal-neonatal care during the transition per...

    Authors: Sufang Ding, Yaling Xu, Hui Wang, Hongni Yue, Zhaojun Pan and Bo Sun
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:552
  19. The first Covid-19 pandemic affected the epidemiology of several diseases. A general reduction in the emergency department (ED) accesses was observed during this period, both in adult and pediatric contexts.

    Authors: Laura Cesca, Ester Conversano, Federica Alessandra Vianello, Laura Martelli, Chiara Gualeni, Francesca Bassani, Milena Brugnara, Giulia Rubin, Mattia Parolin, Mauro Anselmi, Mara Marchiori, Gianluca Vergine, Elisabetta Miorin, Enrico Vidal, Cristina Milocco, Cecilia Orsi…
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:550
  20. Sickle cell disease (SCD) is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease that may be due to a variety of possible risk factors, including abnormal blood pressure. Blood pressure (BP) of childre...

    Authors: Juan C. Kupferman, Janet E. Rosenbaum, Marc B. Lande, Stella Stabouli, Yongsheng Wang, Daniella Forman, Dimitrios I. Zafeiriou and Steven G. Pavlakis
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:549
  21. The survival of HIV-infected infants depends on early identification and initiation on effective treatment. HIV-exposed infants are tested at 6 weeks of age; however, testing for HIV sooner (e.g., shortly afte...

    Authors: Emma Sacks, Leila Katirayi, Betsy Kaeberle, Haurovi William Mafaune, Addmore Chadambuka, Emmanuel Tachiwenyika, Tichaona Nyamundaya, Jennifer Cohn, Agnes Mahomva and Angela Mushavi
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:546
  22. Lissencephaly (LIS) is a cortical malformation, characterized by smooth or nearly smooth cerebral surface and a shortage of gyral and sulcal development, which is caused by deficient neuronal migration during ...

    Authors: Camila Simoes, Martín Graña, Soledad Rodriguez, Federico Baltar Yanes, Alejandra Tapié, Nicolás Dell’Oca, Hugo Naya, Víctor Raggio and Lucía Spangenberg
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:545
  23. To determine if children with idiopathic toe walking (ITW) reach Australian 24-hour movement guidelines. Additional objectives were to identify any factors associated with moderate to vigorous physical activit...

    Authors: Antoni Caserta, Sarah Reedman, Prue Morgan and Cylie M. Williams
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:544
  24. Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is one of the most common and serious sequelae of prematurity. Prompt diagnosis using prediction tools is crucial for early intervention and prevention of further adverse effec...

    Authors: Rebekah M. Leigh, Andrew Pham, Srinandini S. Rao, Farha M. Vora, Gina Hou, Chelsea Kent, Abigail Rodriguez, Arvind Narang, John B. C. Tan and Fu-Sheng Chou
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:542
  25. Childhood cancer survivors are at high risk for developing new cancers (such as cervical and anal cancer) caused by persistent infection with the human papillomavirus (HPV). HPV vaccination is effective in pre...

    Authors: Wendy Landier, Smita Bhatia, Joshua S. Richman, Paula D. Campos Gonzalez, Brooke Cherven, Veronica Chollette, Jamie Aye, Sharon M. Castellino, Maria M. Gramatges, Susan Lindemulder, Thomas B. Russell, Lucie M. Turcotte, Graham A. Colditz, Melissa B. Gilkey and James L. Klosky
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:541
  26. Despite policies and social development, childhood malnutrition remains a significant public health and social challenge in many south Asian countries. Also, there is a lack of study for a comparative understa...

    Authors: Hanumant Waghmare, Nasim Ahamed Mondal and Babul Hossain
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:540
  27. ABO blood group incompatibility, neonatal sepsis, G-6-PD deficiency, thyroid dysfunction, and hereditary spherocytosis are all probable causes of neonatal hyperbilirubinemia. However, the etiology of some hype...

    Authors: Chengiun Dai, Chun Chen, Liqiong Jiang, Yilin Zhu and Chunlin Wang
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:539
  28. This study aimed to investigate the differences in optical axial length and close-work activities between only children and children with siblings in Wenzhou.

    Authors: Yanhui Wang, Yaoyao Lin, Dandan Jiang, Linjie Liu, Shudan Lin, Juan He, Youping Liang, Bing Sun and Yanyan Chen
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:538
  29. Birth asphyxia leads to profound systemic and neurological sequela to decrease blood flow or oxygen to the fetus followed by lethal progressive or irreversible life-long pathologies. In low resource setting co...

    Authors: Desalegn Tesfa, Sofonyas Abebaw Tiruneh, Melkalem Mamuye Azanaw, Alemayehu Digssie Gebremariam, Melaku Tadege Engidaw, Mulu Tiruneh, Tsion Dessalegn, Melkamu Aderajew Zemene and Ermias Sisay
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:537
  30. Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is a treatment option with curative intent for patients with transfusion dependent thalassemia (TDT) but its application is limited by the lack of suitable donors...

    Authors: Maa-Ohui Quarmyne, Diana Ross, Cynthia Sinha, Nitya Bakshi, Jeanne Boudreaux and Lakshmanan Krishnamurti
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:536
  31. Oxidative stress is considered to be a contributory factor for depression, and is affected by the dietary intake of pro-and anti-oxidants. Dietary total antioxidant capacity (DTAC) is an index which is applied...

    Authors: Tayebeh Zohrabi, Amirhosein Ziaee, Amin Salehi-Abargouei, Gordon A. Ferns, Majid Ghayour-Mobarhan and Sayyed Saeid Khayyatzadeh
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:535
  32. In community-acquired pneumonia (CAP), pulmonary vascular endothelial dysfunction, inflammation, and oxidative stress (OS) are prominent and interesting as the unfavorable clinical outcomes of it. Asthma as a ...

    Authors: Ali Arjmand Shabestari, Fatemeh Imanparast, Pegah Mohaghegh and Habibeh Kiyanrad
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:534
  33. In-home direct antigen rapid testing (DART) plays a major role in COVID-19 mitigation and policy. However, perceptions of DART within high-risk, intellectually impaired child populations are unknown. This lack...

    Authors: Anna Jolliff, Nicole E. Werner, Hanna J. Barton, Kristina Devi Howell, Michelle M. Kelly, Makenzie Morgen, Mary Ehlenbach, Gemma Warner, Barbara Katz, Madeline Kieren, Gregory DeMuri and Ryan J. Coller
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:533
  34. Defaulting is the most frequent cause of Community Management of Acute Malnutrition (CMAM) program failure. Lack of community sensitization, financial/opportunity costs and low quality of care have been recogn...

    Authors: Andrea Pietravalle, Alessandro Baraldi, Martina Scilipoti, Francesco Cavallin, Magda Lonardi, Ivo Makonga Tshikamb, Claudia Robbiati, Daniele Trevisanuto and Giovanni Putoto
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:532
  35. Studies examining the impact of randomization As per standard instruction, city is required for affiliations; however, this information is missing in affiliation 6. Please check if the provided city is correct...

    Authors: Anjali Sadhwani, Lisa A. Asaro, Caren S. Goldberg, Janice Ware, Jennifer Butcher, Michael Gaies, Cynthia Smith, Jamin L. Alexander, David Wypij and Michael S. D. Agus
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:531
  36. Escalation and de-escalation are a routine part of high-quality care that should be matched with clinical needs. The aim of this study was to describe escalation of care in relation to the occurrence and timin...

    Authors: Orsola Gawronski, Jos Maria Latour, Corrado Cecchetti, Angela Iula, Lucilla Ravà, Marta Luisa Ciofi degli Atti, Immacolata Dall’Oglio, Emanuela Tiozzo, Massimiliano Raponi and Christopher S. Parshuram
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:530
  37. Chitosan is one of dietary fiber that has received great attention in improving obesity-related markers, but little is known on its effects on adolescents.

    Authors: Somaye Fatahi, Ali Akbar Sayyari, Masoud Salehi, Majid Safa, Mohammadhassan Sohouli, Farzad Shidfar and Heitor O. Santos
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:527
  38. Jaundice within the first 1–2 weeks of a neonate’s life will generally self-resolve; however, if it lasts longer than this time frame it warrants further work up. Direct or conjugated hyperbilirubinemia can su...

    Authors: Paige Killelea, Shruti Sakhuja, Jose Hernandez, M. John Hicks and Sanjiv Harpavat
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:526

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