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  1. Lipofibromatosis is a rare, benign, soft tissue tumor that usually presents in children. Low incidence and lack of specificity in clinical presentation make its diagnosis difficult.

    Authors: Zhiyu Li, Yuqing Zou, Guangqi Xu, Jianhai Bi and Ran Huo

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:59

    Content type: Case report

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  2. Lean / Fat Free Body Mass (LBM) is metabolically involved in active processes such as resting energy expenditure, glucose uptake, and myokine secretion. Nonetheless, its association with insulin sensitivity / ...

    Authors: Diana Paola Córdoba-Rodríguez, Iris Iglesia, Alejandro Gomez-Bruton, Gerardo Rodríguez, José Antonio Casajús, Hernan Morales-Devia and Luis A. Moreno

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:58

    Content type: Research

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  3. Undernutrition constitutes a major problem among children in Hawassa, Ethiopia, and the literature on nutritional status in hospitalised children is scarce. The aim of this study was to investigate dietary div...

    Authors: Vilde K. Hjellbakk, Hailu Hailemariam, Fikadu Reta and Ingunn M. S. Engebretsen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:57

    Content type: Research

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  4. Mastering language involves the development of expressive and receptive skills among children. While it has been speculated that early temperament plays a role in the acquisition of language, the actual mechan...

    Authors: Yuuka Ishikawa-Omori, Tomoko Nishimura, Atsuko Nakagawa, Akemi Okumura, Taeko Harada, Chikako Nakayasu, Toshiki Iwabuchi, Yuko Amma, Haruka Suzuki, Mohammad Shafiur Rahman, Ryuji Nakahara, Nagahide Takahashi, Yoko Nomura and Kenji J. Tsuchiya

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:56

    Content type: Research

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  5. Newborn care practices that best promote the health and well-being of mother-infant dyads after birth while minimizing transmission of COVID-19 were uncertain at the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic.

    Authors: Margaret G. Parker, Arun Gupta, Helen Healy, Aviel Peaceman, Stephen M. Kerr, Timothy C. Heeren, Mark L. Hudak and Munish Gupta

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:55

    Content type: Research

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  6. Poor child growth and development outcomes stem from complex relationships encompassing biological, behavioral, social, and environmental conditions. However, there is a dearth of research on integrated approa...

    Authors: Patricia L. Kohl, Emmanuel A. Gyimah, Jenna Diaz, F. Matthew Kuhlmann, Sherlie Jean-Louis Dulience, Fithi Embaye, Derek S. Brown, Shenyang Guo, Joan L. Luby, Jennifer L. Nicholas, Jay Turner, Melissa Chapnick, Joseline Marhone Pierre, Jacques Boncy, Rony St. Fleur, Maureen M. Black…

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:54

    Content type: Study protocol

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  7. Triple gallbladder is a rare congenital anomaly of the biliary tract that can be associated with heterotopic tissue. Gallbladder triplication results from the failure of rudimentary bile ducts to regress durin...

    Authors: Leah Ott, John O’Neill, Danielle Cameron, Michael J. Callahan, Amit Grover, Victor L. Fox, Heung Bae Kim, Craig Lillehei and Alex G. Cuenca

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:52

    Content type: Case report

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  8. With the implementation of social distancing due to the Covid-19 pandemic, many at-risk infants are without therapy. An alternative mode of therapy in this situation is tele-care, a therapy in which assessment...

    Authors: Camila Resende Gâmbaro Lima, Adriana Neves dos Santos, Mariana Martins dos Santos, Catherine Morgan and Nelci Adriana Cicuto Ferreira Rocha

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:51

    Content type: Study protocol

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  9. We aim to determine the association between out and in-hospital factors with time, from the beginning of the symptoms to the surgery, in patients with acute appendicitis treated at Fundación Hospital Pediatric...

    Authors: Paula Castro, Julián Rincón, Cristian Sánchez, Iván Molina and Giancarlo Buitrago

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:49

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Between March 18th and May 13th 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic outbreak in Finland resulted in the closure of schools and the limitation of daycare (i.e. lockdown). Social distancing changed the daily routines of ch...

    Authors: Elina Hakonen, Tero Varimo, Anna-Kaisa Tuomaala, Päivi J. Miettinen and Mari-Anne Pulkkinen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:48

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Cannabinoids including cannabidiol have recognized genotoxic activities but their significance has not been studied broadly epidemiologically across the teratological spectrum. We examined these issues includi...

    Authors: Albert Stuart Reece and Gary Kenneth Hulse

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:47

    Content type: Research

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  12. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Rana Ismail, Prashanth Murthy, Ayman Abou Mehrem, Zhiying Liang and Amelie Stritzke

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:46

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:541

  13. It is common for children to accidentally ingest chemical drugs with different degrees of toxicity. Meperfluthrin is a highly effective and easy-to-use pyrethroid pesticide with low toxicity. It is widely used...

    Authors: Zhongqiang Li, Xuejun Wu, Gaomei Lv, Zhijuan Ren, Huimin Yang, Leilei Xu, Qingli Guan and Xiuqi Meng

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:43

    Content type: Case report

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  14. Previous studies did not comprehensively examine the effect of adenotonsillectomy on growth and development, emotional state, quality of life, attention ability, and cognitive dysfunction in children with obst...

    Authors: Shan Shan, Shuyu Wang, Xue Yang, Fan Liu and Linying Xiu

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:41

    Content type: Research

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  15. Advanced maternal age, single status and use of assisted reproductive technology (ART) are increasing in mothers in high-income countries, and all are known risk factors for negative obstetric outcomes. Less i...

    Authors: Malin Lindell Pettersson, Marie Bladh, Elizabeth Nedstrand, Agneta Skoog Svanberg, Claudia Lampic and Gunilla Sydsjö

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:39

    Content type: Research

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  16. Although severe acute malnutrition is a major public issue among HIV infected children, there is no prior evidence in Ethiopia. Hence, this study aims to assess the time to develop severe acute malnutrition an...

    Authors: Ermias Sisay Chanie, Getasew Legas, Shimeles Biru Zewude, Maru Mekie, Dagne Addisu Sewyew, Enyew Dagnew Yehuala, Abenezer Melkie, Minale Bezie Ambie, Mengesha Assefa, Fitalew Tadele Admasu, Getachew Yideg Yitbarek, Sintayehu Asnakew, Mekuant Mersha and Dejen Getaneh Feleke

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:38

    Content type: Research

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  17. Spastic cerebral palsy is the most common cause of motor disability in children. It often leads to foot drop or equinus, interfering with walking. Ankle-foot orthoses (AFOs) are commonly used in these cases. H...

    Authors: Irene Moll, Rik G. J. Marcellis, Marcel L. P. Coenen, Sabine M. Fleuren, Paul J. B. Willems, Lucianne A. W. M. Speth, M. Adhiambo Witlox, Kenneth Meijer and R. Jeroen Vermeulen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:37

    Content type: Study protocol

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  18. There are controversy results in the optimal management of children with steroid-dependent and steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome (SDNS, SRNS). This study aimed to determine the efficacy and safety of rituxi...

    Authors: Behnaz Bazargani, Zahra Noparast, Leila Khedmat, Daryoosh Fahimi, Seyed Taher Esfahani, Mastaneh Moghtaderi, Arash Abbasi, Azadeh Afshin and Sayed Yousef Mojtahedi

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:36

    Content type: Research

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  19. Renal calyx diverticulum refers to a cystic lesion covered with the transitional epithelium in the renal parenchyma. Although there is no clear evidence that calyx diverticulum can cause hypertension, there ex...

    Authors: Yongxiang Zhao, Ruimin Zhang, Ye Yun, Xiangming Wu, Haowei Li, Jun Wang, Wei Wang, Chunmei Jia and Hongcheng Song

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:35

    Content type: Case report

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  20. Research suggests electrical Vestibular Nerve Stimulation (VeNS) may improve balance for people with neurological impairments. This study aimed to assess the feasibility and acceptability of a VeNS headset pro...

    Authors: Karen McConnell, Daniel Topley, Jason McKeown and Claire Kerr

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:34

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Evidence on how body mass index (BMI) influence cardiometabolic health remains sparse in Chinese children and adolescents, especially in south China. We aim to investigate the effect of overweight and/or obesi...

    Authors: Huijing He, Li Pan, Jianwei Du, Yuming Jin, Pengben Jia and Guangliang Shan

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:33

    Content type: Research

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  22. Swimming ability among children in the city of Malmö, Sweden is strongly affected by socioeconomic differences. We investigated to what extent mediating health and lifestyle factors, such as children’s eating,...

    Authors: Mare Lõhmus, Mehdi Osooli, Frida I. H. Pilgaard, Per-Olof Östergren, Anna Olin, Stefan Kling, Maria Albin and Jonas Björk

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:32

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Pneumonia is the leading infectious cause of death in children aged under 5 years in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). World Health Organization (WHO) pneumonia diagnosis guidelines rely on non-specifi...

    Authors: Tisungane Mvalo, Eric D. McCollum, Elizabeth Fitzgerald, Portia Kamthunzi, Robert H. Schmicker, Susanne May, Melda Phiri, Claightone Chirombo, Ajib Phiri and Amy Sarah Ginsburg

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:31

    Content type: Research

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  24. Spinal dural arteriovenous fistula (SDAVF) usually occurs during the 4th to 6th decades of life, and adolescent SDAVF is rarely reported. SDAVF arising around a tumor is also rare, and reported tumors are mostly ...

    Authors: Chan-Lin Chu, Yu-Jen Lu, Tsong-Hai Lee, Shih-Ming Jung, Yu-Cheng Chu and Ho-Fai Wong

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:30

    Content type: Case report

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  25. The aims of this study were to characterize the evolution of routine blood values within the first 10 days of illness and coronary artery outcome in infants < 8 months with Kawasaki disease (KD) and to identif...

    Authors: Ge Haiyan, Lai Jianming, Tong Suqian, Qu Dong, Liu Shuang and Zhang Jin

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:29

    Content type: Research

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  26. Talaromyces Marneffei (Penicillium marneffei, T.marneffei) has been frequently reported in patients with adult acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Still, cases of children with HIV combined with T.marneffei infec...

    Authors: Wei Hu, Xiao-hong Yu, Wei-qin Wei and Xuan Xiang

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:28

    Content type: Case report

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  27. Black very low birth weight (VLBW; < 1500 g birth weight) and very preterm (VP, < 32 weeks gestational age, inclusive of extremely preterm, < 28 weeks gestational age) infants are significantly less likely tha...

    Authors: Tricia J. Johnson, Paula P. Meier, Michael E. Schoeny, Amelia Bucek, Judy E. Janes, Jesse J. Kwiek, John A. F. Zupancic, Sarah A. Keim and Aloka L. Patel

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:27

    Content type: Study protocol

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  28. Firearm ownership is prevalent in the US and many children spend time in areas where firearms are not stored safely. The AAP recommends firearm safety counseling at pediatric well-visits.

    Authors: Lindsay N. Fuzzell, Sherry Dodd, Sisi Hu, Amanda Hinnant, Sungkyoung Lee, Glen Cameron and Jane M. Garbutt

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:26

    Content type: Research

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  29. To reveal the changes of intestinal microbial abundance and composition, as well as the microbiota metabolic levels of bile acids and short chain fatty acids of healthy preschool children during their growth.

    Authors: Jingjing Xiong, Hongwei Hu, Chuanzhi Xu, Jianwen Yin, Mei Liu, Lizhi Zhang, Yong Duan and Yongkun Huang

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:25

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Feedings based on behavioral cues is a method relying on infants’ behavioral expressions of readiness to feed. The objective of this interventional study was to determine the effect of cue-based feeding on the...

    Authors: Sefatbaqa Samane, Zahed Pasha Yadollah, Hasanpour Marzieh, Hajian - Tilaki Karimollah, Zarkesh Mohammad Reza, Arzani Afsaneh and Heidelise Als

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:23

    Content type: Research

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  31. The majority of children with sensory impairments live in low- and middle-income countries. More studies of hearing and vision impairment prevalence are needed, in order to generate more accurate estimates of ...

    Authors: Susan Eksteen, Robert H. Eikelboom, Hannah Kuper, Stefan Launer and De Wet Swanepoel

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:22

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Adaptation of standardized early child development (ECD) assessments to low- and middle-income countries can be challenging because of culture-specific factors relating to language, content, context, and tool ...

    Authors: Randall Waechter, Roberta Evans, Sean Hanna, Toni Murray, Cassandra Mobley, Stephanie Holmes, Rashida Isaac, Rebeca Wolfe, Elbernezer Andrew, Barbara Landon and Michelle Fernandes

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:21

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Preterm infants have higher nutrition needs than term infants. The effectiveness of various feeding supplementation was assessed by the improvement of health outcomes in single specific systematic reviews (SRs...

    Authors: Keqin Liu, Jiaxin Tao, Jixin Yang, Yufeng Li, Yanwei Su and Jing Mao

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:20

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Childhood obesity is more likely to increase the chance of many adult health problems. Numerous studies have shown obese children to be more prone to elevated blood pressure (BP) and hypertension. It is import...

    Authors: Jun-Min Tao, Wei Wei, Xiao-Yang Ma, Ying-Xiang Huo, Meng-Die Hu, Xiao-Feng Li and Xin Chen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:19

    Content type: Research

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  35. The prenatal diagnosis of foetal imperforate anus is difficult. Most previous studies have been case reports. To provide useful information for diagnosing foetal imperforate anus, a retrospective review of dia...

    Authors: Chan Yin, Lili Tong, Dan Nie, Zhihui Fei, Xiaoqun Tan and Mingxiang Ma

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:15

    Content type: Research

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  36. Lung recruitment is a maneuver used to decrease the length of intubation in preterm neonates. This study aimed to compare the therapeutic efficacy of lung recruitment plus intubation-surfactant-extubation (INS...

    Authors: Yong Yang, Wenkang Yan, Minyi Ruan, Lan Zhang, Jinzhen Su, Haohui Deng and Minxu Li

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:14

    Content type: Research article

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  37. The desired effect of antibiotics is compromised by the rapid escalation of antimicrobial resistance. Children are particularly at high-risk for unnecessary antibiotic prescribing, which is owing to clinicians...

    Authors: Hannelore Dillen, Ruben Burvenich, Tine De Burghgraeve and Jan Y. Verbakel

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:12

    Content type: Research

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  38. The prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has increased rapidly in recent years. Environmental factors may play an important role in the pathogenesis of ASD. These factors may include socioeconomic fact...

    Authors: Han-Yu Dong, Jun-Yan Feng, Hong-Hua Li, Xiao-Jing Yue and Fei-Yong Jia

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:11

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a gastrointestinal disease that tends to occur in premature infants. Some features may be associated with an increased probability that preterm infants with NEC will require ...

    Authors: Yusheng Liu, Lingyan Qiao, Xiongwei Wu, Zhong Jiang and Xiwei Hao

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:9

    Content type: Research

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  40. Synovial chondromatosis is a rare synovial-derived metaplasia disease that comes from the formation of cartilage nodules within the synovial connective tissue of the joint. Knee tuberculosis is a disease cause...

    Authors: Nan Zhou, Ke Fang, Djandan Tadum Arthur V, Runbin Yi, Feng Xiang, Jie Wen and Sheng Xiao

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:8

    Content type: Case report

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  41. Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is infection which mainly attacks immune system of an individual. Its disease progress is rapid in children and if treatment is not initiated nearly half of infected children...

    Authors: Bereka Tefera Marie, Weldemariam Sintayehu Argaw and Bitewa Yibelu Bazezew

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:5

    Content type: Research

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  42. Neonatal sepsis, which resulted from bacterial, viral, and fungal invasions of the bloodstream, is the major cause of neonatal mortality and neurodevelopmental impairment among neonates. It is responsible for ...

    Authors: Tadele Bekele, Hailu Merga, Tamiru Tesfaye and Henok Asefa

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:1

    Content type: Research

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