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  1. Low birth weight and accelerated infant growth have been identified as independent risk factors for childhood and adult obesity and cardiovascular disease. This led to the ‘Developmental Origins of Health and ...

    Authors: Arend W van Deutekom, Mai JM Chinapaw, Tanja GM Vrijkotte and Reinoud JBJ Gemke
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:102
  2. The aetiology of disabling chronic conditions in childhood in high income countries is not fully understood, particularly the association with socio-economic status (SES). Very few studies have used longitudin...

    Authors: Clare M Blackburn, Nicholas J Spencer and Janet M Read
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:101
  3. Mortality rate of patients admitted to Intensive Care Units is a widely adopted outcome indicator. Because of large case-mix variability, comparisons of mortality rates must be adjusted for the severity of pat...

    Authors: Marta Luisa Ciofi degli Atti, Marina Cuttini, Lucilla Ravà, Silvia Rinaldi, Carla Brusco, Paola Cogo, Nicola Pirozzi, Sergio Picardo, Franco Schiavi and Massimiliano Raponi
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:100
  4. Given that it is not feasible to use dual x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) or other reference methods to measure adiposity in all pediatric clinical and research settings, it is important to identify reasonable alte...

    Authors: Caroline E Boeke, Emily Oken, Ken P Kleinman, Sheryl L Rifas-Shiman, Elsie M Taveras and Matthew W Gillman
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:99
  5. In two clinical trials, low-grade fever was observed more frequently after coadministration than after separate administration of two recommended routine pediatric vaccines. Since fever is an important issue w...

    Authors: Markus A Rose, Christine Juergens, Beate Schmoele-Thoma, William C Gruber, Sherryl Baker and Stefan Zielen
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:98
  6. The objective of this study was to determine body fat percentiles of adolescents in the city of São Paulo, Brazil, according to gender, age, and sexual maturation.

    Authors: Isa de Pádua Cintra, Gerson Luis de Moraes Ferrari, Ana Carolina de Sousa Vieira Soares, Maria Aparecida Zanetti Passos, Mauro Fisberg and Maria Sylvia de Souza Vitalle
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:96
  7. Adherence to antiretroviral drugs in the treatment of paediatric HIV infection is complicated because of many factors including stigma and drug intake logistics. It is therefore important to identify children ...

    Authors: Frida William Mghamba, Omary MS Minzi, Augustine Massawe and Philip Sasi
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:95
  8. The diagnosis of childhood asthma covers a broad spectrum of pathological mechanisms that can lead to similarly presenting clinical symptoms, but may nonetheless require different treatment approaches. Distinc...

    Authors: Susanne JH Vijverberg, Leo Koenderman, Francine C van Erp, Cornelis K van der Ent, Dirkje S Postma, Paul Brinkman, Peter J Sterk, Jan AM Raaijmakers and Anke-Hilse Maitland-van der Zee
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:94
  9. Identifying unwell neonates, particularly in the first week of life, is often subjective. If normal values are known, calculating the weight lost or gained from birth weight can be a useful adjunct in the eval...

    Authors: Claudia Turner, Verena Carrara, Naw Aye Mya Thien, Naw Moo Ku Paw, Marcus Rijken, Rose McGready and François Nosten
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:93
  10. Current fetal-infant growth references have an obvious growth disjuncture around 40 week gestation overlapping where the fetal and infant growth references are combined. Graphical smoothening of the disjunctur...

    Authors: Tanis R Fenton, Roseann Nasser, Misha Eliasziw, Jae H Kim, Denise Bilan and Reg Sauve
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:92
  11. Rates of laboratory testing and diagnostic practices for congenital CMV in the United States are unknown. We determined rates of CMV testing and diagnostic coding for CMV among insured infants in the United St...

    Authors: Jessica Leung, Michael J Cannon, Scott D Grosse and Stephanie R Bialek
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:90
  12. It is estimated that 22,800 children were living with an Acquired Brain Injury (ABI) (0.6% of children aged under 15 years) in Australia during 2003. Many children after a traumatic brain injury will experienc...

    Authors: Hugh EJ Senior, Lynne McKinlay, Jane Nikles, Philip J Schluter, Sue-Ann Carmont, Mary-Clare Waugh, Adrienne Epps, Owen Lloyd and Geoffrey K Mitchell
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:89
  13. Unintentional poisoning in young children is an important public health issue. Age pattern studies have demonstrated that children aged 1–3 years have the highest levels of poisoning risk among children aged 0...

    Authors: Marcia Schmertmann, Ann Williamson, Deborah Black and Leigh Wilson
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:88
  14. Vitamin A supplementation (VAS) may amplify the effect of vaccines. We therefore investigated if neonatal VAS given with and without Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccine to low-birth-weight (LBW) neonates had...

    Authors: Sofie Biering-Sørensen, Ane Bærent Fisker, Henrik Ravn, Luis Camala, Ivan Monteiro, Peter Aaby and Christine Stabell Benn
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:87
  15. Calcium (Ca2+) and vitamin D (VitD) play an important role in child health. We evaluated the daily intake of Ca2+ and VitD in healthy children. Moreover, we demonstrate the efficacy of Ca2+ and VitD supplementati...

    Authors: Linda Cosenza, Vincenza Pezzella, Rita Nocerino, Margherita Di Costanzo, Anna Coruzzo, Annalisa Passariello, Ludovica Leone, Marcella Savoia, Antonio Del Puente, Antonella Esposito, Gianluca Terrin and Roberto Berni Canani
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:86
  16. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a liver manifestation of metabolic syndrome since obesity and insulin resistance are the main pathogenic contributors for both conditions. NAFLD carries increased r...

    Authors: Wojciech Janczyk, Piotr Socha, Dariusz Lebensztejn, Aldona Wierzbicka, Artur Mazur, Joanna Neuhoff-Murawska and Pawel Matusik
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:85
  17. Family centred care (FCC) is currently a valued philosophy within neonatal care; an approach that places the parents at the heart of all decision-making and engagement in the care of their infant. However, to ...

    Authors: Gill Thomson, Victoria Hall Moran, Anna Axelin, Fiona Dykes and Renée Flacking
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:84
  18. Rotavirus is a leading worldwide cause of acute gastroenteritis in young children. This retrospective hospital-based study assessed the burden of rotavirus gastroenteritis in children younger than 6 years in J...

    Authors: Hitoshi Tajiri, Yuriko Takeuchi, Tomoko Takano, Toshihiro Ohura, Ayano Inui, Kimie Yamamoto, Yoshihito Higashidate, Hisashi Kawashima, Shigeru Toyoda, Kosuke Ushijima, Gunasekaran Ramakrishnan, Mats Rosenlund and Katsiaryna Holl
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:83
  19. Recent reports indicate that Campylobacter species are becoming one of the leading causes of bacterial diarrhoeal disease worldwide and most of the isolates are resistant to different antibiotics. This study aime...

    Authors: Ayalew Lengerh, Feleke Moges, Chandrashekhar Unakal and Belay Anagaw
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:82
  20. A lack of age-appropriate formulations can make it difficult to administer medicines to children. A manipulation of the dosage form may be required to achieve the required dose. This study aimed to describe me...

    Authors: Roberta H Richey, Utpal U Shah, Matthew Peak, Jean V Craig, James L Ford, Catrin E Barker, Anthony J Nunn and Mark A Turner
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:81
  21. According to current evidence, the prevention of obesity should start early in life. Even the prenatal environment may expose a child to unhealthy weight gain; maternal gestational diabetes is known to be amon...

    Authors: Taina Mustila, Jani Raitanen, Päivi Keskinen, Antti Saari and Riitta Luoto
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:80
  22. One of the components of the Kangaroo Method (KM) is the adoption of the Kangaroo Position. The skin-to-skin contact and the vertical position the child adopts when in this position may provide sensorial, vest...

    Authors: Kaísa Trovão Diniz, José Eulálio Cabral-Filho, Rafael Moura Miranda, Geisy Maria Souza Lima and Danilo de Almeida Vasconcelos
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:79
  23. Despite growing evidence that supports the importance of 6-month exclusive breastfeeding, few Canadian mothers adhere to this, and early weaning onto solids is a common practice. This study assessed infant fee...

    Authors: Mahsa Jessri, Anna P Farmer, Katerina Maximova, Noreen D Willows and Rhonda C Bell
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:77
  24. Despite the low prevalence of daily smokers in Sweden, children are still being exposed to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS), primarily by their smoking parents. A prospective intervention study using methods ...

    Authors: Noomi Carlsson, AnnaKarin Johansson, Agneta Abrahamsson and Boel Andersson Gäre
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:76
  25. Data on the prevalence of renal and urine abnormalities among HIV-infected children in Sub-Saharan Africa are limited. We set out to determine the prevalence of proteinuria; low estimated glomerular filtration...

    Authors: Vongai Dondo, Hilda A Mujuru, Kusum J Nathoo, Maxwell Chirehwa and Zivanai Mufandaedza
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:75
  26. Quality of patient care in hospitals has been shown to be inconsistent during weekends and night-time hours, and is often associated with reduced patient monitoring, poor antibiotic prescription practices and ...

    Authors: David Gathara, Grace Irimu, Harrison Kihara, Christopher Maina, Dorothy Mbori-Ngacha, Julius Mwangi, Elizabeth Allen and Mike English
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:74
  27. Although breast milk has numerous benefits for infants’ development, with greater effects in those born preterm (at < 37 gestational weeks), mothers of preterm infants have shorter breastfeeding duration than ...

    Authors: Jenny Ericson, Mats Eriksson, Lena Hellström-Westas, Lars Hagberg, Pat Hoddinott and Renée Flacking
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:73
  28. Childhood obesity has become an emerging urban health problem in urban cities in Bangladesh, particularly in affluent families. Risk factors for obesity in this context have not been explored yet. The objectiv...

    Authors: Mejbah Uddin Bhuiyan, Shahaduz Zaman and Tahmeed Ahmed
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:72
  29. Prune belly syndrome is a rare congenital malformation of unknown aetiology and is characterised by abnormalities of the urinary tract, a deficiency of abdominal musculature and bilateral cryptorchidism in mal...

    Authors: Maria Ome, Regina Wangnapi, Nancy Hamura, Alexandra J Umbers, Peter Siba, Moses Laman, John Bolnga, Sheryle Rogerson and Holger W Unger
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:70
  30. Preterm-born or asphyxiated term-born children who received neonatal intensive care show more emotional and behavioral problems than term-born children without a medical condition. It is uncertain whether regu...

    Authors: Renske Schappin, Lex Wijnroks, Monica Uniken Venema, Barbara Wijnberg-Williams, Ravian Veenstra, Corine Koopman-Esseboom, Susanne Mulder-De Tollenaer, Ingeborg van der Tweel and Marian Jongmans
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:69
  31. With a decline of infant mortality rates, neonatal mortality rates are striking high in development countries particularly sub Saharan Africa. The toolkit for high quality neonatal services describes the princ...

    Authors: Bernard Mbwele, Nicole L Ide, Elizabeth Reddy, Sarah A P Ward, Joshua A Melnick, Flavian A Masokoto and Rachael Manongi
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:68
  32. There currently exists no data on birth defects from population-based studies in Vietnam. Our study's aim was to assess external birth defect (EBD) prevalence among live newborns in Binh Thuan Province in Viet...

    Authors: Truong Hoang, Dung The Nguyen, Phuong Van Ngoc Nguyen, Dong A Tran, Yves Gillerot, Raymond Reding and Annie Robert
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:67
  33. Fever is an extremely common occurrence in paediatric patients and the most common cause for a child to be taken to the doctor. The literature indicates that parents have too many misconceptions and conflictin...

    Authors: Sa’ed H Zyoud, Samah W Al-Jabi, Waleed M Sweileh, Masa M Nabulsi, Mais F Tubaila, Rahmat Awang and Ansam F Sawalha
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:66
  34. The use of osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) in preterm infants has been documented and results from previous studies suggest the association between OMT and length of stay (LOS) reduction, as well as s...

    Authors: Francesco Cerritelli, Gianfranco Pizzolorusso, Francesco Ciardelli, Emiliano La Mola, Vincenzo Cozzolino, Cinzia Renzetti, Carmine D’Incecco, Paola Fusilli, Giuseppe Sabatino and Gina Barlafante
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:65
  35. To estimate the extents of dosing variability in prescriptions of acetaminophen to children among pediatricians, family physicians and otolaryngologists.

    Authors: Yueh-Ching Chou, Shin-Yi Lin, Tzeng-Ji Chen, Shu-Chiung Chiang, Mei-Jy Jeng and Li-Fang Chou
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:64
  36. Body mass index (BMI) is a common indirect method to assess weight status among children. There is evidence that BMI data alone can underestimate overweight-related health risk and that waist circumference (WC...

    Authors: Lydian Veldhuis, Ineke Vogel, Wilma Jansen, Carry M Renders, Remy A HiraSing and Hein Raat
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:63
  37. The prevalence of severe obesity in children and adolescents is increasing. However, little is known about cardiometabolic risk factors and quality of life of children with severe obesity.

    Authors: Sabine Makkes, Carry M Renders, Judith E Bosmans, Olga H van der Baan-Slootweg and Jacob C Seidell
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:62
  38. Granulicatella spp. is a fastidious bacteria responsible for bacteremia and endocarditis which are fatal in about 20% of the cases. These severe infections are uncommon in children under 17 years of age and ha...

    Authors: Maia De Luca, Donato Amodio, Sara Chiurchiù, Maria Assunta Castelluzzo, Gabriele Rinelli, Paola Bernaschi, Francesca Ippolita Calò Carducci and Patrizia D’Argenio
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:61
  39. With the Convulsive Status Guidelines due for renewal, we wondered if a phenytoin dose of ‘20 mg/kg’ would be easier to calculate correctly and therefore safer than the current ‘18 mg/kg’. An educational exerc...

    Authors: Manish Prasad, Priya Shenton, Sanne Dietz, Vivek Saroha and William P Whitehouse
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:60
  40. The sequelae of extremely preterm birth have an impact on the quality of life (QoL) of these children. Standardized assessment of their QoL is rarely done in France. The aim of this study is to examine among a...

    Authors: Marie-Ange Einaudi, Catherine Gire, Anderson Loundou, Pierre Le Coz and Pascal Auquier
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:58
  41. Significant immunomodulatory effects have been described as result of cigarette smoking in adults and pregnant women. However, the effect of cigarette smoking during pregnancy on the lymphocyte subpopulations ...

    Authors: Giovanni Almanzar, Gernot Eberle, Andrea Lassacher, Christian Specht, Christian Koppelstaetter, Peter Heinz-Erian, Rudolf Trawöger, David Bernhard and Martina Prelog
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:57
  42. The CEASE (Clinical Effort Against Secondhand Smoke Exposure) intervention was developed to help pediatricians routinely and effectively address the harms of family smoking behaviors. Based on paper versions o...

    Authors: Bethany Hipple, Emara Nabi-Burza, Nicole Hall, Susan Regan and Jonathan P Winickoff
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:56
  43. Type 1 diabetes is among the most prevalent chronic childhood diseases in the US. Initial type 1 diabetes management education and care can take place in different clinical settings. This study assessed metabo...

    Authors: Christopher F Jasinski, Rosa Rodriguez-Monguio, Ksenia Tonyushkina and Holley Allen
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:55
  44. Achieving Millennium Development Goal 4 is dependent on significantly reducing neonatal mortality. Low birth weight is an underlying factor in most neonatal deaths. In developing countries the missed opportuni...

    Authors: Nabiwemba L Elizabeth, Orach Garimoi Christopher and Kolsteren Patrick
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:54

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