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  1. The morbidity of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) in children is increasing and diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) is one of the main microvascular complications of T1DM. The aim of this study was to explore ...

    Authors: Mei Jin, Jing Liu, Kang Liu, Ziwei Zhao and Suzhen Sun
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:483
  2. In the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), health outcome disparities exist between patients with limited English proficiency (LEP) and those proficient in English. Our objective was to investigate the commun...

    Authors: Emily Batton, Samantha Hurst, Carlos Ramos, Leslie Catalan, Michele Freeman and Krishelle Marc-Aurele
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:481
  3. Contiguous gene gain syndrome including entire ZEB2 may be a novel syndrome. In the past, there were no easily distinct and recognizable features as a guide for precise clinical and genetic diagnosis of the syndr...

    Authors: Wei-Liang Liu, Fang Li, Wei Chen, Lu Liu, Hai-jian Cheng, Zhi-Xu He and Rong Ai
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:480
  4. Numerous studies suggest that sex steroids might play a role in sex disparity observed in allergic diseases in adults. However, whether sex hormones influence allergic diseases in children remains unclear. The...

    Authors: Yumiko Miyaji, Kiwako Yamamoto-Hanada, Limin Yang, Mayako Saito-Abe, Miori Sato, Hidetoshi Mezawa, Minaho Nishizato, Masayuki Ochiai, Shouichi Ohga, Masako Oda, Hiroshi Mitsubuchi, Masayuki Shimono, Reiko Suga, Nathan Mise, Makiko Sekiyama, Shoji F. Nakayama…
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:479
  5. The investigation of physical literacy (PL) and physical activity (PA) should be done in an ecological context because the socio-cultural situation can encourage or inhibit children’s activity. The present stu...

    Authors: Majid Mohammadi, Farzaneh Elahipanah and Sadegh Amani-shalamzari
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:477
  6. Children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) frequently suffer from persistent gastrointestinal symptoms, such as constipation and diarrhea. Various studies have highlighted differences in gut microb...

    Authors: Hui Wang, Shu Liu, Liqing Xie and Jinhui Wang
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:476
  7. Perinatal asphyxia is one of the preventable and treatable causes of neonatal mortality. However, it is the fifth-largest cause of under-five mortality. Even with management advancements, it remains one of the...

    Authors: Dawit Tesfaye Daka, Chalachew Adugna Wubneh, Tewodros Getaneh Alemu and Bewuketu Terefe
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:475
  8. This study aimed to describe absolute muscle strength and power in children and adolescents with obesity, overweight and normal weight, and the assessment tests and tools used. We retrieved observational studi...

    Authors: José Luis Alaniz-Arcos, Ma. Elena Ortiz-Cornejo, José Omar Larios-Tinoco, Miguel Klünder-Klünder, Karla Vidal-Mitzi and Claudia Gutiérrez-Camacho
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:474
  9. Insufficient sleep is commonly reported in adolescence and is negatively associated with a wide range of health outcomes. A way to grasp the complicated challenge of how sleep impact different aspects of the a...

    Authors: Erik Grasaas, Gudrun Rohde, Kristin Haraldstad, Sølvi Helseth, Milada Cvancarova Småstuen, Siv Skarstein and Hilde Timenes Mikkelsen
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:473
  10. Respiratory distress syndrome in preterm infants is an important cause of morbidity and mortality. Less invasive methods of surfactant administration, along with the use of continuous positive airway pressure ...

    Authors: Ilse Lategan, David Durand, Michael Harrison, Firdose Nakwa, Lizelle Van Wyk, Sithembiso Velaphi, Alan Horn, Gugu Kali, Roger Soll, Danielle Ehret, Heather Zar and Lloyd Tooke
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:472
  11. This multi-center study aimed to identify factors affecting fever and delayed defervescence in bacterial meningitis (BM) patients under 3 years of age because of the variability of fever in this patient popula...

    Authors: Lin He, Haijing Li, Zhigang Zhang, Hejia Ge, Hongwei Wang, Mengquan Zhu, Zhiwei Xu, Jiening Zhang, Sheng Fang, Chuanze Hu, Lijun Qian, Huifang Xu, Yinna Yao, Shengfu Yuan, Jiajun Zhu, Chaosheng Lu…
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:470
  12. Hypertension is a prevalent complication of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) and Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring (ABPM) is the gold standard for diagnosis. The aim of our study was to assess the usefulness of...

    Authors: Sanober Sadiq, Elizabeth Black and Aris Oates
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:469
  13. Over the last decades, the prevalence of coeliac disease (CD), an autoimmune disorder, rose to 1–2%. Whether patients with CD have higher risk of developing other autoimmune disorders such as type 1 diabetes, ...

    Authors: Corinne Légeret, Alexander Kutz, Brunner Jessica, Esther Mundwiler, Henrik Köhler and Luca Bernasconi
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:468
  14. Regular growth monitoring can be used to evaluate young children’s nutritional and physical health. While adequate evaluation of the scope and quality of nutrition interventions is necessary to increase their ...

    Authors: Michael Ekholuenetale, Osaretin Christabel Okonji, Chimezie Igwegbe Nzoputam, Clement Kevin Edet, Anthony Ike Wegbom and Amit Arora
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:467
  15. To determine the prevalence of sensitivity to common inhaled and food allergens among children with allergic rhinitis (AR) in Changzhou in eastern China and provide a basis for epidemiological research of pedi...

    Authors: Zhibang Hu, Jianrong Xue, Min Pan, Yongzheng Bao, Wenlan Zou, Chunhui Wang and Jing Ma
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:466
  16. Children with neurodevelopmental disorders have a very wide clinical variability. A common prevalent factor is problems with stool and sleep quality. Currently, there are multiple studies related to their eval...

    Authors: Aníbal Báez-Suárez, Iraya Padrón-Rodríguez, Elizabeth Castellano-Moreno, Erica González-González, María P. Quintana-Montesdeoca and Raquel Irina Medina-Ramirez
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:465
  17. Currently, conflict become common phenomenon in the world affecting the lives of millions of children. Due the continued conflict in Ethiopia millions of children are suffering from extreme levels of violence,...

    Authors: Gebeyaw Biset, Debrnesh Goshiye, Sisay Gedamu and Mekonnen Tsehay
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:463
  18. Fundamental motor skills (FMS) are considered essential for sport participation and might be deficit in obese children. While evidence indicates that physical activity (PA) levels impact motor skill developmen...

    Authors: Katherine E. Spring, Alexandra V. Carroll and Danielle D. Wadsworth
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:461
  19. This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility and limitations of thoracoscopic segmentectomy of the basal segment (S10).

    Authors: Rui Guo, Jike Liu, Yunpeng Zhai, Huashan Zhao, Hongxiu Xu, Longfei Lv and Shisong Zhang
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:460
  20. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disability associated with deficiency in social interaction, unusual development of social communication, and restricted or repetitive behaviors, interest...

    Authors: Daniele Christiane Kedy Koum, Dominique Enyama, Loick Pradel Kojom Foko, Diomede Noukeu, Belviane Nguedia, Rhita Mbono, Charlotte Eposse, Patricia Epee Eboumbou, Cathy Bebey Engome and Yacouba Njankouo Mapoure
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:459
  21. Transferrable mechanisms of quinolone resistance (TMQR) can lead to fluoroquinolone non-susceptibility in addition to chromosomal mechanisms. Some evidence suggests that fluoroquinolone resistance is increasin...

    Authors: Raj Kumar Shrestha, Ashmita Thapa, Dhruba Shrestha, Sabi Pokhrel, Anubhav Aryal, Rupika Adhikari, Nipun Shrestha, Bhim Gopal Dhoubhadel and Christopher M Parry
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:458
  22. Parents from urban, lower social economic classes often encounter unique challenges in their lives, which shape how they work with their children who are overweight or obese to change their exercise and eating...

    Authors: Xiao Ma, Weidong Li and Paul B Rukavina
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:457
  23. Preschool children are not meeting recommended levels of physical activity (PA) nor are they proficient in fundamental motor skills (FMS), which are the foundation for PA. As such, interventions are needed to ...

    Authors: E. Kipling Webster, Maura M. Kepper, Sanjoy Saha, Robbie A. Beyl, Chelsea L. Kracht, Jessica St. Romain and Amanda E. Staiano
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:455
  24. High levels of physical fitness established during childhood and adolescence have been associated with positive effects on cardiometabolic risk factors (CMRF), which persist into adulthood. Conversely, a seden...

    Authors: Natália Carvalho Bagatini, Carolina Dertzbocher Feil Pinho, Gabriela Tomedi Leites, Rogério da Cunha Voser, Anelise Reis Gaya and Giovani dos Santos Cunha
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:454
  25. Microcephaly, epilepsy, and diabetes syndrome (MEDS) is a rare syndromic form of monogenic diabetes caused by bi-allelic loss of function mutations in IER3IP1. In vitro studies have shown that loss of IER31P lead...

    Authors: Walter A. Zegarra, William B. Gallentine, Maura R. Ruzhnikov, Catherine A. McAndrews, Anna L. Gloyn and Ananta Addala
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:453
  26. Tobacco ingestion is widely known to cause nicotine toxicity, which may result in severe symptoms. Two heated tobacco sticks, called TEREA™ and SENTIA™, were launched in 2021 by Philip Morris International (Ne...

    Authors: Koki Higashi, Yuhki Koike, Yuki Sato, Shinji Yamashita, Yuka Nagano, Tadanobu Shimura, Takahito Kitajima, Kohei Matsushita, Kazuki Yokota, Keishiro Amano, Yoshinaga Okugawa and Yuji Toiyama
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:452
  27. Evidence suggests that accelerated postnatal growth in children is detrimental for adult cardiovascular health. It is unclear whether children born late preterm (34–36 weeks) compared to full term (≥ 39 weeks)...

    Authors: Yulika Yoshida-Montezuma, David Kirkwood, Branavan Sivapathasundaram, Charles D. G. Keown-Stoneman, Russell J. de Souza, Teresa To, Cornelia M. Borkhoff, Catherine S. Birken, Jonathon L. Maguire, Hilary K. Brown and Laura N. Anderson
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:450
  28. Botulinum toxin injections in the anal sphincter apparatus (Botox) and enteral neuromodulation (ENM) are options for treatment of refractory chronic constipation. We present a retrospective comparative observa...

    Authors: Mona Walther, Hanna Müller, Christel Weiß, Roman Carbon, Sonja Diez and Manuel Besendörfer
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:448
  29. ​Extracranial metastasis can occur in intracranial germ cell tumors (GCTs), but it is very rare. Recurrence or metastasis of non-germinomatous germ cell tumors (NGGCTs) is often accompanied by elevated tumor m...

    Authors: Jun Liu, Luxiong Fang, Songtao Qi, Ye Song and Lei Han
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:447
  30. Although much research has been done on adult hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, data on pediatric hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is still limited.

    Authors: Gousia Mukhtar, Bijulal Sasidharan, Kavassery Mahadevan Krishnamoorthy, Harikrishnan K. N. Kurup, Arun Gopalakrishnan, Deepa SasiKumar, Sankara Sarma P, Ajit Kumar Valaparambil, Sivasankaran Sivasubramonian and Harikrishnan Sivadasanpillai
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:446
  31. Posterior urethral valve (PUV) is the most common congenital bladder outlet obstruction in boys, causing renal damage beginning in utero. There are scarce data from Thailand regarding the long-term outcomes of...

    Authors: Prakorn Ekarat, Worapat Attawettayanon, Chompoonut Limratchapong, Praewa Sophark and Prayong Vachvanichsanong
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:445
  32. Fever may serve as the primary indicator of underlying infection in children admitted to the pediatric emergency department (PED), especially in high-risk young infants. This study aimed to identify early clin...

    Authors: Bei-Cyuan Guo, Yin-Ting Chen, Yu-Jun Chang, Chun-Yu Chen, Wen-Ya Lin and Han-Ping Wu
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:444
  33. Substantial progress has been achieved in managing childhood cancers in many high-income countries (HICs). In contrast, survival rates in lower-middle-income countries (LMICs) are less favorable. Here, we aime...

    Authors: Ahmed Farrag, Mohamed Hamdy Ghazaly, Khaled Mohammed, Ruth Volland, Barbara Hero and Frank Berthold
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:443
  34. Early studies claimed that early congenital syphilitic (CS) nephropathy was rare, and systematic studies about this disease are absent, which may lead to poor awareness of early CS nephropathy in clinicians an...

    Authors: Caiying Wang, Wenhui Lun and Lin Pang
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:442
  35. Children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) without complication are treated in the outpatient therapeutic program (OTP) and the program has been reported to be effective. However, relapse post-discharge fro...

    Authors: Endalkachew Befekadu Teshale, Yakob Desalegn Nigatu and Tefera Darge Delbiso
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:441
  36. Sacrococcygeal teratomas (SCTs) are the most common congenital neoplasm and often require resection soon after birth. There are rare reports of cardiac arrest during surgery due to manipulation of the tumor tr...

    Authors: Aditi Dey, Rita Wyrebek, Loraine Torres, Danilo Escoto, Fauzia Shakeel and Jennifer Mayer
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:440
  37. Timing for liver transplantation (LT) in biliary atresia (BA) children with end-stage liver disease (ESLD) is associated with all-cause mortality. The cut-off value of pediatric end-stage liver disease (PELD) ...

    Authors: Boonyanurak Sihaklang, Songpon Getsuwan, Oraluck Pattanaprateep, Napapat Butsriphum, Chatmanee Lertudomphonwanit, Pornthep Tanpowpong, Chollasak Thirapattaraphan and Suporn Treepongkaruna
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:439
  38. Testicular volume in neonates is a potential indicator of testicular development during the fetal period, particularly the masculinization programming window. Reliable measurements of testicular volume provide...

    Authors: Shaohua Hu, Zhenli Zhao, Zhisheng Wan, Weizhen Bu, Songqiang Chen, Shuai Yang, Xiaowen Chen and Yiqun Lu
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:438
  39. To analyze the real-world growth pattern of very premature infants (VPI) with small for gestational age (SGA) after birth by using the ΔZ value of weight at discharge.

    Authors: Xue-Rong Huang, Wei Shen, Fan Wu, Jian Mao, Ling Liu, Yan-Mei Chang, Rong Zhang, Xiu-Zhen Ye, Yin-Ping Qiu, Li Ma, Rui Cheng, Hui Wu, Dong-Mei Chen, Ling Chen, Ping Xu, Hua Mei…
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:437
  40. Unplanned critical care admissions following in-hospital deterioration in children are expected to impose a significant burden for carers across a number of dimensions. One dimension relates to the financial a...

    Authors: Eduardo Costa, Céu Mateus, Bernie Carter, Sarah Siner, Dawn Jones, Leah Evans, Jenny Preston, Fulya Mehta, Caroline Lambert, Bruce Hollingsworth, Enitan D. Carrol and Gerri Sefton
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:436
  41. Migraine and tension-type headache are common primary headaches in children. There is a risk of developing secondary headache in children. The current study was aimed to evaluate magnetic resonance imaging fin...

    Authors: Rabia Tütüncü Toker, Ilknur Ozdeniz Mutlucan, Cigdem Tanrıverdi and Aylin Bican Demir
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:435

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