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  1. Oropharyngeal interventions are an accepted method to improve the nutritional performance of premature infants. Considering the countless benefits of breast milk and the few studies on the use of breast milk a...

    Authors: Fatemeh Kelich, Mojtaba Qanbari Qalehsari, Ali Zabihi, Seyedeh Roghayeh Jafarian Amiri and Navid Danaee
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:155
  2. Allergic asthma is a type I allergic reaction mediated by serum Immunoglobulin E (IgE). B cell-mediated humoral immune response to allergens in the pathophysiology of allergic asthma have not been thoroughly e...

    Authors: Yunying Zhu, Qian Jiang, Chenshuang Lei, Qinhua Yu and Liannv Qiu
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:154
  3. Bacterial organisms causing neonatal sepsis have developed increased resistance to commonly used antibiotics. Antimicrobial resistance is a major global health problem. The spread of Multidrug-Resistant Organi...

    Authors: Stefani Miranda, Aminuddin Harahap, Dominicus Husada and Fara Nayo Faramarisa
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:153
  4. To ensure a child's full growth, health, and development during infancy and the early years, adequate nutrition is crucial. A crucial window of opportunity for ensuring children's proper growth and development...

    Authors: Kedir Abdela Gonete, Dessie Abebaw Angaw and Lemma Derseh Gezie
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:151
  5. In Cameroon, acute bronchiolitis has been reported as the third commonest lower respiratory infection and is usually associated with low mortality. Nonetheless, respiratory distress associated with non-adheren...

    Authors: Charlotte Eposse Ekoube, Emmanuel Heles Nsang, Patricia Épée, Edgar Mandeng Ma Linwa, Yolande Djike Puepi, Ritha Mbono Betoko, Diomède Noukeu Njinkui, Dominique Enyama, Dora Mbonjo Bitsie, Jeannette Disso Massako, Soumaiyatou Abba, Esther Eleonore Ngo Linwa and Calixte Ida Penda
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:150
  6. Measuring arterial partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PaCO2) is crucial for proper mechanical ventilation, but the current sampling method is invasive. End-tidal carbon dioxide (EtCO2) has been used as a surroga...

    Authors: Hye-Ji Han, Bongjin Lee and June Dong Park
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:149
  7. Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a multifactorial gastrointestinal disease with high morbidity and mortality among premature infants. However, studies with large samples on the factors of NEC in China have n...

    Authors: Shuliang Zhao, Huimin Jiang, Yiqun Miao, Wenwen Liu, Yanan Li, Hui Liu, Aihua Wang, Xinghui Cui and Yuanyuan Zhang
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:148
  8. Intussusception is one of the most common acute abdominal conditions in pediatric patients, and if left untreated, it may result in intestinal necrosis and even death. The etiology of the disease is unknown an...

    Authors: Junzhao Zhu, Weiping Cheng, Youbo Xu, Yingqiang Guo and Lexiang Shi
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:147
  9. Under-5 mortality decreased significantly worldwide between 2000 and 2015, but there is still progress to be made, particularly in lower- and middle-income countries. This supplement shares the work over the l...

    Authors: Agnes Binagwaho and Lisa R. Hirschhorn
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 23(Suppl 1):654

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 23 Supplement 1

  10. Bangladesh significantly reduced under-5 mortality (U5M) between 2000 and 2015, despite its low economic development and projected high mortality rates in children aged under 5 years. A portion of this success...

    Authors: Fauzia Akhter Huda, Kedest Mathewos, Hassan Rushekh Mahmood, Omar Faruk, Lisa R. Hirschhorn and Agnes Binagwaho
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 23(Suppl 1):653

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 23 Supplement 1

  11. The Exemplars in Under-5 Mortality (U5M) was a multiple cases study of how six low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Nepal, Peru, Rwanda, and Senegal, implemented health system-delive...

    Authors: Agnes Binagwaho, Amelia VanderZanden, Patricia J. Garcia, Fauzia Akhter Huda, Mahesh Maskey, Mohamadou Sall, Felix Sayinzoga, Raj Kumar Subedi, Alula M. Teklu, Kateri Donahoe, Miriam Frisch, Jovial Thomas Ntawukuriryayo, Kelechi Udoh and Lisa R. Hirschhorn
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 23(Suppl 1):652

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 23 Supplement 1

  12. Between 2000–2015, many low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) implemented evidence-based interventions (EBIs) known to reduce under-5 mortality (U5M). Even among LMICs successful in reducing U5M, this drop ...

    Authors: Jovial Thomas Ntawukuriryayo, Amelia VanderZanden, Alemayehu Amberbir, Alula Teklu, Fauzia Akhter Huda, Mahesh Maskey, Mohamadou Sall, Patricia J. Garcia, Raj Kumar Subedi, Felix Sayinzoga, Lisa R. Hirschhorn and Agnes Binagwaho
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 23(Suppl 1):651

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 23 Supplement 1

  13. Over the last eight decades, many evidence-based interventions (EBIs) have been developed to reduce amenable under-5 mortality (U5M). Implementation research can help reduce the lag between discovery and deliv...

    Authors: Felix Sayinzoga, Lisa R. Hirschhorn, Jovial Thomas Ntawukuriryayo, Caroline Beyer, Kateri B. Donahoe and Agnes Binagwaho
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 23(Suppl 1):649

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 23 Supplement 1

  14. A thorough examination of context, and how it influences implementation of evidence-based interventions, is a promising strategy for enhancing child survival initiatives. Spreading approaches that are identifi...

    Authors: Quinhas Fernandes, Orvalho Augusto and Kenneth Sherr
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 23(Suppl 1):648

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 23 Supplement 1

  15. The Ethiopian government implemented a national community health program, the Health Extension Program (HEP), to provide community-based health services to address persisting access-related barriers to care us...

    Authors: Laura Drown, Alemayehu Amberbir, Alula M. Teklu, Meseret Zelalem, Abreham Tariku, Yared Tadesse, Solomon Gebeyehu, Yirdachew Semu, Jovial Thomas Ntawukuriryayo, Amelia VanderZanden, Agnes Binagwaho and Lisa R. Hirschhorn
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 23(Suppl 1):647

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 23 Supplement 1

  16. Health policymakers aiming to reduce under-5 mortality (U5M) often lack data regarding how successful interventions in other countries were implemented. The Exemplars in U5M Study identified countries that ach...

    Authors: Patricia J. García, Anna Larson Williams, Marco H. Carcamo, Amelia VanderZanden and Agnes Binagwaho
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 23(Suppl 1):646

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 23 Supplement 1

  17. Health system-delivered evidence-based interventions (EBIs) are important to reducing amenable under-5 mortality (U5M). Implementation research (IR) can reduce knowledge gaps and decrease lags between new know...

    Authors: Raj Kumar Subedi, Amelia VanderZanden, Kriti Adhikari, Sasmrita Bastola, Lisa R. Hirschhorn, Agnes Binagwaho and Mahesh Maskey
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 23(Suppl 1):645

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 23 Supplement 1

  18. In Germany, various preventive services are offered to children and adolescents. These include regular standardized examinations (so called U/J examinations) and several vaccinations. Although strongly recomme...

    Authors: Philip Bammert, Wiebke Schüttig, Iryna Iashchenko, Jacob Spallek, Petra Rattay, Sven Schneider, Matthias Richter, Claudia R Pischke, Nico Dragano and Leonie Sundmacher
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:146
  19. Globally, 257 million people have chronic hepatitis. Even though a safe and effective prophylactic vaccine against HBV infection has been available, it causes significant morbidity and mortality. HBV vaccines ...

    Authors: Mekuanint Geta, Endalew Yizengaw and Tsegahun Manyazewal
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:145
  20. Neonates with intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) may present with fatal complications and permanent serious consequences. Vitamin status may influence fetal development. In this study we assessed vitamin A...

    Authors: Hanaa Reyad Abdallah, Abderahman A. Abdelrazek, Eman Refaat Youness, Hisham A. Orban, Marwa A. Mahmoud, Ahmed Helal El Sayed and Moushira Zaki
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:144
  21. To investigate the clinical characteristics of neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) complicated by intestinal perforation and predict the incidence of intestinal perforation in NEC.

    Authors: Pei Huang, Nandu Luo, Xiaoqi Shi, Jiahong Yan, Jiaojiao Huang, Yan Chen and Zuochen Du
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:143
  22. Neonatal asphyxia is one of preventable causes of neonatal mortality throughout the world. It could be improved by early detection and control of the underlying causes. However, there was lack of evidence on i...

    Authors: Shewazerf Gizachew, Girma Wogie, Mekasha Getnet and Arega Abebe Lonsako
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:142
  23. The assessment of cardiorespiratory fitness is important because it allows the identification of subgroups with poor health status and the targeting of effective intervention strategies to improve health.

    Authors: Jose Sulla-Torres, Rubén Vidal-Espinoza, Christopher Avendaño-Llanque, Alexander Calla-Gamboa, Manuel Zúñiga-Carnero, Rossana Gomez-Campos and Marco Cossio-Bolaños
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:141
  24. Japanese Kawasaki disease (KD) risk scores cannot be adopted in non-Japanese patients. In North American populations a baseline coronary artery Z-score > 2 and the Son score are associated with coronary artery...

    Authors: Adriano La Vecchia, Rita Stracquadaino, Lucia Mauri, Lucia Augusta Baselli, Rozan Abdallah, Martina Cucchetti, Anna Maria Colli, Carlo Agostoni and Rosa Maria Dellepiane
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:139
  25. Hemangiomas, also called infantile hemangiomas (IH) or hemangiomas of infancy are the most frequently seen benign vascular tumors of infancy. Different types of hemangiomas are described in the literature. The...

    Authors: Konstantine Chakhunashvili, Eka Kvirkvelia, Natia Todua and Davit G. Chakhunashvili
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:138
  26. The early identification of infants with a risk for neurodevelopmental disorders in the first few years of life is essential for better developmental outcomes. Screenings should be carried out by combining the...

    Authors: Giulia Segre, Antonio Clavenna, Elisa Roberti, Francesca Scarpellini, Massimo Cartabia, Chiara Pandolfini, Valeria Tessarollo, Ilaria Costantino and Maurizio Bonati
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:137
  27. To explore the effect of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS)-assisted training on lower limb motor function in children with hemiplegic cerebral palsy (HCP).

    Authors: Yan He, Qi Zhang, Ting-Ting Ma, Yan-Hua Liang, Rong-Rong Guo, Xiao-Song Li, Qian-Jin Liu and Tian-Yang Feng
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:136
  28. Poisoning among children and adolescents is a public health problem worldwide. To take preventive measures, the pattern of this problem should be determined. This study aimed to describe the demographic charac...

    Authors: Mitra Hemmati, Mohamad Reza Tohidi, Ali Mohammadi, Firozeh Jahanpour, Bahareh Andayeshgar and Sahar Fallah
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:135
  29. A substantial number of children in the world are regularly subjected to physical punishment by their parents as a method of upbringing. Evidence suggests that it has negative effects on the development of bra...

    Authors: Vanessa Chire Illachura, Maria Inés Montesinos-Malpartida, Luciana Bellido-Boza, Zully M. Puyén and Dora Blitchtein-Winicki
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:134
  30. Kabuki syndrome (KS) is a monogenic disorder leading to special facial features, mental retardation, and multiple system malformations. Lysine demethylase 6A, (KDM6A, MIM*300128) is the pathogenic gene of Kabuki ...

    Authors: Yirou Wang, Yufei Xu, Yao Chen, Yabin Hu, Qun Li, Shijian Liu, Jian Wang and Xiumin Wang
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:133
  31. Nephrotic syndrome (NS) is the commonest glomerular disease among children. It is characterized by heavy proteinuria and is a risk factor for hypothyroidism in the affected children. Hypothyroidism is of conce...

    Authors: Maureen Tumwesige, Joseph Rujumba, Thereza Piloya and Judith Caroline Aujo
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:132
  32. The objective of this study was to assess the likelihood of acute appendicitis (AA) in children presenting with abdominal symptoms at the emergency department (ED), based on their prior primary care (PC) consu...

    Authors: Kevin Vevaud, Aymeric Dallocchio, Nathalie Dumoitier, Alban Laspougeas, Anaïs Labrunie, Alexis Belgacem, Laurent Fourcade and Quentin Ballouhey
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:131
  33. This study aims to translate the Pectus Excavatum Evaluation Questionnaire(PEEQ) into Chinese, and to comprehensively assess subjective outcomes in quality of life of children with pectus excavatum.

    Authors: Yujia Wu, Qi Zeng, Yaguang Peng, Chenghao Chen, Na Zhang and Jie Yu
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:130
  34. Trachoma is the most prevalent eye disease in Ethiopia, especially among children aged 1–9 years and continues to be a public health concern. Nevertheless, in Ethiopia’s rural Jamma district in South Wollo Zon...

    Authors: Tadesse Altaseb, Mistir Lingerew and Metadel Adane
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:128
  35. Diet may contribute to better asthma control in children by impacting the immune and inflammatory pathophysiology. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate differences in nutrient intake, Children’s Dietary ...

    Authors: Nevra Koç, Nursena Ersoy, Hülya Yardimci, İlknur Külhaş Çelik and Ersoy Civelek
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:127
  36. Scurvy is an uncommon disease in developed countries caused by deficiency of vitamin C. We present a case of scurvy in a 14-year-old male with autism with both novel presentation and imaging findings. This cas...

    Authors: Henry Charles de Boer and Jasdev Singh Sawhney
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:126
  37. Vitamin D deficiency may increase the risk of childhood diarrhea. We aim to carry out a review and meta-analysis of the evidence relating vitamin D insufficiency to childhood diarrhea.

    Authors: Glen Lazarus, I Gusti Ngurah Sanjaya Putra, Michelle Clarissa Junaidi, Jessica Sylvania Oswari and Hanifah Oswari
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:125
  38. There is an unmet need for phototherapy treatment in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) to prevent disability and death of newborns with neonatal hyperbilirubinemia. Home phototherapy deployed by communi...

    Authors: Farjana Jahan, Sarker Masud Parvez, Mahbubur Rahman, Sk Masum Billah, Farzana Yeasmin, Tania Jahir, Rezaul Hasan, Gary L. Darmstadt, Shams El Arifeen, Md. Mahbubul Hoque, Mohammod Shahidullah, Muhammad Shariful Islam, Sabina Ashrafee and Eric M. Foote
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:123
  39. Health risk behaviors often emerge or intensify during adolescence and tend to co-occur, exposing individuals to an even greater risk for the development of non-communicable diseases (NCDs). The likelihood of ...

    Authors: Alanna Gomes da Silva, Juliana Bottoni Souza, Crizian Saar Gomes, Thales Philipe Rodrigues da Silva, Ana Carolina Micheletti Gomide Nogueira de Sá and Deborah Carvalho Malta
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:122
  40. Hereditary hypophosphatemia rickets with hypercalciuria (HHRH) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterised by reduced renal phosphate reabsorption leading to hypophosphataemia, rickets and bone pain. ...

    Authors: Lufeng Wang, Gulimire Kulaixi, Jiazireya Zaiyinati, Guzhalikezi Aibai, Danyang Du and Yanying Guo
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:121
  41. Developmental delays in children are assessed in four basic domains: gross motor, fine motor, social, and language. Early years of life are crucial in a child’s development, so it is imperative that parents be...

    Authors: Raman Kumar, Malaika Ali, Muhammad Saad Pasha, Haya Waseem Ansari and Noureen Durrani
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:120
  42. Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a rare genetic disease often associated with bone problems, mainly scoliosis and hip dysplasia (HD). This study aimed to analyze the clinical characteristics of orthopedic deform...

    Authors: Miao Miao, Guo-Qiang Zhao, Qiong Zhou, Yun-Qi Chao and Chao-Chun Zou
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:118
  43. Biliary atresia (BA) is a severe neonatal disease with progressive intra- and extra-hepatic bile ducts inflammation and hepatic fibrosis. Characterization of gut microbiome profiles in infants with biliary atr...

    Authors: Fei Liu, Ru Wei, Xiaogang Xu, Menglong Lan, Boyuan Tao, Zijian Liang and Jixiao Zeng
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:117
  44. Cow’s milk allergy (CMA) is the most common food allergy in infants. As this food allergy indicates a wide range of clinical syndromes due to immunological reactions to cow’s milk proteins, we aimed to evaluat...

    Authors: Shohreh Maleknejad, Kobra Dashti, Afshin Safaei-Asl, Zahra Atrkar Roshan, Soodeh Salehi and Afagh Hassanzadeh-Rad
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:115

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