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  1. We describe the setup of a neonatal quality improvement tool and list which peer-reviewed requirements it fulfils and which it does not. We report on the so-far observed effects, how the units can identify qua...

    Authors: Mark Adams, Tjade Claus Hoehre and Hans Ulrich Bucher
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:152
  2. Neonatal hyperbilirubinemia, especially kernicterus, can be prevented by screening for neonatal jaundice. The transcutaneous bilirubin (TcB) meter is a non-invasive medical device for screening neonates. The s...

    Authors: Moe Akahira-Azuma, Naohiro Yonemoto, Battsengel Ganzorig, Rintaro Mori, Shinichi Hosokawa, Takeji Matsushita, Bayasgalantai Bavuusuren and Enkhtur Shonkhuuz
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:151
  3. X-linked agammaglobulinaemia (XLA) is the most common inherited humoural immunodeficiency disorder. Mutations in the gene coding for Bruton’s tyrosine kinase (BTK) have been identified as the cause of XLA. Mos...

    Authors: Lee-Moay Lim, Jer-Ming Chang, I-Fang Wang, Wei-Chiao Chang, Daw-Yang Hwang and Hung-Chun Chen
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:150
  4. Differences between urban and rural settings can be seen as a very important example of gaps between groups in a population. The aim of this paper is to compare an urban and a rural area regarding child growth...

    Authors: Huong Thu Nguyen, Bo Eriksson, Max Petzold, Göran Bondjers, Toan Khanh Tran, Liem Thanh Nguyen and Henry Ascher
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:149
  5. While survival rates for preterm infants have increased, the risk for adverse long-term neurodevelopmental and behavioral outcomes remains very high. In response to the need for novel, evidence-based intervent...

    Authors: Martha G Welch, Myron A Hofer, Raymond I Stark, Howard F Andrews, Judy Austin, Sara B Glickstein, Robert J Ludwig and Michael M Myers
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:148
  6. To investigate whether later diagnosis of psychiatric disorder can be predicted from analysis of mother-infant joint attention (JA) behaviours in social-communicative interaction at 12 months.

    Authors: Clare S Allely, Paul CD Johnson, Helen Marwick, Emma Lidstone, Eva Kočovská, Christine Puckering, Alex McConnachie, Jean Golding, Christopher Gillberg and Philip Wilson
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:147
  7. The Early Development Instrument (EDI) is a comprehensive instrument used to assess school readiness in preschool children. This study was carried out to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Chinese ver...

    Authors: Patrick Ip, Sophia Ling Li, Nirmala Rao, Sharon Sui Ngan Ng, Winnie Wai Sim Lau and Chun Bong Chow
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:146
  8. Severe dehydration is generally believed to be a cause of significant hyperbilirubinemia in newborn babies. This study aimed to analyze the weight loss of healthy term newborn infants at 24, 48 and 72 hours af...

    Authors: Wen-Chieh Yang, Lu-Lu Zhao, Yu-Cheng Li, Chi-Hua Chen, Yu-Jun Chang, Yun-Ching Fu and Han-Ping Wu
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:145
  9. Very preterm children exhibit difficulties in working memory, a key cognitive ability vital to learning information and the development of academic skills. Previous research suggests that an adaptive working m...

    Authors: Leona Pascoe, Gehan Roberts, Lex W Doyle, Katherine J Lee, Deanne K Thompson, Marc L Seal, Elisha K Josev, Chiara Nosarti, Susan Gathercole and Peter J Anderson
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:144
  10. Nutritional health is essential for children’s growth and development. Many Mexican-origin children who reside in limited-resource colonias along the Texas-Mexico border are at increased risk for poor nutrition a...

    Authors: Joseph R Sharkey, Wesley R Dean and Courtney C Nalty
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:143
  11. Cytomegalovirus is the most common pathogen causing congenital infection and can result in significant neurodevelopmental adverse outcomes. For this reason, it is the standard of care in many regions to treat ...

    Authors: Manal F El-Sayed, David M Goldfarb, Martha Fulford and Jeffrey M Pernica
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:142
  12. Resuscitation with bag and mask is a high-impact intervention that can reduce neonatal deaths in resource-poor countries. This study assessed the capacity to perform newborn resuscitation at facilities offerin...

    Authors: Young Mi Kim, Nasratullah Ansari, Adrienne Kols, Hannah Tappis, Sheena Currie, Partamin Zainullah, Patricia Bailey, Richard Semba, Kai Sun, Jos van Roosmalen and Jelle Stekelenburg
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:140
  13. Pain experienced by children in emergency departments (EDs) is often poorly assessed and treated. Although local protocols and strategies are important to ensure appropriate staff behaviours, few studies have ...

    Authors: Pierpaolo Ferrante, Marina Cuttini, Tiziana Zangardi, Caterina Tomasello, Gianni Messi, Nicola Pirozzi, Valentina Losacco, Simone Piga and Franca Benini
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:139
  14. Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is the most common serious pulmonary morbidity in premature infants. The score for neonatal acute physiology (SNAP) is a physiologic severity index for neonatal intensive care ...

    Authors: Yanhong Li, Jie Yan, Mengxia Li, Zhihui Xiao, Xueping Zhu, Jian Pan, Xiaozhong Li and Xing Feng
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:138
  15. Previous studies have reported the lower reference limit (LRL) of quantitative cord glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD), but they have not used approved international statistical methodology. Using common...

    Authors: Sameer Yaseen Al-Abdi, Amina Suleman Alsaigh, Fahima Lugman Aldawoud and Amal Ali Al Sadiq
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:137
  16. Recent attempts in the USA and Europe to ban the circumcision of male children have been unsuccessful. Of current concern is a report by the Tasmanian Law Reform Institute (TLRI) recommending that non-therapeu...

    Authors: Michael J Bates, John B Ziegler, Sean E Kennedy, Adrian Mindel, Alex D Wodak, Laurie S Zoloth, Aaron AR Tobian and Brian J Morris
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:136
  17. The Lililwan Project is the first population-based study to determine Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) prevalence in Australia and was conducted in the remote Fitzroy Valley in North Western Australia. ...

    Authors: Barbara R Lucas, Jane Latimer, Robyn Doney, Manuela L Ferreira, Roger Adams, Genevieve Hawkes, James P Fitzpatrick, Marmingee Hand, June Oscar, Maureen Carter and Elizabeth J Elliott
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:135
  18. Rhabdomyolysis is a potentially life-threatening syndrome that can develop from a variety of causes. The aim of the work is to analyze the clinical spectrum and to evaluate the prevalence of various etiologies...

    Authors: Chun-Yu Chen, Yan-Ren Lin, Lu-Lu Zhao, Wen-Chieh Yang, Yu-Jun Chang, Kang-Hsi Wu and Han-Ping Wu
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:134
  19. Few studies have examined the relations of adiposity and lifestyle factors in young offspring with their parents as children (parentschild) or at their current age (parentsadult). Therefore, we compared measures ...

    Authors: Lyn M Steffen, Alan R Sinaiko, Xia Zhou, Antoinette Moran, David R Jacobs Jr, Yoel Korenfeld, Donald R Dengel, Lisa S Chow and Julia Steinberger
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:133
  20. The introduction of Antiretroviral Therapy (ART) has brought a remarkable reduction in HIV-related mortality and morbidity both in adults and children living with HIV/AIDS. Adherence to ART is the key to the s...

    Authors: Silenat Biressaw, Woldaregay Erku Abegaz, Markos Abebe, Workeabeba Abebe Taye and Mulugeta Belay
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:132
  21. The adoption of inappropriate feeding practices is one of the reasons for under nutrition in Nepal and elsewhere. The objective of this study was to describe the rate of and identify the factors associated wit...

    Authors: Vishnu Khanal, Kay Sauer and Yun Zhao
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:131
  22. Wolfram, Alström and Bardet-Biedl (WABB) syndromes are rare diseases with overlapping features of multiple sensory and metabolic impairments, including diabetes mellitus, which have caused diagnostic confusion...

    Authors: Amy Farmer, Ségolène Aymé, Miguel Lopez de Heredia, Pietro Maffei, Susan McCafferty, Wojciech Młynarski, Virginia Nunes, Kay Parkinson, Véronique Paquis-Flucklinger, Julia Rohayem, Richard Sinnott, Vallo Tillmann, Lisbeth Tranebjærg and Timothy G Barrett
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:130
  23. Intramuscular injection of botulinum toxin type-A given by manual intramuscular needle placement in the lower extremity under general anaesthesia is an established treatment and standard of care in managing sp...

    Authors: Jessica Warnink-Kavelaars, Roland Jeroen Vermeulen and Jules Guilhelmus Becher
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:129
  24. Term neonates are at increased risk of infections due to undeveloped immune mechanisms, and proper neutrophil function is important for perinatal immune defence. Galectin-3, an endogenous β-galactoside-binding...

    Authors: Martina Sundqvist, Veronica Osla, Bo Jacobsson, Anna Rudin, Karin Sävman and Anna Karlsson
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:128
  25. Infants who survive advanced necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) at the time of birth are at increased risk of having poor long term physiological and neurodevelopmental growth. The economic implications of the lo...

    Authors: Vaidyanathan Ganapathy, Joel W Hay, Jae H Kim, Martin L Lee and David J Rechtman
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:127
  26. Ventilator treatment exposes newborns to both hyperoxemia and hyperventilation. It is not known how common hyperoxemia and hyperventilation are in neonatal intensive care units in Norway. The purpose of this s...

    Authors: Marianne Trygg Solberg, Ida Torunn Bjørk and Thor Willy R Hansen
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:126
  27. Acute respiratory illness, a leading cause of cough in children, accounts for a substantial proportion of childhood morbidity and mortality worldwide. In some children acute cough progresses to chronic cough (...

    Authors: Benjamin J Drescher, Anne B Chang, Natalie Phillips, Jason Acworth, Julie Marchant, Theo P Sloots, Michael David and Kerry-Ann F O’Grady
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:125
  28. The incidence of type 1 diabetes has increased worldwide, particularly in younger children and those with lower genetic susceptibility. These observations suggest factors in the modern environment promote panc...

    Authors: Megan AS Penno, Jennifer J Couper, Maria E Craig, Peter G Colman, William D Rawlinson, Andrew M Cotterill, Timothy W Jones and Leonard C Harrison
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:124
  29. In adults, low circulating interleukin 10 (IL10) has been associated with obesity and type 2 diabetes. However, studies investigating IL10 in overweight and obese children have yielded conflicting results. The...

    Authors: Jung-Su Chang, Chun-Chao Chang, Eve Yiwen Chien, Sean S-H Lin, Tsai Cheng-Shiuan, Chyi-Huey Bai and Kuo-Ching Chao
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:123
  30. The agreement between self-reported and proxy measures of health status in ill children is not well established. This study aimed to quantify the variation in health-related quality of life (HRQOL) derived fro...

    Authors: Wantanee Kulpeng, Vorasith Sornsrivichai, Virasakdi Chongsuvivatwong, Waranya Rattanavipapong, Pattara Leelahavarong, John Cairns, Yoel Lubell and Yot Teerawattananon
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:122
  31. Childhood asthma and obesity prevalence have increased in recent years suggesting a potential association. However, the direction of any association is poorly understood and the potential causal-relationship i...

    Authors: Kathryn B Egan, Adrienne S Ettinger and Michael B Bracken
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:121
  32. Prepubertal gynecomastia is a rare condition and most frequently classified as idiopathic. In HIV-infected adults gynecomastia is a recognised but infrequent side-effect of antiretroviral treatment (ART) and m...

    Authors: Mette S van Ramshorst, Magdeline Kekana, Helen E Struthers, James A McIntyre and Remco PH Peters
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:120
  33. Obesity and mental health problems are prevalent among indigenous children in Canada and the United States. In this cross-sectional study the associations between adiposity and body size satisfaction, body ima...

    Authors: Noreen Dianne Willows, Denise Ridley, Kim D Raine and Katerina Maximova
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:118
  34. The aim of the study was to verify the association between body composition and physical fitness with bone status in children and adolescents.

    Authors: Anderson Marques de Moraes, Ezequiel Moreira Gonçalves, Vinicius Justino de Oliveira Barbeta and Gil Guerra-Júnior
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:117
  35. Although migrant workers account for the majority of newborns in Beijing, their children are less likely to undergo appropriate universal newborn hearing screening/rescreening (UNHS) than newborns of local non...

    Authors: Beier Qi, Xiaohua Cheng, Hui En, Bo Liu, Shichun Peng, Yong Zhen, Zhenghua Cai, Lihui Huang, Luo Zhang and Demin Han
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:116
  36. Previous studies have shown an association between adiposity, especially intra-abdominal adipose tissue, and hemodynamic/metabolic comorbidities in adults, however it is not clear in pediatric population. The ...

    Authors: Loreana Sanches Silveira, Paula Alves Monteiro, Bárbara de Moura Mello Antunes, Patrícia Monteiro Seraphim, Rômulo Araújo Fernandes, Diego G Destro Christofaro and Ismael F F F Freitas Júnior
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:115
  37. The Nurse Family Partnership programme was developed in the USA where it is made available to pregnant young mothers in some socially deprived geographic areas. The related Family Nurse Partnership programme w...

    Authors: Eleri Owen-Jones, Marie-Jet Bekkers, Chris C Butler, Rebecca Cannings-John, Sue Channon, Kerenza Hood, John W Gregory, Alison Kemp, Joyce Kenkre, Belen Corbacho Martin, Alan Montgomery, Gwenllian Moody, Kate E Pickett, Gerry Richardson, Zoë Roberts, Sarah Ronaldson…
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:114
  38. Quality assessment of pediatric randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in China is limited. The aim of this study was to evaluate the quantitative trends and quality indicators of RCTs published in mainland China...

    Authors: Chun-Song Yang, Ling-Li Zhang, Li-Nan Zeng, Yi Liang, Lu Han and Yun-Zhu Lin
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:113
  39. Functional constipation is a common disorder worldwide and is found in all paediatric age groups. Functional constipation can be caused by delayed colonic transit or dysfunction of the pelvic floor muscles. St...

    Authors: Marieke L van Engelenburg – van Lonkhuyzen, Esther MJ Bols, Marc A Benninga, Wim A Verwijs, Netty MWL Bluijssen and Rob A de Bie
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:112
  40. Tobacco products use is the leading cause of chronic diseases morbidity and mortality. This study explores an exposure to tobacco advertisements factors and knowledge, an association with snuff/pipe usage and ...

    Authors: Kotsedi D Monyeki, Han CG Kemper, Lateef O Amusa and Marcus Motshwane
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:111
  41. Small-for-gestational age (SGA) newborns constitute a special group of neonates who may have suffered varying degrees of intrauterine insults and deprivation. Variations in birth weight, length and Ponderal In...

    Authors: Olubanke R Oluwafemi, Fidelis O Njokanma, Elizabeth A Disu and Tinuade A Ogunlesi
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:110
  42. The mainstay treatment of non alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) based on weight loss and/or lifestyle changes is most often unsuccessful at all ages, thus requiring the implementation of pharmacological st...

    Authors: Pietro Vajro, Giulia Paolella, Marco Poeta, Cristina Pizza, Maria Sangermano and Grazia Massa
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:109
  43. Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of mortality in Type 1 diabetes (T1D). Vascular dysfunction is an early and critical event in the development of cardiovascular disease. Children with T1D have vascu...

    Authors: Jemma Anderson, Alexia S Peña, Thomas Sullivan, Roger Gent, Bronwen D’Arcy, Timothy Olds, Brian Coppin and Jennifer Couper
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:108
  44. Idiopathic infantile arterial calcification (IIAC) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder, characterized by wide spread calcifications in arterial walls, leading to vaso-occlusive ischaemia of multiple organs....

    Authors: Huma Shaireen, Alexandra Howlett, Harish Amin, Kamran Yusuf, Majeeda Kamaluddeen and Abhay Lodha
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:107
  45. The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (Part C) authorizes states to establish systems to provide early intervention services (e.g., therapy) for children at risk, with the incentive of federal financ...

    Authors: Beth Marie McManus, Stephanie Robert, Aggie Albanese, Mona Sadek-Badawi and Mari Palta
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:106
  46. Obesity impairs health related quality of life (HRQL) in adolescents, but most evidence in this area has mostly come from western societies. We wanted to test the hypothesis that obesity impairs HRQL in Kuwait...

    Authors: Shurooq A Boodai and John J Reilly
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:105
  47. Benign hyperplastic thymus is a rare but important differential diagnosis of anterior mediastinal lesions. Histological and radiological criteria are used to distinguish this benign condition from other malign...

    Authors: Rosa Nguyen, Jamie L Coleman, Scott C Howard and Monika L Metzger
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:103

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