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  1. Provider Initiated Testing and Counseling (PITC) among hospitalized children have shown to increase the probability of identifying HIV-infected children and hence be able to link them to HIV care. We aimed at ...

    Authors: Tulla S. Masoza, Raphael Rwezaula, Delfina R. Msanga, Neema Chami, Julieth Kabirigi, Emmanuela Ambrose, Restituta Muro, Stella Mongella, Adolfine Hokororo, Elizabeth Kwiyolecha and Robert Peck
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:101
  2. Audit of facility-based care provided to small and sick newborns is a quality improvement initiative that helps to identify the modifiable gaps in newborn care (BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 14: 280, 2014). The aim...

    Authors: Muthoni Ogola, Emily Mbaire Njuguna, Jalemba Aluvaala, Mike English and Grace Irimu
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:99
  3. In high income countries, guidelines exist recommending gestational age thresholds for offering and obligating neonatal resuscitation for extremely preterm infants. In low- and middle- income countries, this a...

    Authors: Sharla Rent, Ashura Bakari, Sara Aynalem Haimanot, Solomie Jebessa Deribessa, Gyikua Plange-Rhule, Yemah Bockarie, Cheryl A. Moyer and Stephanie K. Kukora
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:97
  4. Accidental swallowing of a foreign body occurs more frequently in children than in adults. Among these cases, button battery impaction in the esophagus may cause severe complications. While prevention is alway...

    Authors: Hung-Chun Wang, Shu-wei Hu, Ke Jian Lin and An-Chyi Chen
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:96
  5. Fulminant myocarditis (FM) is a common life-threatening disease in pediatric patients, which can result in sudden cardiac arrest (CA). Whether prolonged cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is beneficial to FM ...

    Authors: Yanping Gu, Peng Xue, Hong-Lin Chen, Guojin Zou, Yongcheng Ni, Lin Li, Lijuan Lu, Hao Chen and Aibin Zheng
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:95
  6. Birth weight, Head circumference (HC), and Length are important clinical indicators for evaluation of prenatal growth and identification of neonates requiring detail assessment and monitoring. Gestational age-...

    Authors: Anjum Shakya, Nisha Keshary Bhatta, Rupa Rajbhandari Singh, Shankar Prasad Yadav and Jitendra Thakur
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:94
  7. The most common chronic disease affecting children in Canada is dental caries. The objective of this study was to explore, identify, and address the strengths and barriers related to oral health services with ...

    Authors: Marcella Ogenchuk, Juanita Graham, Gerry Uswak, Holly Graham, Robert Weiler and Vivian R. Ramsden
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:93
  8. Our aim was to investigate whether early surgical preparation by reading an animated picture book about procedure-related events could reduce the preoperative anxiety in preschoolers.

    Authors: Yanyan Yang, Mazhong Zhang, Ying Sun, Zhezhe Peng, Xiaosu Zheng and Jijian Zheng
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:92
  9. The relationship between malocclusion and the oral health related quality of life (OHRQoL) of children needs to be explored further as existing literature presents conflicting evidence. This study aims to dete...

    Authors: Jagan K. Baskaradoss, Amrita Geevarghese, Waad Alsaadi, Huda Alemam, Amjad Alghaihab, Amal Saad Almutairi and Abeer Almthen
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:91
  10. Projections that 60 transformative cell and gene therapies could be approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) within 10 years underscore an urgent need to modernize the newborn screening (NBS) sy...

    Authors: Sara M. Andrews, Katherine Ackerman Porter, Donald B. Bailey Jr and Holly L. Peay
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:90
  11. Anaphylaxis is a potentially life-threatening condition caused by a variety of triggers. However, anaphylaxis following an abdominal trauma is an exceptionally rare condition and could be the first and only si...

    Authors: Damla Hanalioglu, Kivanc Terzi, Sati Ozkan, Mesut Sivri, Funda Kurt and Emine Dibek Misirlioglu
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:89
  12. Childhood intelligence is an important predictor of later outcomes in life such as socioeconomic status or health. Hence, a deeper understanding of predictors of child intelligence should suggest points of int...

    Authors: Flóra Kenyhercz, Karolina Kósa and Beáta Erika Nagy
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:88
  13. The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) has affected over 100 million cases worldwide. Children accounted for 1–5% of all cases with less reported symptoms and better prognosis compared to adults. This study a...

    Authors: Ahmad AlGhamdi, Yousef Al Talhi, Abeer Al Najjar, Ahmed Sobhi, Alaa Al Juaid, Amany Ibrahim, Amer Alshengeti, Abdulqader Al-Hebshi, Fayssal Farahat, Ghaya Al Qurainees, Manal Al Saif, Naif Hamdan, Sameera Al Jehani, Walaa Al Mansouri and Mona AlDabbagh
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:86
  14. Kawasaki disease (KD) is a pediatric vasculitis. Mainly the coronary arteries become affected due to acute inflammation and formation of coronary artery aneurysms (CAAs) can occur. The larger the CAA, the high...

    Authors: Diana van Stijn, Nikki J. Schoenmaker, R. Nils Planken, Dave R. Koolbergen, Samantha C. Gouw, Taco W. Kuijpers, Nico A. Blom and Irene M. Kuipers
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:85
  15. Flatfoot is a common condition in young patients, but usually resolves by adolescence. This study aimed to estimate annual trend hospitalizations for flatfoot in Italian paediatric population from 2001 to 2016.

    Authors: Umile Giuseppe Longo, Rocco Papalia, Sergio De Salvatore, Laura Ruzzini, Vincenzo Candela, Ilaria Piergentili, Leonardo Oggiano, Pier Francesco Costici and Vincenzo Denaro
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:83
  16. Oculo-facio-cardio-dental syndrome is a rare X-linked dominant syndrome, characterized by radiculomegaly, congenital cataracts, dysmorphic facial features, and congenital heart disease. Because of the rarity, ...

    Authors: Qian Hu, Jingqun Mai, Qinqin Xiang, Bin Zhou, Shanling Liu and Jing Wang
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:82
  17. Haiti has the highest rate of neonatal mortality in the Latin America and Caribbean region. While the rate of facility births in Haiti has doubled over the past two decades, there have been no comparable reduc...

    Authors: Alka Dev, Michelucia Casseus, Wilhermine Jean Baptiste, Emma LeWinter, Patrice Joseph and Peter Wright
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:81
  18. Continued efforts are required to reduce preventable child deaths. User-friendly Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI) implementation tools and supervision systems are needed to strengthen the qual...

    Authors: Cecilie Jensen and Neil H. McKerrow
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:80
  19. Multiple clinical prediction rules have been published to risk-stratify febrile infants ≤60 days of age for serious bacterial infections (SBI), which is present in 8-13% of infants. We evaluate the cost-effect...

    Authors: Kathleen A. Noorbakhsh, Sriram Ramgopal, Nancy S. Rixe, Jennifer Dunnick and Kenneth J. Smith
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:79
  20. Immunoskeletal dysplasia with neurodevelopmental abnormalities (ISDNA) is an ultra-rare genetic condition that belongs to the group of spondyloepimetaphyseal dysplasias. It is caused due to presence of biallel...

    Authors: Shruti Bajaj, Purnima Satoskar, Aadhira Nair, Frenny Sheth, Jayesh Sheth and Harsh Sheth
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:78
  21. Encephalopathy following Ifosfamide treatment is a well-described phenomenon that is typically treated with Methylene Blue (MB). Chloroacetaldehyde, a potentially neurotoxic metabolite of Ifosfamide is hypothe...

    Authors: Gabriel Chain, Mudit Kalia, Karen Kestenbaum, Lara Pappas, Anna Sechser-Perl, Gadi Abebe Campino and Nibal Zaghloul
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:76
  22. The cross-sectional associations between physical activity, physical fitness and adiposity with risk factors for cardiometabolic disease (particularly novel ones such as inflammatory cytokines) and cognitive f...

    Authors: Ryan A. Williams, Simon B. Cooper, Karah J. Dring, Lorna Hatch, John G. Morris, Feng-Hua Sun and Mary E. Nevill
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:75
  23. Combined oxidative phosphorylation deficiency 26 (COXPD26) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by early onset, developmental delay, gastrointestinal dysfunction, shortness of breath, exercise into...

    Authors: Shuiyan Wu, Weixi Li, Zhenjiang Bai, Saihu Huang, Daoping Yang, Hongmei Chen, Ying Li, Ying Liu and Haitao Lv
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:74
  24. Compared to their appropriate-for-gestational-age (AGA) peers, small-for-gestational-age (SGA) infants are prone to growth deficits. As the first 6 months of exclusive breastfeeding is generally recommended, i...

    Authors: Neti Nurani, Tunjung Wibowo, Rina Susilowati, Janatin Hastuti, Madarina Julia and Mirjam M. Van Weissenbruch
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:73
  25. Somatic maturation and the age at onset of puberty are closely related to bone mineral density (BMD), and are potential confounders of the associations between physical activity, sedentary behavior (SB) and BM...

    Authors: Diego Giulliano Destro Christofaro, William Rodrigues Tebar, Bruna Thamyres Ciccotti Saraiva, Gabriela Caroline Rodrigues da Silva, Amanda Barbosa dos Santos, Gregore Iven Mielke, Raphael Mendes Ritti-Dias and Jorge Mota
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:72
  26. Medical management of neonates is often established upon safe and reliable vascular access, frequently utilized to provide physiological monitoring, parenteral and supportive treatments, and diagnostic and/or ...

    Authors: Matheus F. P. T. van Rens, Ratheesh Paramban, Airene L. V. Francia, Prem Chandra, Mohamad Adnan Mahmah, Ulrich H. Thome, Mohammad A. A. Bayoumi and Timothy R. Spencer
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:71
  27. Poor health behaviors and variables are recently more documented in attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) lifestyle which might be relevant to the pathophysiology of this disorder. The objective of t...

    Authors: Habibeh Salvat, Mehriar Nader Mohammadi, Parviz Molavi, Seyed Ali Mostafavi, Reza Rostami and Mohammad Ali Salehinejad
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:70
  28. Adolescents and young adults (AYA) with a chronic medical condition show an increased risk for developing mental comorbidities compared to their healthy peers. Internet- and mobile-based cognitive behavioral t...

    Authors: A. Geirhos, M. Domhardt, F. Lunkenheimer, S. Temming, R. W. Holl, K. Minden, P. Warschburger, T. Meissner, A. S. Mueller-Stierlin and H. Baumeister
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:69
  29. Pakistan is facing a challenging situation in terms of high newborn mortality rate. Securing pregnancy and delivery care may not bring a substantial reduction in neonatal mortality, unless coupled with the pro...

    Authors: Nousheen Akber Pradhan, Sumera Aziz Ali, Sana Roujani, Ammarah Ali, Syed Shujaat Hussain, Samia Rizwan, Shabina Ariff, Sarah Saleem and Sameen Siddiqi
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:68
  30. More than a billion people globally are living with disability and the prevalence is likely to increase rapidly in the coming years in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). The vast majority of those livin...

    Authors: Leonard Banza Ngoie, Eva Dybvik, Geir Hallan, Jan-Erik Gjertsen, Nyengo Mkandawire, Carlos Varela and Sven Young
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:67
  31. The aim of this review was to identify relevant randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and non-RCTs to evaluate the existing knowledge on the effect of antibiotic treatment for infants with necrotizing enterocoli...

    Authors: Ester Maria Gill, Kristine Jung, Niels Qvist and Mark Bremholm Ellebæk
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:66
  32. Congenital myopathies are a group of rare neuromuscular diseases characterized by specific histopathological features. The relationship between the pathologies and the genetic causes is complex, and the preval...

    Authors: Yu Zhang, Hui Yan, Jieyu Liu, Huifang Yan, Yinan Ma, Cuijie Wei, Zhaoxia Wang, Hui Xiong and Xingzhi Chang
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:65
  33. Fever is the most frequent reason for medical consultation in children, and makes up 15–25% of all consultations in primary care and emergency departments. In here we report a case of a 13 year-old girl who re...

    Authors: Banafshe Dormanesh, Maryam Asli, Roya Daryanavard and Peyman Arasteh
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:64
  34. Desbuquois dysplasia type 2 (DBQD2) is an infrequent dysplasia with a wide range of symptoms, including facial deformities, growth retardation and short long bones. It is an autosomal recessive disorder caused...

    Authors: Fatemeh Rajabi, Ali Hosseini Bereshneh, Mahboubeh Ramezanzadeh and Masoud Garshasbi
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:63
  35. Hearing loss can have a major impact on children’s language development, academic success and hearing comprehension. The aim of the present study was to determinate risk factors for severe and profound hearing...

    Authors: Parya Jangipour Afshar, Jila Afsharmanesh, Marzieh Eslahi, Hojjat Sheikhbardsiri and Mahmood Nekoei Moghadam
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:62
  36. Previous research has established that exposure to high maternal sensitivity is positively associated with advances in infant cognitive development. However, there are many fixed and modifiable factors that in...

    Authors: P. Nina Banerjee, Karen E. McFadden, Jacqueline D. Shannon and Leslie L. Davidson
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:61
  37. Lipofibromatosis is a rare, benign, soft tissue tumor that usually presents in children. Low incidence and lack of specificity in clinical presentation make its diagnosis difficult.

    Authors: Zhiyu Li, Yuqing Zou, Guangqi Xu, Jianhai Bi and Ran Huo
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:59
  38. Lean / Fat Free Body Mass (LBM) is metabolically involved in active processes such as resting energy expenditure, glucose uptake, and myokine secretion. Nonetheless, its association with insulin sensitivity / ...

    Authors: Diana Paola Córdoba-Rodríguez, Iris Iglesia, Alejandro Gomez-Bruton, Gerardo Rodríguez, José Antonio Casajús, Hernan Morales-Devia and Luis A. Moreno
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:58
  39. Undernutrition constitutes a major problem among children in Hawassa, Ethiopia, and the literature on nutritional status in hospitalised children is scarce. The aim of this study was to investigate dietary div...

    Authors: Vilde K. Hjellbakk, Hailu Hailemariam, Fikadu Reta and Ingunn M. S. Engebretsen
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:57
  40. Mastering language involves the development of expressive and receptive skills among children. While it has been speculated that early temperament plays a role in the acquisition of language, the actual mechan...

    Authors: Yuuka Ishikawa-Omori, Tomoko Nishimura, Atsuko Nakagawa, Akemi Okumura, Taeko Harada, Chikako Nakayasu, Toshiki Iwabuchi, Yuko Amma, Haruka Suzuki, Mohammad Shafiur Rahman, Ryuji Nakahara, Nagahide Takahashi, Yoko Nomura and Kenji J. Tsuchiya
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:56
  41. Newborn care practices that best promote the health and well-being of mother-infant dyads after birth while minimizing transmission of COVID-19 were uncertain at the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic.

    Authors: Margaret G. Parker, Arun Gupta, Helen Healy, Aviel Peaceman, Stephen M. Kerr, Timothy C. Heeren, Mark L. Hudak and Munish Gupta
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:55
  42. Poor child growth and development outcomes stem from complex relationships encompassing biological, behavioral, social, and environmental conditions. However, there is a dearth of research on integrated approa...

    Authors: Patricia L. Kohl, Emmanuel A. Gyimah, Jenna Diaz, F. Matthew Kuhlmann, Sherlie Jean-Louis Dulience, Fithi Embaye, Derek S. Brown, Shenyang Guo, Joan L. Luby, Jennifer L. Nicholas, Jay Turner, Melissa Chapnick, Joseline Marhone Pierre, Jacques Boncy, Rony St. Fleur, Maureen M. Black…
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:54
  43. Triple gallbladder is a rare congenital anomaly of the biliary tract that can be associated with heterotopic tissue. Gallbladder triplication results from the failure of rudimentary bile ducts to regress durin...

    Authors: Leah Ott, John O’Neill, Danielle Cameron, Michael J. Callahan, Amit Grover, Victor L. Fox, Heung Bae Kim, Craig Lillehei and Alex G. Cuenca
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:52

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