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  1. Content type: Research article

    Childhood unintentional injuries (UI) are common but continue to happen more often to children living in less advantaged socioeconomic circumstances (SEC). Our aim was to explore how early life factors mediate...

    Authors: M. Campbell, E. T. C. Lai, A. Pearce, E. Orton, D. Kendrick, S. Wickham and D. C. Taylor-Robinson

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:150

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Maternal alcohol consumption in pregnancy may have adverse effects on child gross motor (GM) development. There have been few human studies on this topic, particularly ones examining low exposure. This study e...

    Authors: Delyse Hutchinson, George J. Youssef, Clare McCormack, Judy Wilson, Steve Allsop, Jake Najman, Elizabeth Elliott, Lucinda Burns, Sue Jacobs, Ingrid Honan, Larissa Rossen, Hannah Fiedler, Samantha Teague, Joanne Ryan, Craig A. Olsson and Richard P. Mattick

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:149

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:222

  3. Content type: Research article

    The prevalence of asthma and obesity have increased over the last decades. A possible association between these two chronic illnesses has been suggested, since the prevalence of asthmatic symptoms rises with i...

    Authors: Yvette E. Lentferink, Nienke E. Boogaart, Walter A. F. Balemans, Catherijne A. J. Knibbe and Marja M. J. van der Vorst

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:148

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Current guidelines for management of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) recommend continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) as the primary mode of respiratory support even in the most premature neonates, res...

    Authors: Fernando R. Moya, Jan Mazela, Paul M. Shore, Steven G. Simonson, Robert Segal, Phillip D. Simmons, Timothy J. Gregory, Carlos G. Guardia, Judy R. Varga and Neil N. Finer

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:147

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Inappropriate complementary feeding practice could result in child illness, sub-optimal growth and development. Evidence shows a huge burden of inappropriate complementary feeding practice from global to natio...

    Authors: Zerihun Berhanu, Taddese Alemu and Dirshaye Argaw

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:146

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  6. Content type: Case report

    Autosomal dominant tubulointerstitial kidney disease (ADTKD) caused by UMOD gene mutation (ADTKD-UMOD) is rare in children, characterized by hyperuricemia, gout, and progressive chronic kidney disease. It usually...

    Authors: Jing Yang, Yu Zhang and Jianhua Zhou

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:145

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Growth monitoring is used to assess the growth rate of a child by periodic and frequent anthropometric measurements in comparison to a standard. However, since the practice has been poor in Ethiopia, this stud...

    Authors: Aschilo Wubet Melkamu, Bikes Destaw Bitew, Esmael Ali Muhammad and Melkamu Tamir Hunegnaw

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:144

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Changes in oxygen saturation (SpO2) exposure have been shown to have a marked impact on neonatal outcomes and therefore careful titration of inspired oxygen is essential. In routine use, however, the frequency of...

    Authors: Malgorzata Warakomska, Thomas E Bachman and Maria Wilinska

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:142

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Children and adolescents with HIV/AIDS are more likely to have emotional and behavioral problems than the general population. This can result in a continuing negative influence on the quality of life, school p...

    Authors: Demewoz Kefale, Abdisa Boka, Zureyash Mengstu, Zelalem Belayneh and Shegaw Zeleke

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:141

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  10. Content type: Study protocol

    Early microbial colonization is a relevant aspect in human health. Altered microbial colonization patterns have been linked to an increased risk of non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Advances in understanding h...

    Authors: Izaskun García-Mantrana, Cristina Alcántara, Marta Selma-Royo, Alba Boix-Amorós, Majda Dzidic, Jose Gimeno-Alcañiz, Isabel Úbeda-Sansano, Ignacio Sorribes-Monrabal, Ramón Escuriet, Fernando Gil-Raga, Anna Parra-Llorca, Cecilia Martínez-Costa and María Carmen Collado

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:140

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  11. Content type: Research article

    It is still unclear if and at which trimester gestational weight gain is related to childhood adiposity. Thus we aimed to evaluate the association between trimester-specific gestational weight gain and body-fa...

    Authors: Wenyi Lu, Xi Zhang, Jiang Wu, Xiaomeng Mao, Xiuhua Shen, Qian Chen, Jun Zhang, Lisu Huang and Qingya Tang

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:139

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  12. Content type: Research article

    To evaluate the association between hematological parameters at birth and the risk of moderate-severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in a cohort of extremely preterm infants.

    Authors: Xueyu Chen, Huitao Li, Xiaomei Qiu, Chuanzhong Yang and Frans J. Walther

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:138

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Acute gastroenteritis (AGE) is a major cause of pediatric morbidity and mortality around the world. It remains a frequent reason for infection-related admissions to emergency units among all age groups. Follow...

    Authors: Ali Salami, Hadi Fakih, Mohamed Chakkour, Lamis Salloum, Hisham F. Bahmad and Ghassan Ghssein

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:137

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  14. Content type: Research article

    No guidelines exist concerning the maintenance antiepileptic drug to use after neonatal seizures. Practices vary from one hospital to another. The aim of this study was to investigate etiologies and to report ...

    Authors: E. Baudou, C. Cances, C. Dimeglio and C. Hachon Lecamus

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:136

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  15. Content type: Correspondence

    This letter has been written by the components of the European Milk Bank Association (EMBA) Working Group on Human Milk Fortification in response to a recent paper published by Mathes et al. (BMC Pediatr. 2018...

    Authors: Sertac Arslanoglu, Caroline King, Clair-Yves Boquien, Delphine Lamireau, Paola Tonetto, Barbara Krolak-Olejnik and Jean-Charles Picaud

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:135

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Any event involving drug therapy that may interfere in a patient’s desired clinical outcome is called a drug related problem (DRP). DRP are very common in intensive therapy, however, little is known about DRP ...

    Authors: Ramon Duarte Leopoldino, Marco Tavares Santos, Tatiana Xavier Costa, Rand Randall Martins and António Gouveia Oliveira

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:134

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Bacterial ventriculitis is a common complication in children with temporary external ventricular drains (EVD) and the diagnosis is challenging. The present study compared the diagnostic accuracy of novel cereb...

    Authors: Mojca Groselj-Grenc, Metka Derganc, Andreja Natasa Kopitar and Maja Pavcnik

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:132

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  18. Content type: Study protocol

    Adolescents with DMD treated with chronic high dose GC therapy typically have profound pubertal delay. Testosterone, the main circulating androgen in men, promotes virilisation and growth with associated accru...

    Authors: C. L. Wood, T. D Cheetham, K. G Hollingsworth, M. Guglieri, Y. Ailins-Sahun, S. Punniyakodi, A. Mayhew and V. Straub

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:131

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Paediatric focal intracranial suppurative infections are uncommon but cause significant mortality and morbidity. There are no uniform guidelines regarding antibiotic treatment. This study reviewed management i...

    Authors: Fabian J. S. van der Velden, Alexandra Battersby, Lucia Pareja-Cebrian, Nicholas Ross, Stephen L. Ball and Marieke Emonts

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:130

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Transient elastography (TE) using FibroScan with M probe has been widely used in adults for controlled attenuation parameter (CAP) and liver stiffness measurement (LSM). In this study, we aimed to assess the f...

    Authors: Jing Zeng, Xi Zhang, Chao Sun, Qin Pan, Wen-Yi Lu, Qian Chen, Li-Su Huang and Jian-Gao Fan

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:129

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  21. Content type: Case report

    Juvenile xanthogranuloma (JXG) belongs to the heterogeneous group of non-Langerhans cell histiocytosis and is caused by an accumulation and proliferation of macrophages. In the majority of cases JXG is a disor...

    Authors: Michaela Höck, Bernhard Zelger, Gisela Schweigmann, Barbara Brunner, Bettina Zelger, Gabriele Kropshofer and Ursula Kiechl-Kohlendorfer

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:128

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Former evidence regarding reference values of abdominal fat percentage (AFP) and optimal anthropometric indicators in predicting abdominal obesity measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scan in Chi...

    Authors: Gengdong Chen, Huanchang Yan, Yuting Hao, Shiksha Shrestha, Jue Wang, Yan Li, Yuanhuan Wei, Jialiang Pan and Zheqing Zhang

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:127

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  23. Content type: Research article

    While ICF-CY-based models of care are promising avenues for improving participation of children with chronic health conditions, feasible and valid instruments to assess participation as an outcome in routine a...

    Authors: Freia De Bock, Catherin Bosle, Christine Graef, Johannes Oepen, Heike Philippi and Michael S. Urschitz

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:125

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  24. Content type: Research article

    To report first clinical experience on three cases of congenital complete heart block and the use of a pacemaker system with a maximum lower rate interval of 95 beats per minute.

    Authors: Stefan Kurath-Koller, Sabrina Schweintzger, Gernot Grangl, Ante Burmas, Andreas Gamillscheg and Martin Koestenberger

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:124

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Obesity and caries in young people are issues of public health concern. Even though research into the relationship between the two conditions has been conducted for many years, to date the results remain equiv...

    Authors: Martha Paisi, Elizabeth Kay, Cathy Bennett, Irene Kaimi, Robert Witton, Robert Nelder and Debra Lapthorne

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:122

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Despite significant advances in neonatology, bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) remains the most common cause of serious morbidity and mortality in premature infants. The aim of the present study was to determin...

    Authors: Young Hwa Jung, Jinhee Jang, Han-Suk Kim, Seung Han Shin, Chang Won Choi, Ee-Kyung Kim and Beyong Il Kim

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:121

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:263

  27. Content type: Research article

    Small-for-gestational-age (SGA) is associated with increased neonatal mortality and morbidity. In low and middle income countries an accurate gestational age is often not known, making the identification of SG...

    Authors: Cecilie Bøge Paulsen, Birgitte Bruun Nielsen, Omari Abdul Msemo, Sofie Lykke Møller, Josephine Roth Ekmann, Thor Grundtvig Theander, Ib Christian Bygbjerg, John Peter Andrea Lusingu, Daniel Thomas Remias Minja and Christentze Schmiegelow

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:120

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Fever is a very common adaptive immune response in acute respiratory tract disorders during infancy. Antipyretic / analgesic drugs such as paracetamol (acetaminophen) are widely used to improve the comfort of ...

    Authors: Georg Seifert, Juliette Brandes-Schramm, Andrea Zimmermann, Walter Lehmacher and Wolfgang Kamin

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:119

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Undernutrition is an important public health indicator for monitoring nutritional status and survival. In spite of its importance, undernutrition is a significant problem health problem in many East African co...

    Authors: Kingsley E. Agho, Blessing J. Akombi, Akhi J. Ferdous, Irene Mbugua and Joseph K. Kamara

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:118

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  30. Content type: Research article

    In different ethnic groups, birth related factors have shown significant influence in the etiology of Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Based on these interesting findings, we aimed to investiga...

    Authors: Subhamita Maitra and Kanchan Mukhopadhyay

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:117

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Current evidence on the health effects of passive smoking on childhood blood pressure is limited and inconsistent. We investigated the associations between exposure to parental smoking and blood pressure in ch...

    Authors: Zilong Zhang, Jun Ma, Zhenghe Wang, Yanhui Dong, Zhaogeng Yang, Bin Dong and Yinghua Ma

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:116

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  32. Content type: Case report

    Gitelman syndrome (GS) is an autosomal recessive disorder and mild variant of classic Bartter syndrome. The latter is caused by defects in the genes CLCNKB and/or CLCNKA (chloride voltage-gated channel Ka and Kb)...

    Authors: Yuanmei Kong, Ke Xu, Ke Yuan, Jianfang Zhu, Weiyue Gu, Li Liang and Chunlin Wang

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:114

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:324

  33. Content type: Research article

    Anemia remains a major public health problem among children under five years old in Ethiopia, rising unexpectedly from 44% national prevalence in 2011 to 57% in 2016. In this study, we investigated the househo...

    Authors: Shimels Hussien Mohammed, Tesfa Dejenie Habtewold and Ahmad Esmaillzadeh

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:113

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Controlled attenuation parameter (CAP) is a recently introduced, non-invasive and quantitative method to evaluate hepatic steatosis demonstrated in adults, but limited in obesity and not well evaluated in chil...

    Authors: Jaeseung Shin, Myung-Joon Kim, Hyun Joo Shin, Haesung Yoon, Seung Kim, Hong Koh and Mi-Jung Lee

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:112

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  35. Content type: Research article

    As survivorship care plan (SCP) use among childhood cancer survivors and their families has not been extensively researched, we report on their experiences with receiving an SCP after the completion of therapy.

    Authors: Samantha T. Pannier, Karely Mann, Echo L. Warner, Stephanie Rosen, Akanksha Acharya, Claire Hacking, Cheryl Gerdy, Jennifer Wright, Yelena P. Wu and Anne C. Kirchhoff

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:111

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  36. Content type: Research article

    The aim was to investigate the incidence of postoperative complications to surgery for necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) with primary focus on enterostomy related complications.

    Authors: Jens Kristian Bælum, Lars Rasmussen, Niels Qvist and Mark Bremholm Ellebæk

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:110

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  37. Content type: Research article

    In low-resource settings, the lack of mental health professionals and cross-culturally validated screening instruments complicates mental health care delivery. This is especially the case for very young childr...

    Authors: Fabienne Nackers, Thomas Roederer, Caroline Marquer, Scholastic Ashaba, Samuel Maling, Juliet Mwanga-Amumpaire, Sothara Muny, Chea Sokeo, Vireak Shom, Maria Palha, Pauline Lefèbvre, Beatrice W. Kirubi, Grace Kamidigo, Bruno Falissard, Marie-Rose Moro and Rebecca F. Grais

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:108

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  38. Content type: Research article

    To investigate the prevalence and risk factors of premature thelarche (PT) in girls and gynecomastia (GM) in boys in Southern China.

    Authors: Jianwei Zhang, Jinliang Xu, Lifang Liu, Xiaohua Xu, Xinxian Shu, Zhifeng Yang, Lanqiu LV, Xiding Cai, Xianjiang Jin, Zaiyan Gu and Junfen Fu

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:107

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  39. Content type: Case report

    Familial hypercholesterolaemia (FH) is the most common inherited metabolic disease with an autosomal dominant mode of inheritance. It is characterised by raised serum levels of total cholesterol (TC) and low-d...

    Authors: Noor Shafina Mohd Nor, Alyaa Mahmood Al-Khateeb, Yung-An Chua, Noor Alicezah Mohd Kasim and Hapizah Mohd Nawawi

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:106

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Antimicrobial stewardship programs potentially lead to appropriate antibiotic use, yet the optimal approach for neonates is uncertain. Such a program was implemented in a tertiary care neonatal intensive care ...

    Authors: Nisha Thampi, Prakesh S. Shah, Sandra Nelson, Amisha Agarwal, Marilyn Steinberg, Yenge Diambomba and Andrew M. Morris

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:105

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Effects of obesity prevention interventions in early childhood are only meaningful if they are sustained over time, but long-term follow-up studies are rare. The school-based cluster-randomised Healthy School ...

    Authors: Åsa Norman, Zangin Zeebari, Gisela Nyberg and Liselotte Schäfer Elinder

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:104

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  42. Content type: Research article

    The present study was the first one aimed to investigate the current muscle fitness and its associated factors among children and adolescents in mainland China.

    Authors: Huijing He, Li Pan, Jianwei Du, Feng Liu, Yuming Jin, Jingang Ma, Li Wang, Pengben Jia, Zhiping Hu and Guangliang Shan

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:101

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