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  1. This study aimed to explore lymphocyte subset determinations as an aid to understanding the pathophysiology of infectious mononucleosis (IM), pneumonia due to mycoplasma infection (P-MI) and Henoch–Schönlein ...

    Authors: Liang Zhao, Hao Wang, Hua-Xing Wei and Yong Lv
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:698
  2. Vaccine is the most essential avenue to prevent hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in infants and preschool children in China, with the largest populations carrying HBV in the world. This study aimed to evaluat...

    Authors: Shan Tan, Shizhou Li, Jianxiang Dong, Hongmei Dai, Minghua Yang, Fang Sun, Yang Yang, Jie Jiang, Shan Zhu, Mingyi Zhao and Zhiheng Chen
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:697
  3. There are a trend towards increasing use of High-Flow Nasal Cannula (HFNC), outside of paediatric intensive care unit. Give this trend is necessary to update the actual evidence and to assess available publish...

    Authors: Jefferson Antonio Buendía, John Edwin Feliciano-Alfonso and Mauricio Fernandez Laverde
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:696
  4. Intrahepatic bile duct (IHBD) stones are one of the most common late complications of Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy for congenital biliary dilatation (CBD). We report the current treatment strategies for IHBD ...

    Authors: Atsuro Takimoto, Shigehisa Fumino, Masafumi Iguchi, Masakazu Takemoto, Shohei Takayama, Kiyokazu Kim, Mayumi Higashi and Shigeyoshi Aoi
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:695
  5. Pediatric meningioma with YAP1 fusion is a rare subset of meningiomas. Currently, there are lack of integrated clinical, radiological, and pathological features on this subset. Here, we reported a case of pediatr...

    Authors: Xuan Zheng, Shaolei Guo, Dawei Liu, Jianping Chu, Yongfu Li, Xiaoxuan Wang, Xing Zhang, Chao Song and Quan Huang
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:694
  6. Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) with refractory gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms is always difficult to handle because of its resistance to supportive therapies and glucocorticoid. This study aimed to evaluate th...

    Authors: Xiaolu Zhang, Ruochen Che, Haisheng Xu, Guixia Ding, Fei Zhao, Songming Huang and Aihua Zhang
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:692
  7. Several studies showed that parenting intervention programs play a core component in early child development. Considering the limited healthcare resources in developing countries, group-session intervention ba...

    Authors: Maryam Bemanalizadeh, Negin Badihian, Mehri Khoshhali, Shervin Badihian, Neda Hosseini, Marziye Purpirali, Mansoore Abadian, Omid Yaghini, Seyede Shahrbanoo Daniali and Roya Kelishadi
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:690
  8. Access to various affordable and nutritious foods is considered a challenging factor for households with limited resources affecting the proper weaning practices. In order to motivate communities to adhere to ...

    Authors: Ammal M. Metwally, Sara F. Sallam, Mohamed A. Abdel Mawla, Khadija M. Alian, Ghada A. Abdel-Latif, Hasanin M. Hasanin, Ayat N. Kamal, Carine Hanna, Salwa M. El Shebini, Nihad H. Ahmed, Hoda B. Mabrok, Maha H. Mahmoud, Ahmed S. Ismail, Samia A. W. Boseila, Inas R. El-Alameey, Nermine N. Mahfouz…
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:689
  9. Intensive physical stress in sepsis can induce the disorder of endocrine function and impact the clinical course and prognosis. Low T3 syndrome has been verified to be the predictive indicator of poor prognosi...

    Authors: Li’na Fu, Wenjun Long, Tonglin Liu, Yu Chen, Shimin Wu, Dandan Li, Kang Liu, Yuan Gao and Xiaoping Luo
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:687
  10. To date, this is the only report showing with close and consecutive magnetic resonance images the extremely rapid response of two types of pediatric low-grade gliomas (PLGG) to vemurafenib and its impact on th...

    Authors: Gianluca Piccolo, Antonio Verrico, Giovanni Morana, Gianluca Piatelli, Patrizia De Marco, Valentina Iurilli, Manila Antonelli, Gabriele Gaggero, Antonia Ramaglia, Marco Crocco, Samuele Caruggi, Claudia Milanaccio, Maria Luisa Garrè and Marco Pavanello
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:685
  11. This study aimed to evaluate and compare two surgical approaches to repair ventricular septal defect (VSD) with patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) and to explore the patients’ health-related quality of life (HRQoL).

    Authors: Zhi-Huang Qiu, Qing-Song Wu, Jun Xiao, Tian-Ci Chai, Mi-Rong Tang, Xian-Biao Xie, Dong-Shao Liao and Liang-Wan Chen
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:684
  12. Primary central nervous system (CNS) germ cell tumors (GCTs) are rare neoplasms predominantly observed in the pediatric and young adult populations. A mixed GCT including immature teratoma exhibiting growing t...

    Authors: Sosho Kajiwara, Hideo Nakamura, Kiyohiko Sakata, Satoru Komaki, Tetsuya Negoto and Motohiro Morioka
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:683
  13. Studies have reported significant effect of geographically shared variables on new-born baby weight. Although there is growing use of community-based child health interventions in public health research, such ...

    Authors: Natasha Sakala and Tsirizani M. Kaombe
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:682
  14. Smartphone use has increased significantly, especially during the period of global pandemic caused by the novel SARS-CoV2 coronavirus (COVID-19). Concurrently, smartphone addiction is a growing social problem ...

    Authors: Hamid Reza Mokhtarinia, Maryam Heydari Torkamani, Ozra Farmani, Akbar Biglarian and Charles Philip Gabel
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:681
  15. Omphalocele is a congenital abdominal wall defect of the umbilical cord insertion site. A giant omphalocele, with a fascial defect > 5 cm in diameter and/or containing > 50% of the liver within the hernia sac,...

    Authors: Yoichi Nakagawa, Hiroo Uchida, Akinari Hinoki, Chiyoe Shirota, Wataru Sumida, Satoshi Makita, Hizuru Amano, Masamune Okamoto, Aitaro Takimoto, Seiya Ogata, Shunya Takada, Daiki Kato and Yousuke Gohda
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:680
  16. SJD a Casa is an acute pediatric hospital-at-home program that was initiated in 2019. For a thorough understanding of acute pediatric homecare programs, an analysis of all related factors, including the medica...

    Authors: Astrid Batlle, Santiago Thió-Henestrosa, Imma Boada, Sandra López, Isabel Moya, José Carlos Fernández, Mariona Fernández de Sevilla and Juan José García-García
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:679
  17. Screening for G6PD deficiency in newborns can help prevent severe hemolysis, hyperbilirubinemia, and bilirubin encephalopathy, as recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO). It has been speculated that...

    Authors: Thanaporn Pimpakan, Punchalee Mungkalasut, Pornchinee Tansakul, Makamas Chanda, Watcharapong Jugnam-Ang, Supamas Charucharana, Poonlarp Cheepsunthorn, Suthat Fucharoen, Santi Punnahitananda and Chalisa Louicharoen Cheepsunthorn
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:678
  18. To examine whether the levels of aggressive behaviors and other individual and contextual variables differ between left-behind adolescents (LBA) and not left-behind adolescents (NLBA) and explore associations ...

    Authors: Fang Yang, Zhiyu Jin, Jing He, Bingsong Han, Xinyuan Huang, Kun Chen and Jiana Wang
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:677
  19. Intensive care is of great significance for very low birth weight infants (VLBWI). The Yangtze River Delta is the most ecomonically developed area in China. However, there are few data on the care practices an...

    Authors: Tianchan Lyu, Yibo Tao, Wei Hua, Liling Li, Yunfei Tang, Yumei Jin, Yan Wang, Yuelan Ma, Futing Ji, Yalan Dou, Yun Cao and Xiao-jing Hu
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:676
  20. X-linked hyper-immunoglobulin M (XHIGM), a primary immunodeficiency syndrome caused by mutations in the CD40 ligand gene(CD40LG), presents with recurrent respiratory infections in pediatric patients. We aimed to ...

    Authors: Huifeng Fan, Li Huang, Diyuan Yang, Changhao Zhang, Qiang Zeng, Genquan Yin, Gen Lu and Kunling Shen
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:675
  21. Family Integrated Care (FICare) benefits preterm infants compared with Family-Centered Care (FCC), but research is lacking in United States (US) Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICUs). The outcomes for infants ...

    Authors: Linda S. Franck, Caryl L. Gay, Thomas J. Hoffmann, Rebecca M. Kriz, Robin Bisgaard, Diana M. Cormier, Priscilla Joe, Brittany Lothe and Yao Sun
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:674
  22. Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease (KFD) is a self-limiting and benign disease characterized by cervical lymphadenopathy and fever. Although KFD should be made differentially diagnosed from infectious, autoimmune, and m...

    Authors: Chenxi Liu, Yingying Jin, Hua Huang, Fei Ding, Zhen Yang, Xuemei Xu, Shengfang Bao, Jing Ma and Yanliang Jin
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:673
  23. Pharmacological intervention with laxatives is the conventional treatment for functional constipation (FC). Data to support the dietary management of FC is lacking. This study compared the efficacy of two Comf...

    Authors: Daniel Alfonso Cisneros Sevilla, Denise Hofman, Sergio Díaz Madero, Miriam Contreras Fernández, Urszula Kudla, Eva Kontopodi, Jeske H. J. Hageman, Darelia Alelí Topete Ángel and Joshué David Covarrubias Esquer
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:672
  24. Globally 3.8 million of children under 6 month of age are severely wasted. In Yemen, around 20% of children under 6 months were affected by malnutrition during the armed conflict in the last 7 years. Supplemen...

    Authors: Mohamed Salem Mohamed Baazab, Jalal Ali Bilal, Iman Ali Ba-Saddik and Ali Mohammed Arabi
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:671
  25. Acquired immune deficiency syndrome is an infectious disease caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) that primarily targets an individual's immune system. In Ethiopia, nearly 24% of HIV-related deaths...

    Authors: Gebrie Getu Alemu, Zelalem Mehari Nigussie, Baye Tsegaye Amlak and Anemaw Asrat Achamyeleh
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:670
  26. The outbreak and ongoing transmission of Zika virus provided an opportunity to strengthen essential newborn care and early childhood development systems through collaboration with the US Agency for Internation...

    Authors: Kera McNelis, Nina Prasanphanich, Susanne P. Martin-Herz, Terrell Carter, Hannah Foehringer Merchant, Janna Patterson, Salwan Hager, Tamar Chitashvili, Shivon Belle Jarvis and Beena D. Kamath-Rayne
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:669
  27. Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a life-threatening disease characterized by some clinical signs (e.g., non-remitting fever, hepatosplenomegaly) and laboratory findings (e.g., cytopenia, increased f...

    Authors: Payman Sadeghi, Golnaz Ghazizadeh Esslami, Hassan Rokni-Zadeh, Majid Changi-Ashtiani and Reihaneh Mohsenipour
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:667
  28. Research on myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein antibody (MOG-Ab)-associated disease (MOGAD) among Chinese children is relatively rare. Therefore, this study aimed to explore and analyze the clinical character...

    Authors: Xiaoang Sun, Meiyan Liu, Xiaona Luo, Fang Yuan, Chunmei Wang, Simei Wang, Quanmei Xu, Yuanfeng Zhang and Yucai Chen
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:666
  29. Dental trauma is common among children. It has negative effects on a child’s quality of life. Parental knowledge, especially among mothers is an important factor for the long-term success of this emergency. Th...

    Authors: Zahra Momeni, Sanaz Afzalsoltani and Mahmoudreza Moslemzadehasl
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:665
  30. The incidence of early-onset vitamin K deficiency bleeding (VKDB) in at-risk neonates who did not receive vitamin K supplementation varied from 6 to 12%. This case report aims to show that VKDB can occur abrup...

    Authors: Harapan Parlindungan Ringoringo, Katherine Richel Tambunan, Fajar Khalis Ananda, Felynawati Nawati and Yanuar Nusca Permana
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:663
  31. Although there has been promising progress in the reduction of child mortality from ARI, the magnitude is high yet, especially in East Africa. Since mothers/guardians decide upon the type and frequency of heal...

    Authors: Dagmawi Chilot, Kegnie Shitu, Yibeltal Yismaw Gela, Mihret Getnet, Bezawit Mulat, Mengistie Diress and Daniel Gashaneh Belay
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:662
  32. Iron deficiency is one of the most important factors of anemia which is caused by poor iron intake. In addition, children need more iron because of their rapid growth. On the other side, daily intake of iron i...

    Authors: Daniel Gashaneh Belay, Melaku Hunie Asratie, Anteneh Ayelign Kibret, Kegnie Shitu, Dawit Tefera Fentie, Yalelet Fentaw Shiferaw and Baye Tsegaye Amlak
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:661
  33. Having infants sleep with their parents and sleeping face down or on their sides are the two most proximate and modifiable risk factors for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Little is known about the burden...

    Authors: Godwin K. Osei-Poku, Lawrence Mwananyanda, Patricia A. Elliot, William B. MacLeod, Somwe Wa Somwe, Rachel C. Pieciak and Christopher J. Gill
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:660
  34. HIV testing is a crucial starting point for prevention, early diagnosis, and treatment of HIV. Sub-Saharan Africa has the highest global HIV/AIDS prevalence and mortality, yet HIV testing remains sub-optimal. ...

    Authors: Mi Sook Jung, Nondumiso Satiso Dlamini, Xirong Cui and Kyeongin Cha
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:659
  35. To detect differentially expressed genes in patients with neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) by bioinformatics methods and to provide new ideas and research directions for the prevention, early diagnosis...

    Authors: Xuexiu Liu, Xianhong Zhang, Luquan Li, Jianhui Wang, Yanhan Chen and Liping Wu
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:658
  36. Parents of children who have a congenital anomaly can experience significant worry about their child’s health. Access to clear, helpful, and trustworthy information can provide a valuable source of support. In...

    Authors: Elena Marcus, Anna Latos-Bielenska, Anna Jamry-Dziurla, Ingeborg Barišić, Clara Cavero-Carbonell, Elly Den Hond, Ester Garne, Lucas Genard, Ana João Santos, LRenée Lutke, Carlos Matias Dias, Christina Neergaard Pedersen, Amanda J. Neville, Annika Niemann, Ljubica Odak, Anna Pierini…
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:657
  37. The purpose of this study, conducted within the framework of the project entitled ‘Let’s get the kids moving’, was to determine the associations between children’s longitudinal and transverse foot arch and the...

    Authors: Sara Górna, Katarzyna Pazdro-Zastawny, Alicja Basiak-Rasała, Mateusz Kolator, Joanna Krajewska and Tomasz Zatoński
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:656
  38. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the American Academy of Pediatrics recommend that symptomatic children remain home and get tested to identify potential coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) ca...

    Authors: Geena Y. Zhou, Nicole Y. Penwill, Grace Cheng, Prachi Singh, Ann Cheung, Minkyung Shin, Margaret Nguyen, Shalini Mittal, William Burrough, Mia-Ashley Spad, Sarah Bourne, Naomi S. Bardach and Emily R. Perito
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:655
  39. Hirschsprung-associated enterocolitis (HAEC), one of the most significant causes of morbidity and mortality for patients with Hirschsprung disease (HSCR), can occur before and after radical surgery. This study...

    Authors: Chuanping Xie, Jiayu Yan, Zhiyi Zhang, Wang Kai, Zengmeng Wang and Yajun Chen
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:654
  40. In 2018, nearly 90% of the global children living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) were in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Compared to the adult population, antiretroviral therapy (ART) coverage among childre...

    Authors: Melkamu Merid Mengesha, Mulugeta Embibel, Tesfaye Gobena, Abayneh Tunje, Degu Jerene and Inger Kristensson Hallström
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:653
  41. A balanced nutrition is important for children’s physical and cognitive development; yet, remains a challenge in many parts of low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Early detection of nutritional deficienc...

    Authors: Sylvain G. Traoré, Kouadio B. Kouassi, Jean T. Coulibaly, Johanna Beckmann, Bomey C. Gba, Christin Lang, Kurt Z. Long, Daouda Dao, Markus Gerber, Nicole Probst-Hensch, Uwe Pühse, Jürg Utzinger and Bassirou Bonfoh
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:651
  42. Duplication of the common bile duct (CBD) is extremely rare among the anatomical variations in the biliary tract system, which presents a septum within the CBD or an accessory CBD. In our study, we report a ra...

    Authors: Huixue Sheng, Guiling Chen, Ming Yang and Hongmei Guan
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:647

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