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  1. Lebanon has the highest prevalence estimates among Middle Eastern countries and Arab women regarding cigarette smoking, with 43% of men and 28% of women involved in such trends. Marital disruption is a tremend...

    Authors: Vanessa Azzi, Katia Iskandar, Sahar Obeid and Souheil Hallit
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:471
  2. It is common that inadequate nutritional intake happens in patients with congenital heart disease (CHD), which can adversely affect the prognosis of patients. However, the details and reasons are not clear eno...

    Authors: Ping Ni, Mingjie Zhang, Yibei Wu, Wenyi Luo and Zhuoming Xu
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:470
  3. The administration of antenatal corticosteroids (ACS) to women who are at risk of preterm birth has been proven to reduce not only the mortality, but also the major morbidities of the preterm infants. The rate...

    Authors: Qing Wang, Siyuan Jiang, Xuefeng Hu, Chao Chen, Yun Cao, Shoo Kim Lee and Jiang-Qin Liu
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:469
  4. Findings from manometry studies and contrast imaging reveal functioning gastric physiology in newborns with duodenal atresia and stenosis. Stomach reservoir function should therefore be valuable in aiding the ...

    Authors: Dolrudee Aroonsaeng, Paul D. Losty and Pornsri Thanachatchairattana
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:467
  5. Inappropriate use of antibiotics is among the major causes of the global emergency of antibiotic resistance among children. The problem of inappropriate use of antibiotics among children is of special concern ...

    Authors: Redson Biswick Machongo and Alinane Linda Nyondo Mipando
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:466
  6. Milk fat globule membrane (MFGM), natural to breast milk, is essential for neonatal development, but lacking from standard infant formulas.

    Authors: BoWen Jiang, Yong Xia, LiHong Zhou, XiaoYing Liang, XuHui Chen, MeiZhen Chen, XiaoXia Li, Shan Lin, Nai Zhang, Ling Zheng, Miao Tao, Peter Petocz, Sophie Gallier, Angela Rowan and Bing Wang
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:465
  7. Post-mortem imaging has been suggested as an alternative to conventional autopsy in the prenatal and postnatal periods. Noninvasive autopsies do not provide tissue for histological examination, which may limit...

    Authors: Christoph Martin Rüegger, Dominic Gascho, Peter Karl Bode, Elisabeth Bruder, Christian Haslinger, Steffen Ross, Kevin Schmid, Claudia Knöpfli, Lisa J. Hofer, Leonhard Held, Rosa Maria Martinez and Hans Ulrich Bucher
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:464
  8. Asthma and allergic complications are the most common chronic disorders in children and adolescents. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and severity of asthma, allergic rhinitis, eczema among schoolc...

    Authors: Maryam Dastoorpoor, Narges Khodadadi, Farzan Madadizadeh, Hanieh Raji, Elham Shahidizadeh, Esmaeil Idani and Maryam Haddadzadeh Shoushtari
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:463
  9. We performed a single-centre retrospective analysis using data from databases that were prospectively maintained in our centre between January 2019 and September 2021. Patients were divided into two groups bas...

    Authors: Jin-Xi Huang, Qiang Chen, Song-Ming Hong, Jun-Jie Hong and Hua Cao
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:462
  10. Glucose phosphate isomerase (GPI) deficiency is a rare autosomal recessive disorder that causes hereditary nonspherocytic hemolytic anemia (HNSHA). Homozygous or compound heterozygous mutation of the GPI gene ...

    Authors: Yumei Zu, Hui Wang, Weijia Lin and Chaochun Zou
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:461
  11. Constipation is one of the common symptoms in childhood. The prevalence of FC is about 0.5% to 32% and still on the rise according to global statistics. The aim of this study is to explore the associations bet...

    Authors: Yushuo Niu, Ting Liu, Ni Ran, Kuinan Li, Yaru Sun, Xin Wang, Kun Guo and Xiuling Yang
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:460
  12. Variants in the DEPDC5 have been proved to be main cause of not only various dominant familial focal epilepsies, but also sporadic focal epilepsies. In the present study, a novel variant in DEPDC5 was detected in...

    Authors: Chunyu Gu, Xiaowei Lu, Jinhui Ma, Linjie Pu, Xiufang Zhi, Jianbo Shu, Dong Li and Chunquan Cai
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:459
  13. The incidence of type 2 diabetes (T2D) in adolescents is increasing, affecting the overall health and quality of life of adolescents and their families. Despite the serious health consequences of T2D, few stud...

    Authors: Shelley Spurr, Jill Bally and Nahia Nalwooga
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:458
  14. The incidence of acute pancreatitis in children is increasing, but causes and diagnostic and therapeutic methods are various in different centers. The aim of this study was to investigate the common causes and...

    Authors: Mahsa Soti Khiabani, Mahya Sadat Mohammadi, Seyyed Amirreza Ghoreyshi, Pejman Rohani, Hosein Alimadadi and Mohammad Hassan Sohouli
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:457

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:494

  15. Little is known about the views of adolescents returning to secondary school during the current COVID-19 pandemic.

    Authors: Annabel A. Powell, Georgina Ireland, Felicity Aiano, Jessica Flood, Zahin Amin-Chowdhury, Joanne Beckmann, Joanna Garstang, Ifeanyichukwu Okike, Shazaad Ahmad, Mary E. Ramsay, Shamez N. Ladhani and Frances Baawuah
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:456
  16. Authors: Hanne-Mari Schiøtz Thorud, Randi Mork, Cecilie Onshuus Bjørset, Stuart J. Gilson, Lene A. Hagen, Trine Langaas, Hilde R. Pedersen, Ellen Svarverud, Gro Horgen Vikesdal and Rigmor C. Baraas
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:454

    The original article was published in BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:416

  17. Pneumonia is a serious problem that threatens the health of newborns. This study aimed to investigate the clinical characteristics of hospitalized term and preterm infants with community-acquired viral pneumonia.

    Authors: Xinxian Guan, Shasha Gao, He Zhao, Huiting Zhou, Yan Yang, Shenglin Yu and Jian Wang
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:452
  18. In children, obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) can cause cognitive dysfunctions. Amyloid-beta and tau are elevated in OSA. Neurofilament light (NfL) is a marker of neuro-axonal damage, but there are no reports of ...

    Authors: Yewen Shi, Yani Feng, Xi Chen, Lina Ma, Zine Cao, Lei Shang, Bingjie Zhao, Ningning She, Yitong Zhang, Chao Si, Haiqin Liu, Junjie Zhao and Xiaoyong Ren
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:449
  19. Lack of appropriate temperature management has been associated with significant adverse outcomes in preterm and low birthweight neonates. There is a lack of similar investigations in the late preterm (340–366) an...

    Authors: Laura Nguyen, Nicholas Mitsakakis, Ewa Sucha, Brigitte Lemyre and Sarah Linda Lawrence
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:447
  20. Children who initiate antiretroviral therapy (ART) before age 5 years can recover height and weight compared to uninfected peers, but growth outcomes are unknown for children initiating ART at older ages. We i...

    Authors: Victoria Simms, Grace McHugh, Ethel Dauya, Tsitsi Bandason, Hilda Mujuru, Kusum Nathoo, Shungu Munyati, Helen A. Weiss and Rashida A. Ferrand
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:446
  21. Child health, especially childhood mortality, is one of the critical indicators of human development. No child mortality is desirable, but it is still high in Bangladesh. We aimed to assess the effect of the c...

    Authors: Md. Zakiul Alam and Md. Syful Islam
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:445
  22. Kawasaki disease (KD) is a medium and small vessel vasculitis which usually has a good response to immunoglobulin therapy (IVIG). We present a case of incomplete KD with IVIG resistance associated with an unus...

    Authors: Thabitha Jebaseeli Hoole, Arjuna Salinda Athapathu and Anoma Damayanthi Abeygunawardene
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:444
  23. The study was aimed to describe caries prevalence and severity and health inequalities among Italian preschool children with European and non-European background and to explore the potential presence of a soci...

    Authors: Guglielmo Campus, Fabio Cocco, Laura Strohmenger, Thomas Gerhard Wolf, Araxi Balian, Antonella Arghittu and Maria Grazia Cagetti
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:443
  24. The "Law on Doctors of the People's Republic of China," which was officially implemented on March 1, 2022, emphasizes the requirements for rational drug use and the necessity for appropriate management of off-...

    Authors: Min Meng, Enmei Liu, Bo Zhang, Quan Lu, Xiaobo Zhang, Bin Ge, Ye Wu, Li Wang, Mo Wang, Zhengxiu Luo, Ziyu Hua, Xiaoling Wang, Wei Zhao, Yi Zheng, Xinan Wu, Ruiling Zhao…
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:442
  25. Mortality among under-five children in Tanzania remains high. While early presentation for treatment increases likelihood of survival, delays to care are common and factors causing delay to presentation among ...

    Authors: Alphonce N. Simbila, Said S. Kilindimo, Hendry R. Sawe, Zawadi E. Kalezi, Amne O. Yussuf, Hussein K. Manji, Germana Leyna, Juma A. Mfinanga and Ellen J. Weber
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:441
  26. Pediatric splenic torsion is a rare entity, and the most common cause is wandering spleen. This study aimed to summarize our clinical experience in the diagnosis and surgical treatment pediatric patients with ...

    Authors: Zengmeng Wang, Chunhui Peng, Dongyang Wu, Kai Wang and Yajun Chen
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:440
  27. Vitamin A is a nutrient that is required in a small amount for normal visual system function, growth and development, epithelia’s cellular integrity, immune function, and reproduction. Vitamin A has a signific...

    Authors: Tadele Abate Lucha, Teklu Assefa Engida and Admassu Ketsela Mengistu
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:439
  28. Cholecystohepatic duct is a rare anomaly of the biliary system which involves drainage of bile into the gallbladder which may be associated with agenesis of the common hepatic duct or common bile duct.

    Authors: Samin Khoei, Payam Riahi Samani, Faezeh Fazelnia and Neda Pak
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:438
  29. Caffeine is a routinely prescribed pharmacological active compound in neonatal intensive care units (NICU) for treating apnea of prematurity (AOP), which also decreases the risk of bronchopulmonary dysplasia a...

    Authors: Manoj Kumar, Amin Ali, Muhammad Azeem Khan, Sadia Sohail, Syed Muzafar Saleem, Midhat Khan, Fizzah Naz, Wasif Ahmed Khan, Muhammad Sohail Salat, Kashif Hussain and Gul Ambreen
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:437
  30. Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is an X-linked recessive inherited disorder caused by the absence of the Dystrophin protein. Cerebral cavernous malformations (CCMs) are the most common vascular abnormalities...

    Authors: Detong Guo, Xuemei Li, Nan Liu, Xiaoli Yu, Jianbo Shu, Wenchao Sheng, Dong Li and Chunquan Cai
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:436
  31. RANK/RANKL/OPG axis was implicated in many pathological conditions. The study aimed to assess the relationship between the studied RANK, RANKL, and OPG polymorphisms and alleles and cognitive impairment in chi...

    Authors: Suzan Omar Mousa, Asmaa Hosni Abd El-Hafez, Mostafa Ahmed Abu El-ela, Mohamed Aboul-fotouh Mourad, Rasha Nady Saleh and Samira Zain Sayed
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:435
  32. Many aspects of microbial dissemination appear to vary with host cholesterol levels. Since neonatal septicemia remains a leading cause of newborn admissions and mortality in resource-limited settings, the cont...

    Authors: Kenneth Ssebambulidde, Anthony Kayiira, Ivan Segawa, Sylvia Namanda, Victoria Nakibuuka, Victor Musiime and Theresa H. Ward
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:434
  33. Research on intra- and inter-regional variations in emergency department (ED) visits among children can provide a better understanding of the patterns of ED utilization and further insight into how contextual ...

    Authors: Piotr Wilk, Alana Maltby, Tammy Lau, Anna C. Gunz, Alvaro Osornio-Vargas, Shelby S. Yamamoto, Shehzad Ali and Éric Lavigne
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:432
  34. This study aimed to analyze the reliability of the tests included in the motor competence assessment (MCA) battery and compare the effects of the number of trials per test. Thirty female volleyball players (14...

    Authors: Ana Filipa Silva, Hadi Nobari, Georgian Badicu, Halil Ibrahim Ceylan, Ricardo Lima, Maria João Lagoa, Carlos Luz and Filipe Manuel Clemente
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:430
  35. The 1-year cumulative incidence of AKI reportedly is high (52%) in pediatric neoplastic disorders. About half of these events occur within 2 weeks. However, subclinical AKI episodes may remain unrecognized by ...

    Authors: Erika Bíró, István Szegedi, Csongor Kiss, Anna V. Oláh, Mark Dockrell, Robert G. Price and Tamás Szabó
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:429
  36. Evidence suggests that the interactive effects of physical activity, screen-time and sleep are stronger than independent effects of these behaviors on pediatric obesity. However, this hypothesis has not been f...

    Authors: Geronimo Bejarano, Riley P. Brayton, Nalini Ranjit, Deanna M. Hoelscher, Danielle Brown and Gregory Knell
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:428
  37. Pediatric gastrointestinal basidiobolomycosis is an unusual fungal infection caused by Basidiobolus ranarum, an environmental saprophyte found worldwide. Typically, basidiobolomycosis presents as a subcutaneous i...

    Authors: Sameera Mohmmed Aljehani, Tasneem Ibraheem D. Zaidan, Noora Obaid AlHarbi, Bader Hassan Allahyani, Baha Ridah Zouaoui, Reham Hamed Alsaidalan and Saud Mohammed Aljohani
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:427
  38. Pegylated interferon alpha-2a (peg-IFN α-2a) and entecavir (ETV) are both recommended as the first-line antiviral drugs for chronic hepatitis B (CHB) at present. We aimed to compare the efficacy and safety bet...

    Authors: Yi He, Yingzhi Zhou, Huimin Wang, Xiaorong Peng, Yunan Chang, Peng Hu, Hong Ren and Hongmei Xu
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:426
  39. The leading cause of neonatal death worldwide is birth asphyxia. Yearly, in the first month of life, 2.5 million children died around the world. Birth asphyxia is a major problem, particularly in developing na...

    Authors: Nigusie Selomon Tibebu, Tigabu Desie Emiru, Chalie Marew Tiruneh, Bisrat Dessie Getu, Moges Wubneh Abate, Adane Birhanu Nigat, Berihun Bantie, Getasew Legas, Belete Gelaw Walle, Mulualem Gete Feleke and Endalk Birrie
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:425
  40. Pediculosis is an important social challenge that can be caused by human head louse, Pediculus humanus capitis. This infestation is cosmopolitan, especially in countries with low hygiene and sanitation. Regular h...

    Authors: Mohsen Najjari, Mohammad Amin Gorouhi, Hossein Zarrinfar, Bibi Razieh Hosseini Farash, Jamshid Jamali, Elham Moghaddas and Mohammad Ebrahimipuor
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:424
  41. The status of children’s early motor skills play an important role during childhood and across lifetime. This study described FMS proficiency among boys (n = 189) and girls (n = 179) kindergarten children from 3 ...

    Authors: Xiaohui Xia, Liang Chao, Chen Nan, Xuejuan Yin, Huifang Zheng and Sheping Zhang
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:423

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