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  1. Cherubism is known as a very rare autosomal dominant familial disorder of childhood caused by a mutation in the SH3BP2 gene on 4p16.3. It has not yet been observed at birth and is usually diagnosed in children...

    Authors: Seyedeh Sedigheh Hamzavi, Alireza Askari, Rosemina Bahrololoom, Maral Mokhtari, Anahita Sanaei Dashti, Fatemeh Yarmahmoodi and Somaye Rashidi
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:402
  2. With a wide therapeutic index, efficacy, ease of use, and other neuroprotective and respiratory benefits, caffeine citrate(CC) is currently the drug of choice for preterm neonates (PTNs). Caffeine-induced exce...

    Authors: Saeed Ahmed, Ayaz ur Rehman, Zainab Bibi, Sundus Iftikhar, Maleeha Raza, Hafiz Mohammad Amir Yousuf, Fizzah Naz, Syed Adil Mir Shah, Syeda Lamiya Mir, Ayesha Bibi, Wasif Ahmed Khan, Muhammad Sohail Salat, Gul Ambreen and Kashif Hussain
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:401
  3. Influenza is a main cause of illnesses during seasonal outbreaks. Identifying children with influenza who may need hospitalization may lead to better influenza outcomes.

    Authors: Rattapon Uppala, Nattapon Seenoikhao, Phanthila Sitthikarnkha, Sirapoom Niamsanit, Suchaorn Saengnipanthkul, Leelawadee Techasatian and Prapassara Sirikarn
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:399
  4. Accidental and assault gunshot wounds (GSWs) are the second leading cause of injury in the United States for youth ages 1- to 17-years-old, resulting in significant negative effects on pediatric patients’ ment...

    Authors: Molly E. Hale, Kahyah Pinkman, Alexis M. Quinoy and Kindell R. Schoffner
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:397
  5.  Chronic enteropathy associated with SLCO2A1 gene (CEAS) is a unique type of inflammatory bowel disease. CEAS is monogenic disease and is thought to develop from childhood, but studies on pediatric CEAS are scarc...

    Authors: Jin Gyu Lim, Jae Sung Ko, Jung Min Ko, Hyun Young Kim, Man Jin Kim, Moon Woo Seong, Young Hun Choi, Gyeong Hoon Kang, Jaemoon Koh and Jin Soo Moon
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:396
  6. The occurrence of severe intraventricular hemorrhage (sIVH) was high in the very preterm infants (VPIs) in China. The management strategies significantly contributed to the occurrence of sIVH in VPIs. However,...

    Authors: Tiantian Xiao, Liyuan Hu, Huiyao Chen, Xinyue Gu, Jianguo Zhou, Yanping Zhu, Xiaoping Lei, Siyuan Jiang, Yulan Lu, Xinran Dong, Lizhong Du, Shoo K. Lee, Rong Ju and Wenhao Zhou
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:394
  7. Speech and language delay among children can result in social interaction problems, attention difficulties, decreased writing and reading abilities, and poor cognitive and behavioral development. Despite the m...

    Authors: Feven Y. Moges, Zuriyash Mengistu and Sosina W. Tilahun
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:393
  8. Hypoalbuminemia after liver transplantation (LT) is associated with acute kidney injury (AKI) and poor outcomes in adult LT recipients. This study was performed to examine the association between the postopera...

    Authors: Alina Uasuwannakul, Chatmanee Lertudomphonwanit, Nattachai Anantasit, Pornthep Tanpowpong, Songpon Getsuwan, Chollasak Thirapattaraphan and Suporn Treepongkaruna
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:392
  9. To examine the value of early echocardiographic indices for the right ventricular function combined with platelet(PLT) parameters for predicting bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in preterm infants.

    Authors: Tianzi Li, Bei Xia, Suixin Liang, Qiancheng He, Shuangshuang Zhang, Xiaoyi Chen and Na Xu
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:391
  10. Oculocutaneous albinism (OCA) is a group of autosomal recessive hereditary disorders that affect melanin biosynthesis, resulting in abnormalities in hair, skin, and eyes. Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a ...

    Authors: Xiao-Yu Zheng, Ding-Wen Wu, Lan Yu and Zheng-Yan Zhao
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:390
  11. There are limited data available, particularly in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), on the long-term quality of life (QoL) and family functioning of primary caregivers of children and young people (CYP...

    Authors: Nida Zahid, Syed Ather Enam, Thomas Mårtensson, Iqbal Azam, Naureen Mushtaq, Mariya Moochhala, Faiza Kausar, Aneesa Hassan, Saqib Kamran Bakhshi, Farrukh Javed, Lal Rehman, Muhammad Nouman Mughal, Sadaf Altaf, Salman Kirmani and Nick Brown
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:389
  12. Preterm born infants are at risk for brain injury and subsequent developmental delay. Treatment options are limited, but optimizing postnatal nutrition may improve brain- and neurodevelopment in these infants....

    Authors: E. Janson, P. C. M. P. Koolschijn, L. Schipper, T. D. Boerma, F. N. K. Wijnen, W. P. de Boode, C. H. P. van den Akker, R. G. Licht-van der Stap, D. H. G. M. Nuytemans, W. Onland, S. A. Obermann-Borst, J. Dudink, C. G. M. de Theije, M. J. N. L. Benders and N. E. van der Aa
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:384
  13. Resistance to multiple antibiotics by several pathogens has been widely described in children and has become a global health emergency. This is due to increased use by parents, caregivers, and healthcare provi...

    Authors: Patricia Akintan, Philip Oshun, Chioma Osuagwu, Olafoyekemi Ola-bello, Iretiola Fajolu, Alero Roberts, Edamisan Temiye and Oyinlola Oduyebo
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:383
  14. Osteosarcoma is the most common primary malignant bone tumour in children and adolescents. Lungs are the most frequent and often the only site of metastatic disease. The presence of pulmonary metastases is a s...

    Authors: Marek Duczkowski, Agnieszka Duczkowska, Anna Olwert, Elżbieta Michalak, Katarzyna Bilska, Teresa Klepacka, Magdalena Rychłowska-Pruszyńska, Anna Raciborska and Monika Bekiesińska-Figatowska
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:382
  15. The survival rate of children with biliary atresia (BA) after liver transplantation (LT) is significantly improved, and their quality of life has attracted much attention.This study aimed to investigate the co...

    Authors: Tingge Wang, Yan Hu, Zhanzhan Zhang, Xiaoke Dai, Mingman Zhang, Yan He and Yingcun Li
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:380
  16. Neurospecific Enolase (NSE), a multifunctional protein, is present in various tissues of the body and plays an important role in many disease processes, such as infection, inflammation, tumours, injury, and im...

    Authors: Tianhua Li, Minglei Li, Jie Feng, Tingting Liu, Liu Yang and Lexiang Yu
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:379
  17. To translate and culturally adapt the Children’s Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ) to a Swedish version, CSHQ-SWE, and to assess its validity and reliability for use with children with attention deficit hypera...

    Authors: Ingrid Larsson, Petra Svedberg, Jens M. Nygren and Julia S. Malmborg
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:378
  18. Agitation/delirium is commonly seen in children after anesthesia, and a proper dose of dexmedetomidine can prevent this complication. This study aimed to investigate the effects of different doses of Dexmedeto...

    Authors: Wei Hu, Ming Wang and Fei Sun
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:377
  19. Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), an autoimmune disease affecting children or adolescents and causing joint or systemic symptoms, reportedly has a negative effect on the patients’ body height. This study ai...

    Authors: Hsin-Yu Chen, Ya-Chiao Hu, Yao-Hsu Yang and Bor-Luen Chiang
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:375
  20. There exists a gap in our understanding of the age-dependent epidemiological dynamics of SARS-CoV-2 among school-age children in comparison to adults within the State of Qatar. Additionally, there has been lim...

    Authors: Mohamed Ghaith Al-Kuwari, Azza Mustafa Mohammed, Jazeel Abdulmajeed, Hamad Al-Romaihi, Maryam Al-Mass, Shaikha Sami Abushaikha, Soha Albyat, Shazia Nadeem and Mujeeb Chettiyam Kandy
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:374
  21. Sleep has been known to affect childhood development. Sleep disturbance is likely more common in children with developmental delay (DD) than in typical development. There are few studies on the correlation bet...

    Authors: Sung Hyun Kim, Chung Reen Kim, Donghwi Park, Kang Hee Cho and Je Shik Nam
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:373
  22. To evaluate the effects of local radiotherapy (RT) on growth, we evaluated the chronological growth profiles and vertebral features of children with high-risk neuroblastoma.

    Authors: Kyungmi Yang, Joong Hyun Ahn, Sook-Young Woo, Sang Hoon Jung, Ki Woong Sung, Ji Won Lee and Do Hoon Lim
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:372
  23. Deteriorating global physical activity (PA) levels among children warrants new and sustainable approaches to increase PA levels. This study aimed to determine the immediate and sustainable influences of a 9-we...

    Authors: Mere Idamokoro, Anita Elizabeth Pienaar, Barry Gerber and van Gent Maya
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:371
  24. The search for other indicators to assess the weight and nutritional status of individuals is important as it may provide more accurate information and assist in personalized medicine. This work is aimed to de...

    Authors: Taira Batista Luna, Jose Luis García Bello, Agustín Garzón Carbonell, Ana de la Caridad Román Montoya, Alcibíades Lara Lafargue, Héctor Manuel Camué Ciria and Yohandys A. Zulueta
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:370
  25. Early childhood education offers opportunities for stimulation in multiple developmental domains and its positive impact on long-term outcomes and wellbeing for children is well documented. Few studies have ex...

    Authors: Alyssa Smith-Longee, Samantha Johnson, Adrien M. Aubert, Anna-Veera Seppänen, Veronique Pierrat, Michael Zemlin, Jo Lebeer, Iemke Sarrechia, Veronica Siljehav, Jennifer Zeitlin and Mariane Sentenac
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:369
  26. Lip infantile hemangiomas tend to show less volumetric regression and are more susceptible to visible sequelae in the involuted stage. Some of them still require surgical management after propranolol therapy. ...

    Authors: Qianyi Chen, Shih-Jen Chang, Wei Gao, Lei Chang, Yajing Qiu and Xiaoxi Lin
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:368
  27. Time to full enteral feeding is the time when neonates start to receive all of their prescribed nutrition as milk feeds. Delayed to achieve full enteral feeding had resulted in short- and long-term physical an...

    Authors: Hilena Esubalew, Mengistu Abebe Messelu, Bethelihem Tigabu Tarekegn, Aster Tefera Admasu, Nega Nigussie Abrha and Bewuketu Terefe
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:366
  28. Diagnostic autopsy is the most reliable approach to definitively ascertain the cause of death and evaluate the accuracy of antemortem clinical diagnoses. Identifying diagnostic discrepancies is vital to unders...

    Authors: Haleluya Leulseged, Chris A. Rees, Addisu Alemu, Beth A. Tippett Barr, Merga Dheresa, Lola Madrid, Anthony Scott and Nega Assefa
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:365
  29. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are usually the basis of evidence-based medicine, but whether the results of RCTs can be correctly translated into clinical practice depends on the quality of the literature...

    Authors: Bennian Huo, Song Xu, Yao Liu, Lin Su, Yuntao Jia, Maolin Ai, Nange Yin and Lin Song
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:364
  30. Tuberculosis is one the leading causes of death from a single infectious disease, caused by the bacillus mycobacterium tuberculosis. In Ethiopia, even though several primary studies have been conducted on the ...

    Authors: Desalegn Girma, Zinie Abita, Nigusie Shifera, Mulugeta Wodaje Arage, Biruk Beletew Abate, Melsew Setegn Alie and Gossa Fetene Abebe
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:363
  31. Noonan syndrome (NS) is a rare genetic disease, and patients who suffer from it exhibit a facial morphology that is characterized by a high forehead, hypertelorism, ptosis, inner epicanthal folds, down-slantin...

    Authors: Yulu Huang, Haomiao Sun, Qinchang Chen, Junjun Shen, Jin Han, Shiguang Shan and Shushui Wang
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:361
  32. Hypoxemia represents the most prevalent adverse event during flexible bronchoscopy procedures aimed at foreign body retrieval in pediatric patients; if not expeditiously managed, it carries the potential for c...

    Authors: Su-Jing Zhang, Min-Yi Lin, Min Zhou, Ying-Zhi Dan, Hong-Bin Gu and Guo-Lin Lu
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:359
  33. Rotavirus has a significant morbidity and mortality in children under two years. The burden of rotavirus diarrhea 4 years post introduction of rotavirus vaccine in Uganda is not well established. This study ai...

    Authors: Goretty Laker, Jolly Nankunda, Bernis Maren Melvis, Dickson Kajoba, Martin Nduwimana, Joel Kimera, Richard Justine Odong and Isaac Edyedu
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:358
  34. Counselling adolescents with chronic medical conditions (CMCs) can be challenging regarding suitable interviewing skills and clinicians’ attitudes toward the patient. Successful communication can be a key elem...

    Authors: Hannah Kammering, Jennifer Antony Cruz, Anna Lena Platzbecker, Christina Reinauer, Katharina Förtsch, Lisa Krassuski, Rabea Viermann, Matthias Domhardt, Harald Baumeister, Doris Staab, Kirsten Minden, Annabel Sandra Mueller-Stierlin, Reinhard W. Holl, Petra Warschburger and Thomas Meissner
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:355
  35. For adolescents, abnormal dipping patterns in blood pressure (BP) are associated with early-onset organ damage and a higher risk of cardiovascular disorders in adulthood. Obesity is one of the most common reas...

    Authors: Yi Zhou, Lin Zhao, Zenglei Zhang, Xu Meng, Qiu-jing Cai, Xiao-lei Zhao, Lin-ping Wang, Ai-hua Hu and Xian-liang Zhou
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:353
  36. Galactosemia is an autosomal recessive disorder resulting from an enzyme defect in the galactose metabolic pathway. The most severe manifestation of classic galactosemia is caused by galactose-1-phosphate urid...

    Authors: Yong-cai Wang, Lian-cheng Lan, Xia Yang, Juan Xiao, Hai-xin Liu and Qing-wen Shan
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:352
  37. Genetic disorders significantly affect patients in neonatal intensive care units, where establishing a diagnosis can be challenging through routine tests and supplementary examinations. Whole-exome sequencing ...

    Authors: Ruiping Zhang, Xiaoyu Cui, Yan Zhang, Huiqing Ma, Jing Gao, Ying Zhang, Jianbo Shu, Chunquan Cai and Yang Liu
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:351
  38. Neural tube defects (NTDs) account for the largest proportion of congenital anomalies of the central nervous system and result from failure of the neural tube to close spontaneously between the 3rd and 4th wee...

    Authors: Yohannes Addisu and Gizachew Tadesse Wassie
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:350

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