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  1. Achondroplasia is the most common bone dysplasia associated with disproportionate short stature, and other comorbidities, such as foramen magnum stenosis, thoracolumbar kyphosis, lumbar hyperlordosis, genu var...

    Authors: Juan Llerena Jr, Chong Ae Kim, Virginia Fano, Pablo Rosselli, Paulo Ferrez Collett-Solberg, Paula Frassinetti Vasconcelos de Medeiros, Mariana del Pino, Débora Bertola, Charles Marques Lourenço, Denise Pontes Cavalcanti, Têmis Maria Félix, Antonio Rosa-Bellas, Norma Teresa Rossi, Fanny Cortes, Flávia Abreu, Nicolette Cavalcanti…
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:492
  2. Children’s exposure to toxic stress (e.g., parental depression, violence, poverty) predicts developmental and physical health problems resulting in health care system burden. Supporting parents to develop pare...

    Authors: Lubna Anis, Nicole Letourneau, Kharah M. Ross, Martha Hart, Ian Graham, Simone Lalonde, Suzanna Varro, Alanna Baldwin, Angela Soulsby, Annette Majnemer, Carlene Donnelly, Caroline Piotrowski, Carrie Collier, Cliff Lindeman, Dan Goldowitz, Dawn Isaac…
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:491
  3. Given the knowledge gap in literature on the impact of undernutrition on muscular power and agility in school-aged children, the aim of this study was to compare physical fitness in such underweight- and norma...

    Authors: Evi Verbecque, Dané Coetzee and Bouwien Smits-Engelsman
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:490
  4. Difficulty in interpreting white blood cell (WBC) counts in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) complicates the diagnosis of neonatal meningitis in traumatic lumbar punctures (LP). The aim of our study was to determine ...

    Authors: Gema García-De la Rosa, Silvia De las Heras-Flórez, Jorge Rodríguez-Afonso and Mercedes Carretero-Pérez
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:488
  5. Real-world data and study data regarding therapy with Emicizumab in pediatric cohorts with haemophilia A is scarce. Especially, data on previously untreated pediatric patients (PUPs) and minimally treated pati...

    Authors: Hannah Glonnegger, Felicia Andresen, Friedrich Kapp, Stefano Malvestiti, Martin Büchsel and Barbara Zieger
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:487
  6. Coffin-Siris syndrome (CSS) is a rare autosomal dominant disorder characterized by intellectual disability, developmental delay, and characteristic facial features. Few patients with cutaneous phenotype in thi...

    Authors: Dong-Ying Tao, Huan-Hong Niu, Jing-Jing Zhang, Hui-Qin Zhang, Ming-Hua Zeng and Sheng-Quan Cheng
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:486
  7. Aspiration pneumonia is a major complication that occurs in patients with severe cerebral palsy and is associated with their survival prognosis, necessitating appropriate assessment and response. We focused on...

    Authors: Nobukazu Tanaka, Kanji Nohara, Chisato Uota, Nami Fujii, Aya Obana, Katsuji Tanaka and Takayoshi Sakai
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:485
  8. To conduct a retrospective evaluation of a large clinical implementation of combined pulse oximeter (POX) and cardiac auscultation as a fast-screening device for congenital heart disease (CHD).

    Authors: Yuqiang Huang, Shiqing Zhong, Xianmei Zhang, Linghui Kong, Wenli Wu, Shixia Yue, Ning Tian, Guanghua Zhu, Aiqin Hu, Juan Xu, Haijan Zhu, Airong Sun, Fangling Qin, Ziwen Wang and Shiqiang Wu
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:483
  9. Systemic infections caused by the black yeast-like fungus Exophiala dermatitidis are rare, but are associated with high mortality especially in immunocompromised patients. We report the first case of E. dermatiti...

    Authors: Alexandra Mpakosi, Maria Siopi, Maria Demetriou, Vasiliki Falaina, Martha Theodoraki and Joseph Meletiadis
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:482
  10. Most indigenous people (Orang Asli in Peninsular Malaysia) live in poverty, and their children are at risk of growth problems due to nutrition deficiency. Routine health and growth assessments are essential to id...

    Authors: Chii-Chii CHEW, Hasni-Adha IBRAHIM, Venugopalan K. BALAN, Nor-Azizah ABD-AZIZ, Hooi-Meng PUAH and Amar-Singh HSS
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:481
  11. There is increasing evidence for early, active rehabilitation to enhance motor function following early brain injury. This is clear for interventions targeting the upper extremity, whereas passive treatment ap...

    Authors: Caitlin L. Hurd, Michelle Barnes, Christa M. Diot, Elizabeth G. Condliffe, Hana Alazem, Lesley Pritchard, Jennifer D. Zwicker, Anna McCormick, Man-Joe Watt, John Andersen, Adam Kirton and Jaynie F. Yang
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:480
  12. We aimed to evaluate knowledge and practice styles among medical providers with different professions and working in different Arab countries regarding their approach to childhood constipation.

    Authors: Mohammed Hasosah, Azad Haleem, Kevan Jacobson, Bassel Alshemmeri, Aziz Alenazi, Ahmed Abdel Badei and Peggy Massoud
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:478
  13. Schistosomiasis and soil-transmitted helminthiasis (STHs) are the major public health problem in the world especially in school age children. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the burden of soil transmitt...

    Authors: Daniel Getacher Feleke, Abdurahaman Ali, Habtye Bisetegn, Habtu Debash, Workineh Birara and Alehegn Andualem
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:477
  14. The risk of congenital heart disease (CHD) has been found to vary by maternal socioeconomic status (SES) and rural-urban residence. In this study, we examined associations of CHD with two maternal SES indicato...

    Authors: Qun Miao, Sandra Dunn, Shi Wu Wen, Jane Lougheed, Fayza Sharif and Mark Walker
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:476
  15. High-intensity interval training (HIIT) is an effective strategy for improving a variety of health outcomes within the school setting. However, there is limited research on the implementation of school-based H...

    Authors: Stephanie L. Duncombe, Alan R. Barker, Lisa Price, Jacqueline L. Walker, Paul E. Dux, Amaya Fox, Natasha Matthews and Michalis Stylianou
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:475
  16. This study aims to develop a new algorithm for predicting intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) resistance and coronary artery involvement in Kawasaki disease (KD) through decision tree models.

    Authors: Jinwoon Joung, Jun Suk Oh, Jung Min Yoon, Kyung Ok Ko, Gyeong Hee Yoo and Eun Jung Cheon
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:474
  17. An effective newborn hearing screening programme has low referral rate and low loss to follow-up (LTFU) rate after referral from initial screening. This systematic review identified studies evaluating the effe...

    Authors: Allison R. Mackey, Andrea M. L. Bussé, Valeria Del Vecchio, Elina Mäki-Torkko and Inger M. Uhlén
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:473
  18. Lebanon has the highest prevalence estimates among Middle Eastern countries and Arab women regarding cigarette smoking, with 43% of men and 28% of women involved in such trends. Marital disruption is a tremend...

    Authors: Vanessa Azzi, Katia Iskandar, Sahar Obeid and Souheil Hallit
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:471
  19. It is common that inadequate nutritional intake happens in patients with congenital heart disease (CHD), which can adversely affect the prognosis of patients. However, the details and reasons are not clear eno...

    Authors: Ping Ni, Mingjie Zhang, Yibei Wu, Wenyi Luo and Zhuoming Xu
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:470
  20. The administration of antenatal corticosteroids (ACS) to women who are at risk of preterm birth has been proven to reduce not only the mortality, but also the major morbidities of the preterm infants. The rate...

    Authors: Qing Wang, Siyuan Jiang, Xuefeng Hu, Chao Chen, Yun Cao, Shoo Kim Lee and Jiang-Qin Liu
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:469
  21. Findings from manometry studies and contrast imaging reveal functioning gastric physiology in newborns with duodenal atresia and stenosis. Stomach reservoir function should therefore be valuable in aiding the ...

    Authors: Dolrudee Aroonsaeng, Paul D. Losty and Pornsri Thanachatchairattana
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:467
  22. Inappropriate use of antibiotics is among the major causes of the global emergency of antibiotic resistance among children. The problem of inappropriate use of antibiotics among children is of special concern ...

    Authors: Redson Biswick Machongo and Alinane Linda Nyondo Mipando
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:466
  23. Milk fat globule membrane (MFGM), natural to breast milk, is essential for neonatal development, but lacking from standard infant formulas.

    Authors: BoWen Jiang, Yong Xia, LiHong Zhou, XiaoYing Liang, XuHui Chen, MeiZhen Chen, XiaoXia Li, Shan Lin, Nai Zhang, Ling Zheng, Miao Tao, Peter Petocz, Sophie Gallier, Angela Rowan and Bing Wang
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:465
  24. Post-mortem imaging has been suggested as an alternative to conventional autopsy in the prenatal and postnatal periods. Noninvasive autopsies do not provide tissue for histological examination, which may limit...

    Authors: Christoph Martin Rüegger, Dominic Gascho, Peter Karl Bode, Elisabeth Bruder, Christian Haslinger, Steffen Ross, Kevin Schmid, Claudia Knöpfli, Lisa J. Hofer, Leonhard Held, Rosa Maria Martinez and Hans Ulrich Bucher
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:464
  25. Asthma and allergic complications are the most common chronic disorders in children and adolescents. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and severity of asthma, allergic rhinitis, eczema among schoolc...

    Authors: Maryam Dastoorpoor, Narges Khodadadi, Farzan Madadizadeh, Hanieh Raji, Elham Shahidizadeh, Esmaeil Idani and Maryam Haddadzadeh Shoushtari
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:463
  26. We performed a single-centre retrospective analysis using data from databases that were prospectively maintained in our centre between January 2019 and September 2021. Patients were divided into two groups bas...

    Authors: Jin-Xi Huang, Qiang Chen, Song-Ming Hong, Jun-Jie Hong and Hua Cao
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:462
  27. Glucose phosphate isomerase (GPI) deficiency is a rare autosomal recessive disorder that causes hereditary nonspherocytic hemolytic anemia (HNSHA). Homozygous or compound heterozygous mutation of the GPI gene ...

    Authors: Yumei Zu, Hui Wang, Weijia Lin and Chaochun Zou
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:461
  28. Constipation is one of the common symptoms in childhood. The prevalence of FC is about 0.5% to 32% and still on the rise according to global statistics. The aim of this study is to explore the associations bet...

    Authors: Yushuo Niu, Ting Liu, Ni Ran, Kuinan Li, Yaru Sun, Xin Wang, Kun Guo and Xiuling Yang
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:460
  29. Variants in the DEPDC5 have been proved to be main cause of not only various dominant familial focal epilepsies, but also sporadic focal epilepsies. In the present study, a novel variant in DEPDC5 was detected in...

    Authors: Chunyu Gu, Xiaowei Lu, Jinhui Ma, Linjie Pu, Xiufang Zhi, Jianbo Shu, Dong Li and Chunquan Cai
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:459
  30. The incidence of type 2 diabetes (T2D) in adolescents is increasing, affecting the overall health and quality of life of adolescents and their families. Despite the serious health consequences of T2D, few stud...

    Authors: Shelley Spurr, Jill Bally and Nahia Nalwooga
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:458
  31. The incidence of acute pancreatitis in children is increasing, but causes and diagnostic and therapeutic methods are various in different centers. The aim of this study was to investigate the common causes and...

    Authors: Mahsa Soti Khiabani, Mahya Sadat Mohammadi, Seyyed Amirreza Ghoreyshi, Pejman Rohani, Hosein Alimadad and Mohammad Hassan Sohoul
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:457
  32. Little is known about the views of adolescents returning to secondary school during the current COVID-19 pandemic.

    Authors: Annabel A. Powell, Georgina Ireland, Felicity Aiano, Jessica Flood, Zahin Amin-Chowdhury, Joanne Beckmann, Joanna Garstang, Ifeanyichukwu Okike, Shazaad Ahmad, Mary E. Ramsay, Shamez N. Ladhani and Frances Baawuah
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:456
  33. Authors: Hanne-Mari Schiøtz Thorud, Randi Mork, Cecilie Onshuus Bjørset, Stuart J. Gilson, Lene A. Hagen, Trine Langaas, Hilde R. Pedersen, Ellen Svarverud, Gro Horgen Vikesdal and Rigmor C. Baraas
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:454

    The original article was published in BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:416

  34. Pneumonia is a serious problem that threatens the health of newborns. This study aimed to investigate the clinical characteristics of hospitalized term and preterm infants with community-acquired viral pneumonia.

    Authors: Xinxian Guan, Shasha Gao, He Zhao, Huiting Zhou, Yan Yang, Shenglin Yu and Jian Wang
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:452
  35. In children, obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) can cause cognitive dysfunctions. Amyloid-beta and tau are elevated in OSA. Neurofilament light (NfL) is a marker of neuro-axonal damage, but there are no reports of ...

    Authors: Yewen Shi, Yani Feng, Xi Chen, Lina Ma, Zine Cao, Lei Shang, Bingjie Zhao, Ningning She, Yitong Zhang, Chao Si, Haiqin Liu, Junjie Zhao and Xiaoyong Ren
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:449
  36. Lack of appropriate temperature management has been associated with significant adverse outcomes in preterm and low birthweight neonates. There is a lack of similar investigations in the late preterm (340–366) an...

    Authors: Laura Nguyen, Nicholas Mitsakakis, Ewa Sucha, Brigitte Lemyre and Sarah Linda Lawrence
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:447
  37. Children who initiate antiretroviral therapy (ART) before age 5 years can recover height and weight compared to uninfected peers, but growth outcomes are unknown for children initiating ART at older ages. We i...

    Authors: Victoria Simms, Grace McHugh, Ethel Dauya, Tsitsi Bandason, Hilda Mujuru, Kusum Nathoo, Shungu Munyati, Helen A. Weiss and Rashida A. Ferrand
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:446
  38. Child health, especially childhood mortality, is one of the critical indicators of human development. No child mortality is desirable, but it is still high in Bangladesh. We aimed to assess the effect of the c...

    Authors: Md. Zakiul Alam and Md. Syful Islam
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:445
  39. Kawasaki disease (KD) is a medium and small vessel vasculitis which usually has a good response to immunoglobulin therapy (IVIG). We present a case of incomplete KD with IVIG resistance associated with an unus...

    Authors: Thabitha Jebaseeli Hoole, Arjuna Salinda Athapathu and Anoma Damayanthi Abeygunawardene
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:444
  40. The "Law on Doctors of the People's Republic of China," which was officially implemented on March 1, 2022, emphasizes the requirements for rational drug use and the necessity for appropriate management of off-...

    Authors: Min Meng, Enmei Liu, Bo Zhang, Quan Lu, Xiaobo Zhang, Bin Ge, Ye Wu, Li Wang, Mo Wang, Zhengxiu Luo, Ziyu Hua, Xiaoling Wang, Wei Zhao, Yi Zheng, Xinan Wu, Ruiling Zhao…
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:442

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