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Table 1 Characteristics of 88 children with or without adenoid and/or tonsillar hypertrophy

From: Is there an association between vitamin D deficiency and adenotonsillar hypertrophy in children with sleep-disordered breathing?

  Control
(N = 16)
Adenoid hypertrophy
(N = 18)
Tonsillar hypertrophy
(N = 19)
Adenotonsillar hypertrophy
(N = 35)
Age (years) 9.0 ± 2.3 10.9 ± 1.5* 8.9 ± 2.1 7.8 ± 2.9
Gender (male, %) 14 (87.5%)* 14 (77.8%)* 13 (68.4%) 18 (51.4%)
Height (cm) 136.7 ± 14.2 141.5 ± 23.9 137.8 ± 14.9 126.5 ± 21.5
Weight (kg) 35.3 ± 13.3 42.2 ± 24.4 40.1 ± 15.9 31.7 ± 18.8
BMI (kg/m2) 18.2 ± 3.3 19.6 ± 3.8 20.3 ± 4.1 18.2 ± 4.4
BMI z-score 0.1 ± 1.1 0.5 ± 0.8 0.8 ± 1.1 0.3 ± 1.1
25(OH)D 22.5 ± 4.3 18.7 ± 6.5 19.4 ± 4.5 18.4 ± 4.5
  1. BMI body mass index, 25(OH)D serum 25-hydroxy-vitamin D
  2. *versus adenotonsillar hypertrophy group, p < 0.05