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  1. Children with Down syndrome suffer from recurrent respiratory tract and ear-nose-throat complaints that influence daily life. Little is known about the frequency of these complaints, as well as their relation ...

    Authors: Ruud HJ Verstegen, Roeland WNM van Hout and Esther de Vries
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2014 14:103
  2. Diarrhea is second only to pneumonia as the cause of child mortality worldwide. Developing countries particularly in Sub Saharan Africa including Ethiopia have a high burden of this disease. Studies showed tha...

    Authors: Thomas Sinmegn Mihrete, Getahun Asres Alemie and Alemayehu Shimeka Teferra
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2014 14:102
  3. The development of allergic sensitization and allergic disease may be related to factors during intrauterine life, but the role of maternal preeclampsia is not known.

    Authors: Kristine Kjer Byberg, Bjorn Ogland, Geir Egil Eide and Knut Øymar
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2014 14:101
  4. There is strong evidence of an association between maternal smoking during pregnancy and restriction of intrauterine growth, but the effects of this exposure on postnatal linear growth are not well defined. Fu...

    Authors: Ana Paula Muraro, Regina Maria Veras Gonçalves-Silva, Naiara Ferraz Moreira, Márcia Gonçalves Ferreira, André Luis Nunes-Freitas, Yael Abreu-Villaça and Rosely Sichieri
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2014 14:99
  5. Children born at low gestational ages face a range of risks and number of neonates surviving very preterm birth is increasing. We present the objectives and methods of a French national cohort of very and mode...

    Authors: Pierre-Yves Ancel and François Goffinet
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2014 14:97
  6. A case is reported of acute bilateral myopia and angle closure glaucoma in a 7-year-old patient from topiramate toxicity. This is the second known reported case of topiramate induced acute angle closure glauco...

    Authors: Yuna Rapoport, Nancy Benegas, Rachel W Kuchtey and Karen M Joos
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2014 14:96
  7. The European literature on mental health of the children of immigrants is limited. Therefore this study aims to investigate gender-specific mental health reported by teachers, parents and the children themselv...

    Authors: Linda deKeyser, Carl Göran Svedin, Sara Agnafors, Marie Bladh and Gunilla Sydsjö
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2014 14:95
  8. Low levels of physical activity, musculoskeletal morbidity and weight gain are commonly reported problems in children with cancer. Intensive medical treatment and a decline in physical activity may also result...

    Authors: Lotta Kauhanen, Liisa Järvelä, Päivi M Lähteenmäki, Mikko Arola, Olli J Heinonen, Anna Axelin, Johan Lilius, Tero Vahlberg and Sanna Salanterä
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2014 14:94
  9. Preterm birth is a major risk factor for morbidity and mortality among infants worldwide, and imposes considerable burden on health, education and social services, as well as on families and caregivers. Morbid...

    Authors: Karissa M Johnston, Katherine Gooch, Ellen Korol, Pamela Vo, Oghenowede Eyawo, Pamela Bradt and Adrian Levy
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2014 14:93
  10. Vitamin A supplementation significantly reduces all-cause mortality when given between 6–59 months of age, but has a null or detrimental effect when given between 1–5 months. Studies of neonatal vitamin A supp...

    Authors: Suzanna LR McDonald, Mathilde Savy, Anthony JC Fulford, Lindsay Kendall, Katie L Flanagan and Andrew M Prentice
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2014 14:92
  11. Child undernutrition is one of the major public health problems in the developing countries having a devastating effect on the lives of many children under five years of age. However, its causes are multitude ...

    Authors: Gudina Egata, Yemane Berhane and Alemayehu Worku
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2014 14:91
  12. Williams syndrome (WS) is a neurodevelopmental disease characterized by compelling psychological phenotypes. The symptoms span multiple cognitive domains and include a distinctive pattern of social behavior. T...

    Authors: Chai Ji, Dan Yao, Weijun Chen, Mingyan Li and Zhengyan Zhao
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2014 14:90
  13. Adolescent obesity epidemic is one of the major health priorities as it tracks into adult life. There is widespread need for new creative strategies and lifestyle programs. This study was designed to investiga...

    Authors: Helena Fonseca, António Labisa Palmeira, Sandra Cristina Martins, Liliana Falcato and António Quaresma
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2014 14:89
  14. Fetus in fetu is a rare congenital anomaly and is defined as a monozygotic twin incorporated into the abdomen of its sibling during development. Fetus in fetu is often overlooked in the differential diagnosis ...

    Authors: Yi Ji, Siyuan Chen, Lin Zhong, Xiaoping Jiang, Shuguang Jin, Feiteng Kong, Qi Wang, Caihong Li and Bo Xiang
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2014 14:88
  15. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a useful tool to study brain growth and organization in preterm neonates for clinical and research purposes, but its practicality can be limited by time and medical constrai...

    Authors: Nathalie L Maitre, James C Slaughter, Ann R Stark, Judy L Aschner and Adam W Anderson
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2014 14:84
  16. Hyperlactatemia upon admission is a documented risk factor for mortality in critically ill adult patients. However, the predictive significance of a single lactate measurement at admission for mortality in the...

    Authors: Zhenjiang Bai, Xueping Zhu, Mengxia Li, Jun Hua, Ying Li, Jian Pan, Jian Wang and Yanhong Li
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2014 14:83
  17. Industrialization in the northwest provinces of the People’s Republic of China is accelerating rapid increases in early life environmental exposures, yet no publications have assessed health care provider capa...

    Authors: Leonardo Trasande, Jingping Niu, Juansheng Li, Xingrong Liu, Benzhong Zhang, Zhilan Li, Guowu Ding, Yingbiao Sun, Meichi Chen, Xiaobin Hu, Lung-Chi Chen, Alan Mendelsohn, Yu Chen and Qingshan Qu
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2014 14:82
  18. There are a limited number of studies regarding the association between abdominal obesity and serum adiponectin complexes (high, medium, and low molecular weight adiponectins) among population-based elementary...

    Authors: Hirotaka Ochiai, Takako Shirasawa, Rimei Nishimura, Hinako Nanri, Tadahiro Ohtsu, Hiromi Hoshino, Naoko Tajima and Akatsuki Kokaze
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2014 14:81
  19. Acute lower respiratory infections (ALRIs) are leading causes of hospitalisation in children. Birth defects occur in 5% of live births in Western Australia (WA). The association between birth defects and ALRI ...

    Authors: Khadra A Jama-Alol, Hannah C Moore, Peter Jacoby, Carol Bower and Deborah Lehmann
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2014 14:80
  20. Vitamin A deficiency can cause anemia as the nutrient is essential for hematopoiesis, mobilization of iron store and immunity. Nevertheless, clinical trials endeavored to evaluate the effect of Vitamin A Suppl...

    Authors: Samson Gebremedhin
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2014 14:79
  21. Childhood obesity and early puberty are intermediate risk factors for later metabolic and reproductive disorders including diabetes, polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), and breast cancer. Atypical methylation ...

    Authors: Theresa Ryan Stueve, Mary S Wolff, Ashley Pajak, Susan L Teitelbaum and Jia Chen
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2014 14:78
  22. Mexico has the highest adult overweight and obesity prevalence in the Americas; 23.8% of children <5 years old are at risk for overweight and 9.7% are already overweight or obese. Creciendo Sanos was a pilot i...

    Authors: Gloria Oliva Martínez-Andrade, Elizabeth M Cespedes, Sheryl L Rifas-Shiman, Guillermina Romero-Quechol, Marco Aurelio González-Unzaga, María Amalia Benítez-Trejo, Samuel Flores-Huerta, Chrissy Horan, Jess Haines, Elsie M Taveras, Ricardo Pérez-Cuevas and Matthew W Gillman
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2014 14:77
  23. Preterm infants are at risk for adverse neurodevelopment. Furthermore, nutrition may play a key role in supporting neurodevelopment. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether a nutrient-enriched formula fe...

    Authors: Maria Lorella Giannì, Paola Roggero, Orsola Amato, Odoardo Picciolini, Pasqua Piemontese, Nadia Liotto, Francesca Taroni and Fabio Mosca
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2014 14:74
  24. Idiopathic renal hypouricemia (iRHUC) is an autosomal recessive hereditary disorder, characterized by impaired tubular uric acid transport, re-absorption insufficiency and/or the acceleration of secretions. So...

    Authors: Huijun Shen, Chunyue Feng, Xia Jin, Jianhua Mao, Haidong Fu, Weizhong Gu, Ai’min Liu, Qiang Shu and Lizhong Du
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2014 14:73
  25. Studies addressing the influence of early sexual maturation on the excess of body weight and height of children and adolescents are scarce. The aim of the study was to analyze the association of sexual maturat...

    Authors: Jucemar Benedet, Adair da Silva Lopes, Fernando Adami, Patrícia de Fragas Hinnig and Francisco de Assis Guedes de Vasconcelos
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2014 14:72
  26. Research exists examining the challenges of delivering lifestyle behaviour change initiatives in practice. However, at present much of this research has been conducted with primary care health professionals, o...

    Authors: Laura Elwell, Jane Powell, Sharon Wordsworth and Carole Cummins
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2014 14:71
  27. Diabetes mellitus may be present in patients with cystic fibrosis starting in the second decade of life. The prevalence increases rapidly with increasing age. As life-expectancy increases in cystic fibrosis, c...

    Authors: Manfred Ballmann, Dominique Hubert, Barouk M Assael, Kai Kronfeld, Marguerite Honer and Reinhard W Holl
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2014 14:70
  28. Child health care is an important arena for tobacco prevention in Sweden. The aim of this study was to describe parents’ experiences from participating in a nursebased tobacco prevention intervention.

    Authors: AnnaKarin Johansson, Noomi Carlsson, Helena Almfors, Monica Rosèn and Siw Alehagen
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2014 14:69
  29. B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) is a strong predictor of mortality in adult patients with various forms of pulmonary hypertension (PH) and may be a strong prognostic marker in extremely low birth weight (ELBW...

    Authors: Alain Cuna, Jegen Kandasamy and Brian Sims
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2014 14:68
  30. We performed a prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of a sedation protocol based on intranasal Ketamine and Midazolam (INKM) administered by a mucosal ato...

    Authors: Danilo Buonsenso, Giovanni Barone, Piero Valentini, Filomena Pierri, Riccardo Riccardi and Antonio Chiaretti
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2014 14:67
  31. Hearing loss in children born before 32 weeks of gestation is more prevalent than in full term infants. Aminoglycoside antibiotics are routinely used to treat bacterial infections in babies on neonatal intensi...

    Authors: Maria Bitner-Glindzicz, Shamima Rahman, Kathy Chant and Neil Marlow
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2014 14:66
  32. There is some evidence of a relationship between psychosocial health and the incidence of ear infections and hearing problems in young children. There is however little longitudinal evidence investigating this...

    Authors: Anthony Hogan, Rebecca L Phillips, Damien Howard and Vasoontara Yiengprugsawan
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2014 14:65
  33. Arterial blood pressure tends to rise with growth and development. Elevated blood pressure (EBP) in children usually occurs during the first two decades of life, and the children with hypertension tend to grow...

    Authors: Odutola I Odetunde, Emeka E Neboh, Josephat M Chinawa, Henrietta U Okafor, Oluwatoyin A Odetunde, Osita U Ezenwosu and Uchenna Ekwochi
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2014 14:64
  34. Non-adherence to prescribed treatments is the primary cause of treatment failure in pediatric long-term conditions. Greater understanding of parents and caregivers’ reasons for non-adherence can help to addres...

    Authors: Miriam Santer, Nicola Ring, Lucy Yardley, Adam WA Geraghty and Sally Wyke
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2014 14:63
  35. A child who suffers a fracture or a soft-tissue injury at a young age faces an increased risk of subsequent injuries during childhood. This risk could be related to personal and family characteristics or to lo...

    Authors: Johan von Heideken, Tobias Svensson, Maura Iversen, Anders Ekbom and Per-Mats Janarv
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2014 14:62
  36. Injury prediction scores facilitate the development of clinical management protocols to decrease mortality. However, most of the previously developed scores are limited in scope and are non-specific for use in...

    Authors: Sakda Arj-ong Vallipakorn, Adisak Plitapolkarnpim, Paibul Suriyawongpaisal, Pimpa Techakamolsuk, Gary A Smith and Ammarin Thakkinstian
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2014 14:60
  37. Hydrogen breath tests are noninvasive procedures frequently applied in the diagnostic workup of functional gastrointestinal disorders. Here, we review hydrogen breath test results and the occurrence of lactose...

    Authors: Jan Däbritz, Michael Mühlbauer, Dirk Domagk, Nicole Voos, Geraldine Henneböhl, Maria L Siemer and Dirk Foell
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2014 14:59
  38. The long term consequences of low birth weight (LBW), preterm birth, small-for-gestational age (SGA, defined as birth weight for given gestational age less than the 10th percentile of the reference), and early...

    Authors: Parul Christian, Laura E Murray-Kolb, James M Tielsch, Joanne Katz, Steven C LeClerq and Subarna K Khatry
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2014 14:58
  39. Rhabdomyosarcoma is the most frequent malignant intraorbital tumour in paediatric patients. Differentiation of tumour recurrence or metastases from post-therapeutic signal alteration can be challenging, using ...

    Authors: Nicole Hassold, Monika Warmuth-Metz, Beate Winkler, Michael C Kreissl, Karen Ernestus, Meinrad Beer and Henning Neubauer
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2014 14:57
  40. Caste, a proxy of socioeconomic position, can influence the neurodevelopment of children through several pathways, including exposure to toxic elements. Studies from developing countries where caste is represe...

    Authors: Rajendra Prasad Parajuli, Takeo Fujiwara, Masahiro Umezaki and Chiho Watanabe
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2014 14:56
  41. Failure to thrive and hematochezia in children may be alarm signs warranting endoscopy. In contrast, vascular malformations of the small intestine are uncommon in this age group. We report on a female toddler ...

    Authors: Peter I Kalmar, Thomas Petnehazy, Ulrike Wießpeiner, Meinrad Beer, Almuthe C Hauer, Holger Till and Michael Riccabona
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2014 14:55
  42. Poor quality relationships between mothers and toddlers have been associated with higher risk for childhood obesity, but few prospective studies of obesity have assessed maternal-child relationship quality in ...

    Authors: Sarah E Anderson, Stanley Lemeshow and Robert C Whitaker
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2014 14:54
  43. Overweight or obesity during adolescence affects almost 25% of Australian youth, yet limited research exists regarding recruitment and engagement of adolescents in weight-management or healthy lifestyle interv...

    Authors: Kyla L Smith, Leon M Straker, Alexandra McManus and Ashley A Fenner
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2014 14:53

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