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  1. Effects of television to language development in infants and toddlers, especially in the Asian children, are inconclusive. This study aimed to (a) study time spent on television in Thai infants and toddlers (a...

    Authors: Nichara Ruangdaraganon, Jariya Chuthapisith, Ladda Mo-suwan, Suntree Kriweradechachai, Umaporn Udomsubpayakul and Chanpen Choprapawon

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2009 9:34

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Despite the considerable amount of evidence from randomized controlled trials and meta-analyses, uncertainty remains regarding the efficacy and safety of high-frequency oscillatory ventilation as compared to c...

    Authors: Filip Cools, Lisa M Askie and Martin Offringa

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2009 9:33

    Content type: Study protocol

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  3. In the county of Scania, Sweden, antibiotic use among small children is among the highest in the country. The aim of this study was to investigate the associations between antibiotic use among 8-month-old chil...

    Authors: Elisabeth Mangrio, Anna Wremp, Mahnaz Moghaddassi, Juan Merlo, Ann-Cathrine Bramhagen and Maria Rosvall

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2009 9:31

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Asthma is a serious global health problem and its prevalence is increasing, especially among children. It represents a significant social and economic burden, and it can severely affect the health-related qual...

    Authors: Giampaolo Ricci, Arianna Dondi, Elena Baldi, Barbara Bendandi, Arianna Giannetti and Massimo Masi

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2009 9:30

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Most patients with childhood non-organic growth hormone (GH) deficiency (GHD) produce a normal GH peak as young adults. Our objectives were to better define this transient GHD and evaluate the factors influenc...

    Authors: Murielle Louvel, Mariana Marcu, Christine Trivin, Jean-Claude Souberbielle and Raja Brauner

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2009 9:29

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Obesity and metabolic syndrome are strongly associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular diseases, thus the increasing trend in their prevalence among children and adolescents from developing co...

    Authors: Cristina Villa-Roel, Adriana Buitrago, Diana C Rodríguez, Diana J Cano, María P Martínez, Paul A Camacho, Álvaro J Ruiz and Álvaro E Durán

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2009 9:28

    Content type: Study protocol

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  7. The incidence of skin and soft-tissue infections (SSTIs) has rapidly increased among children in primary care settings since the emergence of community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-M...

    Authors: Adam L Hersh, Michael D Cabana, Ralph Gonzales, Budd N Shenkin and Christine S Cho

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2009 9:27

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Knowledge of the epidemiology of injuries in children is essential for the planning, implementation and evaluation of preventive measures but recent epidemiological information on injuries in children both in ...

    Authors: Janne Pearson and David H Stone

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2009 9:26

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Obesity seems to be linked to the hypothalamic involvement in craniopharyngioma. We evaluated the pre-surgery relationship between the degree of this involvement on magnetic resonance imaging and insulin resis...

    Authors: Christine Trivin, Kanetee Busiah, Nizar Mahlaoui, Christophe Recasens, Jean-Claude Souberbielle, Michel Zerah, Christian Sainte-Rose and Raja Brauner

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2009 9:24

    Content type: Research article

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  10. The relation between fetal growth retardation and cardiovascular and metabolic diseases in later life has been demonstrated in many studies. However, debate exists around the potential independent role of post...

    Authors: Marieke de Beer, Manon van Eijsden, Tanja GM Vrijkotte and Reinoud JBJ Gemke

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2009 9:23

    Content type: Study protocol

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  11. Constipation is a frustrating symptom affecting 3% of children worldwide. Randomised controlled trials show that both polyethylene glycol and lactulose are effective in increasing defecation frequency in child...

    Authors: Merit M Tabbers, Ania Chmielewska, Maaike G Roseboom, Claire Boudet, Catherine Perrin, Hania Szajewska and Marc A Benninga

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2009 9:22

    Content type: Study protocol

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  12. Several uncontrolled studies of hyperbaric treatment in children with autism have reported clinical improvements; however, this treatment has not been evaluated to date with a controlled study. We performed a ...

    Authors: Daniel A Rossignol, Lanier W Rossignol, Scott Smith, Cindy Schneider, Sally Logerquist, Anju Usman, Jim Neubrander, Eric M Madren, Gregg Hintz, Barry Grushkin and Elizabeth A Mumper

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2009 9:21

    Content type: Research article

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  13. To investigate the correlation and level of agreement between end-tidal carbon dioxide (EtCO2) and blood gas pCO2 in non-intubated children with moderate to severe respiratory distress.

    Authors: James M Moses, Jamin L Alexander and Michael SD Agus

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2009 9:20

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Clinician adherence to obesity screening guidelines from United States health agencies remains suboptimal. This study explored how personal and career demographics influence pediatricians' weight assessment an...

    Authors: Jeannie S Huang, Michael Donohue, Golnaz Golnari, Susan Fernandez, Edward Walker-Gallego, Kate Galvan, Christina Briones, Jennifer Tamai and Karen Becerra

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2009 9:19

    Content type: Research article

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  15. This study evaluated the utility of immunization registries in identifying vaccine refusals among children. Among refusers, we studied their socioeconomic characteristics and health care utilization patterns.

    Authors: Feifei Wei, John P Mullooly, Mike Goodman, Maribet C McCarty, Ann M Hanson, Bradley Crane and James D Nordin

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2009 9:18

    Content type: Research article

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  16. There is growing interest in understanding the role that lifestyle behaviors play in relation to children's weight status. The objective of the study was to determine the association between children s BMI and...

    Authors: Valeria Hirschler, Karina Buzzano, Anabella Erviti, Noemi Ismael, Silvina Silva and Ricardo Dalamon

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2009 9:17

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Size at birth is influenced by environmental factors, like maternal nutrition and parity, and by genes. Birth weight is a composite measure, encompassing bone, fat and lean mass. These may have different deter...

    Authors: Sargoor R Veena, Ghattu V Krishnaveni, Andrew K Wills, Jacqueline C Hill and Caroline HD Fall

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2009 9:16

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Pneumonia is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in under fives. We carried out a comprehensive study to identify factors influencing both mortality and morbidity for children less than 5 year...

    Authors: Karalanglin Tiewsoh, Rakesh Lodha, Ravindra M Pandey, Shobha Broor, M Kalaivani and Sushil K Kabra

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2009 9:15

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Aboriginal children in remote Australia have high rates of complicated middle ear disease associated with Streptococcus pneumoniae and other pathogens. We assessed the effectiveness of pneumococcal vaccination...

    Authors: Grant Austin Mackenzie, Jonathan Rhys Carapetis, Amanda Jane Leach and Peter Stanley Morris

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2009 9:14

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Near term infants are a main part of preterms. They are at higher risk for mortality and morbidity than term infants and could show a quite different development of tone and reflexes from them. The aim of the ...

    Authors: Domenico MM Romeo, Matteo Cioni, Mariacristina Scoto, Filippo Palermo, Alessandra Pizzardi, Anna Sorge and Mario G Romeo

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2009 9:13

    Content type: Research article

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  21. In designing programs to raise the community level of awareness about childhood autism in sub-Saharan Africa, it is logical to use the primary healthcare workers as contact point for education of the general p...

    Authors: Muideen O Bakare, Peter O Ebigbo, Ahamefule O Agomoh, Julian Eaton, Gabriel M Onyeama, Kevin O Okonkwo, Jojo U Onwukwe, Monday N Igwe, Andrew O Orovwigho and Chinyere M Aguocha

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2009 9:12

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Rotavirus is the leading cause of severe diarrhea in young children and causes substantial morbidity and mortality. Although the clinical aspects have been well described, little information is available regar...

    Authors: T Christopher Mast, Carla DeMuro-Mercon, Claudia M Kelly, Leigh Ellen Floyd and Emmanuel B Walter

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2009 9:11

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Infantile colic is a self-limiting condition that is distributed worldwide. It is often misdiagnosed as an organic disease for which an infant is admitted to the hospital. Many studies have described the aetio...

    Authors: Kazeem A Oshikoya, Idowu O Senbanjo and Olisamedua F Njokanma

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2009 9:9

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Children with congenital heart defects (CHD) requiring open-heart surgery are a group at high risk for health-related sequelae. Little consensus exists regarding their long-term psychological adjustment (PA) a...

    Authors: Beatrice Latal, Susanne Helfricht, Joachim E Fischer, Urs Bauersfeld and Markus A Landolt

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2009 9:6

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Early onset bacterial sepsis is a feared complication of the newborn. A large proportion of infants admitted to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) for suspected sepsis receive treatment with potent system...

    Authors: Tonje Reier-Nilsen, Teresa Farstad, Britt Nakstad, Vigdis Lauvrak and Martin Steinbakk

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2009 9:5

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Rapamycin is an effective immunosuppressant widely used to maintain the renal allograft in pediatric patients. Linear growth may be adversely affected in young children since rapamycin has potent anti-prolifer...

    Authors: Cheryl P Sanchez and Yu-Zhu He

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2009 9:3

    Content type: Research article

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  27. The choice of infant feeding method is important for HIV-positive mothers in order to optimise the chance of survival of their infants and to minimise the risk of HIV transmission. The aim of this study was to...

    Authors: Lars T Fadnes, Ingunn MS Engebretsen, Henry Wamani, Jonathan Wangisi, James K Tumwine and Thorkild Tylleskär

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2009 9:2

    Content type: Research article

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  28. This paper reports the findings of a South Australian qualitative, exploratory study of children and young people living with a chronic disease, and their perceptions and experiences of physical activity. The ...

    Authors: Jennifer Fereday, Colin MacDougall, Marianne Spizzo, Philip Darbyshire and Wendy Schiller

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2009 9:1

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Selective dorsal rhizotomy (SDR) is a well accepted neurosurgical procedure performed for the relief of spasticity interfering with motor function in children with spastic cerebral palsy (CP). The goal is to i...

    Authors: Eva Nordmark, Annika Lundkvist Josenby, Jan Lagergren, Gert Andersson, Lars-Göran Strömblad and Lena Westbom

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2008 8:54

    Content type: Research article

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  30. The introduction of combination antiretroviral therapy (ART) has resulted in striking reductions in HIV-related mortality. Despite increased availability of ART, children remain a neglected population. This ma...

    Authors: Sibhatu Biadgilign, Amare Deribew, Alemayehu Amberbir and Kebede Deribe

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2008 8:53

    Content type: Research article

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  31. To achieve good clinical outcomes with HAART, patient adherence to treatment and care is a key factor. Since the literature on how to care for pediatric HIV patients is limited, we describe here adherence inte...

    Authors: Joelle Van Winghem, Barbara Telfer, Tony Reid, Judith Ouko, Angela Mutunga, Zaina Jama and Shobha Vakil

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2008 8:52

    Content type: Correspondence

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  32. Kangaroo care (KC) has been widely using to improve the care of low birth weight infants. However, very little is known about cerebral hemodynamics responses in low birth weight infants during KC intervention....

    Authors: Esmot Ara Begum, Motoki Bonno, Noriko Ohtani, Shigeko Yamashita, Shigeki Tanaka, Hatsumi Yamamoto, Masatoshi Kawai and Yoshihiro Komada

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2008 8:51

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Cerebral palsy (CP) is the most common cause of physical disability in children but its impact on quality of life is not well understood. This study examined participation in everyday activities among children...

    Authors: Vicki Mc Manus, Paul Corcoran and Ivan J Perry

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2008 8:50

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Methamphetamine (MA) is a potent stimulant that is readily available. Its effects are similar to cocaine, but the drug has a profile associated with increased acute and chronic toxicities. The objective of thi...

    Authors: Kelly Russell, Donna M Dryden, Yuanyuan Liang, Carol Friesen, Kathleen O'Gorman, Tamara Durec, T Cameron Wild and Terry P Klassen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2008 8:48

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Life at altitude depends on adaptation to ambient hypoxia. In the Andes, susceptibility to chronic mountain sickness (CMS), a clinical condition that occurs to native highlanders or to sea level natives with p...

    Authors: Luis Huicho, Guoqiang Xing, Clifford Qualls, María Rivera-Ch, Jorge L Gamboa, Ajay Verma and Otto Appenzeller

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2008 8:47

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Prevention of serious infections in preterm infants is a challenge, since prematurity and low birth weight often requires many interventions and high utility of devices. Furthermore, the possibility to adminis...

    Authors: Elisabeth AM Westerbeek, Ruurd M van Elburg, Anemone van den Berg, Jolice van den Berg, Jos WR Twisk, Willem PF Fetter and Harrie N Lafeber

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2008 8:46

    Content type: Study protocol

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  37. Osteomyelitis can be difficult to diagnose and there has previously not been a prospective approach to identify all children in a defined geographic area. The aim of this study was to assess the annual inciden...

    Authors: Øystein Rolandsen Riise, Eva Kirkhus, Kai Samson Handeland, Berit Flatø, Tor Reiseter, Milada Cvancarova, Britt Nakstad and Karl-Olaf Wathne

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2008 8:45

    Content type: Research article

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  38. An increasing prevalence of overweight and obesity has been documented in preschool children in Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC), Vietnam. However, little is known about what preschool children in HCMC eat or how well ...

    Authors: Dieu TT Huynh, Michael J Dibley, David W Sibbritt and Hanh TM Tran

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2008 8:44

    Content type: Research article

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  39. The hemorrhagic shock and encephalopathy syndrome (HSES) is a devastating disease that affects young children. The outcomes of HSES patients are often fatal or manifesting severe neurological sequelae. We revi...

    Authors: Hiroshi Rinka, Takeshi Yoshida, Tetsushi Kubota, Miho Tsuruwa, Akihiro Fuke, Akira Yoshimoto, Masanori Kan, Dai Miyazaki, Hideki Arimoto, Toshinori Miyaichi, Arito Kaji, Satoru Miyamoto, Ichiro Kuki and Masashi Shiomi

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2008 8:43

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Overweight and obesity are increasing among children all over the world. Socio-economic factors may influence the development of overweight and obesity in childhood, and it has been proposed that breastfeeding...

    Authors: Karina Huus, Jonas F Ludvigsson, Karin Enskär and Johnny Ludvigsson

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2008 8:42

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Until recently, strength training in children with cerebral palsy (CP) was considered to be inappropriate, because it could lead to increased spasticity or abnormal movement patterns. However, the results of r...

    Authors: Vanessa A Scholtes, Annet J Dallmeijer, Eugene A Rameckers, Olaf Verschuren, Els Tempelaars, Maartje Hensen and Jules G Becher

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2008 8:41

    Content type: Study protocol

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