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  1. Physicians, nurses and hospital pharmacists were surveyed to assess attitudes of hospital-based pediatric caregivers regarding the dosing of medicine to children. Our objectives were to gauge how current resou...

    Authors: Jeffrey S Barrett, Mahesh Narayan, Dimple Patel, Athena F Zuppa and Peter C Adamson

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2011 11:25

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Triplets are often born premature and with a low birth weight. Because the incidence of triplet births is rare, there are relatively few studies describing triplet birth weight characteristics. Earlier studies...

    Authors: Diane J Lamb, Christel M Middeldorp, Catharina EM van Beijsterveldt, Jacqueline M Vink, Monique C Haak and Dorret I Boomsma

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2011 11:24

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Achieving the Millennium Development Goals that aim to reduce malnutrition and child mortality depends in part on the ability of governments/policymakers to address nutritional status of children in general an...

    Authors: Elizabeth W Kimani-Murage, Shane A Norris, John M Pettifor, Stephen M Tollman, Kerstin Klipstein-Grobusch, Xavier F Gómez-Olivé, David B Dunger and Kathleen Kahn

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2011 11:23

    Content type: Research article

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  4. It is difficult to predict the reproductive capacity of children given hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) before pubertal age because the plasma concentrations of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and l...

    Authors: Sylvie Laporte, Ana-Claudia Couto-Silva, Séverine Trabado, Pierre Lemaire, Sylvie Brailly-Tabard, Hélène Espérou, Jean Michon, André Baruchel, Alain Fischer, Christine Trivin and Raja Brauner

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2011 11:20

    Content type: Research article

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  5. This study aimed to determine the age-specific aetiologic agents of diarrhoea in children aged less than five years. The study also assessed the efficacy of the empiric treatment of childhood diarrhoea using I...

    Authors: Sabrina J Moyo, Njolstad Gro, Mecky I Matee, Jesse Kitundu, Helge Myrmel, Haima Mylvaganam, Samuel Y Maselle and Nina Langeland

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2011 11:19

    Content type: Research article

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  6. The aim of this study was to develop an economical 'in-house' single round polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay using filter paper-dried blood spots (FP-DBS) for early infant HIV-1 diagnosis and to evaluate i...

    Authors: Bhavna H Chohan, Sandra Emery, Dalton Wamalwa, Grace John-Stewart, Maxwel Majiwa, Musa Ng'ayo, Steve Froggett and Julie Overbaugh

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2011 11:18

    Content type: Technical advance

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  7. Rotavirus is responsible for over 25 million outpatient visits, over 2 million hospitalizations and 527,000 deaths annually, worldwide. It is estimated that breastfeeding in accordance with the World Health Orga...

    Authors: Eric Wobudeya, Hanifa Bachou, Charles K Karamagi, Joan N Kalyango, Edrisa Mutebi and Henry Wamani

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2011 11:17

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The overall prevalence of thrombocytopenia in neonates admitted to neonatal intensive care units ranges from 22 to 35%. There are only a few small studies that outline the relationship between the severity of ...

    Authors: Jeannette S von Lindern, Tjitske van den Bruele, Enrico Lopriore and Frans J Walther

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2011 11:16

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Vomiting in children with acute gastroenteritis (AG) is not only a direct cause of fluid loss but it is also a major factor of failure of oral rehydration therapy (ORT). Physicians who provide care to paediatr...

    Authors: Federico Marchetti, Alessandra Maestro, Francesca Rovere, Davide Zanon, Alberto Arrighini, Paolo Bertolani, Paolo Biban, Liviana Da Dalt, Pasquale Di Pietro, Salvatore Renna, Andrea Guala, Francesco Mannelli, Anna Pazzaglia, Gianni Messi, Francesco Perri, Antonino Reale…

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2011 11:15

    Content type: Study protocol

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  10. Internationally, 0.97 per 1,000 live births are affected by foetal alcohol syndrome (FAS). However, prevalence intelligence has been limited in the UK, hindering the development of appropriate services. This a...

    Authors: Michela Morleo, Kerry Woolfall, Dan Dedman, Raja Mukherjee, Mark A Bellis and Penny A Cook

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2011 11:14

    Content type: Research article

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  11. The Loozit® Study is a randomised controlled trial investigating extended support in a 24 month community-based weight management program for overweight to moderately obese, but otherwise healthy, 13 to 16 year o...

    Authors: Vanessa A Shrewsbury, Binh Nguyen, Janice O'Connor, Katharine S Steinbeck, Anthea Lee, Andrew J Hill, Smita Shah, Michael R Kohn, Siranda Torvaldsen and Louise A Baur

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2011 11:13

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Childhood obesity is a substantial public health problem. The extent to which health state preferences (utilities) are related to a child's weight status has not been reported. The aims of this study were (1) ...

    Authors: Mandy B Belfort, John AF Zupancic, Katherine M Riera, Jane HG Turner and Lisa A Prosser

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2011 11:12

    Content type: Research article

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  13. The AIDS epidemic has lead to an increase in orphaned children who need residential care. It is known that HIV leads to delayed motor development. However, the impact of place of residence on motor function ha...

    Authors: Jennifer Jelsma, Nailah Davids and Gillian Ferguson

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2011 11:11

    Content type: Research article

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  14. To examine the blood glucose profile and the relationship between blood glucose levels and neurodevelopmental outcome in term infants with hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy.

    Authors: Montasser Nadeem, Deirdre M Murray, Geraldine B Boylan, Eugene M Dempsey and Cornelius A Ryan

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2011 11:10

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Calprotectin is a calcium and zinc binding protein, abundant in neutrophils and is extremely stable in faeces. Faecal calprotectin is used as a non-specific marker for gastrointestinal inflammation. It has a g...

    Authors: Elin Hestvik, James K Tumwine, Thorkild Tylleskar, Lena Grahnquist, Grace Ndeezi, Deogratias H Kaddu-Mulindwa, Lage Aksnes and Edda Olafsdottir

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2011 11:9

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) assessment, encompassing the adolescents' perceptions of their mental, physical, and social health and well-being is increasingly considered an important outcome to be us...

    Authors: Mariana T Aires, Pascal Auquier, Stephane Robitail, Guilherme L Werneck and Marie-Claude Simeoni

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2011 11:8

    Content type: Research article

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  17. There is increased incidence of new cases of type 1 diabetes in children younger than 15 years. The debate concerning where best to manage newly diagnosed children continues. Some units routinely admit childre...

    Authors: Julia K Townson, John W Gregory, David Cohen, Sue Channon, Nicola Harman, Justin H Davies, Justin Warner, Nicola Trevelyan, Rebecca Playle, Michael Robling, Kerenza Hood and Lesley Lowes

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2011 11:7

    Content type: Study protocol

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  18. The appropriate level of oxygenation for extremely preterm neonates (<28 weeks' gestation) to maximise the greatest chance of survival, without incurring significant morbidity, remains unknown. Infants exposed...

    Authors: Lisa M Askie, Peter Brocklehurst, Brian A Darlow, Neil Finer, Barbara Schmidt and William Tarnow-Mordi

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2011 11:6

    Content type: Study protocol

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  19. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 infection increases the burden of malaria by increasing susceptibility to infection and decreasing the response to malarial treatment. HIV-1 has also been found to suppress...

    Authors: Peace D Imani, Philippa Musoke, Justus Byarugaba and James K Tumwine

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2011 11:5

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Inadequate and inappropriate complementary feeding are major factors contributing to excess morbidity and mortality in young children in low resource settings. Animal source foods in particular are cited as es...

    Authors: Nancy F Krebs, K Michael Hambidge, Manolo Mazariegos, Jamie Westcott, Norman Goco, Linda L Wright, Marion Koso-Thomas, Antoinette Tshefu, Carl Bose, Omrana Pasha, Robert Goldenberg, Elwyn Chomba, Waldemar Carlo, Mark Kindem, Abhik Das, Ty Hartwell…

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2011 11:4

    Content type: Study protocol

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  21. Health Related Quality of Life (HRQOL) questionnaires are increasingly used in clinical practice. These Patient Reported Outcomes (PROs) are provided to the paediatrician to facilitate communication with patie...

    Authors: Lotte Haverman, Vivian Engelen, Marion AJ van Rossum, Hugo SA Heymans and Martha A Grootenhuis

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2011 11:3

    Content type: Technical advance

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  22. There is no data documenting the existence of a risk of infection transmission in ambulatory healthcare settings but concern remains. Our objective was to determine the risk of infection associated to a pediat...

    Authors: Caroline Quach, Dorothy Moore, Francine Ducharme and Dominic Chalut

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2011 11:2

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Adolescents with cerebral palsy (CP) show a reduced physical activity (PA). Currently there are no interventions for adolescents with CP in this critical life phase that optimise and maintain the individuals' ...

    Authors: Aniek AOM Claassen, Jan Willem Gorter, Debra Stewart, Olaf Verschuren, Barbara E Galuppi and Lorie J Shimmell

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2011 11:1

    Content type: Study protocol

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  24. Young people with neurological impairments such as epilepsy are known to receive less adequate services compared to young people with other long-term conditions. The time (age 13-19 years) around transition to...

    Authors: Sheila A Lewis, Jane Noyes and Stephen Mackereth

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2010 10:103

    Content type: Research article

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  25. The Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario (CHEO) provides services to children in Baffin Island, through the Baffin Island Pediatric Health Initiative. Tuberculosis (TB) remains a major public health problem ...

    Authors: Michael Clark and Charles Hui

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2010 10:102

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Up to 70% of children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) experience sleep problems including difficulties initiating and maintaining sleep. Sleep problems in children with ADHD can result in ...

    Authors: Emma Sciberras, Daryl Efron, Bibi Gerner, Margot Davey, Fiona Mensah, Frank Oberklaid and Harriet Hiscock

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2010 10:101

    Content type: Study protocol

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  27. There is increasing evidence that community acquired S. aureus infections are spreading among healthy children. Nasal colonization with S. aureus plays pivotal role in the increasing prevalence of resistant commu...

    Authors: Ashish Pathak, Yogyata Marothi, Rama V Iyer, Binita Singh, Megha Sharma, Bo Eriksson, Ragini Macaden and Cecilia Stålsby Lundborg

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2010 10:100

    Content type: Research article

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  28. The psychosocial development of pediatric HIV patients has not been extensively evaluated. The study objectives were to evaluate whether emotional and social functions are differentially associated with HIV-re...

    Authors: Loretta Thomaidis, Georgia Bertou, Elena Critselis, Vassiliki Spoulou, Dimitrios A Kafetzis and Maria Theodoridou

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2010 10:99

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Ultrasonography of the hip has gained wide acceptance as a primary method for diagnosis, screening and treatment monitoring of developmental hip dysplasia in infants. The aim of the study was to examine the de...

    Authors: Christian D Peterlein, Karl F Schüttler, Stefan Lakemeier, Nina Timmesfeld, Christian Görg, Susanne Fuchs-Winkelmann and Markus D Schofer

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2010 10:98

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Our purpose was to evaluate the impact of lifestyle behavior modification on glycemic control among children and youth with clinically defined Type 2 Diabetes (T2D).

    Authors: Steven T Johnson, Amanda S Newton, Meera Chopra, Jeanette Buckingham, Terry TK Huang, Paul W Franks, Mary M Jetha and Geoff DC Ball

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2010 10:97

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are the gold standard for trials assessing the effects of therapeutic interventions; therefore it is important to understand how they are conducted. Our objectives were to p...

    Authors: Michele P Hamm, Lisa Hartling, Andrea Milne, Lisa Tjosvold, Ben Vandermeer, Denise Thomson, Sarah Curtis and Terry P Klassen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2010 10:96

    Content type: Correspondence

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  32. A fever is an increase in the body's temperature above normal. This study examined how US pediatricians perceive and manage fever generally versus fever occurring after vaccination in infants up to six months ...

    Authors: Antoine C El Khoury, Emily Durden, Larry Ma, Leona E Markson, Andrew W Lee, Yinghui Duan and Kathleen Foley

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2010 10:95

    Content type: Research article

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  33. In anticipation of vaccine introduction, we assessed epidemiology of rotavirus disease among children visiting medical centre due to acute diarrhoea in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.

    Authors: Isidore JO Bonkoungou, Idrissa Sanou, Fabienne Bon, Benoit Benon, Sheick O Coulibaly, Kaisa Haukka, Alfred S Traoré and Nicolas Barro

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2010 10:94

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Zambia adopted integrated management of Childhood illnesses (IMCI) in 1995 and a number of adaptations have been made to the generic WHO/UNICEF IMCI guidelines to better conform to Zambia's health service need...

    Authors: Nantalile Mugala, Wilbroad Mutale, Penny Kalesha and Elijah Sinyinza

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2010 10:93

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Despite provision of free childhood vaccinations, less than half of all Ugandan infants are fully vaccinated. This study compares women with some secondary schooling to those with only primary schooling with r...

    Authors: Victoria Nankabirwa, Thorkild Tylleskär, James K Tumwine and Halvor Sommerfelt

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2010 10:92

    Content type: Research article

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  36. It remains unclear whether it is more detrimental to be born too early or too small in relation to symptoms of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Thus, we tested whether preterm birth and small b...

    Authors: Kati Heinonen, Katri Räikkönen, Anu-Katriina Pesonen, Sture Andersson, Eero Kajantie, Johan G Eriksson, Dieter Wolke and Aulikki Lano

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2010 10:91

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Indicators of quality of care for children in hospitals in low-income countries have been proposed, but information on their perceived validity and acceptability is lacking.

    Authors: Stephen Ntoburi, Andrew Hutchings, Colin Sanderson, James Carpenter, Martin Weber and Mike English

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2010 10:90

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Early diagnosis and treatment of the newborn infant with suspected sepsis are essential to prevent severe and life threatening complications. Diagnosis of neonatal sepsis is difficult because of the variable a...

    Authors: Martin Stocker, Wim CJ Hop and Annemarie MC van Rossum

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2010 10:89

    Content type: Study protocol

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  39. The 22q11.2 microdeletion syndrome (22q11.2 deletion syndrome -22q11.2DS) refers to congenital abnormalities, including primarily heart defects and facial dysmorphy, thymic hypoplasia, cleft palate and hypocal...

    Authors: Anna Wozniak, Danuta Wolnik-Brzozowska, Marzena Wisniewska, Renata Glazar, Anna Materna-Kiryluk, Tomasz Moszura, Magdalena Badura-Stronka, Joanna Skolozdrzy, Maciej R Krawczynski, Joanna Zeyland, Waldemar Bobkowski, Ryszard Slomski, Anna Latos-Bielenska and Aldona Siwinska

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2010 10:88

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Promoting oral health of adolescents is important for improvement of oral health globally. This study used baseline-data from LASH-project targeting secondary students to; 1) assess frequency of poor oral hygi...

    Authors: Hawa S Mbawalla, Joyce R Masalu and Anne N Åstrøm

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2010 10:87

    Content type: Research article

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  41. In general, only information regarding the effectiveness of an intervention programme is ever published. However, in recent years evaluating the translatability and feasibility of an intervention programme has...

    Authors: Dorine CM Collard, Mai JM Chinapaw, Evert ALM Verhagen and Willem van Mechelen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2010 10:86

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Ukraine has the highest HIV prevalence (1.6%) and is facing the fastest growing epidemic in Europe. Our objective was to describe the clinical, immunological and virological characteristics, treatment and resp...

    Authors: Saboura Mahdavi, Ruslan Malyuta, Igor Semenenko, Tatyana Pilipenko and Claire Thorne

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2010 10:85

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Despite new therapeutic approaches have improved the prognosis of newborns with retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), an unfavourable structural and functional outcome still remains high. There is high pressure to...

    Authors: Luca Filippi, Giacomo Cavallaro, Patrizio Fiorini, Marta Daniotti, Valentina Benedetti, Gloria Cristofori, Gabriella Araimo, Luca Ramenghi, Agostino La Torre, Pina Fortunato, Liliana Pollazzi, Giancarlo la Marca, Sabrina Malvagia, Paola Bagnoli, Chiara Ristori, Massimo Dal Monte…

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2010 10:83

    Content type: Study protocol

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  44. Medium chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency (MCADD) is a disorder of mitochondrial fatty acid oxidation and is one of the most common inborn errors of metabolism. Identification of MCADD via newborn screeni...

    Authors: Shelley Kennedy, Beth K Potter, Kumanan Wilson, Lawrence Fisher, Michael Geraghty, Jennifer Milburn and Pranesh Chakraborty

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2010 10:82

    Content type: Research article

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  45. This systematic review aimed to evaluate the psychometric properties and clinical utility of all condition specific outcome measures used to assess quality of life (QOL) in school aged children with cerebral p...

    Authors: Stacey Carlon, Nora Shields, Katherine Yong, Rose Gilmore, Leanne Sakzewski and Roslyn Boyd

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2010 10:81

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Little is known about the efficacy and the working mechanisms of physical and occupational therapy interventions for children with cerebral palsy (CP). In recent years a shift from a child-focused intervention...

    Authors: Marjolijn Ketelaar, Anne JA Kruijsen, Olaf Verschuren, Marian J Jongmans, Jan Willem Gorter, Johannes Verheijden, Heleen A Reinders-Messelink and Eline Lindeman

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2010 10:80

    Content type: Study protocol

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  47. Persons with cerebral palsy (CP) are at risk for developing an inactive lifestyle and often have poor fitness levels, which may lead to secondary health complications and diminished participation and quality o...

    Authors: Jorrit Slaman, Marij E Roebroeck, Jetty van Meeteren, Wilma M van der Slot, Heleen A Reinders- Messelink, Eline Lindeman, Henk J Stam and Rita J van den Berg-Emons

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2010 10:79

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on: