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  1. There are emerging clinical evidence for umbilical cord blood mononuclear cells (UCBMNCs) intervention to improve preterm complications. The first critical step in cell therapy is to obtain high-quality cells....

    Authors: Ren Zhuxiao, Han Jiangxue, Li Yongsheng, Pei Jingjun, Yang Shuo, Xu Fang, Zhang Qi, Zhang Shandan, Nie Chuan and Yang Jie
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:214
  2. The clinical characteristics of hospitalized children with acute poisoning were analyzed to provide a reference for preventing poisoning and seeking effective prevention and treatment.

    Authors: Huajun Zhang, Qin Huo, Rui Jing and Meng Dong
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:212
  3. Pre-lacteal feeding, the introduction of liquids or non-breast milk foods before establishing regular breastfeeding, poses significant risks to newborns, depriving them of vital nutrients and the protective be...

    Authors: Anteneh Gashaw and Haymanot Mitku
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:208
  4. Anorectal malformations (ARMs) are the most common congenital anomaly of the digestive tract. And colostomy should be performed as the first-stage procedure in neonates diagnosed with intermediate- or high-typ...

    Authors: Guoxian Huang, Wenni Li, Lili Ma, Xin Lei, Xiangde Lin, Yuandong Chen and Bo Xu
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:207
  5. Rett syndrome is a rare genetic neurodevelopmental disorder that predominantly impacts females. It presents with loss of acquired skills, impaired communication, and stereotypic hand movements. Given the limit...

    Authors: Abdallah Abbas, Aya M Fayoud, Mostafa Hossam El Din Moawad, Abdullah Ashraf Hamad, Heba Hamouda and Eman A. Fouad
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:206
  6. Neuroblastoma (NB), a type of solid tumor in children, has a poor prognosis. Few blood biomarkers can accurately predict the prognosis, including recurrence and survival, in children with NB. In this study, we...

    Authors: Jie Min, Yi Wu, Shungen Huang, Yanhong Li, Xinjing Lv, Ruze Tang, He Zhao and Jian Wang
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:205
  7. Central nervous system leukemia (CNSL) is one of the major causes of the poor prognosis of childhood leukemia. We aimed to compare the sensitivity of cytomorphology (CM) and flow cytometry (FCM) in diagnosing ...

    Authors: Xue Tang, Huirong Mai, Lulu Wang, Shiyang Chen, Fen Chen, Tonghui Li, Yi Liu, Guichi Zhou, Shilin Liu, Ying Wang, Sixi Liu, Xiaoying Fu and Feiqiu Wen
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:204
  8. Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) involving the gastrointestinal tract is a rare condition for which clinical experience is limited. We describe the cases of two patients who initially presented with chronic...

    Authors: Yi Cao, Qing-Qing Wu, Wei-Hui Yan, Li-Na Lu, Yi-Jing Tao, Hai-Xia Feng, Yi-Jing Chu, Wei Cai and Ying Wang
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:203
  9. Undetected vision problems are common in school children, and a prevalence of up to 40% has previously been reported. Uncorrected vision and lack of optimal eye wear can have a significant impact on almost all...

    Authors: Hanne-Mari Schiøtz Thorud, Prabeen Raj Mudvari and Helle K. Falkenberg
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:202
  10. The under-five mortality rate serves as a key indicator of the performance of a country’s healthcare system. Despite a minor decline, Ethiopia continues to face a persistently high under-five mortality rate ac...

    Authors: Endashaw Amuka, Aweke A. Mitiku and Melkamu A. Zeru
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:201
  11. The results of disparate clinical studies indicate abnormally frequent cases of certain microorganisms in children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). However, these data require clarification and systematiz...

    Authors: Dmitry Maltsev, Iryna Solonko and Olena Sydorenko
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:200
  12. Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) is a first-line treatment for children with newly diagnosed immune thrombocytopenia (ITP). Higher doses of IVIg are associated with a more insupportable financial burden to pe...

    Authors: Xiangge Ren, Miaomiao Zhang, Xiaohan Zhang, Peidong Zhao and Wensheng Zhai
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:199
  13. Ethnic inequalities in maternal and neonatal health in the UK are well documented. Concerns exist regarding the use of skin colour in neonatal assessments. Healthcare professionals should be trained to recogni...

    Authors: Amy Furness, Frankie Fair, Gina Higginbottom, Sam Oddie and Hora Soltani
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:198
  14. Ifosfamide is a major anti-cancer drug in children with well-known renal toxicity. Understanding the mechanisms underlying this toxicity could help identify children at increased risk of toxicity.

    Authors: Olivia Febvey-Combes, Jérôme Guitton, Perrine Marec-Berard, Cécile Faure-Conter, Ellen Blanc, Sylvie Chabaud, Agnès Conjard-Duplany, Matthias Schell and Laurence Derain Dubourg
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:196
  15. Pompe disease, classified as glycogen storage disease type II, arises from a deficiency in the acid alpha-glucosidase (GAA) enzyme, leading to glycogen accumulation in multiple tissues. The unique correlation ...

    Authors: Yasaman Alizadeh, Hossein Saidi, Vahid Saeedi and Leila Kamalzadeh
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:194
  16. Childhood obesity not only has a negative impact on a child's health but is also a significant risk factor for adult obesity and related metabolic disorders, making it a major global public health concern. Rec...

    Authors: Jingjing Wang, Peifeng Zhuang, Bin Lin, Haiqing Li, Jinlu Zheng, Wenlin Tang, Wenbin Ye, Xiangjian Chen and Mingping Zheng
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:193
  17. It is important to detect children with Early Symptomatic Syndromes Eliciting Neurodevelopmental Clinical Examinations (ESSENCE) in order to implement early intervention and support for the child and family. S...

    Authors: B. M. Gustafsson and M. Sund Levander
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:191
  18. Kawasaki disease (KD) is a systemic vasculitis accompanied by many systemic physiological and biochemical changes. Elucidating its molecular mechanisms is crucial for diagnosing and developing effective treatm...

    Authors: Beirong Yu, Bangxu Zheng, Yu Shen, Yijing Shen, Haiyan Qiu, Ling Wu, Yuanling Chen, Xiaohong Cai, Junhua Wu and Qingxiao Hong
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:190
  19. HSCR is a complex genetic disorder characterized by the absence of ganglion cells in the intestine, leading to a functional obstruction. It is due to a disruption of complex signaling pathways within the gene ...

    Authors: Gunadi, Verrell Christopher Amadeus, Fadila Dyah Trie Utami, Fiqih Vidiantoro Halim, Nabilah Anisa Novebri, Rahaditya Alrasyidi Hanggoro, Avinindita Nura Lestari, Kristy Iskandar, Andi Dwihantoro and Eko Purnomo
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:189
  20. : Mothers/caregivers should be aware of a newborn’s danger signs and promptly seek medical attention. Hence, this study assessed mothers’/caregivers’ awareness, healthcare seeking behaviors for neonatal danger...

    Authors: Nagasa Dida, Lonsako Abute, Tariku Dejene, Tolasa Yadate, Temesgen Geleta, Rachana Sharma, Hnin Su Mon, Tesfaye Simireta and Hailemariam Addisu
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:188
  21. Preterm birth (birth before 37 completed weeks of pregnancy) is the leading cause of neonatal and child under-five mortality globally, both of which are highest regionally in sub-Saharan Africa. The skin barri...

    Authors: Alexa Hui, Gwendoline Chimhini, Margaret Saungweme, Dorah Kaisi, Elisabeth Munetsi, Hilda A. Mujuru and Gary L. Darmstadt
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:187
  22. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical features and treatment options for pediatric adrenal incidentalomas(AIs) to guide the diagnosis and treatment of these tumors.

    Authors: Xiaojiang Zhu, Saisai Liu, Yimin Yuan, Nannan Gu, Jintong Sha, Yunfei Guo and Yongji Deng
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:186
  23. The relationship between Vitamin D levels and pediatric celiac disease (CD) remains controversial. In this study, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to examine the relationship between Vitamin ...

    Authors: Yanhong Sun, Qingxue Zhou, Dandan Tian, Jianming Zhou and Shilei Dong
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:185
  24. This study aimed to assess the diagnostic potential of serum intestinal fatty acid-binding protein (I-FABP), fecal calprotectin (FC), and fecal human β-defensin 2 (hBD2) in predicting necrotizing enterocolitis...

    Authors: Sujia Liu, Yongle Liu, Shuhua Lai, Yingling Xie, Wenlong Xiu and Changyi Yang
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:183
  25. Biallelic pathogenic variants in PIP5K1C (MIM #606,102) lead to lethal congenital contractural syndrome 3 (LCCS3, MIM #611,369), a rare autosomal recessive genetic disorder characterized by small gestational age,...

    Authors: Fang Zhang, Hongmei Guo, Xinlong Zhou, Zhengxi Deng, Qiuhong Xu, Qingming Wang, Haiming Yuan and Jianhua Luo
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:182
  26. Type 2 diabetes is a chronic but preventable disease that is on the rise among adolescents. Evaluating adolescents’ behavior and planning to prevent it require a valid and reliable instrument. This study aims ...

    Authors: Ameneh Pooresmaeil Dorosteh, Mohtasham Ghaffari, Sakineh Rakhshanderou and Yadollah Mehrabi
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:180
  27. In April 2020, an association between multisystem inflammatory syndromes (MIS-C) was observed in children with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus infection (SARS-CoV-2). Most patients had heart invo...

    Authors: Ali Hoseininasab, Reza Sinaei, Mohammad Mehdi Bagheri, Maryam Ahmadipour, Reza Derakhshan, Mohammad Javad Najafzadeh, Fatemeh Karami Robati, Maedeh Jafari, Sarehossadat Ebrahimi and Mohammad Ali Jafari
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:179
  28. Amniotic fluid contamination (AFC) is a risk factor for neonatal hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE); however, the correlation between AFC level and the incidence and clinical grading of HIE, in addition to ...

    Authors: Hongyan Lv, Fang Liu, Qiuli Wang, Zhiyong Dong, Huiming Zhang, Pengshun Ren and Liangxiang Li
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:178
  29. The use of antimicrobials (AMs) in pediatric infections is common practice and use may be inappropriate leading to antimicrobial resistance. Off-label AM use is also common in this group and can result in drug...

    Authors: Thais de Barros Fernandes, Sheila Feitosa Ramos, Luísa Rodrigues Furtado Leitzke, Ronaldo Gomes Alexandre Júnior, Janaína Morais de Araújo, Alcidésio Sales de Souza Júnior, Alice Ramos Oliveira da Silva, Isabela Heineck, Marta Maria de França Fonteles, Louise E. Bracken, Matthew Peak, Divaldo Pereira de Lyra Junior, Claudia G S Osorio-de-Castro and Elisangela Costa Lima
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:177
  30. Service readiness tools are important for assessing hospital capacity to provide quality small and sick newborn care (SSNC). Lack of summary scoring approaches for SSNC service readiness means we are unable to...

    Authors: Rebecca E. Penzias, Christine Bohne, Edith Gicheha, Elizabeth M. Molyneux, David Gathara, Samuel K. Ngwala, Evelyn Zimba, Ekran Rashid, Opeyemi Odedere, Olabisi Dosunmu, Robert Tillya, Josephine Shabani, James H. Cross, Christian Ochieng, Harriet H. Webster, Msandeni Chiume…
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 23(Suppl 2):656

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 23 Supplement 2

  31. Adolescent obesity is considered as a major health concern worldwide which is closely linked to the quality of diet. The purpose of the present study was to assess the carbohydrate quality and quantity in rela...

    Authors: Shabnam Mohebati, Mahboobeh Shakeri, Sara Ranjbar, Mohammad Jalali, Mehran Nouri and Shiva Faghih
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:176
  32. While vegetable intakes in Australia remain sub-optimal across all age groups, children are rarely consulted about their ideas on how to increase consumption. Qualitative research involving children provides a...

    Authors: Karpouzis F., Walsh A., Shah S., Ball K. and Lindberg R.
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:175
  33. Previous research has suggested that school-based physical activity (PA) interventions may have a positive impact on academic performance. However, existing literature on school-based interventions encompasses...

    Authors: Lise Sohl Jeppesen, Linn Damsgaard, Malene Norup Stolpe, Jesper Ninn Sandfeld Melcher, Jacob Wienecke, Glen Nielsen, Søren Smedegaard, Anne Husted Henriksen, Rasmus Ahmt Hansen, Charles H Hillman, Tuija H Tammelin, Geir K Resaland, Andrew Daly-Smith and Anna Bugge
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:174
  34. Pectus excavatum, the most common chest wall deformity, is frequently treated with Nuss procedure. Here we will describe non-invasive procedure and analyze the variables associated vacuum bell therapy for pati...

    Authors: Weixuan Lei, Mengqi Shao, Yan Hu, Jieming Cao, Wei Han, Ruoyao Wang, Quanming Fei, Jian Zou, Junqi Yi, Zheyu Cheng and Wenliang Liu
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:173
  35. Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a serious gastrointestinal disease, primarily affects preterm newborns and occurs after 7 days of life (late-onset NEC, LO-NEC). Unfortunately, over the past several decades,...

    Authors: Kun-Yao Hong, Yao Zhu, Fan Wu, Jian Mao, Ling Liu, Rong Zhang, Yan-Mei Chang, Wei Shen, Li-Xia Tang, Xiu-Zhen Ye, Yin-Ping Qiu, Li Ma, Rui Cheng, Hui Wu, Dong-Mei Chen, Ling Chen…
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:172
  36. Mortality of children admitted to Intensive Care Units (ICU) is higher in low-to-middle-income countries (LMICs) as compared to high-income countries (HICs). There is paucity of information on outcomes followi...

    Authors: Rehema E. Lyimo, Yasser H. Said, Sokoine L. Kivuyo, Deogratias Nkya and Francis F. Furia
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:170

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:197

  37. Waterpipe tobacco smoking has increased tremendously at a global level among all age groups, particularly young people. Previous studies have examined the impact of waterpipe tobacco pictorial health warnings ...

    Authors: Diana Malaeb, Bassam Abdul Rasool Hassan, Ali Haider Mohammed, Sinan Subhi Farhan, Omar Abdulwahid Al-Ani, Abir Sarray El Dine, Feten Fekih-Romdhane, Sahar Obeid and Souheil Hallit
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:169
  38. Achieving universal health coverage includes ensuring that children have access to vaccines that are of high quality, safe, efficacious, and affordable. The Immunisation Agenda 2030 aims to expand services to ...

    Authors: Emmanuel Awonanya Akanpaabadai, Abraham Awonboro Adiak, Ruth Nimota Nukpezah, Martin Nyaaba Adokiya, Simon Effah Adjei and Michael Boah
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:168
  39. Feeding difficulties (FDs) are complex phenomena influenced by parental factors, feeding behaviour, and cultural factors. However, studies of the influences of these factors on FDs incidence are scarce. Thus, ...

    Authors: Nathalia Moretti Fontanezi, Priscila Maximino, Rachel Helena Vieira Machado, Gerson Ferrari and Mauro Fisberg
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:167
  40. Germline mutations of NSD1 are associated with Sotos syndrome, characterized by distinctive facial features, overgrowth, and developmental delay. Approximately 3% of individuals with Sotos syndrome develop tumors...

    Authors: Xizan Yue, Bo Liu, Tiantian Han, Didi Guo, Ran Ding and Guangyu Wang
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:166
  41. Lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) in children are a major concern in Indonesia as it is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality. Therefore, research on LRTIs is crucial to improve children’s heal...

    Authors: Vincentia Rizke Ciptaningtyas, Tanjung Ayu Sumekar, Quirijn de Mast, Marinus Isaäk de Jonge and Ani Margawati
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:165
  42. Parents/guardians can greatly influence their child’s movement behaviours (i.e., physical activity, sedentary behaviour, and sleep). Yet, they have reported to lack sufficient background knowledge to foster he...

    Authors: Brianne A. Bruijns, Matthew Bourke, Aidan Loh and Patricia Tucker
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2024 24:164

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