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  1. Increasing dietary fiber intake in children may improve overall diet quality. The purpose of this study was to compare nutrient intakes and sources of fiber between young children with low and high fiber intak...

    Authors: Kristen Finn, Emma Jacquier, Brian Kineman, Heidi Storm and Ryan Carvalho

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:446

    Content type: Research article

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  2. There are scant data on the prevalence and clinical course of pertussis disease among infants with pneumonia in low- and middle-income countries. While pertussis vaccination coverage is high (≥90%) among infan...

    Authors: Bahaa Abu-Raya, David M. Goldfarb, Marek Smieja, Kathy Luinstra, Melissa Richard-Greenblatt, Andrew P. Steenhoff, Kristen A. Feemster, Tonya Arscott-Mills, Coleen K. Cunningham, Samir S. Shah, Mohamed Zaakir Patel, Matthew S. Kelly and Manish Sadarangani

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:444

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Acute appendicitis (AA) is the most common surgical condition in children. Although a higher incidence of AA in summer has been reported, the reason for this observation remains unclear. The purpose of this st...

    Authors: Yao-Jen Hsu, Yu-Wei Fu and Taiwai Chin

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:443

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Pituitary tumors and/or their treatment are associated with multiple pituitary hormone deficiency (MPHD) in adults, but the distinct pituitary hormone profile of MPHD in Chinese children and adolescents remain...

    Authors: Fengxue Wang, Jinyan Han, Xiaohong Shang and Guimei Li

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:441

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Stress signals during sucking activity such as nasal flaring, head turning, and extraneous movements of the body have been attributed to incoordination of sucking, swallowing, and respiration (SSR) in prematur...

    Authors: You Gyoung Yi, Byung-Mo Oh, Seung Han Shin, Jin Yong Shin, Ee-Kyung Kim and Hyung-Ik Shin

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:440

    Content type: Research article

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  6. The objective of this study was to summarize clinical features and PRRT2 mutations of paediatric paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia (PKD) patients and observe the tolerability and effects of morning draughts of ox...

    Authors: Gang Pan, Linmei Zhang and Shuizhen Zhou

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:439

    Content type: Research article

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  7. There is growing evidence that school children in the United States gain weight more rapidly during the summer than the school year, but few studies have explored the causes of this phenomenon. The goal of thi...

    Authors: Lindsay A. Tanskey, Jeanne P. Goldberg, Kenneth Chui, Aviva Must, Catherine M. Wright and Jennifer M. Sacheck

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:438

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Intestinal parasitic infestations triggered considerable gastrointestinal morbidity, malnutrition, and mortality worldwide. In particular, young children in developing countries affected most. Helminthiasis in...

    Authors: Mesfin Wudu Kassaw, Ayele Mamo Abebe, Kenean Getaneh Tlaye, Alemu Birara Zemariam and Biruk Beletew Abate

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:437

    Content type: Research article

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  9. With the rapid development of economy in recent two decades, neonatology has been progressing quickly in China. However, there is little knowledge about the exact developmental status of neonatal departments i...

    Authors: Qiuping Li, Tao Han, Yanping Zhang, Qian Zhang, Xiangyong Kong, Yonghui Yang and Zhichun Feng

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:436

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Prenatal and postnatal depressive symptoms are common in expectant and new mothers and fathers. This study examined the association between four patterns of probable perinatal depression (mother depressed, fat...

    Authors: Nicole Letourneau, Brenda Leung, Henry Ntanda, Deborah Dewey, Andrea J. Deane and Gerald F. Giesbrecht

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:435

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Endotracheal tube (ETT) placement is a critical procedure for newborns that are unable to breathe. Inadvertent esophageal intubation can lead to oxygen deprivation and consequent permanent neurological impairm...

    Authors: Hasan S. Merali, Mark O. Tessaro, Khushboo Q. Ali, Shaun K. Morris, Sajid B. Soofi and Shabina Ariff

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:434

    Content type: Study protocol

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  12. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the multi-component health promotion program, JolinchenKids – fit and healthy in daycare, designed to promote physical activity (PA), healthy eating, and mental wellbeing...

    Authors: Berit Steenbock, Christoph Buck, Hajo Zeeb, Stefan Rach and Claudia R. Pischke

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:432

    Content type: Research article

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  13. The prevalence of overweight and obesity (OWOB) has stabilized in some countries, but a portion of children with high body mass index (BMI) may have become heavier. This study aimed to describe the distributio...

    Authors: Asborg A. Bjertnaes, Jacob H. Grundt, Petur B. Juliusson, Trond J. Markestad, Tor A. Strand and Mads N. Holten-Andersen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:431

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Identification of early signs of hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has proven of prognostic significance. Yet, the importance of intracranial hemorrhage (ICH), being p...

    Authors: Andrea Lakatos, Márton Kolossváry, Miklós Szabó, Ágnes Jermendy, Hajnalka Barta, Gyula Gyebnár, Gábor Rudas and Lajos R. Kozák

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:430

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Unnecessary antibiotic prescription to patients with upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs) has led to the increase in antibiotics resistant bacteria rates. In this study, we evaluated the diagnostic accur...

    Authors: Seyed Ali Safizadeh Shabestari, Zainab A. Malik and Fadil Y. A. Al-Najjar

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:429

    Content type: Research article

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  16. The World Health Organization recommends that mothers should exclusively breastfeed their infants until 6 months of age due to the benefits for the mother and the child. There is documented evidence on exclusi...

    Authors: Amanuel Molla Beyene, Misgan Legesse Liben and Amit Arora

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:428

    Content type: Research article

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  17. While caudal block has been widely used during pediatric lower limbs and lower abdominal surgeries, few studies to date have evaluated the perioperative effects of caudal block on pediatric patients in laparos...

    Authors: Bingdong Tao, Kun Liu, Dandan Wang, Mengmeng Ding, Ni Yang and Ping Zhao

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:427

    Content type: Research article

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  18. To construct birth weight charts for the Chongqing municipality, China and to identify whether differences in birth weight exist across urban/rural populations, thereby warranting separate charts.

    Authors: Xue Zhao, Yinyin Xia, Hua Zhang, Philip N. Baker and Tom Norris

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:426

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Trunk control is generally considered to be related to gross motor development. However, this assumption has not been validated with clinical data. This pilot study was the first of its kind to examine the lon...

    Authors: Tamis W. Pin, Penelope B. Butler, Hon-Ming Cheung and Sandra Lai-Fong Shum

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:425

    Content type: Research article

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  20. The initial episode of angioedema in children can be potential life-threatening due to the lack of prompt identification and treatment. We aimed to analyze the factors predicting the severity and outcomes of t...

    Authors: Yuan-Jhen Syue, Chao-Jui Li, Wen-Liang Chen, Tsung-Han Lee, Cheng-Chieh Huang, Mei-Chueh Yang, Chih-Ming Lin, Meng-Huan Wu, Chu-Chung Chou, Chin-Fu Chang and Yan-Ren Lin

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:423

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Nocturnal enuresis (NE), or ‘bedwetting’, is a form of night-time urinary incontinence occurring in younger children. A diagnosis of NE can be socially disruptive and psychologically stressful for a child. The...

    Authors: Janet Schloss, Kimberley Ryan, Rebecca Reid and Amie Steel

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:421

    Content type: Study protocol

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  22. Given the rarity of pediatric surgical disease, it is important to consider available large-scale data resources as a means to better study and understand relevant disease-processes and their treatments. The M...

    Authors: Arin L. Madenci, Cathaleen K. Madsen, Nicollette K. Kwon, Lindsey L. Wolf, Kristin A. Sonderman, Jill M. Zalieckas, Samuel E. Rice-Townsend, Adil H. Haider, Robert L. Ricca, Brent R. Weil, Christopher B. Weldon and Tracey P. Koehlmoos

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:419

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Lifestyle modifications represent the first line of treatment in obesity management; however, many adolescents with obesity do not meet lifestyle recommendations. Given that adolescents are rarely consulted du...

    Authors: M. Kebbe, A. Perez, A. Buchholz, T.-L. F. McHugh, S. D. Scott, C. Richard, M. P. Dyson and G. D. C. Ball

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:418

    Content type: Research article

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  24. The use and optimal duration of treatment with nebulized hypertonic saline (HS) in infants hospitalized for acute bronchiolitis is unclear. The objective was to compare the efficacy of 1 versus 3 days of nebul...

    Authors: Gaëlle Beal, Catherine Barbier, Sophie Thoret, Amandine Rubio, Mathilde Bonnet, Roseline Mazet, Anne Ego and Isabelle Pin

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:417

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Premature preterm rupture of membranes (PPROM) is reported to be associated with high rates of neonatal mortality and morbidity. Sildenafil has been used in infants with persistent pulmonary hypertension of ne...

    Authors: Karen Lavie-Nevo, Kevin C. Harris and Joseph Y. Ting

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:416

    Content type: Case report

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  26. Obesity is associated with many chronic diseases including cortisol rhythm disorder and low testosterone. Furthermore, studies on obese children are quite limited and no concordance results have been obtained,...

    Authors: Bingyan Cao, Chunxiu Gong, Di Wu, Xuejun Liang, Wenjing Li, Min Liu, Chang Su, Miao Qin, Xi Meng and Liya Wei

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:414

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Professional support in pediatric and rehabilitation care environments has been recommended as a means to build youth competence in life skills during their transition to adulthood. Life skills are the essenti...

    Authors: Shauna Kingsnorth, Alanna E. F. Rudzik, Gillian King and Amy C. McPherson

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:413

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) are the most effective treatment for children with persistent asthma. However adverse effects of ICS on Hypothalamo Pituitary Adrenal (HPA) axis, growth and bone metabolism are a ...

    Authors: Anuradha KWDA, Prematilake GLDC, Batuwita BAUI, Kannangoda KASR, Hewagamage US, Wijeratne S, Lankatilake Kantha and de Silva KSH

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:411

    Content type: Research article

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  29. To explore the changes of inflammatory and oxidative stress responses in Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) children, and further analyzed the therapeutic effects and mechanisms of hemoperfusion (HP) on HSP with s...

    Authors: Ying Zhu, Yang Dong, Lin Wu and Fang Deng

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:409

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  30. Infants are in a state of rapid development and maturation; the growth rate is most rapid during the first 4 to 6 months of life. Few studies indicated that in developing countries including Ethiopia the preva...

    Authors: Lakew Abebe, Mamusha Aman, Shifera Asfaw, Hailay Gebreyesus, Mebrahtu Teweldemedhin and Abebe Mamo

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:408

    Content type: Research article

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  31. The use of oral (PO) antibiotics following a course of certain intravenous (IV) antibiotics is proposed in order to avoid the complications of IV medications and to decrease the cost. However, the efficacy and...

    Authors: Chuan Wang, Yanan Li and Yi Ji

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:407

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Kawasaki disease (KD) is a common vasculitis of childhood in East Asia. The complications of KD ascribed to long-term cardiovascular sequelae are considerably diverse. Although studies have investigated neurod...

    Authors: Chien-Heng Lin, Wei-De Lin, I-Ching Chou, Inn-Chi Lee and Syuan-Yu Hong

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:406

    Content type: Research article

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  33. An increasing number of extremely preterm (EP) infants have survived worldwide. However, few data have been reported from China. This study was designed to investigate the short-term outcomes of EP infants at ...

    Authors: Fan Wu, Guosheng Liu, Zhoushan Feng, Xiaohua Tan, Chuanzhong Yang, Xiaotong Ye, Yiheng Dai, Weiyi Liang, Xiuzhen Ye, Jing Mo, Lu Ding, Benqing Wu, Hongxiang Chen, Chiwang Li, Zhe Zhang, Xiao Rong…

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:405

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  34. The factors that determine the effect of enteral feeding on intestinal perfusion after preterm birth remain largely unknown. We aimed to determine the effect of enteral feeding on intestinal oxygen saturation (ri...

    Authors: Sara J. Kuik, Anne G. J. F. van Zoonen, Arend F. Bos, Koenraad N. J. A. Van Braeckel, Jan B. F. Hulscher and Elisabeth M. W. Kooi

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:404

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Previous studies showed that parents of very preterm infants expressed feelings of incompetence and experienced high levels of stress upon the discharge of their infants. We conducted a systematic review of se...

    Authors: S. Y. Lee, J. P. C. Chau, K. C. Choi and S. H. S. Lo

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:402

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Mexico occupies one of the first places worldwide in childhood obesity. Its Mestizo and Indigenous communities present different levels of westernization which have triggered different epidemiological diseases...

    Authors: Paula Costa-Urrutia, Rafael Álvarez-Fariña, Carolina Abud, Valentina Franco-Trecu, Julián Esparza-Romero, Cruz Mónica López-Morales, Martha Eunice Rodríguez-Arellano, Jaime Valle Leal, Valentina Colistro and Julio Granados

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:401

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Epilepsy is a complex disorder caused by various factors, including genetic aberrance. Recent studies have identified an essential role of the sodium channel Nav1.6, encoded by the gene SCN8A, in epileptic enceph...

    Authors: Kao-Min Lin, Geng Su, Fengpeng Wang, Xiaobin Zhang, Yuanqing Wang, Jun Ren, Xin Wang, Yi Yao and Ying Zhou

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:400

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  38. Acute seizures are common in pediatric cerebral malaria (CM), but usual care with phenobarbital risks respiratory suppression. We undertook studies of enteral levetiracetam (eLVT) to evaluate pharmacokinetics ...

    Authors: Gretchen L. Birbeck, Susan T. Herman, Edmund V. Capparelli, Fraction K. Dzinjalamala, Samah G. Abdel Baki, Macpherson Mallewa, Neema M. Toto, Douglas G. Postels, Joseph C. Gardiner, Terrie E. Taylor and Karl B. Seydel

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:399

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Otitis Media (OM) is the most common disease of childhood. Twenty thousand people die each year from otitis media. It is an important cause of preventable hearing loss, affects children's intellectual performa...

    Authors: Bereket Tadesse, Techalew Shimelis and Mesfin Worku

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:398

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  40. More research is needed about the association between physical activity (PA), sedentary behaviour (SB), and adiposity in preschoolers, particularly using more direct clinical measures of adiposity. Therefore, ...

    Authors: Amar Arhab, Nadine Messerli-Bürgy, Tanja H. Kakebeeke, Kerstin Stülb, Annina Zysset, Claudia S. Leeger-Aschmann, Einat A. Schmutz, Andrea H. Meyer, Simone Munsch, Susi Kriemler, Oskar G. Jenni and Jardena J. Puder

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:397

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  41. The global HIV burden among adolescents ages 10–19 is growing. This population concurrently confronts the multifaceted challenges of adolescence and living with HIV. With the goal of informing future intervent...

    Authors: Carly A. Rodriguez, Emiliano Valle, Jerome Galea, Milagros Wong, Lenka Kolevic, Maribel Muñoz, Leonid Lecca and Molly F. Franke

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:396

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

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