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  1. Anastomotic stricture (AS) is the most frequently occurring complication that occurs after esophageal atresia (EA) repair. Nevertheless, the pathogenesis remains primarily unknown and there is inadequate knowl...

    Authors: Anahid Teimourian, Felipe Donoso, Pernilla Stenström, Helena Arnadottir, Einar Arnbjörnsson, Helene Lilja and Martin Salö

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:400

    Content type: Research article

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  2. The diagnostic gold standard of Hirschsprung’s disease (HD) is based on the histopathological assessment of colorectal biopsies. Although data on cholinergic innervation and ganglion cell (GC) distribution exi...

    Authors: Anne K. Braczynski, Stefan Gfroerer, Rudi Beschorner, Patrick N. Harter, Peter Baumgarten, Udo Rolle and Michel Mittelbronn

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:399

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Kawasaki disease (KD) causes coronary artery lesions (CAL) and is the leading cause of acquired heart disease in children. The aim of this study is to evaluate the risk factors and set-up a scoring system for ...

    Authors: Ling-Sai Chang, Yi-Ju Lin, Jia-Huei Yan, Mindy Ming-Huey Guo, Mao-Hung Lo and Ho-Chang Kuo

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:398

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Armed conflict is a significant social determinant of child health with nuanced effects. There is a dearth of knowledge on the public health issues facing vulnerable populations in conflict-stricken areas. The...

    Authors: Irene Ule Ngole Sumbele, Gillian Nkeudem Asoba, Rene Ning Teh, Samuel Metuge, Judith Kuoh Anchang-Kimbi and Theresa Nkuo-Akenji

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:396

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Children with chronic cholestatic liver diseases have a high risk of malnutrition. However, nutritional management in China has received little attention, and there has been limited evidence regarding improvin...

    Authors: Xiao Chen, Jianshe Wang, Yi Lu, Xinbao Xie, Ying Gu, Jos M. Latour and Yuxia Zhang

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:395

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Although several studies have examined the link between different food groups intake and stunting among children, no study, to our knowledge, was done on exceptional children. The aim of this study was assesse...

    Authors: Seyyed Mostafa Nachvak, Omid Sadeghi, Shima Moradi, Ahmad Esmailzadeh and Roghayeh Mostafai

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:394

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Gross motor development curves for children with Cerebral Palsy (CP), grouped by Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) levels, help health care professionals and parents to understand children’s m...

    Authors: Paula S. C. Chagas, Carolyne M. Drumond, Aline M. Toledo, Ana Carolina de Campos, Ana Cristina R. Camargos, Egmar Longo, Hércules R. Leite, Kênnea M. A. Ayupe, Rafaela S. Moreira, Rosane L. S. Morais, Robert J. Palisano and Peter Rosenbaum

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:393

    Content type: Study protocol

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  8. The Mind, Exercise, Nutrition … Do it! (MEND) childhood obesity intervention was implemented in British Columbia (B.C.), Canada from April 2013 to June 2017. The study objective was: a) to describe and explore...

    Authors: Sam Liu, Joy Weismiller, Karen Strange, Lisa Forster-Coull, Jennifer Bradbury, Tom Warshawski and Patti-Jean Naylor

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:392

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Melnick-Needles syndrome (MNS) is an extremely rare osteochondrodysplasia caused by a mutation of FLNA, the gene encoding filamin A. MNS is inherited in an X-linked dominant manner. In this study, we describe thr...

    Authors: Chi Hoon Oh, Chang Ho Lee, So Young Kim, So-Young Lee, Hak Hoon Jun and Soonchul Lee

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:391

    Content type: Case report

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  10. This study aims at determining the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) after the induction therapy, assessing the agreement between child self-reports and...

    Authors: Shohei Nakajima, Iori Sato, Takafumi Soejima, Katsuyoshi Koh, Motohiro Kato, Yasuhiro Okamoto, Toshihiko Imamura, Miho Maeda, Yasushi Ishida, Atsushi Manabe and Kiyoko Kamibeppu

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:390

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Skiing and snowboarding are popular activities among Canadian youth and these sports have evolved to include certain risk behaviours such as listening to music, using terrain parks, and video recording yoursel...

    Authors: Kelly Russell, Stephanie Arthur, Claude Goulet, Erin Selci and Barbara Morrongiello

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:389

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Sepsis is still one of the main causes of infants and children mortality especially in developing, economically challenged countries with limited resources. Our objective in this study was to determine, the pr...

    Authors: Samira Z. Sayed, Mohamed M. Mahmoud, Hend M. Moness and Suzan O. Mousa

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:387

    Content type: Research article

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  13. At present, there are few studies on the economic burden and medical treatment of children with asthma in China. Thus this study aimed to investigate the economic burden of medical treatment of children with a...

    Authors: Ping Wu, Baoping Xu, Adong Shen, Zonglin He, Casper J. P. Zhang, Wai-kit Ming and Kunling Shen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:386

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Non-Hispanic black (NHB) infants are twice as likely as non-Hispanic white infants to experience rapid weight gain in the first 6 months, yet few trials have targeted this population. The current study tests t...

    Authors: Heather M. Wasser, Amanda L. Thompson, Chirayath M. Suchindran, Barbara D. Goldman, Eric A. Hodges, Meredith J. Heinig and Margaret E. Bentley

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:385

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Preterm infants born 30 to 33 weeks’ gestation often require early support with intravenous fluids because of respiratory distress, hypoglycemia or feed intolerance. When full feeds are anticipated to be reach...

    Authors: Hiroki Suganuma, Dennis Bonney, Chad C. Andersen, Andrew J. McPhee, Thomas R. Sullivan, Robert A. Gibson and Carmel T. Collins

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:384

    Content type: Research article

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  16. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Mohamad K. Haidar, Florian Vogt, Islam Amine Larabi, Kensuke Takahashi, Fanny Henaff, Lisa Umphrey, Nikola Morton, Luke Bawo, Joseph Kerkula, Robin Ferner, Klaudia Porten, Jean-Claude Alvarez and Frederic J. Baud

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:383

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:139

  17. To investigate the occurrence frequency, changing trends, and epidemiological distribution of unintentional suffocation in children under 5 years old.

    Authors: Fanjuan Kong, Lili Xiong, Aihua Wang, Donghua Xie, Jian He, Jinping Su, Kui Wu, Zhiyu Liu and Hua Wang

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:376

    Content type: Research article

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  18. The aim of this study was to examine the characteristics of diurnal cortisol rhythm in childhood obesity and its relationships with anthropometry, pubertal stage and physical activity.

    Authors: Ting Yu, Wei Zhou, Su Wu, Qianqi Liu and Xiaonan Li

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:381

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The current paradigm for treating toddler’s diarrhea comprises dietary modification and fluid restriction. Previous studies show that probiotics and proton-pump inhibitors (PPIs) or H2 blockers could control diar...

    Authors: Samuel N. Uwaezuoke, Ikenna K. Ndu, Chizoma I. Eneh, Chikere A. Anusiem and Adaeze C. Ayuk

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:380

    Content type: Research article

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  20. The increase in the number of Internet users has increased Internet dependence worldwide. In adolescents, this dependence may interfere with sleep, which is important for the development of psychophysiological...

    Authors: Mikiko Tokiya, Osamu Itani, Yuichiro Otsuka and Yoshitaka Kaneita

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:379

    Content type: Research article

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  21. There is a need for an easy and sensitive method for screening of urinary tract infections in young children. We set out to test whether a novel diaper-embedded urine test device is feasible and reliable in sc...

    Authors: Niko Paalanne, Lotta Wikstedt, Tytti Pokka, Jarmo Salo, Matti Uhari, Marjo Renko and Terhi Tapiainen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:378

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Sudden unexpected infant death (SUID) - including sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) - continues to be a major contributor to infant mortality worldwide. Our objective was to analyse time trends and to identi...

    Authors: Jacqueline Müller-Nordhorn, Alice Schneider, Ulrike Grittner, Konrad Neumann, Thomas Keil, Stefan N. Willich and Sylvia Binting

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:377

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Describe the outcome of adenovirus pneumonia in a pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) over a 3-year period, to identify the risk factors that may be associated with worse outcome.

    Authors: Jingyi Shi, Yiping Zhou, Fei Wang, Chunxia Wang, Huijie Miao, Ting Sun, Yijun Shan, Yun Cui and Yucai Zhang

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:375

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Henoch–Schönlein purpura is a type of systemic vasculitis found in children. Its prognosis is usually good; however, recurrence is relatively common. If the intestines are affected, severe complications could ...

    Authors: Eun Young Paek, Dae Yong Yi, Ben Kang and Byung-Ho Choe

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:374

    Content type: Research article

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  25. The greatest disease burden of sickle cell disease occurs early in life. Understanding factors that reduce disease related events in this period is therefore important. Hence, we assessed the impact of early c...

    Authors: Angela Edna Rankine-Mullings, Twila Mae Logan, Lesley-Gaye King, Colette Andrea Cunningham-Myrie, Clive Robert Scott and Jennifer Marcelle Knight-Madden

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:373

    Content type: Research article

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  26. To investigate the prevalence and patterns of breastfeeding at discharge and in the first six months of life in a high-risk fetal, neonatal and child referral center.

    Authors: Maíra Domingues Bernardes Silva, Raquel de Vasconcellos Carvalhaes de Oliveira, José Ueleres Braga, João Aprígio Guerra de Almeida and Enirtes Caetano Prates Melo

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:372

    Content type: Research article

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  27. The oropharyngeal colostrum administration protocol to treat premature newborns is a possible and plausible strategy in neonatal health services, since the immunoprotective components of colostrum can be absor...

    Authors: Camilla da Cruz Martins, Michelle de Santana Xavier Ramos, Mara Viana Cardoso Amaral, Jéssica Santos Passos Costa, Ellayne Souza Cerqueira, Tatiana de Oliveira Vieira, Simone Seixas dA Cruz and Graciete Oliveira Vieira

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:371

    Content type: Study protocol

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  28. Sibship size and structure have a significant association with overweight and obesity in children, but the relationship with thinness has not been fully studied and understood, especially in Asia. This study e...

    Authors: Tingting Yu, Chang Chen, Zhijuan Jin, You Yang, Yanrui Jiang, Li Hong, Xiaodan Yu, Hao Mei, Fan Jiang, Hong Huang, Shijian Liu and Xingming Jin

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:367

    Content type: Research article

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  29. In isolated premature thelarche (IPT) girls, bone age (BA) is considered consistent with chronological age. However, some IPT girls confirmed by gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) stimulation test could sho...

    Authors: Huiping Su, Zhe Su, Lili Pan, Li Wang, Zhongwei Xu, Gang Peng and Xianglei Li

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:356

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Atrial flutter (AFL) is a supraventricular tachyarrhythmia. In the ECG tracing, it is marked by a fast, irregular atrial activity of 280–500 beats per minute. AFL is known to be a rare and also life-threatenin...

    Authors: Monika Wójtowicz-Marzec, Barbara Wysokińska and Maria Respondek-Liberska

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:370

    Content type: Case report

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  31. Dubin-Johnson syndrome (DJS) is an autosomal recessive disorder presenting as isolated direct hyperbilirubinemia.DJS is rarely diagnosed in the neonatal period. The purpose of this study was to clarify the cli...

    Authors: Kwang Yeon Kim, Tae Hyeong Kim, Moon-Woo Seong, Sung Sup Park, Jin Soo Moon and Jae Sung Ko

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:369

    Content type: Research article

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  32. There is significant disparity between the respiratory health of Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australian infants. There is no culturally accepted measure to collect respiratory health outcomes in Indigenous i...

    Authors: Sarah Perkes, Billie Bonevski, Joerg Mattes, Kerry Hall and Gillian S. Gould

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:368

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Congenital diaphragmatic hernia is a deficiency of the fetal diaphragm resulting in herniation of the abdominal viscera into the thoracic cavity. The best method of respiratory management of congenital diaphra...

    Authors: Sasagu Kimura, Katsuaki Toyoshima, Tomoaki Shimokaze and Rikuo Hoshino

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:365

    Content type: Case report

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  34. Evidence of hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) in neonates is limited. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical symptoms, pathogens, possible transmission routes, and prognosis of neonatal HFMD in ...

    Authors: Shanshan Xu, Huajun Li, Peng Qiao, Guofeng Xu, Dongying Zhao, Xiaoyan Lin, Yu Qin, Huiju Yu, Xi Zhang, Wanju Zhang and Lisu Huang

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:364

    Content type: Research article

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  35. There has been much research into how to promote upper-limb skills to achieve functional independence in children with unilateral spastic cerebral palsy (USCP). One researched intervention is the Breathe Magic...

    Authors: Daisy Fancourt, Jaeyoung Wee and Fabianna Lorencatto

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:363

    Content type: Research article

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  36. The objective of this study was to evaluate and compare the validity and accuracy of the Willems, Demirjian and Nolla methods in predicting chronological age in a Spanish ethnicity population.

    Authors: Marta Macarena Paz Cortés, Rosa Rojo, Esther Alía García and Maria Rosa Mourelle Martínez

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:361

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Newborn hearing screening (NHS) can reduce the economic and social burden of hearing impairment. To track the progress of the goal set by the National Program of Action for Child Development (NPACD) and to est...

    Authors: Xuelian Yuan, Kui Deng, Jun Zhu, Liangcheng Xiang, Yongna Yao, Qi Li, Xiaohong Li and Hanmin Liu

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:360

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Vitamin A plays a pivotal role in respiratory infection, accurate estimation of vitamin A status was recommended in planning and implementing interventions. As infections affect serum vitamin A productions, th...

    Authors: Yuanyuan Li, Ziyao Guo, Guangli Zhang, Xiaoyin Tian, Qinyuan Li, Dapeng Chen and Zhengxiu Luo

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:359

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Children with medical complexity (CMC) denotes the profile of a child with diverse acute and chronic conditions, making intensive use of the healthcare services and with special health and social needs. Previo...

    Authors: Neus Carrilero, Albert Dalmau-Bueno and Anna García-Altés

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:358

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) is one of the interventions widely used in low-income countries to manage Low Birth Weight Infants (LBWIs), a global leading cause of neonatal and child mortality. LBWI largely contr...

    Authors: Christina T. Mathias, Solange Mianda and Themba G. Ginindza

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:355

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Currently, as the number of vaccinated children in Poland and throughout Europe is decreasing. Many factors impact on the rate vaccination and parents’ health behaviours may affect the frequency of vaccination...

    Authors: Jolanta Kraśnicka, Elżbieta Krajewska-Kułak, Krystyna Klimaszewska, Mateusz Cybulski, Andrzej Guzowski, Jolanta Lewko, Cecylia Łukaszuk, Krystyna Kowalczuk, Halina Doroszkiewicz, Anna Baranowska, Katarzyna Krajewska-Ferishah, Hanna Rolka and Wojciech Kułak

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:354

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Children have reported that one reason for participating in research is to help their doctor. This is potentially harmful if associated with coercive consent but might be beneficial for recruitment. We aimed t...

    Authors: Malou L. Luchtenberg, Els L. M. Maeckelberghe, Louise Locock and A. A. Eduard Verhagen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:353

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Phenylketonuria (PKU), which is characterized by a deficiency of phenylalanine hydroxylase activity, is an autosomal recessive disorder of phenylalanine (Phe) metabolism. Newborn screening is the main populati...

    Authors: Mehdi Shokri, Parviz Karimi, Hadis Zamanifar, Fatemeh Kazemi, Gholamreza Badfar and Milad Azami

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:352

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Pediatric acute liver failure is a rare, life-threatening illness. Mushroom poisoning is a rare etiology. For patients with irreversible pediatric acute liver failure, liver transplantation is the ultimate lif...

    Authors: Chun-Feng Yang, Chu-Qiao Sheng, Yu Ao and Yu-Mei Li

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:351

    Content type: Case report

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  45. Vitamin D is an essential element for body health with its supplements generally administered to prevent vitamin D deficiency. Since these supplements are available in domestic settings, vitamin D toxicity may...

    Authors: Fariba Farnaghi, Hossein Hassanian-Moghaddam, Nasim Zamani, Narges Gholami, Latif Gachkar and Maryam Hosseini Yazdi

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:350

    Content type: Research article

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