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  1. Vibration therapy (VT) has been increasingly studied in children with cerebral palsy (CP) over the last years, however, optimal therapeutic VT protocols are yet to be determined. The present study compared the...

    Authors: Alena Adaikina, José G. B. Derraik, Paul L. Hofman and Silmara Gusso
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:4
  2. The association between diet, symptoms and health related quality of life in children and young people with Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is not clearly understood. The objectives of this systematic revi...

    Authors: Najmeh Zare, Maedeh Mansoubi, Shelly Coe, Ali Aminalsharieh Najafi, Kathryn Bailey, Kathryn Harrison, Joanna Sheehan, Helen Dawes and Karen Barker
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:3
  3. Children's injuries from traffic accidents have been identified as a global public health issue. Child restraint system (CRS) is a useful tool for lowering the risk of injury to children. Nevertheless, CRS usa...

    Authors: Yaru Sun, Ting Liu, Junyu Chen, Juan Huang, Xin Wang, Mingqin Lu, Ying Luo and Xiuling Yang
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:2
  4. Möbius (Moebius) and Poland’s syndromes are two rare congenital syndromes characterized by non-progressive bilateral (and often asymmetric) dysfunction of the 6th and 7th cranial nerves and hypoplasia of the pect...

    Authors: Graeme E. Glass, Shiyas Mohammedali, Bran Sivakumar, Mitchell A. Stotland, Faisal Abdulkader, Debra O. Prosser and Donald R. Love
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:745
  5. Infantile hemangiomas (IHs) are vascular tumors that commonly affect infants and usually regress spontaneously or can be easily treated as an outpatient with topical beta-blockers. However, IHs that present in...

    Authors: Matthew S. MacDougall, Sarah Y. Afzal, Michael S. Freedman and Peggy Han
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:744
  6. Developmental dyslexia, a specific and long-lasting learning disorder that prevents children from becoming efficient and fluent readers, has a severe impact on academic learning and behavior and may compromise...

    Authors: Karine Louna Harrar-Eskinazi, Bruno De Cara, Gilles Leloup, Julie Nothelier, Hervé Caci, Johannes C. Ziegler and Sylvane Faure
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:741
  7. To investigate the correlation between N-terminal probrain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-(OH) D), high-mobility group box 1(HMGB1), endogenous activin A (ACTA), blood glucose level, ...

    Authors: Guiling Liu, Sisi Cheng, Li Wan, Yanyan Li, Qian Zhao, Jianxin Liu and Xiufang Jiang
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:739
  8. Unreasonable use of antibiotics and probiotics can alter the gut ecology, leading to antibiotic resistance and suboptimal health outcomes during early life. Our study aims are to clarify the association among ...

    Authors: Qi Qi, Liang Wang, Mitslal Abrha Gebremedhin, Shaoru Li, Xueyao Wang, Jiali Shen, Yingze Zhu, Amanuel Kidane Andegiorgish, Yue Cheng, Lu Shi, Jing Zhou, Ying Yang, Yijun Kang, Wenfang Yang, Zhonghai Zhu and Lingxia Zeng
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:738
  9. Juvenile Scleroderma is a rare autoimmune disease of the connective tissue. Its concurrence with COVID-19 can lead to limb ischemia as both disease entities are pro-inflammatory and pro-thrombotic. To date, th...

    Authors: Mark Jason D. C. Milan, Leonila F. Dans and Vanessa Maria F. Torres-Ticzon
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:737
  10. Successful linkage to HIV services and initiation of antiretroviral treatment (ART) for children living with HIV (CLHIV) is critical to improve pediatric ART coverage. We aimed to assess confirmatory testing, ...

    Authors: Alemayehu Bekele, Susan Hrapcak, Jelaludin Ahmed Mohammed, Jemal Ayalew Yimam, Tsegaye Tilahun, Tenagnework Antefe, Hanna Kumssa, Desta Kassa, Semegnew Mengistu, Kelsey Mirkovic, Eric J. Dziuban, Zena Belay, Christine Ross and Wondimu Teferi
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:736
  11. Despite a large body of research has shown that smartphone addiction (SA) is associated with aggressive behaviors, only a few mediators have been previously examined in this relationship among early adolescent...

    Authors: Feten Fekih-Romdhane, Diana Malaeb, Abir Sarray El Dine, Sahar Obeid and Souheil Hallit
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:735
  12. Noonan syndrome (NS) is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous disorder. Since its clinical phenotype is often mild and difficult to differentiate from other syndromes, its diagnosis can be challenging and...

    Authors: Francesco Baldo, Alice Fachin, Beatrice Da Re, Elisa Rubinato, Marco Bobbo and Egidio Barbi
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:734
  13. Over 250 million children under 5 years, globally, are at risk of developmental delay. Interventions during the first 2 years of life have enduring positive effects if children at risk are identified, using st...

    Authors: Michelle Fernandes, Diego Bassani, Elaine Albernaz, Andrea D. Bertoldi, Mariangela F. Silveira, Alicia Matijsevich, Luciana Anselmi, Suélen Cruz, Camila S. Halal, Luciana Tovo-Rodrigues, Gloria Isabel Nino Cruz, Deepa Metgud and Ina S. Santos
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:733
  14. Antibiotic-impregnated calcium sulfate has excellent curative efficacy in chronic osteomyelitis. However, its curative efficacy in pediatric hematogenous osteomyelitis has not been sufficiently studied. The pu...

    Authors: Rui Tao, Jian-qun Wu, Ji-wei Luo, Liang Hong, Chun-hao Zhou, Guo-yun Cheng and Cheng-he Qin
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:732
  15. Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) is one of the commonest complication preterm neonates suffer and accounts for a significant morbidity and mortality in low and middle income countries (LMICs). Addressing RD...

    Authors: Maria Bulimba, Judith Cosmas, Yaser Abdallah, Augustine Massawe and Karim Manji
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:731
  16. Vitamin D is an essential micronutrient for bone mineralization and bone growth in children. There have been few studies to date of vitamin D status in infants aged 6–12 months in Southeast Asian countries.

    Authors: Staporn Kasemsripitak, Somchit Jaruratanasirikul, Sasivara Boonrusmee, Tansit Saengkaew and Hutcha Sriplung
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:729
  17. The differential diagnosis of multiple unexplained bone fractures in a young infant usually includes child abuse or bone disease such as osteogenesis imperfecta. Bone abnormalities can occur in 60–80% of cases...

    Authors: Maria Koliou, Elpida Chatzicharalampous, Myria Charalambous and Kyriakos Aristeidou
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:728
  18. Complementary foods with breastfeeding are foods or drinks given to children aged 6–23 months to meet their nutritional needs. The non-optimal provision of complementary feeding influences malnutrition in chil...

    Authors: Esti Yunitasari, Ahmad Hisyam Al Faisal, Ferry Efendi, Tiyas Kusumaningrum, Fildzah Cindra Yunita and Mei Chan Chong
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:727
  19. The purpose of the present study was two-fold: (1) To analyse physical fitness changes of youth football players after a full-season; and (2) to examine whether physical fitness changes are explainable by esti...

    Authors: Rui Miguel Silva, Filipe Manuel Clemente, Francisco González-Fernández, Hadi Nobari, Hamed Haghighi and José Ma. Cancela Carral
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:726
  20. The prevalence of childhood obesity (CO) and related complications is high and alarmingly increasing in Iran. This study applied a mixed Delphi & Policy Dialogue approach to exploring and prioritizing policy o...

    Authors: Fatemeh Toorang, Amirhossein Takian, Hamed Pouraram, Parisa Amiri and Zahra Abdullahi
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:724
  21. In the validation of new imaging technology for children with Hirschsprung’s disease (HSCR), basic anatomical parameters of the bowel wall must be established specifically for this patient group.

    Authors: Christina Graneli, Sofia Patarroyo, Rodrigo Munoz Mitev, David Gisselsson, Emilia Gottberg, Tobias Erlöv, Tomas Jansson, Kristine Hagelsteen, Magnus Cinthio and Pernilla Stenström
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:723
  22. Orphan children living in orphanages are often neglected. These children's physical and mental health status is essential as they are highly prone to malnourishment and psychosocial distress. We aim to evaluat...

    Authors: Putul Mahanta, Kahua Das Thakuria, Pinky Goswami, Chandana Kalita, Ranjumoni Knower, Madhab Chandra Rajbangshi, Senjam Gojendra Singh, Jagadish Basumatary and Plabita Majumder
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:722
  23. To i) identify and map the available evidence regarding effectiveness and harms of spinal manipulation and mobilisation for infants, children and adolescents with a broad range of conditions; ii) identify and ...

    Authors: Nikki Milne, Lauren Longeri, Anokhi Patel, Jan Pool, Kenneth Olson, Annalie Basson and Anita R. Gross
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:721
  24. During pediatric general anesthesia (GA) and sedation, clinicians aim to maintain physiological parameters within normal ranges. Accordingly, regional cerebral oxygen saturation (rScO2) should not drop below prei...

    Authors: Philipp Gude, Thomas P. Weber, Stefan Dazert, Norbert Teig, Philipp Mathmann, Adrian I. Georgevici and Katrin Neumann
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:720
  25. The primary aim of the study was to assess the nutritional status of pediatric liver transplant outpatients in nutrition clinic, particularly the nutritional status of their bones. 

    Authors: Liya Pan, Xuejie Gao, Huanhuan Fu, Yunman Liu and Li Hong
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:719
  26. Infection is a major cause of death in children, and it is particularly important to identify biological indicators of early infection. Previous studies showed that the neutrophil CD64 (nCD64) index may be a u...

    Authors: Lu-Lu Cao, Wei-Wei Wang, Li Zhao, Ji-Ru Li, Xiang-Mei Kong, Yue-Niu Zhu and Xiao-Dong Zhu
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:718
  27. Children with anorectal malformation (ARM) and Hirschsprung’s Disease (HD) live with permanent urinary and bowel symptoms, possibly impairing motor development in early childhood. Not being able to swim adds a...

    Authors: Tatjana Tamara König, Mattis Krude and Oliver J. Muensterer
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:717
  28. Ninety-six percent of the world’s 3 million neonatal deaths occur in developing countries where the majority of births occur outside health facility. The objective of this study was to evaluate the demographic...

    Authors: Hailemichael Gebremariam, Berhe Tesfai, Seltene Tewelde, Samsom Abay, Danait Tekeste and Fitsum Kibreab
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:716
  29. Taking into account the timing of C-reactive protein (CRP) testing may improve the performance of the test in diagnosing bacterial infections in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). We aimed to examine the...

    Authors: Shelley Borowski, Irina Shchors and Maskit Bar-Meir
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:715
  30. Signs of feeding intolerance, such as gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms, are frequently observed in otherwise healthy formula-fed infants in the first months of life. The primary objective of this observational s...

    Authors: Luca Lavalle, Nicolas Sauvageot, Colin Ivano Cercamondi, Delphine Egli, Ivana Jankovic and Yvan Vandenplas
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:714
  31. Rubella is a common inherited infection resulting in congenital cataracts and a significant cause of permanent vision loss in developing countries. In 2016, Indonesia had the highest number of congenital rubel...

    Authors: Elisabeth Siti Herini, Agung Triono, Kristy Iskandar, Albaaza Nuady, Lucia Hetty Pujiastuti, Marcellus, Andika Priamas Nugrahanto, Musthofa Kamal and Gunadi
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:713
  32. Access to outpatient therapeutic feeding programs (OTP) for all children who have uncomplicated severe acute malnutrition (SAM) remains a global public health priority. Identifying predictors that determine ti...

    Authors: Ashenafi Tsegaye, Bikila Lencha and Kebede Kumsa
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:712
  33. Congenital heart defects (CHD) affect about 8 out of 1000 births worldwide. Most of the patients reach adulthood and are exposed to an increased risk of endocarditis. Since bacteria already enter the bloodstre...

    Authors: Steffen Koerdt, Julia Hartz, Stefan Hollatz, Max Heiland, Norbert Neckel, Peter Ewert, Renate Oberhoffer and Herbert Deppe
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:711
  34. Lung recruitment maneuvers (LRMs) improve lung volume at initiation of high-frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV), but it is unclear when to repeat LRMs. We evaluated the efficiency of scheduled LRMs.

    Authors: Tobias Werther, Erik Kueng, Lukas Aichhorn, Linda Pummer, Katharina Goeral, Angelika Berger, Michael Hermon and Katrin Klebermass-Schrehof
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:710
  35. Both undiagnosed celiac disease and some chronic childhood diseases are associated with lower academic achievement. However, there is little knowledge of achievements in those diagnosed with celiac disease. Ou...

    Authors: Katarina Johansson, Fredrik Norström, Peter H. R. Green, Anneli Ivarsson, Linda Richter Sundberg, Anders Själander and Anna Myleus
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:709
  36. This study aimed to analyze the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of patients with spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) based on the type of SMA, demographic and clinical features and compare HRQoL of these pati...

    Authors: Gholamreza Zamani, Mahmoud Reza Ashrafi, Homa Ghabeli, Masood Ghahvechi Akbari, Mahmoud Mohammadi, Reza Shervin Badv, Sareh Hosseinpour, Roya Haghighi, Elham Pourbakhtyaran, Nahid Khosroshahi and Morteza Heidari
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:708
  37. In children, focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) is the main cause of steroid resistant nephrotic syndrome (SRNS). To identify specific candidates and the mechanism of steroid resistance, we examined the...

    Authors: Jiajia Ni, Sha Tian, Lin Bai, Qianying Lv, Jialu Liu, Jiaojiao Liu, Ye Fang, Yihui Zhai, Qian Shen, Jia Rao, Chen Ding and Hong Xu
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:707
  38. We report a novel presentation of deficit in anterior pituitary function with variable immune deficiency (DAVID) syndrome in a healthy young girl presenting in Addisonian crisis with raised intracranial pressu...

    Authors: M. Price, P. L. Hofman, K. Hsiao and H. F. Jones
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:706
  39. Children’s early literacy and mathematical competencies are very important predictors for their later success in school and their educational attainment in general. However, not all children are able to develo...

    Authors: Frank Niklas, Efsun Birtwistle, Astrid Wirth, Tina Schiele and Anna Mues
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:705
  40. Leeches are a class of hermaphroditic parasites that can attach to various body parts and start sucking blood. Gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding due to leeches is a rare phenomenon that is more common in less dev...

    Authors: Hamid Reihani, Ali Ghanei-Shahmirzadi, Sara Salehi, Narges Ansari-Charsoughi, Fereshteh Karbasian and Mohammad-Hadi Imanieh
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:704
  41. Allergic status has been strongly influenced by early exposures; however, allergic diseases are hard to measure in early life. Thus, this study proposed a latent variable allergy traits around the second year ...

    Authors: Alessandra Karla Oliveira Amorim Muniz, Cecilia Claudia Costa Ribeiro, Elcio Oliveira Vianna, Hellen Cristina Oliveira Amorim Serra, Joelma Ximenes Prado Teixeira Nascimento, Viviane Cunha Cardoso, Marco Antonio Barbieri, Antonio Augusto Moura da Silva and Heloisa Bettiol
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:703
  42. A complementary feeding (CF) period is necessary for nutritional and developmental reasons. Preterm children encounter more feeding problems than their term counterparts in the CF period. The goal of this stud...

    Authors: Xiaoying He, Zhuobin Jiang, Cuiling Wu, Lingyan Zeng, Meijiao Qi, Yalian Sun and Yanna Zhu
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:702
  43. Spirulina (SP) is widely used as a nutritional supplement to enhance child nutrition in low-income countries. We assessed Spirulina’s efficacy of the current dose supplied by institutions in Cambodia on improv...

    Authors: Hubert Barennes, Laetitia Houdart, Caroline de Courville and Florent Barennes
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:701
  44. Previous research found that diets high in fruits and vegetables improved symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Nevertheless, the relationship between dietary polyphenol intake and the r...

    Authors: Melika Darzi, Khadijeh Abbasi, Reza Ghiasvand, Mohsen Akhavan Tabib and Mohammad Hossein Rouhani
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:700
  45. Recently some articles presented information related to the possible effect of maturity over the cognitive control and cardiorespiratory fitness, however little is known about the real effects of maturity in t...

    Authors: Vinícius Muller Reis Weber, Julio Cesar da Costa, Leonardo Alex Volpato, Marcelo Romanzini, Jose Castro-Piñero and Enio Ricardo Vaz Ronque
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2022 22:699

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