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  1. Study protocol

    A multicentre randomised controlled trial of levetiracetam versus phenytoin for convulsive status epilepticus in children (protocol): Convulsive Status Epilepticus Paediatric Trial (ConSEPT) - a PREDICT study

    Convulsive status epilepticus (CSE) is the most common life-threatening childhood neurological emergency. Despite this, there is a lack of high quality evidence supporting medication use after first line benzo...

    Stuart R. Dalziel, Jeremy Furyk, Megan Bonisch, Ed Oakley, Meredith Borland, Jocelyn Neutze, Susan Donath, Cynthia Sharpe, Simon Harvey, Andrew Davidson, Simon Craig, Natalie Phillips, Shane George, Arjun Rao, Nicholas Cheng, Michael Zhang…

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:152

    Published on: 22 June 2017

  2. Research article

    Validity and reliability of electroacoustic probe for diagnosis of developmental dysplasia of the hip

    Sound transmission is used in the diagnosis of hip dysplasia since the end of the 80’s. Aim of this study is to quantify the validity and reliability of electroacoustic probe for the diagnosis of hip dysplasia...

    Nicolas Padilla-Raygoza, Georgina Olvera-Villanueva, Silvia del Carmen Delgado-Sandoval, Teodoro Cordova-Fraga, Modesto Antonio Sosa-Aquino and Vicente Beltran-Campos

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:149

    Published on: 19 June 2017

  3. Research article

    Validity of a family-centered approach for assessing infants’ social-emotional wellbeing and their developmental context: a prospective cohort study

    Family-centered care seems promising in preventive pediatrics, but evidence is lacking as to whether this type of care is also valid as a means to identify risks to infants’ social-emotional development. We ai...

    Margriet Hielkema, Andrea F. De Winter and Sijmen A. Reijneveld

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:148

    Published on: 15 June 2017

  4. Research article

    Patterns of objectively measured sedentary time in 10- to 12-year-old Belgian children: an observational study within the ENERGY-project

    This study examined the frequency of and differences in sedentary bouts of different durations and the total time spent in sedentary bouts on a weekday, a weekend day, during school hours, during after-school ...

    Maïté Verloigne, Nicola D. Ridgers, Mai Chinapaw, Teatske M. Altenburg, Elling Bere, Wendy Van Lippevelde, Greet Cardon, Johannes Brug and Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:147

    Published on: 14 June 2017

  5. Research article

    Exploring infant feeding practices: cross-sectional surveys of South Western Sydney, Singapore, and Ho Chi Minh City

    Infant feeding practices are known to influence the child’s long-term health. Studies have associated obesity and other diseases with reduced breastfeeding and early introduction of high calorie beverages (HCB...

    Timothy Yong Qun Leow, Andrew Ung, Shelley Qian, Jessie Thanh Nguyen, Yvonne An, Poonam Mudgil and John Whitehall

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:145

    Published on: 13 June 2017

  6. Research article

    Perceptions of measles, pneumonia, and meningitis vaccines among caregivers in Shanghai, China, and the health belief model: a cross-sectional study

    In China, the measles vaccine is offered for free whereas the pneumococcal vaccine is a for-fee vaccine. This difference has the potential to influence how caregivers evaluate whether a vaccine is important or...

    Abram L. Wagner, Matthew L. Boulton, Xiaodong Sun, Bhramar Mukherjee, Zhuoying Huang, Irene A. Harmsen, Jia Ren and Brian J. Zikmund-Fisher

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:143

    Published on: 12 June 2017

  7. Research article

    Treatment outcome of children with persistent Diarrhoea admitted to an Urban Hospital, Dhaka during 2012–2013

    Despite availability of treatment guidelines, persistent diarrhoea (PD) has been a major contributor of diarrhoeal deaths in low and middle income countries. We evaluated the outcome of children under the age ...

    Mustafa Mahfuz, Mohammed Ashraful Alam, Shoeb Bin Islam, Nurun Nahar Naila, Mohammod Jobayer Chisti, Nur Haque Alam, Shafiqul Alam Sarker and Tahmeed Ahmed

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:142

    Published on: 12 June 2017

  8. Research article

    Weight-for-length, early weight-gain velocity and atopic dermatitis in infancy and at two years of age: a cohort study

    Overweight and atopic dermatitis (AD) are major health problems in most industrialised countries, but the relationship between overweight and AD in infants and young children is unclear. We investigated if wei...

    Teresa Løvold Berents, Karin Cecilie Lødrup Carlsen, Petter Mowinckel, Håvard Ove Skjerven, Leif Bjarte Rolfsjord, Live Solveig Nordhagen, Bente Kvenshagen, Jon Olav Gjengstø Hunderi, Maria Bradley, Per Medbøe Thorsby, Kai-Håkon Carlsen and Petter Gjersvik

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:141

    Published on: 7 June 2017

  9. Research article

    Stool frequency recording in severe acute malnutrition (‘StoolSAM’); an agreement study comparing maternal recall versus direct observation using diapers

    Approximately 50% of the deaths of children under the age of 5 can be attributed to undernutrition, which also encompasses severe acute malnutrition (SAM). Diarrhoea is strongly associated with these deaths an...

    Wieger Voskuijl, Isabel Potani, Robert Bandsma, Anne Baan, Sarah White, Celine Bourdon and Marko Kerac

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:140

    Published on: 7 June 2017

  10. Research article

    Timing of menarche in Norwegian girls: associations with body mass index, waist circumference and skinfold thickness

    Research studies show conflicting results regarding the association between menarche and body weight. The purpose of the present study was to investigate if anthropometric indicators of body composition, body ...

    Heiko Bratke, Ingvild Særvold Bruserud, Bente Brannsether, Jörg Aßmus, Robert Bjerknes, Mathieu Roelants and Pétur B. Júlíusson

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:138

    Published on: 6 June 2017

  11. Research article

    Risk factors and implications of progressive coronary dilatation in children with Kawasaki disease

    Kawasaki disease (KD) is an acute systemic vasculitis that occurs in children and may lead to cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Progressive coronary dilatation for at least 2 months is associated with wo...

    Ming-Yu Liu, Hsin-Min Liu, Chia-Hui Wu, Chin-Hao Chang, Guan-Jr Huang, Chun-An Chen, Shuenn-Nan Chiu, Chun-Wei Lu, Ming-Tai Lin, Luan-Yin Chang, Jou-Kou Wang and Mei-Hwan Wu

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:139

    Published on: 6 June 2017

  12. Research article

    Utilization of ultrasonography to detect developmental dysplasia of the hip: when reality turns selective screening into universal use

    Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) occurs in 3–5 of 1000 live births and is associated with known risk factors. In most countries, formal practice for early detection of DDH entails the combination of ri...

    Rachel Wilf–Miron, Jacob Kuint, Ronit Peled, Asaf Cohen and Avi Porath

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:136

    Published on: 5 June 2017

  13. Research article

    BMI is a poor predictor of adiposity in young overweight and obese children

    The body mass index (BMI) is a simple and widely utilized screening tool for obesity in children and adults. The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate if BMI could predict total fat mass (TFM) and perc...

    Cassandra Vanderwall, R. Randall Clark, Jens Eickhoff and Aaron L. Carrel

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:135

    Published on: 2 June 2017

  14. Research article

    Effects of infant weight gain on subsequent allergic outcomes in the first 3 years of life

    The association between early weight gain and later allergic outcomes has not been well studied. We examined the relation between weight gain and the subsequent development of allergic outcomes in the first 36...

    Evelyn Xiu-Ling Loo, Anne Goh, Izzuddin Bin Mohd Aris, Oon Hoe Teoh, Lynette Pei-Chi Shek, Bee Wah Lee, Yiong Huak Chan, Mya Thway Tint, Shu-E Soh, Seang-Mei Saw, Peter Gluckman, Keith M Godfrey, Yap-Seng Chong, Fabian Yap, Michael S Kramer, Hugo Van Bever…

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:134

    Published on: 2 June 2017

  15. Research article

    Safety and tolerability of Bifidobacterium longum subspecies infantis EVC001 supplementation in healthy term breastfed infants: a phase I clinical trial

    Historically, bifidobacteria were the dominant intestinal bacteria in breastfed infants. Still abundant in infants in developing nations, levels of intestinal bifidobacteria are low among infants in developed ...

    Jennifer T. Smilowitz, Jackelyn Moya, Melissa A. Breck, Chelsea Cook, Annette Fineberg, Kathleen Angkustsiri and Mark A. Underwood

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:133

    Published on: 30 May 2017

  16. Research article

    Clinical and laboratory evaluation of new immigrant and refugee children arriving in Greece

    Migrant children are a population at risk for various health problems. Despite the increased inflow of migrants in Greece, data regarding their health assessment are lacking. This study aims to describe the cl...

    Ioanna D. Pavlopoulou, Marsela Tanaka, Stavroula Dikalioti, Evangelia Samoli, Pavlos Nisianakis, Olga D. Boleti and Konstantinos Tsoumakas

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:132

    Published on: 26 May 2017

  17. Research article

    Prevalence, severity and early outcomes of hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy among newborns at a tertiary hospital, in northern Tanzania

    Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy (HIE) remains a problem of great concern worldwide especially in developing countries. The occurrence of a neurological syndrome can be an indicator of insult to the brain. We a...

    Irene N. Simiyu, Deborah N. Mchaile, Kahindo Katsongeri, Rune N. Philemon and Sia E. Msuya

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:131

    Published on: 25 May 2017

  18. Research article

    Cardiometabolic profile of obese children in a sub-Saharan African setting: a cross-sectional study

    Cardiovascular and metabolic consequences of obesity in children, unlike adults, are still not well understood nor have they been subject to extensive research in Africa. We aimed to identify the cardio-metabo...

    Eunice Chedjou-Nono, Suzanne Sap, Simeon-Pierre Choukem, Issa Ngosso Tetanye, Daniel Nebongo and Olivier Koki Ndombo

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:129

    Published on: 19 May 2017

  19. Research article

    Neonatal respiratory morbidity following exposure to chorioamnionitis

    There are conflicting results in the literature on the impact of chorioamnionitis on neonatal respiratory morbidities. However, most studies are based on small clinical samples and fail to account for the comp...

    Amy Metcalfe, Sarka Lisonkova, Yasser Sabr, Amelie Stritzke and KS Joseph

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:128

    Published on: 17 May 2017

  20. Research article

    Relationship between Glycemic Levels and Treatment Outcome among Critically Ill Children admitted into Emergency Room in Enugu

    Critically ill children are those in need of immediate attention on arrival to an emergency room. The importance of glycemic level measurement as well as maintaining the patency of the airway, effective breath...

    Nwachinemere Davidson Uleanya, Elias Chikee Aniwada, Ikenna Chidiebele Nwokoye, Ikenna Kingsley Ndu and Christopher Bismarck Eke

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:126

    Published on: 16 May 2017

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