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Table 2 Bivariate analysis taking the FTND and LWDS-11 as the dependent variables

From: Parental divorce and smoking dependence in Lebanese adolescents: the mediating effect of mental health problems

  FTND p-value LWDS p-value
Mean ± SD Mean ± SD
Gender
 Male 1.50 ± 2.74 0.648 5.00 ± 8.87 0.225
 Female 1.56 ± 2.91 4.50 ± 8.51
 Effect size 0.021   0.057  
Parental status
 Living together 1.22 ± 2.52  < 0.001 4.09 ± 8.37  < 0.001
 Divorced 3.90 ± 3.77 9.65 ± 9.47
 Effect size 0.835   0.622  
  Correlation coefficient p-value Correlation coefficient p-value
 Insomnia 0.098  < 0.001 0.148  < 0.001
 Anxiety 0.166  < 0.001 0.353  < 0.001
 Depression 0.109  < 0.001 0.220  < 0.001
 Suicidal ideation 0.513  < 0.001 0.391  < 0.001
 Age -0.147  < 0.001 -0.152  < 0.001
 Household crowding index -0.089  < 0.001 -0.081 0.001
 Physical activity score -0.042 0.097 -0.021 0.411
  1. FTND Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence, LWDS-11 Lebanon Waterpipe dependence scale – 11