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Table 1 Participants characteristics

From: Effect of physical therapy on bone remodelling in preterm infants: a multicenter randomized controlled clinical trial

  EGrlt (n = 38) EGpmc (n = 32) CG (n = 36)
Gestational age (weeks) 30.44 ± 1.96 31.04 ± 1.82 30.82 ± 1.83
Birth weight (g) 1350.39 ± 352.92 1503.88 ± 373.85 1399.64 ± 307.44
Birth weight Z score -0.31 ± 0.78 -0.14 ± 1.01 -0.34 ± 0.74
Gender (female) 19 (50%) 15 (46.9%) 16 (44.4%)
Gestational age at the beginning of the intervention (weeks) 33.48 ± 1.53 33.56 ± 1.54 33.65 ± 1.29
Weight at the beginning of the intervention (g)* 1611.47 ± 202.75 1768.22 ± 387.24* 1600.53 ± 195.27
Height at the beginning of the intervention (cm) 41.38 ± 1.67 42.77 ± 2.83 42.1 ± 1.8
Head circumference at the beginning of the intervention (cm) 27.5 ± 4.44 29.46 ± 3.99 28.46 ± 3.78
NTx-urine 4266.11 ± 1441.48 5409.33 ± 2724.29 4604.38 ± 1918.98
NTx-serum 457.01 ± 109.59 473.38 ± 95.84 487.71 ± 107.05
Beta-CTx 0.79 ± 0.21 0.95 ± 0.31 0.91 ± 0.32
OC 61.56 ± 28.11 78.1 ± 34.44 78.18 ± 31.51
  1. *p < 0.05 for differences between groups. CG  Control Group, EGpmc  Experimental group treated with passive mobilizations with gentle joint compression, EGrlt  Experimental group treated with reflex locomotion therapy. NTx N-Telopeptides of collagen bonds, Beta-CTx C-telopeptides of collagen bonds, OC Osteocalcin. Data is presented as Mean ± SD