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Table 2 Prevalence of self-reported FGIDs according to residence area and age group

From: Prevalence and risk factors of functional gastrointestinal disorders in Vietnamese infants and young children

FGIDs Age groups Total Prevalence Rural Urban p-value Male Female p-value
(N) n (%) n/N (%) n/N (%)   n/N (%) n/N (%)  
Infant colic 0—6 months 752 19 (2.5%) 11/329 (3.3%) 8/423 (1.9%) 0.210 10/413 (2.4%) 9/339 (2.7%) 0.864
Infant regurgitation 3 weeks—6 months 685 64 (9.3%) 29/302 (9.6%) 58/573 (10.1%) 0.991 49/473 (10.4%) 38/402 (9.5%) 0.967
  7—12 months 190 23 (12.1%)       
Infant dyschezia 0—6 months 752 7 (0.9%) 3/329 (0.9%) 4/507 (0.8%) 0.490 4/461 (0.9%) 3/375 (0.8%) 0.400
  7—9 months 84 0 (0.0%)       
Functional diarrhoea 7—12 months 190 0 (0.0%) 0/0 (0.0%) 0/759 (0.0%) - 0/416 (0.0%) 0/343 (0.0%) -
  12.1—48 months 569 0 (0.0%)       
Functional constipation 0—6 months 752 14 (1.9%) 9/329 (2.7%) 37/1182 (3.1%) 0.114 32/829 (3.9%) 14/682 (2.1%) 0.003*
  7—12 months 190 0 (0.0%)       
  12.1—48 months 569 32 (5.6%)       
  1. *Student’s t-test p < 0.05