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Table 4 Multinomial logistic regression examining the contribution of child and family characteristics to media use before bedtime

From: An examination of bedtime media and excessive screen time by Canadian preschoolers during the COVID-19 pandemic

  Media use before bedtime
(Reference = Habitually exposed /4–7 times/week)
Never/rarely exposed (less than 1/week) Moderately exposed (1 to 3 times/week)
Odds ratio
(95% CI)
P-Value Odds ratio
(95% CI)
P-Value
Child age .71 (.44–1.12) .141 .81 (.57–1.15) .232
Child sex
 Girls .97 (.47–2.03) .940 1.46 (.82–2.61) .203
 Boys (reference) –- –- –- –-
Child Temperament
 Effortful control 2.01 (1.17–3.45) .012 1.56 (1.01–2.41) .045
 Negative affectivity .99 (.61–1.60) .961 .88 (.60–1.29) .517
 Extraversion .82 (.55–1.22) .337 1.15 (.84–1.56) .383
Parental mediation style
 Coviewing .24 (.12-.47)  < .0001 1.11 (.64–1.92) .721
 Restrictive 2.57 (1.37–4.79) .003 1.81 (1.12–2.91) .015
 Instructive 1.23 (.64–2.36) .527 .51 (.30-.85) .010
 Parental ST (hours) .91 (.79–1.04) .167 .86 (.77-.96) .009
Division of childcare
 Satisfied 1.59 (.68–3.64) .288 .74 (.39–1.40) .347
 Unsatisfied (ref) –- –- –- –-
Parent education
 HS/vocational .60 (.19–1.90) .385 1.06 (.43–2.66) .896
 Bachelors .99 (.43–2.31) .988 1.66 (.80–3.42) .172
 Graduate (ref) –- –- –- –-
Family income
 < 60,0000 $ .52 (.14–1.95) .330 .53 (.20–1.43) .210
 60,000–100,000 $ .61 (.25–1.49) .276 .97 (.49–1.93) .926
 > 100,000 $ (ref) –- –- –- –-
Number of children 1.69 (1.07–2.65) .024 1.00 (.70–1.42) .989
Remote work
 Yes 1.85 (.76–4.55) .178 1.98 (.99–3.98) .054
 No (ref) –-   –- –-
Remote work partner     
 Yes 1.03 (.45–2.36) .938 1.15 (.59–2.23) .688
 No (ref) –- –- –- –-
Daycare     
 Closed 1.01(.40–2.58) .981 .80 (.38–1.69) .558
 Open (ref) –- –- –- –-
  1. ST Screen time hours