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Table 1 Background characteristics of mothers who completed the survey (mean ± SD / n(%))

From: The impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on maternal delivery experiences and breastfeeding practices in China: data from a cross-sectional study

Mean ± SD / N(%) N (%) Before During Total P value
(N = 1231) (N = 576) (N = 1807)
Maternal age (years) 1771 (98) 31.6 ± 4.1 30.9 ± 4.2 31.4 ± 4.2 0.000
Maternal schooling years 1775 (98.2) 15.3 ± 2.6 15.3 ± 2.5 15.3 ± 2.6 0.990
Maternal education 1787 (98.9)     
 Diploma or under   528 (43.3) 255 (44.8) 783 (43.8) 0.889
 Bachelor’s degree   504 (41.4) 234 (41.1) 738 (41.3)  
 Master’s degree   168 (13.8) 73 (12.8) 241 (13.5)  
 PhD/professional qualification   18 (1.5) 7 (1.2) 25 (1.4)  
Household income in CNY 1791 (99.1)     
  < 20,000   431 (35.3) 215 (37.8) 646 (36.1) 0.031
  < 30,000   264 (21.6) 148 (26) 412 (23)  
  < 40,000   168 (13.7) 62 (10.9) 230 (12.8)  
  < 50,000   67 (5.5) 17 (3) 84 (4.7)  
  > 50,000   33 (2.7) 17 (3) 50 (2.8)  
 Other   15 (1.2) 3 (0.5) 18 (1)  
 Prefer not to say   244 (20) 107 (18.8) 351 (19.6)  
Maternal social class 1713 (94.8)     
 IV & V   358 (30.7) 172 (31.5) 530 (30.9) 0.762
 III   375 (32.1) 181 (33.2) 556 (32.5)  
 I & II   434 (37.2) 193 (35.3) 627 (36.6)  
Infant gestation (weeks) 1783 (98.7) 38.8 ± 1.5 38.8 ± 1.4 38.8 ± 1.5 0.740
Infant gender 1803 (99.8)     
 Male   645 (52.5) 279 (48.6) 924 (51.2) 0.125
 Female   584 (47.5) 295 (51.4) 879 (48.8)  
Infant age (months) 1807 (100) 10.9 ± 3.1 6.6 ± 1.4 9.5 ± 3.3 0.000
Total No. of children in household 1794 (99.3)     
 more than one child   454 (37.1) 211 (37) 665 (37.1) 0.945
 only one child   769 (62.9) 360 (63) 1129 (62.9)  
Current accommodation 1631 (90.3)     
 Bungalow   5 (0.5) 4 (0.8) 9 (0.6) 0.000
 T-apartment without garden   112 (10.2) 124 (23.4) 236 (14.5)  
 T-apartment with garden   259 (23.5) 100 (18.9) 359 (22)  
 B-apartment without garden   162 (14.7) 66 (12.5) 228 (14)  
 B-apartment with garden   538 (48.8) 231 (43.7) 769 (47.1)  
 Villa   26 (2.4) 4 (0.8) 30 (1.8)  
  1. Notes: * P < 0.05. SD = standard deviation
  2. a T-apartment is a type of apartment building with around ten residents living on each floor
  3. b B-apartment is a type of apartment with less than three residents living on each floor
  4. Maternal age refers to the age at delivery