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Table 3 Multivariable Cox-regression analysis of predictors of death among under-five children on ART at Amahara regional state, Oromia “liyu” zone, Northeast Ethiopia 2020

From: Time to death among HIV-infected under-five children after initiation of anti-retroviral therapy and its predictors in Oromiya liyu zone, Amhara region, Ethiopia: a retrospective cohort study

Covariates Categories Outcome CHR AHR CI (95%) P-values
Dead Censored
Baseline nutritional status Normal nutritional status 2
(1.11%)
197 (98.99%) 1 1   
Moderate malnutrition 6
(4.32%)
133 (95.68%) 4.79 2.07 [0.41, 10.39] 0.376
Severe malnutrition 13 (34.21%) 25 (65.79%) 9.78 4.93 [1.04, 10.47] 0.043
Adherence status of the child Good 7
(2.50%)
273 (97.50%) 1 1   
Fair 5
(7.35%)
63 (92.65%) 3.56 2.25 [0.70, 7.30] 0.175
Poor 9 (32.14%) 19 (67.86%) 12.84 3.86 [1.37, 10.88] 0.011
Baseline WHO Clinical stages Mild
(stage I & II)
1
(0.35%)
283 (99.65%) 1 1   
Advanced (stage III&IV) 20 (21.74%) 72 (78.26%) 25 6.37 [3.33, 10.14] 0.002
INH prophylaxis Yes 5
(2.21%)
221 (97.79%) 1 1   
No 16 (10.67%) 134 (89.33%) 7.99 3.55 [1.24, 10.18] 0.018