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Table 2 Standardised Factor Loadings in the CFA, Standard Errors and Omega reliability of KAMHS subfactors

From: Development and psychometric properties of the Knowledge and Attitudes to Mental Health Scales (KAMHS): a psychometric measure of mental health literacy in children and adolescents

Factor and items ω λ SE
Help-seeking behaviours .76   
 Q5. I wouldn’t tell anyone if I had a mental health problem in case they made fun of me   .52 0.00
 Q11. For me, it would be easy to ask for help for a mental health problem   .68 0.17
 Q24. If I had a mental health problem I would try to hide it from everyone   .69 0.19
 Q42. If I had a mental health problem, I would be happy to tell my teacher or school counsellor   .59 0.19
 Q46. If I had a mental health problem, I would not tell friends and family   .57 0.16
 Q1. I am confident that I could ask for help if I had a mental health problem   .44 0.17
 Q45. It’s best not to tell anyone about your mental health  
Lack of Self-stigma .80   
 Q10. If I had a mental disorder I would not feel ashamed   .56 0.00
 Q23. If I had a mental disorder I would not avoid socialising   .42 0.13
 Q25. I would feel a failure if I had a mental disorder   .75 0.16
 Q33. If I had a mental disorder, I would feel worthless like I had failed my family   .74 0.16
 Q43. I would feel weak if I had a mental disorder   .66 0.14
 Q49. If I had a mental disorder, I would feel I’d let everyone down   .66 0.15
Lack of Stigma .66   
 Q2. If my friend had a mental disorder I would avoid them   .43 0.00
 Q16. I would not like to be in the same classroom as someone with a mental disorder   .55 0.35
 Q27. I wouldn’t want to marry or date a person with a mental disorder   .68 0.35
 Q36. I would be happy for a person with a mental disorder to come to my house   .61 0.36
 Q17. I would feel comfortable sitting next to a person with a mental disorder   .48 0.34
Q38. Mental disorders are caused by people being wicked or bad   .16 0.24
Good Mental Health Behaviours .61   
 Q34. The same things that help our physical health also help our mental health   .25 0.00
 Q35. Sometimes things that stress you should be faced head-on   .35 0.60
 Q39. A good night’s sleep is good for your mental health   .43 0.81
 Q44. Regular exercise has no effect on your mental health   .24 0.62
 Q50. Talking about your feelings can help with mental health problems   .64 1.40
 Q37. Healthy eating helps you maintain good mental health  
Avoidant Coping .53   
 Q6. It’s often best to ignore problems and hope they go away   .88 0.00
 Q47. I do my best not to think about my problems   .24 0.13
 Q40. The best way to cope with problems is not to think about them   .33 0.16
  1. Note. λ Standardized factor loading, SE Standardized error of factor loading