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Table 4 Health risk behaviours among female adolescents in 2007, 2012 and 2018 in Argentina

From: Health risk behaviours among adolescents in Argentina: trends between 2007, 2012 and 2018 national cross-sectional school surveys

Outcome variable 2007 2012 2018 Differencea p-for trendb
  % % %   
Body weight and dietary behaviour
 Overweight/obesity 12.4 21.0 25.9 +13.5 <0.001
 Obesity 1.9 3.4 5.2 +3.3 <0.001
 Fruits <2 times/day 65.4 59.1 78.6 +13.2 <0.001
 Vegetable <3 times/day 90.8 86.4 89.2 -1.6 0.427
 Went hungry (mostly/always) 1.8 3.1 1.7 -0.1 0.483
Physical activity and sedentary behaviour
 Physical inactivity 92.2 87.8 87.1 -5.1 <0.001
 Leisure-time sedentary behaviour 51.0 52.8 57.7 +6.7 0.036
 0 days walk or bike to school 26.2 32.1 34.0 +7.8 0.046
Substance use
 Parental tobacco use 38.6 35.8 35.2 -3.4 0.114
 Current cigarette use 26.9 21.3 20.6 -6.3 0.005
 Current other tobacco use 4.3 5.8 8.0 +3.7 0.006
 Passive smoking 78.5 76.7 68.4 -9.9 <0.001
 Current alcohol use 53.2 51.3 55.7 +2.5 0.290
 Lifetime drunk 31.2 29.5 38.8 +7.6 <0.001
 Trouble from alcohol use 20.8 21.8 13.3 -8.5 <0.001
Injury and violence
 Any serious injury 26.2 25.3 28.4 +2.2 0.171
 Bullied 23.6 23.5 34.9 +11.3 <0.001
 In physical fight 19.6 24.1 16.5 -3.1 0.075
 Physically attacked 19.2 19.8 15.9 -3.3 0.042
Poor mental health
 Having no close friends 4.0 4.7 5.3 +1.3 0.043
 Loneliness 12.8 13.1 23.1 +10.3 <0.001
 Worry-induced sleep disturbance 13.7 11.9 18.0 +4.3 <0.001
 Suicidal ideation 19.8 22.2 28.6 +8.8 <0.001
 Suicide plan 15.8 19.6 22.6 +6.8 <0.001
Sexual behaviour
 Ever sex 24.4 35.2 36.4 +12.0 <0.001
 Multiple sexual partners 13.6 14.9 16.9 +3.3 0.210
 Non-condom use 7.0 7.8 8.4 +1.4 0.532
Protective factors
 School attendance 65.7 69.3 72.3 +6.6 0.016
 Peer support (mostly/always) 57.8 53.8 44.5 -13.3 <0.001
 Parents/guardians supervision (mostly/always) 37.0 28.6 26.6 -10.4 <0.001
 Parents/guardians connectedness (mostly/always) 54.9 49.7 40.0 -14.9 <0.001
 Parents/guardians bonding (mostly/always) 59.2 58.0 56.9 +0.7 0.116
  1. aDifference between 2007 and 2018; bAdjusted for age and socioeconomic status (food insecurity)