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Table 3 Bivariate analysis taking the Liebowitz (Fear and avoidance) scores, depression and suicidal ideation scores as the dependent variables

From: Association between parental divorce and mental health outcomes among Lebanese adolescents: results of a national study

  Liebowitz – fear score Liebowitz – avoidance score Depression Suicidal ideation score
Mean ± SD Mean ± SD Mean ± SD Mean ± SD
Sex
 Male 25.92 ± 15.88 32.10 ± 16.26 4.79 ± 2.10 0.77 ± 1.61
 Female 26.39 ± 16.38 29.97 ± 17.45 4.52 ± 2.09 1.22 ± 1.99
p-value 0.563 0.012 0.010 < 0.001
Parents status
 Living together 24.52 ± 15.03 29.77 ± 16.35 4.69 ± 2.07 0.75 ± 1.57
 Separated 37.73 ± 18.87 38.72 ± 18.76 4.35 ± 2.18 2.86 ± 2.41
p-value < 0.001 < 0.001 0.030 < 0.001
Smoking status
 Yes 35.42 ± 15.81 38.59 ± 16.45 5.18 ± 2.69 2.84 ± 2.34
 No 23.47 ± 15.23 28.62 ± 16.40 4.49 ± 1.87 0.51 ± 1.28
p-value < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
  Correlation coefficient Correlation coefficient Correlation coefficient Correlation coefficient
Age (years) r = 0.024 r = −0.032 r = − 0.154 r = − 0.068
p-value 0.340 0.206 < 0.001 0.006
Household crowding index r = −0.134 r = − 0.117 r = 0.024 r = − 0.047
p-value < 0.001 < 0.001 0.329 0.061
  1. Numbers in bold indicate significant p-values; r Pearson correlation coefficient