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Table 2 Ruptured nephroblastoma

From: Duplex kidney complicated with preoperative inferior nephroblastoma rupture in children: a case report and literature review

NO. Author Year Patient age (mean) Number of patients Sex (M:F) Tumor size Location (L:R) Treatment options Clinical manifestations and complications Type of pathology
1 Marie-Amelyne
Le Rouzic
et al. [7]
2019 4 years 28 12:16 ≤400 ml: 7
≥400 ml: 20
12:16 Preoperative chemotherapy + surgery + postoperative chemotherapy Recurrence: 3
Death: 2
Epithelial type: 1
Mixed type: 9
Regressive type: 12
Blastemal type: 5
Diffuse anaplastic type:1
2 Zhang Y et al. [8] 2020 42.5 ± 18.7 Months 41 24: 17 Average diameter:12 cm
Volume:533.6 cm3
20:21 Immediate group (immediate surgery without preoperative chemotherapy): 13
Delayed group (delayed surgery after preoperative chemotherapy): 28
Immediate group:
Partial rupture: 12
Continuous bleeding: 1
Recurrence and metastasis: 2
Delayed group:
Inferior vena cava tumor embolism: 4
Recurrence and metastasis: 8
Death: 7
Immediate group: Blastemal type: 5
Mixed type: 8
Delayed group: Blastemal type: 5
Mixed type: 10
Epithelial type: 1
Stromal type: 2
Regressive type: 3
completely necrotic: 2
fetal rhabdomyoma nephroblastoma: 1
non-typable: 4
3 The present example 2020 5 years and 1 month 1 0:1 3.1 × 3.2 × 4.2 cm 1:0 chemotherapy + surgery + postoperative chemotherapy Mixed type: 1