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Table 1 Effect of Georgia’s Emergency Declaration on CAN Visits to Children’s EDs

From: Pediatric emergency department visits due to child abuse and neglect following COVID-19 public health emergency declaration in the Southeastern United States

  (1) (2) (3) (4)
  Mean Weeks 1–10 Mean Weeks 11–26 Difference (Column 1 - Column 2) Adjusted Difference (Row 1-Row 2 + Year, Week, & Day-of-Week Dummy Variables)
Panel A: Number of Children Visiting Children’s Facilities with Suspected CAN
2020 7.03 5.94 -1.09***  
2018–2019 6.20 6.46 0.26  
Difference (Column 4)     -0.21***
     (0.07)
Panel B: Number of Children Visiting Children’s Facilities due to Neglect from Lack of Supervision
2020 0.62 1.24 0.62***  
2018–2019 0.68 0.73 0.05  
Difference (Column 4)     0.62***
     (0.19)
Panel C: CAN ED Visits Relative to All ED Visits   
2020 10.21 20.43 10.23***  
2018–2019 8.75 10.53 1.78***  
Difference (Column 4)     8.47***
     (1.01)
Panel D: Neglect from Lack of Supervision ED Visits Relative to All ED Visits
2020 0.87 4.28 3.40***  
2018–2019 0.97 1.19 0.21  
Difference (Column 4)     3.17***
     (0.35)
Panel E: Neglect from Lack of Supervision ED Visits Relative to CAN ED visits
2020 0.10 0.22 0.12***  
2018–2019 0.11 0.12 0.01  
Difference (Column 4)     0.11***
     (0.03)
  1. Source: Children’s Healthcare of Atlanta data weeks 1–26 of 2018, 2019, and 2020. Notes: The unit of analysis is date. N = 181 days in each of 3 years = 543 for each cell. The outcomes are: the number of children visiting Children’s facilities’ EDs with confirmed child abuse or neglect (Panels A-C), the rate of child abuse and neglect visits relative to all ED visits, per 1,000 visits (Panels D-F), and the percent of all CAN ED visits due to specific maltreatment types or child characteristics (Panels G-H). Adjusted regressions include week, year, and day of the week fixed effects. Panels A-B estimated as a Poisson model. Panels C-E are estimated as OLS. Robust standard errors are in parentheses
  2. *p < 0.10, **p < 0.05, ***p < 0.01