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Table 5 Ratings for Quality Determinants of the Pre-Assessment and the Assessment and Diagnosis Phases of Families’ Service Trajectory

From: The diagnostic trajectory in autism and intellectual disability in Quebec: pathways and parents’ perspective

Determinant Phase 1: Pre-Assessment Phase 2: Assessment and Diagnosis Change  
Frequencies Mean SD Subsets Frequencies Mean SD Subsets  
Negative Neutral Positive Negative Neutral Positive d
Continuity 7% 0% 93% 4.0 0.7 a 2% 0% 98% 4.4 0.6 a 0.4*** .54
Access 20% 9% 71% 3.7 1.0 b 3% 2% 95% 4.4 0.7 a 0.7*** .70
Flexibility 14% 11% 75% 3.8 0.9 c 3% 7% 91% 4.3 0.7 b 0.5*** .48
Validity 16% 7% 77% 3.8 1.0 b,c 4% 4% 91% 4.4 0.8 a,b 0.6*** .47
Empathy 5% 9% 86% 4.2 0.8 d 2% 4% 94% 4.6 0.7 c 0.4*** .41
  1. Note. Frequency distributions are organized as follows: negative ratings (below 3), neutral (3), and positive (above 3). All tests were paired-samples t-tests with df = 240–245 with the corresponding effect size (Cohen’s d). For within-phase comparisons, the Bonferroni-corrected α for 10 related tests is .05/10 = .005. Two dimensions that share a subset do not differ; two dimensions that do not share any subsets differ significantly. For tests of change between phases, the Bonferroni-corrected alpha for 5 related tests is .05/5 = .01
  2. *** p < .001