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Table 4 Chi-square analysis on the bivariate relationships between ACE subtypes and adolescent violence

From: Childhood adversity subtypes and violence victimization and perpetration among early adolescents in Shanghai, China

  Perpetration Victimization Victim-perpetrator
Overall Boys Girls Overall Boys Girls Overall Boys Girls
N = 1700  N = 865  N = 835  N = 1700  N = 865  N = 835  N = 1700  N = 865  N = 835
Any ACE reported
  0 1.85 3.31 0.51 14.29 17.13 11.68 1.32 2.21 0.51
  1 8.55 10.23 6.74 42.97 49.12 36.36 7.11 8.92 5.17
  P < 0.001 0.004 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 0.002 0.004
Variable-centered subtypes
Abuse
  0 3.50 5.63 1.48 20.36 22.81 18.05 2.28 3.75 0.89
  1 9.31 10.64 7.85 46.83 53.94 39.03 8.06 9.72 6.24
  P < 0.001 0.012 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 0.001 < 0.001
Neglect
  0 2.46 3.90 0.99 19.18 25.65 12.58 1.80 3.25 0.33
  1 9.63 11.49 7.69 46.33 51.71 40.71 8.07 9.87 6.19
  P < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
Household dysfunction
  0 4.39 5.61 3.17 31.73 36.26 27.19 3.38 4.32 2.45
  1 19.03 21.76 15.71 58.39 67.65 47.14 16.77 20.59 12.14
  P < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
Person-centered subtypes
  Class 1 3.16 5.32 0.80 21.31 25.93 16.59 2.22 3.94 0.47
  Class 2 9.09 10.30 7.80 48.95 56.10 41.33 7.69 9.21 6.07
  Class 3 21.37 23.44 19.40 68.70 75.00 62.69 19.08 21.88 16.42
  P < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
  1. Abbreviation: ACE adverse childhood experience