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Table 4 The description of neonate related characteristics who admitted in the neonatal intensive care unit at Dilla University Referral Hospital in Gedeo Zone, Southern, Ethiopia, 2020

From: Determinants of neonatal mortality among newborns admitted in neonatal intensive care unit at Dilla University Referral Hospital in Gedeo Zone, Southern, Ethiopia: unmatched case control study

Variables The outcome of the neonates
Case = 76(%) Control = 228(%)
Weight of the neonates
  < 2500 g 54(71.1) 70 (30.7)
  ≥ 2500 g 22 (28.9) 158 (69.3)
Gestational weeks
  < 37 Wks 48 (63.2) 56 (24.6)
  ≥ 37 Wks 28 (36.8) 172(75.4)
Respiration rate of the neonates
  31–60 Breath/min 37 (48.7) 136 (59.6)
  ≥ 61 Breath/min 31 (40.8) 77 (33.8)
  ≤ 30 Breath/min 8 (10.5) 15 (6.6)
Asphyxia
  Yes 35 (61.5) 67 (34.7)
  No 22 (38.5) 126 (65.3)
Temperature
  < 35.5 °C 17 (22.4) 32 (14.1)
  35.5–37.5 °C 48 (63.1) 156 (68.4)
  ≥ 37.6 °C 11 (14.5) 40 (17.5)
Sepsis
  Yes 42 (55.3) 57 (25)
  No 34(44.7) 171(75)
Breastfed within 1Sthr after birth
  Yes 32 (42.1) 156 (68.4)
  No 44 (57.9) 72 (31.6)
Neonate fed colostrums
  Yes 46 (60.5) 164 (71.9)
  No 30 (39.5) 64 (28.1)
Sex of neonate
  Male 41(53.9) 118 (51.8)
  Female 35 (46.1) 110 (48.2)
APGAR at 1st min
  < 7 46 (80.7) 153 (79.3)
  ≥ 7 11 (19.3) 40 (20.7)
APGAR at 5th min
  < 7 18 (31.6) 46 (23.8)
  ≥ 7 39 (68.4) 147 (76.2)
Cry immediately at birth
  Yes 28 (49.1) 118 (61.1)
  No 29 (50.9) 75 (38.9)