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Table 3 Odds ratios of high-risk waist circumference and high-risk waist-to-height ratio in adolescents by sociodemographic characteristics (n = 4712)

From: Sociodemographic characteristics are associated with prevalence of high-risk waist circumference and high-risk waist-to-height ratio in U.S. adolescents

  Odds ratios (95% CI)
High-risk waist circumference (≥90th percentile) High-risk waist-to-height ratio (≥0.5)
Sex
 Male Refa Refa
 Female 1.05 (0.87–1.28)a 1.46 (1.23–1.72)b
Race and ethnicity
 NH white Refa Ref a
 NH black 0.96 (0.67–1.38)a 0.96 (0.69–1.32)a
 Mexican American 1.15 (0.80–1.63)a 1.66 (1.24–2.20)b
 Other Hispanic 0.94 (0.60–1.48)a 1.33 (0.95–1.87)ab
 Other/multi-racial 0.76 (0.45–1.28)a 0.90 (0.58–1.41)a
Parental education
 High school/GED or less Ref a Ref a
 Some college 0.92 (0.66–1.28)a 1.03 (0.80–1.33)a
 College graduate 0.57 (0.37–0.87)b 0.70 (0.51–0.97)b
P valuec 0.004 0.01
Poverty to income ratio
 Low-income (PIR ≤ 1.3) Refa Refa
 Middle-income (PIR > 1.3–3.5) 0.92 (0.67–1.26)a 0.86 (0.66–1.11)a
 High-income (PIR > 3.5) 0.72 (0.48–1.07)a 0.58 (0.43–0.78)b
P valuec 0.04 < 0.001
  1. NHANES National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, CI Confidence interval, Ref Reference category, NH Non-Hispanic, GED General education diploma
  2. Multiple logistic regression models were adjusted for age, physical activity level, and sedentary activity. Values are odds ratios (95% CI) between a level of a variable compared to the reference category
  3. a, bValues with different subscripts are significantly different at P ≤ 0.05 within each variable after Bonferroni correction
  4. cP value for trend used when categories within a variable is ordered, significance level is set at p ≤ 0.05