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Table 2 Prevalence of high-risk waist circumference and high-risk waist-to-height ratio in adolescents by sociodemographic characteristics (n = 4712)

From: Sociodemographic characteristics are associated with prevalence of high-risk waist circumference and high-risk waist-to-height ratio in U.S. adolescents

  Prevalence, % (95% CI)
High-risk waist circumference (≥90th percentile) High-risk waist-to-height ratio (≥0.5)
Survey year
 2007–08 17.5 (14.5–20.9) 34.7 (30.5–39.1)
 2009–10 15.2 (13.2–17.4) 31.3 (28.4–34.4)
 2011–12 18.1 (14.2–22.7) 37.0 (33.9–40.2)
 2013–14 18.1 (14.8–22.1) 36.4 (30.9–42.2)
 2015–16 19.3 (15.0–24.6) 37.6 (32.1–43.5)
Sex
 Male 16.8 (14.9–18.9) 30.8 (28.3–33.5)
 Female 18.6 (16.4–21.0) 40.2 (37.4–43.1)
Race/ethnicity
 NH White 16.6 (14.4–19.0) 32.0 (29.0–35.1)
 NH Black 18.8 (16.1–21.7) 35.4 (32.1–38.9)
 Mexican American 22.8 (20.2–25.7) 49.8 (46.5–53.0)
 Other Hispanic 18.9 (15.1–23.3) 43.5 (39.1–48.0)
 Other/multi-racial 14.1 (10.6–18.4) 30.7 (25.6–36.3)
Parental education
 High school/GED or less 21.3 (18.7–24.2) 41.3 (38.8–43.8)
 Some college 18.6 (16.5–21.0) 37.2 (33.8–40.7)
 College graduate 11.0 (8.7–13.9) 24.5 (21.1–28.3)
Poverty to income ratio
 Low-income (PIR ≤ 1.3) 21.6 (19.2–24.1) 43.9 (41.2–46.6)
 Middle-income (PIR > 1.3–3.5) 18.8 (16.2–21.6) 37.6 (34.1–41.3)
 High-income (PIR > 3.5) 12.7 (10.3–15.6) 24.9 (21.7–28.5)
  1. NHANES National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, CI Confidence interval, NH Non-Hispanic GED General education diploma, PIR Poverty to income ratio