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Table 1 A summary of the best lifestyle modification interventions to reduce obesity or overweight

From: Iranian children with overweight and obesity: an internet-based interventional study

Source Methods Main outcomes
Rogers et al., 2013 [21] 5–2–1-0 HH: The daily consumption of five units or more fruits and vegetables – Two hours or less everyday use of television or other electronic equipment - One hour or more daily physical activity - No sugary drinks A significant increase in the intake of fruits and vegetables in children from 63 to 69% - The substantial reduction of sugars intake in children from 10 to 47%, both of which were significant - The notable increase of parental awareness
Kelishadi et al., 2009 [22] Similar nutrition and behavioral therapy in all the study groups (A-C) -Attending in physical activity training courses, twice a week (group A) Providing educational CD (group B), −Face to face education (group C) A remarkable reduction in BMI of participant allocated in groups A and B compared to the pre-intervention - No significant the difference in BMI value among the different groups
Mohammadi et al., 2013 [23] An educational intervention including four 3- min group discussion sessions with photo presentation in groups of 15 people Significant improvement in behaviors and self-efficacy in overweight and obesity-related lifestyle among students
Wang et al., 2015 [24] Participants were divided into three groups: control, diet and exercise, physical activity alone, and diet alone. The maximum decrease in BMI, waist circumference, and fat percentage with the integrated intervention of diet and exercise
James et al., 2007 [25] Three educational sessions during the academic year based on healthy nutrition and encouragement not to use sugary drinks An increase in mean BMI in experimental and control groups after a 2-y follow-up
Kim et al., 2017 [26] Holding the meeting with the presence of experts and discussing various methods The best method: controlling the diet and improving the physical activity, and b. The best scale to measure the weight gain: age and gender-based BMI percentile rank
Mâsse et al., 2014 [27] Eight-month web-based electronic health intervention Motivation was a key predictor factor for adolescents’ adherence to web- based intervention so that the entrance to the system decreased to 33.3% in the last 4 months of the intervention
Baranowski et al., 2003 [28] A training program in a daily camp for 4 weeks and a subsequent online training intervention The mean BMI: An insignificant increase of the case subjects along with a marginal decrease in control people after the 12 week-intervention
  1. HH Healthy habit, BMI Body mass index