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Table 3 Cognitive development - screen time & parental supervision

From: Association of screen time with parent-reported cognitive delay in preschool children of Kerala, India

Characteristics Total (N = 189) Excess screen time Supervised screen viewing
> 1 Hr (N = 170) < 1 Hr (N = 19) p value Inconsistent (N = 85) Consistent (N = 104) p value
n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%)
Activity Physical Activity > 1 Hr 122 (64.6) 108 (63.5) 14 (73.7) 0.46 46 (54.1) 76 (73.1) 0.01*
Draw 126 (66.7) 113 (66.5) 13 (68.4) 1.00 50 (58.8) 76 (73.1) 0.04*
Craft 54 (28.6) 49 (28.8) 5 (26.3) 1.00 24 (28.2) 30 (28.9) 1.00
Interact – Playmates 134 (70.9) 123 (72.4) 11 (57.9) 0.19 63 (74.1) 71 (68.3) 0.42
Interact - Older Family 86 (45.5) 80 (47.1) 6 (31.6) 0.23 37 (43.5) 49 (47.1) 0.66
Other Activity 32 (16.9) 29 (17.1) 3 (15.8) 1.00 8 (9.4) 24 (23.1) 0.02*
Suspected
Cognitive Delay as per WDDPS
Communication 18 (9.5) 17 (10.0) 1 (5.3) 1.00 10 (11.8) 8 (7.7) 0.46
Social Interaction 12 (6.3) 10 (5.9) 2 (10.5) 0.34 11 (12.9) 1 (1.0) < 0.005*
Self-Care 7 (3.7) 6 (3.5) 1 (5.3) 0.53 3 (3.5) 4 (3.9) 1.00
Attention 23 (12.2) 21 (12.4) 2 (10.5) 1.00 16 (18.8) 7 (6.7) 0.01*
Play 13 (6.9) 12 (7.1) 1 (5.3) 1.00 9 (10.6) 4 (3.9) 0.09
Intelligence 16 (8.5) 14 (8.2) 2 (10.5) 0.67 12 (14.1) 4 (3.9) 0.02*
  1. *p < 0.05