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Table 5 Interaction between household water purification practices and area of residence on childhood stunting (n = 2320)

From: Water, sanitation and hygiene practices associated with improved height-for-age, weight-for-height and weight-for-age z-scores among under-five children in Nepal

Water purification practice

Height-for-age z-score



p-value for interaction


−0.14 (− 0.41, 0.13) a

0.19 (− 0.1, 0.5) a


  1. aAdjusted for child’s birth weight, child’s age, child’s sex wealth quintiles, use of clean fuel, sex of household head, ecological region, area of residence, women’s age, women's marital status, women’s education, women’s smoking status, women’s BMI, ANC 4th visits, institutional delivery, frequency of watching TV, child's diarrhea incidence over past 2 week, cluster sanitation coverage and household water and soap availability
  2. *p < 0.05