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Table 6 Characteristics of patients with abnormal histopathological examination while normal endoscopy (N = 133)

From: Diagnostic yield and appropriate indication of upper endoscopy in Jordanian children

Age
Mean ± SD (range) 89.25 ± 50.82 months (5 − 192 months) (5 mo. -16 yrs)
Age distribution
< 60 months (n, %) * (43, 32.6%)  
60–120 months (n, %) (50, 37.6%)  
120–180 months (n, %) (36, 27.3%)  
≥ 180 months (n, %) (4, 3.0%)  
Sex
Female 64 (48.5%)  
Male 68 (51.5%)  
Primary indication for upper endoscopy† N %
Abdominal pain/dyspepsia * 68 34.8
Vomiting 30 22.7
Failure to thrive/weight loss 11 8.3
Chronic diarrhea 10 7.6
R/O celiac disease 14 10.6
Anemia 9 6.8
Abdominal distention 6 4.5
Dysphagia/odynophagia 3 2.3
Short stature 4 3.0
Recurrent ulcers 3 2.3
Others 5 3.8
Site of Histopathological abnormalities
Esophagus 25  
Stomach 71  
Duodenum 49  
Most Common Abnormality in each organ   
Esophagus : Reflux esophagitis   
Stomach : H. pylori gastritis   
Duodenum: Celiac disease   
The results that affected the management (N = 56, 42.4%)
Eosinophilic esophagitis (2)   
H.pylori gastritis (37)   
Celiac disease (17)   
  1. *Positive predictors in multivariate analysis with p-value < 0.05
  2. †Some patients might have more than one indication