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Table 5 Pearson’s correlation coefficients among hand-forearm anthropometric and demographic variables with HGS

From: Analysis of hand-forearm anthropometric components in assessing handgrip and pinch strengths of school-aged children and adolescents: a partial least squares (PLS) approach

variables HGS Tip to tip Key three-jaw chuck
r p r p r p r p
Age 0.697** 0.000 0.623** 0.000 0.630** 0.000 0.662** 0.000
Stature 0.787** 0.000 0.783** 0.000 0.765** 0.000 0.755** 0.000
Weight 0.351** 0.000 0.411** 0.000 0.428** 0.000 0.383** 0.000
BMI 0.335** 0.001 0.331** 0.001 0.316** 0.001 0.307** 0.001
Hand length 0.845** 0.000 0.876** 0.000 0.892** 0.000 0.835** 0.000
Palm length 0.363** 0.000 0.161 0.165 0.137 0.229 0.171 0.153
Hand breadth across thumb 0.552** 0.000 0.081 0.248 0.131 0.245 0.140 0.227
Hand breadth metacarpal 0.443** 0.000 0.154 0.176 0.117 0.277 0.139 0.230
Hand circumference 0.361** 0.000 0.317** 0.001 0.376** 0.000 0.351** 0.000
Fist length 0.301** 0.001 0.188 0.155 0.171 0.231 0.109 0.334
Fist circumference 0.032 0.361 0.047 0.310 0.127 0.246 0.097 0.360
Maximum Internal grip diameter 0.563** 0.000 0.117 0.293 0.145 0.209 0.107 0.333
Thumb length (digit 1) 0.582** 0.000 0.521** 0.000 0.672** 0.000 0.664** 0.000
Index finger length (digit 2) 0.475** 0.000 0.265* 0.010 0.247* 0.018 0.272* 0.009
Middle finger length (digit 3) 0.478** 0.000 0.320** 0.001 0.318** 0.001 0.302** 0.001
Ring finger length (digit 4) 0.245* 0.015 0.133 0.209 0.145 0.194 0.127 0.231
Pinky finger length (digit 5) 0.210* 0.025 0.143 0.220 0.165 0.151 0.176 0.142
Hand depth 0.108 0.331 0.122 0.282 0.100 0.353 0.087 0.378
Wrist circumference 0.393** 0.000 0.251* 0.012 0.237* 0.020 0.206* 0.030
Forearm Length 0.745** 0.000 0.771** 0.000 0.727** 0.000 0.707** 0.000
Forearm Circumference 0.433** 0.000 0.203* 0.030 0.241* 0.006 0.210* 0.023
  1. *Correlation is significant at the 0.05 levels (2-tailed).
  2. **Correlation is significant at the 0.01 levels (2-tailed).
  3. Bold numbers are significant at the 0.01 or 0.05 levels (2-tailed).