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Table 3 Unadjusted mixed-effects Poisson regression for the predictors of multiple nutritional deficiencies, Ethiopia

From: Multiple anthropometric and nutritional deficiencies in young children in Ethiopia: a multi-level analysis based on a nationally representative data

Characteristicsa RR (95 % CI) p-values
Sex of the child
 Male   
 Female 0.926 (0.891-0.963) <0.001
Child’s age
 0-23 months   
 24-35 months 1.001 (0.951-1.055) 0.960
 36-59 months 0.769 (0.737-0.804) <0.001
Child’s birth order
 First   
 Second and above 0.703 (0.668-0.741) <0.001
Age of mother
 15-24   
 25-34 0.762 (0.724-0.802) <0.001
 35+ 0.863 (0.812-0.916) <0.001
Education of mother
 No education   
 Primary level 1.037 (0.984-1.094) 0.174
 Secondary and above 0.916 (0.833-1.007) 0.069
Education of father
 No education   
 Primary level 0.923 (0.878-0.970) 0.002
 Secondary and above 0.993 (0.925-1.066) 0.853
Religion
 Orthodox   
 Others 0.864 (0.798-0.935) <0.001
Intimate partners violence/IPV   
 Yes   
 No 1.005 (0.956-1.057) 0.835
Wealth index
 Poorer/poorest   
 Middle 0.915 (0.856-0.978) 0.009
 Richer/richest 0.824 (0.772-0.879) <0.001
Parity
 0-3   
 4-6 0.736 (0.702-0.771) <0.001
 6+ 0.674 (0.638 -0.713) <0.001
Breast feeding
 Never   
 Breast feed 0.703 (0.635-0.779) <0.001
Intake of Iron supplement
 Yes   
 No 1.045 (0.967-1.131) 0.261
Diet diversity score 0.943 (0.924-0.962) <0.001
Child health service score 1.127 (1.107-1.147) <0.001
Water, hygiene, and sanitation 1.099 (1.075-1.125) <0.001
Mean maternal education at cluster level 0.976 (0.950- 1.003) 0.082
  1. aAll analysis were weighted