Skip to main content

Table 2 Results of Chi-square analysis for association between the explanatory variables and concurrent stunting and anemia (CAS), Ethiopia

From: Multiple anthropometric and nutritional deficiencies in young children in Ethiopia: a multi-level analysis based on a nationally representative data

Characteristics No CAS CAS Chi-square
(p-value)
Maternal and child characteristics
Sex of the child
 Male 3251 (73.4) 1180 (26.6) 16.57 (0.000)
 Female 3191 (77.2) 944 (22.8)  
Age of the child
 6-23 months 2262 (76.7) 687 (23.3) 20.93 (0.000)
 24-35 months 1297 (71.1) 526 (28.9)  
 Above 35 months 2884 (76.0) 911 (24.0)  
Child’s birth order
 First 1163 (77.1) 346 (22.9) 3.45 (0.033)
 Second and above 5279 (74.8 1779 (25.2)  
Age of mothers
 15-24 1266 (71.8) 497 (28.2) 16.41 (0.000)
 24-35 3504 (75.5) 1138 (24.5)  
 35+ 1673 (77.3) 490 (22.7)  
Education of mothers
 No education 4167 (72.8) 1553 (27.2) 69.63 (0.000)
 Primary level 1788 (78.2) 499 (21.8)  
 Secondary and above 488 (87.0) 73 (13.0)  
Education of fathers
 No education 3173 (72.9) 1182 (27.1) 54.46 (0.000)
 Primary level 2491 (75.8) 797 (24.2)  
 Secondary and above 779 (84.3) 145 (15.7)  
Wealth index
 Poorest 2792 (69.9) 1202 (30.1) 126.50 (0.000)
 Poorer 1407 (76.9) 423 (23.1)  
 Middle 2244 (81.8) 500 (18.2)  
Type of family structure
 Monogamous 5445 (75.6) 1757 (24.4) 1.43 (0.220)
 Polygamous 672 (72.6) 253 (27.4)  
Religion
 Orthodox 2335 (79.1) 617 (20.9) 36.64 (0.000)
 Others 4107 (73.2) 1507 (26.8)  
Never breast fed the child
 No 6204 (75.2) 2043 (24.8) 3.45 (0.150)
 Yes 239 (74.7) 81 (25.3)  
  1. *All analysis were weighted