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Table 3 The final Tool for the Evaluation of Behavioral Factors affecting Musculoskeletal Disorders in Students.

From: Development and validation of the tool for the evaluation of the behavioral factors affecting the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders in Iranian students

Dimensions Items
Attitude 1. In my opinion, the weight of the backpack is not so important as to cause musculoskeletal problems.
2. In my opinion, the type of school bag is not so important as to cause musculoskeletal problems.
3. In my opinion, improper carrying of a school bag is not so important as to cause musculoskeletal problems.
4. In my opinion, backpack shoulder strap belt cushions pads do not have any effect on preventing musculoskeletal problems.
5. In my opinion, adjusting the backpack straps is not so important as to cause musculoskeletal problems.
6. In my opinion, the use of backpack chest and waist straps is not important enough to prevent musculoskeletal problems.
7. In my opinion, head and neck posture during studying and doing homework has no effect on musculoskeletal problems.
8. In my opinion, back posture during studying and doing homework has no effect on musculoskeletal problems.
9. In my opinion, legs posture during studying and doing homework has no effect on musculoskeletal problems.
10. In my opinion, the duration of sitting activities has no effect on the development of musculoskeletal problems.
Knowledge 1. What is the best way to carry backpack?
2. Which type of bag is best for back and spine health?
3. What should be the length of a backpack
4. How should the backpack be organized?
5. What kind of straps should a standard backpack have?
6. What is the safest way to lift a backpack?
7. What do you do if your school supplies are heavy?
8. What is the proper sitting (back) posture during studying or doing homework?
9. What is the proper way to position feet during studying or doing homework on a bench or chair?
Enabling 1. Have you been trained in preventing musculoskeletal problems?
2. Have you been reminded because of inappropriate way if carrying your backpack (by family, friends, or teachers)?
3. Have you been trained in the ergonomics principles for buying a backpack?
4. Have you been trained in a proper sitting posture for studying or doing homework?
5. Have you been reminded if you sitting in an awkward posture?
6. Have you been trained in proper exercise to prevent musculoskeletal problems?