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Table 3 Infant outcomes

From: Effectiveness of Alberta Family Integrated Care on infant length of stay in level II neonatal intensive care units: a cluster randomized controlled trial

Outcome Alberta FICare™ (n = 353) Standard care (n = 365) Effect P value Permutation test P value
Primary outcome Mean (95% CI) Mean (95% CI) Mean difference (95% CI)   
Length of stay, days
 Unadjusted 17.62 (15.23, 20.01) 19.58 (17.23, 21.94) −1.96 (−5.32, 1.40) .22 .28
 Adjusted for site geographic area 18.06 (16.55, 19.58) 20.47 (18.98, 21.96) −2.40 (− 4.53, − 0.28) .03 .13
 Adjusted for site geographic area/ infant risk factors 17.62 (16.27, 18.96) 20.16 (18.83, 21.50) −2.55 (− 4.44, − 0.66) .02 .05
Secondary outcomes n (%) n (%) OR (95% CI)   
Hospital readmission to 2 months CA 22 (6.2) 24 (6.6) 0.94 (0.52, 1.72) .85
Emergency department visit to 2 months CA 83 (23.5) 93 (25.5) 0.90 (0.64, 1.26) .54
Feeding at dischargea
 Breastmilk only 217 (70.0) 175 (66.8) .57
 Combination 78 (25.2) 76 (29.0)
 Formula only 15 (4.8) 11 (4.2)
  1. Abbreviations: FICare Family Integrated Care, CA corrected age
  2. a n = 310 for Alberta FICare group and n = 262 for standard care group due to missing data