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Table 1 Characteristics of the study population

From: Anaemia prevalence and determinants in under 5 years children: findings of a cross-sectional population-based study in Sudan

Variables Younger children (6 months - < 2 years) Older children (2 - < 5 years) Total population (6 months - < 5 years)
Sudan n (%) 690 (22.3) 2404 (77.7) 3094
Area classification Rural n (%) 494 (22.6) 1692 (77.4) 2186
Urban n (%) 151 (21.7) 545 (78.3) 696
Camps n (%) 45 (21.2) 167 (78.8) 212
Gender Male n (%) 325 (21.3) 1203 (78.7) 1528
Female n (%) 365 (23.3) 1201 (76.7) 1566
Mother educational level No formal education n (%) 177 (24.4) 547 (75.6) 724
Primary education n (%) 201 (23.0) 673 (77.0) 874
Secondary education n (%) 57 (21.7) 206 (78.3) 263
Above secondary education n (%) 28 (24.8) 85 (75.2) 113
Mother frequently listen to the radio No n (%) 330 (23.3) 1086 (76.7) 1416
Yes n (%) 130(22.8) 440 (77.2) 570
Drinking water source Piped source to house OR bottled water n (%) 82 (21.6) 298 (78.4) 380
Piped source to public area n (%) 231 (23.1) 771(76.9) 1002
Open source n (%) 349 (22.1) 1230 (77.9) 1579
Sanitation facility type Safe sanitation facility n (%) 93 (22.2) 326 (77.8) 419
Unsafe sanitation facility n (%) 347 (21.1) 1299 (78.9) 1646
Unsafe sanitation - open defecation n (%) 238 (24.4) 739 (75.6) 977
Size of the household Less than 7 persons n (%) 510 (22.5) 1754 (77.5) 2264
7 persons or more n (%) 180 (21.7) 650 (78.3) 830
Wealth quintiles Lowest n (%) 158 (23.9) 502 (76.1) 660
Second n (%) 148 (22.3) 515 (77.7) 663
Middle n (%) 142 (22.4) 491 (77.6) 633
Fourth n (%) 131 (20.7) 502 (79.3) 633
Highest n (%) 111 (22.0) 394 (78.0) 505
Child has health insurance No health insurance n (%) 565 (23.9) 1796 (76.1) 2361
Has health insurance n (%) 125 (17.1) 608 (82.9) 733
Pregnancy status of the mother Mother not pregnant n (%) 419 (25.8) 1208 (74.2) 1627
Mother pregnant n (%) 34 (11.1) 271(88.9) 305
Anaemia status of the mother Mother not anaemic n (%) 276 (25.6) 801 (74.4) 1077
Mother anaemic n (%) 103 (19.5) 425 (80.5) 528
Child had fever in the last 2 weeks No fever n (%) 486 (20.3) 1913 (79.7) 2399
With fever n (%) 195 (29.1) 474 (70.9) 669
Child malaria test Negative n (%) 636 (21.9) 2270 (78.1) 2906
Positive n (%) 18 (11.9) 133 (88.1) 151
Level of malaria transmission Moderate transmission (PR2–10 = 10- < 50%) n (%) 117 (21.0) 441 (79.0) 558
Low transmission (PR2–10 = < 10%) n (%) 573 (22.6) 1963 (77.4) 2536
  1. n: frequency