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Table 1 Patient demographic information and characteristics stratified by HRV status

From: Clinical characteristics, treatment, and long-term outcomes in children suffering from benign convulsions with mild gastroenteritis: a retrospective study

  Total
(N = 51)
HRV positive
(N = 27)
HRV negative
(N = 22)
P-value
Age of onset (months) 21.12 ± 7.44 21.37 ± 8.19 21.00 ± 6.93 0.824
Female, n (%) 33 (64.7%) 18 (66.7%) 14 (63.6%) 0.825
Clinical presentation
 Vomiting, (times/day) 4 ± 2 4 ± 2 4 ± 3 0.953
 Diarrhea (times/day) 3.0 (2.0, 4.0) 3.0 (1.8, 4.0) 3.0 (2.0, 4.8) 0.937
 Duration of convulsion (min) 2.0 (1.0, 3.0) 2.0 (1, 3.5) 2.0 (1.0, 3.0) 0.853
 Interval between diagnosis of BCWG and convulsion (days) 2.0 (1.0, 2.0) 2.0 (1.0, 2.0) 1.0 (0.5, 2.5) 0.307
 Duration of hospital stay (days) 7.2 ± 3.1 8.0 ± 3.2 6.5 ± 2.6 0.093
Routine blood test laboratory results
 pH 7.34 ± 0.06 7.33 ± 0.06 7.35 ± 0.07 0.311
 PCO2 (mmHg) 33.37 ± 5.94 31.55 ± 6.02 34.78 ± 5.30 0.102
 HCO3 (mmol/L) 17.82 ± 3.63 16.67 ± 2.97 18.83 ± 3.99 0.024*
 BE (mmol/L) -6.87 ± 4.13 -7.85 ± 3.64 -6.08 ± 4.56 0.150
 Na+(mmol/L) 135.0 (133.8,136.0) 135.0 (133.2, 136.0) 134.8 (133.88, 135.93) 0.695
 K+ (mmol/L) 4.08 ± 0.45 4.09 ± 0.50 4.09 ± 0.41 0.943
 Cl (mmol/L) 102.0 (99.0, 103.0) 102.0 (102.0, 103.0) 100.2 (98.8, 102.0) 0.033*
 Ca2+ (mmol/L) 1.25 ± 0.68 1.27 ± 0.06 1.23 ± 0.07 0.037*
 Glucose (mmol/L) 4.10 (3.70,4.63) 4.10 (3.70, 4.60) 4.10 (3.75, 4.75) 0.479
 Lac (mmol/L) 1.60 ± 0.82 1.61 ± 0.81 1.59 ± 0.84 0.789
 CK (U/L) 99.0
(70.5, 126.5)
94.0
(69.5, 142.0)
104.0
(69.5, 126.5)
0.910
 CKMB (U/L) 51.0
(35.7, 80.3)
60.9 (45.2, 91.4) 46.0 (31.8, 64.3) 0.036*
 WBC (× 109/L) 7.5 ± 3.0 7.9 ± 2.9 7.2 ± 3.1 0.294
 NE (%) 0.51 ± 0.19 0.56 ± 0.20 0.45 ± 0.17 0.051
 LY (%) 0.41 ± 0.18 0.36 ± 0.18 0.45 ± 0.17 0.057
 AG (mmol/L) 20.94 (18.19, 23.68) 20.94 (19.24, 23.19) 21.30 (17.79, 25.64) 0.769
 CRP (mg/dL) 2.8 9 ± 3.51 2.96 ± 1.93 2.67 ± 2.06 0.304
  1. AG anion gap; BE bases excess; CK creatine kinase; CKMB creatine kinase myocardial band; CRP C-reactive protein; HRV human rotavirus antigen; Lac lactate; LY lymphocyte; NE neutrophil elastase; WBC white blood cell
  2. * Significant difference (p < 0.05) was noted between the groups