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Table 1 The characteristics of infants with BPD who received tracheostomy

From: Outcomes of neonates with tracheostomy secondary to bronchopulmonary dysplasia

Variable Poor Outcome
(n = 27)
Good outcome
(n = 14)
P value
Gestational Age (wks)
Mean, SD
26.5 ± 1.8 26 ± 2.3 0.44
Post-conceptional age at admission (wks)
Mean, SD
39.1 ± 7.5 34.6 ± 5.4* 0.05
Male (%) 19/27 (70%) 9/14 (64%) 0.69
Birthweight (kg)
Mean, SD
0.68 ± 0.17 0.83 ± 0.34 0.06
Small for gestational age 12/27 2/14 0.11
FiO2 at 36 wks CGA
Mean, SD
0.40 ± 0.17 0.30 ± 0.08* 0.04
RSS prior to tracheostomy
Mean, SD
4.8 ± 1.8 3.6 ± 1.4* 0.03
Post-conceptional age at tracheostomy (wks)
Mean, SD
50.9 ± 8.9 49.6 ± 14.6 0.72
Pulmonary Hypertension (%) 19/27 (70%) 6/14 (43%)* 0.049
Sepsis 14/27 (51%) 6/14 (43%) 0.58
Mode of delivery 18/27 (66%) 9/14 (64%) 0.87
Postnatal steroids 27/27 (100%) 14/14 (100%) 0.65
Antenatal steroids 18/27 (66%) 11/14 (78%)* 0.42
  1. (* p value ≤ .05)