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Table 2 Parental nurturing levels by the predictor variables

From: Assessment of parental nurturing and associated social, economic, and political factors among children in the West Bank of the occupied Palestinian territory (WB/oPt)

Variable (n) Parental nurturing (%) Low levels Parental nurturing (%) Medium to high levels Chi square
(P-value)
Parental nurturing (1162) 19.9 80.1  
Gender (child) Male (610) 19.8 80.2 0.002 (0.513)
Female (552) 19.9 80.1  
Age (years) Less than 6 (616) 16.2 83.8  
6 to 9 (404) 20.5 79.5 22.54 (<0.001)
10 to 12 (142) 33.8 66.2  
Family size Up to 4 (193) 14.5 85.5  
5 to 7 (683) 19.6 80.4 6.76 (0.034)
8 and more (286) 24.1 75.9  
Family child born index Only child/first child (117) 23.9 76.1  
Middle child (333) 33.6 66.4 63.28 (<0.001)
Last child (712) 12.8 87.2  
Education (mother) Less than secondary (674) 22.4 77.6  
Secondary (227) 22.0 78.0 14.88 (0.001)
Post-secondary (261) 11.5 88.5  
Education (father) Less than secondary (703) 23.3 76.7  
Secondary (208) 17.8 82.2 15.73 (<0.001)
Post-secondary (251) 12.0 88.0  
Employment (mother) Employed (103) 6.8 93.2 12.15 (<0.001)
Housewife/unemployed(1059) 21.2 78.8  
Number of persons working part-time at household No body (981) 20.8 79.2 3.32 (0.040)
1 to 4 persons (181) 14.9 85.1  
Crowding ratio Two persons or less (771) 16.3 83.7 18.00 (<0.001)
More than two persons (391) 26.9 73.1  
Child disability No (1040) 18.9 81.1 5.46 (0.016)
Yes (122) 27.9 72.1  
Child discipline Low to medium (779) 14.8 85.2 38.85 (<0.001)
High (383) 30.3 69.7  
Locality type Urban (439) 14.4 85.6  
Rural (637) 22.8 77.2 14.29 (0.001)
Camp (86) 26.7 73.3  
Region North WB (529) 9.8 90.2  
Center WB (266) 27.4 72.6 61.78 (<0.001)
South WB (367) 28.9 71.1  
Political violence No (686) 14.7 85.3 27.96 (<0.001)
Yes (476) 27.3 72.7