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Table 3 Comparison between NC/C > 2 and NC/C < 2 of patients with i-LVNC

From: Do children with left ventricular noncompaction and a noncompaction-to-compaction ratio < 2 have a better prognosis?

Characteristics NC/C < 2 NC/C > 2 p-value
n = 23 n = 24
Age of diagnosis (months) 7.2 (2.2–34) 6.8 (3.5–44.5) 0.52
 0–1(Y) 13 (56.5%) 15 (62.5%)
 1–15 (Y) 10 (43.5%) 9 (37.5%) 0.68
Sex ratio (female: male) 48:52 (11:12) 50:50 (12:12) 0.88
Weight – median (IQR), kg 6.5 (5.5–12.3) 7.5 (5.4–11.3) 0.57
NYHA class/ Ross at diagnosis – n (%)
 I 5 (21.7%) 4 (16.7%)
 II 9 (39.1%) 3 (12.55)
 III 6 (26.1%) 7 (29.2%)
 IV 3 (13%) 10 (41.7%) 0.03
Arrhythmia/abnormal findings on electrocardiography 9 (39.1%) 18 (75%) 0.01
Thromboembolic 0 (0%) 1 (4.2%) 0.32
Family history 1 (4.3%) 1 (4.2%) 0.97
LVEF-median (IQR) 46.5 (36.3–51) 35 (31–44.5) 0.07
FS-median (IQR) 22.5 (17.5–26) 16 (14.5–22) 0.07
NC/C ratio: median (IQR) 1.5 (1.4–1.8) 2.4 (2.2–3.1) < 0.01
Number of deaths 3 12a 0.01
Median (IQR) duration of follow-up, months 12 (6–24) 10 (1–42.3) 0.69
  1. i-LVNC isolated left ventricular noncompaction, IQR interquartile range, LVEF left ventricular ejection fraction, FS fractional shortening, NC/C ratio noncompaction-to-compaction ratio, NYHA New York Heart Association
  2. Data are expressed as median (IQR) or as number (percentage). p < 0.05 shows statistical significance
  3. aAnother patient death occurred, which was not included in the analysis