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Table 1 Comparison of healthcare utilization, specific diagnoses and complaints and hospitalisation after the implementation of pandemic-related lockdown in Germany

From: COVID-19 related reduction in pediatric emergency healthcare utilization – a concerning trend

item daily mean (±SEM) p-value
2019 2020
overall ED visits (n=) 26.8 (1.5) 9.7 (1) 0.005
visits during daytime hours (n=) 10.1 (1.5) 3.5 (0.6) < 0.001
visits outside daytime hours (n=) 16.6 (1.9) 5.9 (0.8) < 0.001
patient age (years) 5.8 (0.2) 5.8 (0.3) p0.64
ED visits by children < 1year of age (%) 16.6 (1.4) 23.1 (1.7) < 0.01
ED visits by children < 6yrs. of age (%) 62 (1.9) 61.7 (2.9) p0.93
proportion of female patients (%) 44.9 (1.6) 42.5 (2.7) p0.39
patients with noncommunicable diseases (n=) 11.2 (0.7) 4.7 (0.5) < 0.001
patients with communicable diseases (n=) 15.1 (1.5) 4.5 (0.5) < 0.001
patients with communicable diseases (%) 45 (2.9) 54.5 (3.9) p0.19
patients with intoxications or injuries (n=) 1.3 (0.2) 0.3 (0.1) p < 0.001
patients with diagnoses affecting the GIT (n=) 0.1 (0.2) 0.4 (0.1) p < 0.001
patients with diagnoses affecting the eyes or ears (n=) 0.7 (0.2) 0.1 (0.1) p < 0.001
patients with respiratory infections or signs thereof (n=) 4.9 (0.5) 1.6 (0.3) p < 0.001
patients with ear and throat infections or signs thereof (n=) 2.5 (0.4) 0.3 (0.1) p < 0.001
patients with GIT infections or signs thereof (n=) 2.9 (0.5) 0.4 (0.1) p < 0.001
patients hospitalised from the ED (n=) 4.9 (0.5) 3 0.3) p < 0.001
hospitalisation rate of all ED patients (%) 13.9 (1.6) 26.6 (3.3) p < 0.001
duration hospitalisations of hospitalised ED patients (days) 5.5 (0.6) 4.5 (0.3) p 0.9