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Table 2 Sociodemographic and clinical characteristics ofstudy participants overall and according to the weight category

From: Psychosocial, behavioral and clinical correlates of children with overweight and obesity

CharacteristicnaAllWeight Category 
OverweightObeseSeverely Obesep-value**
Age; median (min, max)10516.07 (4.62, 25.54)14.40 (4.62, 22.99)14.40 (7.30, 21.98)17.06 (5.17, 25.54)0.18
Age Group; n (%)105    0.42
 Under 13 years 32 (30.5%)6 (30.0%)12 (38.7%)14 (25.9%) 
 13 years or older 73 (69.5%)14 (70.0%)19 (61.3%)40 (74.1% 
Gender; n (%)105    0.96
 Male 41 (39.0%)7 (35.0%)12 (38.7%)22 (40.7%) 
 Female 64 (69.0%)13 (65.0%)19 (61.3%)32 (59.3%) 
Race; n (%)100    0.52
 Caucasian 34 (34%)6 (33.3%)12 (41.4%)16 (30.2%) 
 African-American 44 (44%)6 (33.3%)13 (44.8%)25 (47.2%) 
 Multiple Races/Other 22 (22%)6 (33.3%)4 (13.8%)12 (22.6%) 
Ethnicity; n (%)102    0.58
 Hispanic/Latino 22 (21.6%)3 (15.8%)5 (16.7%)14 (26.4%) 
 Not Hispanic/Latino 80 (78.4%)16 (84.2%)25 (83.3%)39 (73.6%) 
Mother’s Education; n (%)99    0.22
 Some College or Less 60 (60.6%)10 (55.6%)15 (50.0%)35 (68.6%) 
 College Graduate or higher 39 (39.4%)8 (44.4%)15 (50.0%)16 (31.4%) 
Father’s Education; n (%)76    0.08
 Some College or Less 54 (71.1%)7 (46.7%)16 (76.2%)31 (77.5%) 
 College Graduate or Higher 22 (28.9%)8 (53.3%)5 (23.8%)9 (22.5%) 
BMI, kg/m2; median (min, max)10531.72 (18.05,63.61)26.02 (18.05,29.26)30.46 (20.15,34.48)39.60 (24.63,63.61)<  0.001
BMI z-score; median (min, max)1052.18 (1.14, 3.78)1.39 (1.14,1.62)1.91 (1.59,2.24)2.49 (2.04,3.78)<  0.001
% Total Body Fat10537.60 (12.2, 61.0)31.75 (12.20,42.90)35.60 (20.90,43.30)45.60 (20.40,61.00)<  0.001
Weight Categories; n (%)105     
 Overweight 20 (19.1%)    
 Obese 31 (29.5%)    
 Severely Obese 54 (51.4%)    
Tanner Stage; n (%)99    0.20
 Pre-pubertal 15 (15.2%)2 (10.5%)6 (20.0%)7 (14.0%) 
Pubertal 29 (29.3%)8 (42.1%)11 (36.7%)10 (20.0%) 
 Post-pubertal 55 (55.6%)9 (47.4%)13 (43.3%)33 (66.0%) 
Family History Obesity; n (%)      
 Mother8463 (75.0%)9 (56.3%)16 (76.2%)38 (80.9%)0.19
 Father6930 (43.5%)5 (35.7%)7 (41.2%)18 (47.4%)0.80
Medical Diagnoses; n (%)105     
 Asthma 28 (26.7%)1 (5.0%)6 (19.4%)21 (38.9%)0.007
 High Cholesterol 19 (18.1%)4 (20.0%)8 (25.8%)7 (13.0%)0.33
 Depression 17 (16.2%)1 (5.0%)2 (6.5%)14 (25.9%)0.02
 Anxiety 13 (12.4%)1 (5.0%)5 (16.1%)7 (13.0%)0.58
 ADHD 11 (10.5%)1 (5.0%)4 (12.9%)6 (11.1%)0.84
 OSA 10 (9.5%)0 (0%)1 (3.2%)9 (16.7%)0.04
 GE Reflux 10 (9.5%)1 (5.0%)1 (3.2%)8 (14.8%)0.20
  1. anumber of participants after excluding missing or don’t know/unknown responses for each variable
  2. **P-values calculated from Fisher Exact Tests for categorical data or Jonckheere-Terpstra Test for Independent Samples for continuous data