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Table 4 Multivariate analysis of diarrheal disease among under five years children in Kamashi district, Beni Shangul Gumuz region, West Ethiopia,2018(n = 717)

From: Prevalence and associated factors of acute diarrhea among under-five children in Kamashi district, western Ethiopia: community-based study

VariablesCategoryAcute diarrheaCOR(95% CI)AOR (95% CI)
Yes (%)No (%)
Educational status of motherIlliterate35 (13)236 (87)1.12 (0.70–1.8)0.59 (0.2–1.5)
Primary51 (14)308 (86)1.76 (0.9–3.3)0.57 (0.2–1.4)
Secondary18 (20.7)69 (79.3)1 
Child Age Category≤6 months12 (14.5)71 (85.5)1.54 (0.98–2.42)0.57 (0.2–1.6)
7 to 24 months58 (16.8)288 (83.2)1.01 (0.45–2.30) 
≥25 months34 (11.8)254 (88.2)1 
Family Size≤574 (16)386 (84)1 
≥630 (11.7)227 (88.3)1.03 (1.01–2.18)1.13 (0.6–2.1)
Frequency of latrine utilizationAlways92 (14.2)557 (85.8)1 
Sometimes8 (26.7)22 (73.3)2.55 (1.08–6.00)2.32 (0.6–8.9)
Latrine cleannessYes49 (8)558 (92)1 
No51 (70.8)21 (29.2)27.66 (15.39–49.7)11.48 (5.6–23.4) **
Availability of hand washing facilityYes26 (5)471 (95)1 
No74 (40.7)108 (59.3)12.41 (7.58–20.34)7.07 (3.8–13.0) **
Presence of solid waste pitYes28 (7.4)349 (82.6)1 
No76 (22.4)264 (67.6)3.59 (2.26–5.69)1.78 (1.1–3.4)
Source of water (Public tab/pipe)Protected98 (14)601 (86)1 
Unprotected6 (33)12 (67)3.07 (1.13–8.36)0.86 (0.15–4.90)
Hand washing practice at a critical time of hand washing timeYes31 (10)288 (90)1 
No73 (18.3)325 (81.7)2.30 (1.35–6.63)5.92 (2.58–13.7) **
Initiation of supplementary foodBefore 6 months14 (56)11 (44)8.55 (3.75–19.23)6.49 (2.01–20.96) **
After 6 months90 (13)602 (87)1 
Water store by jerricanYes100 (14)609 (86)1 
No4 (50)4 (50)6.09 (1.50–25.00)8.60 (1.51–48.84) **
  1. Note: **significant, Hosmer and Lemeshow test p = 0.634 and chi-square test sig < 0.001