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Table 3 Mechanical Ventilation and Respiratory Outcomes

From: Feasibility of combining two individualized lung recruitment maneuvers at birth for very low gestational age infants: a retrospective cohort study

 VLGAI29- to 31-wk stratumELGAI
Period 1
N = 91
Period 2
N = 72
Period 1
N = 43
Period 2
N = 30
Period 1
N = 48
Period 2
N = 42
MV in the first 72 h, n (%)72 (79)41 (57)*##28 (65)11 (37)*#44 (92)30 (71)*
Duration of MV within the first 72 h, h (median)
[1st Qu; 3rd Qu]
13
[3–48]
7*#
[0–30]
8
[0–17]
0
[0–13]
45
[9–72]
13**
[0–43]
Duration of MV, d (median)
[1st Qu; 3rd Qu]
1
[0–6]
1
[0–6]
0
[0–1]
0
[0–1]
5
[1–24]
4
[0–10]
Duration of NIV, d (median)
[1st Qu; 3rd Qu]
27
[6–40]
27
[8–35]
13
[3–28]
13
[7–25]
37
[26–45]
32
[23–39]
HFO, n (%)26 (29)34 (48)*##2 (5)6 (21)#24 (50)28 (67)#
2nd dose of Surfactant, n (%)19 (21)6 (8)*##2 (5)1 (3)17 (35)5 (12)*##
INSURE Procedure, n (%)2 (2)11 (15)*##0 (0)5 (17)*2 (4)6 (14)
Postnatal Corticosteroids, n (%)28 (31)9 (13)*##3 (7)1 (3)25 (52)8 (19)*##
  1. VLGAI Very low gestational age infants < 32 weeks, ELGAI Extremely low gestational age infants < 29 weeks, MV Mechanical ventilation, NIV Noninvasive ventilation, HFO High frequency oscillation, INSURE Intubation-surfactant-extubation; *: p < 0.05; **: p < 0.01; #: adjusted p < 0.05; ##: adjusted p < 0.01; *#: p and adjusted p < 0.05; *##: p and adjusted p < 0.01