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Table 3 Multivariate analysis of the risk factors GER and GERD at three months of age (N = 138).

From: Natural history of gastroesophageal reflux in infancy: new data from a prospective cohort

 No GER
N = 43
n(%)
GER
N = 82
n(%)
GERD
N = 13
n(%)
pOR [95% CI]
GER vs No GER
OR [95% CI]
GERD vs No GER
Family history of GER12 (27.9)26 (31.7)12 (92.3)< 0.0001*1.2
[0.5–2.7]
31
[3.6–265.1]
Sex-male20 (46.5)44 (53.7)10 (76.9)0.161.33
[0.6–2.8]
3.83
[0.9–15.9]
Exclusive breastfeeding11(25.6)27 (32.9)5 (38.5)0.61.43
[0.6–3.3]
1.82
[0.5–6.7]
Paternal smoking18 (41.9)24 (29.3)5 (38.5)0.30.57
[0.3–1.2]
0.87
[0.2–3.1]
Maternal smoking9 (20.1)12 (14.6)2 (15.4)0.70.65
[0.2–1.7]
0.69
[0.1–3.7]
  1. GER Gastroesophageal reflux
  2. GERD Gastroesophageal reflux disease
  3. * p < 0.05