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Table 2 Multivariate analysis of the risk factors for GER and GERD at one month of age (N = 141)

From: Natural history of gastroesophageal reflux in infancy: new data from a prospective cohort

 No GER
N = 39
n(%)
GER
N = 75
n(%)
GERD
N = 27
n(%)
pOR [95% CI]
GER vs No GER
OR[95% CI]
GERD vs No GER
Family history of GER8 (20.5)32 (42.7)15 (55.6)0.01 *2.9
[1.2–7.1]
4.8
[1.6–14.4]
Sex-male19 (48.7)43 (57.3)15 (55.6)0.681.4
[0.6–3.1]
1.3
[0.5–3.5]
Exclusive breastfeeding13 (33.3)42 (56.0)14 (51.8)0.092.5
[1.1–5.7]
2.1
[0.8–5.9]
Paternal smoking15 (38.5)21 (28.0)15 (55.6)0.03*0.6
[0.2–1.4]
2.0
[0.7–5.4]
Maternal smoking6 (15.4)13 (17.3)6 (22.2)0.761.1
[0.4–3.3]
1.6
[0.4–5.5]
  1. GER Gastroesophageal reflux
  2. GERD Gastroesophageal reflux disease
  3. * p < 0.05